George X. Ding, Ph.D.


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Faculty Appointments
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Ph.D., Medical Physics, Carleton University, Ottawa, CanadaM.Sc., Nuclear Physics, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, ChinaB.Sc., Phyhsics, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, China
Office Address
B-902 TVC
Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
1301 22nd Ave
Nashville, TN 37232-5671
Traver G, Mont S, Gius D, Lawson WE, Ding GX, Sekhar KR, Freeman ML. Loss of Nrf2 promotes alveolar type 2 cell loss in irradiated, fibrotic lung. Free Radic. Biol. Med [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov; 112: 578-86. PMID: 28870520, PMCID: PMC5623074, PII: S0891-5849(17)30742-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2017.08.026, ISSN: 1873-4596.

Patel CG, Ding G, Kirschner A. Scalp-sparing total skin electron therapy in mycosis fungoides: Case report featuring a technique without lead. Pract Radiat Oncol [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov; 7(6): 400-2. PMID: 28438420, PII: S1879-8500(17)30070-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.prro.2017.03.009, ISSN: 1879-8519.

Ding GX, Munro P. Characteristics of 2.5 MV beam and imaging dose to patients. Radiother Oncol. 2017 Oct 10/11/2017; PMID: 29031610, PII: S0167-8140(17)32590-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2017.09.023, ISSN: 1879-0887.

Luo G, Neimat JS, Cmelak A, Kirschner AN, Attia A, Morales-Paliza M, Ding GX. Margin of error for a frameless image guided radiosurgery system: Direct confirmation based on posttreatment MRI scans. Pract Radiat Oncol [print-electronic]. 2017 May; 7(3): e223-e231. PMID: 27720703, PII: S1879-8500(16)30156-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.prro.2016.08.006, ISSN: 1879-8519.

Liu F, Tai A, Lee P, Biswas T, Ding GX, El Naqa I, Grimm J, Jackson A, Kong FS, LaCouture T, Loo B, Miften M, Solberg T, Li XA. Tumor control probability modeling for stereotactic body radiation therapy of early-stage lung cancer using multiple bio-physical models. Radiother Oncol [print-electronic]. 2017 Feb; 122(2): 286-94. PMID: 27871671, PMCID: PMC5649355, PII: S0167-8140(16)34381-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2016.11.006, ISSN: 1879-0887.

Penoncello GP, Ding GX. Skin dose differences between intensity-modulated radiation therapy and volumetric-modulated arc therapy and between boost and integrated treatment regimens for treating head and neck and other cancer sites in patients. Med Dosim [print-electronic]. 2016; 41(1): 80-6. PMID: 26764180, PII: S0958-3947(15)00107-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.meddos.2015.09.001, ISSN: 1873-4022.

Wang L, Ding GX. The accuracy of the out-of-field dose calculations using a model based algorithm in a commercial treatment planning system. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul 7/7/2014; 59(13): N113-28. PMID: 24925858, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/59/13/N113, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Nelson AP, Ding GX. An alternative approach to account for patient organ doses from imaging guidance procedures. Radiother Oncol [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul; 112(1): 112-8. PMID: 25023041, PII: S0167-8140(14)00265-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2014.05.019, ISSN: 1879-0887.

Pawlowski JM, Ding GX. An algorithm for kilovoltage x-ray dose calculations with applications in kV-CBCT scans and 2D planar projected radiographs. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2014 Apr 4/21/2014; 59(8): 2041-58. PMID: 24694756, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/59/8/2041, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Hadley A, Ding GX. A single-gradient junction technique to replace multiple-junction shifts for craniospinal irradiation treatment. Med Dosim [print-electronic]. 2014; 39(4): 314-9. PMID: 24913466, PII: S0958-3947(14)00063-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.meddos.2014.05.004, ISSN: 1873-4022.

Ding GX, Malcolm AW. An optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter for measuring patient exposure from imaging guidance procedures. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep 9/7/2013; 58(17): 5885-97. PMID: 23920245, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/58/17/5885, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Ding GX, Krauss R. An empirical formula to obtain tissue-phantom ratios from percentage depth-dose curves for small fields. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul 7/21/2013; 58(14): 4781-9. PMID: 23787215, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/58/14/4781, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Ding GX, Munro P. Radiation exposure to patients from image guidance procedures and techniques to reduce the imaging dose. Radiother Oncol [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 108(1): 91-8. PMID: 23830468, PII: S0167-8140(13)00276-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2013.05.034, ISSN: 1879-0887.

Ding GX, Ding F. Beam characteristics and stopping-power ratios of small radiosurgery photon beams. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2012 Sep 9/7/2012; 57(17): 5509-21. PMID: 22872136, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/57/17/5509, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Deeley MA, Chen A, Datteri R, Noble JH, Cmelak AJ, Donnelly EF, Malcolm AW, Moretti L, Jaboin J, Niermann K, Yang ES, Yu DS, Yei F, Koyama T, Ding GX, Dawant BM. Comparison of manual and automatic segmentation methods for brain structures in the presence of space-occupying lesions: a multi-expert study. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2011 Jul 7/21/2011; 56(14): 4557-77. PMID: 21725140, PMCID: PMC3153124, PII: S0031-9155(11)85448-5, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/56/14/021, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Pawlowski JM, Ding GX. A new approach to account for the medium-dependent effect in model-based dose calculations for kilovoltage x-rays. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2011 Jul 7/7/2011; 56(13): 3919-34. PMID: 21654040, PII: S0031-9155(11)80609-3, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/56/13/011, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Morales-Paliza MA, Coffey CW, Ding GX. Evaluation of the dynamic conformal arc therapy in comparison to intensity-modulated radiation therapy in prostate, brain, head-and-neck and spine tumors. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2011; 12(2): 3197. PMID: 21587165, ISSN: 1526-9914.

Ding GX, Munro P, Pawlowski J, Malcolm A, Coffey CW. Reducing radiation exposure to patients from kV-CBCT imaging. Radiother Oncol [print-electronic]. 2010 Dec; 97(3): 585-92. PMID: 20846736, PII: S0167-8140(10)00468-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2010.08.005, ISSN: 1879-0887.

Ding GX, Coffey CW. Beam characteristics and radiation output of a kilovoltage cone-beam CT. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2010 Sep 9/7/2010; 55(17): 5231-48. PMID: 20714042, PII: S0031-9155(10)51181-3, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/55/17/022, ISSN: 1361-6560.

Ding GX, Coffey CW. Dosimetric evaluation of the OneDoseTM MOSFET for measuring kilovoltage imaging dose from image-guided radiotherapy procedures. Med Phys. 2010 Sep; 37(9): 4880-5. PMID: 20964206, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Pawlowski JM, Yang ES, Malcolm AW, Coffey CW, Ding GX. Reduction of dose delivered to organs at risk in prostate cancer patients via image-guided radiation therapy. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys [print-electronic]. 2010 Mar 3/1/2010; 76(3): 924-34. PMID: 20004528, PII: S0360-3016(09)02721-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.06.068, ISSN: 1879-355X.

Alaei P, Ding G, Guan H. Inclusion of the dose from kilovoltage cone beam CT in the radiation therapy treatment plans. Med Phys. 2010 Jan; 37(1): 244-8. PMID: 20175487, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Walters BR, Ding GX, Kramer R, Kawrakow I. Skeletal dosimetry in cone beam computed tomography. Med Phys. 2009 Jul; 36(7): 2915-22. PMID: 19673190, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Coffey CW. Radiation dose from kilovoltage cone beam computed tomography in an image-guided radiotherapy procedure. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2009 Feb 2/1/2009; 73(2): 610-7. PMID: 19147025, PII: S0360-3016(08)03562-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.10.006, ISSN: 1879-355X.

Ding GX, Pawlowski JM, Coffey CW. A correction-based dose calculation algorithm for kilovoltage x rays [letter]. Med Phys. 2008 Dec; 35(12): 5312-6. PMID: 19175090, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Coffey CW. A theoretical approach for non-equilibrium radiation dosimetry. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2008 Jul 7/7/2008; 53(13): 3493-9. PMID: 18552420, PII: S0031-9155(08)73917-4, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/53/13/006, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Coffey CW. Accurate patient dosimetry of kilovoltage cone-beam CT in radiation therapy. Med Phys. 2008 Mar; 35(3): 1135-44. PMID: 18404948, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Das IJ, Ding GX, Ahnesjö A. Small fields: nonequilibrium radiation dosimetry. Med Phys. 2008 Jan; 35(1): 206-15. PMID: 18293576, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Coffey CW, Deeley M, Hallahan DE, Cmelak A, Malcolm A. A study on adaptive IMRT treatment planning using kV cone-beam CT. Radiother Oncol [print-electronic]. 2007 Oct; 85(1): 116-25. PMID: 17707938, PII: S0167-8140(07)00322-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2007.06.015, ISSN: 0167-8140.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Coffey CW. Comment on "Testing of the analytical anisotropic algorithm for photon dose calculation" [Med. Phys. 33, 4130-4148 (2006)] [letter]. Med Phys. 2007 Aug; 34(8): 3414. PMID: 17879803, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Lu B, Hallahan DE, Cmelak A, Malcolm A, Newton J, Deeley M, Coffey CW. Impact of inhomogeneity corrections on dose coverage in the treatment of lung cancer using stereotactic body radiation therapy. Med Phys. 2007 Jul; 34(7): 2985-94. PMID: 17822007, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Duggan DM, Ding GX, Coffey CW, Kirby W, Hallahan DE, Malcolm A, Lu B. Deep-inspiration breath-hold kilovoltage cone-beam CT for setup of stereotactic body radiation therapy for lung tumors: initial experience. Lung Cancer [print-electronic]. 2007 Apr; 56(1): 77-88. PMID: 17169461, PII: S0169-5002(06)00612-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2006.11.012, ISSN: 0169-5002.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Coffey CW. Characteristics of kilovoltage x-ray beams used for cone-beam computed tomography in radiation therapy. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2007 Mar 3/21/2007; 52(6): 1595-615. PMID: 17327651, PII: S0031-9155(07)36121-6, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/52/6/004, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Coffey CW, Shokrani P, Cygler JE. First macro Monte Carlo based commercial dose calculation module for electron beam treatment planning--new issues for clinical consideration. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2006 Jun 6/7/2006; 51(11): 2781-99. PMID: 16723766, PII: S0031-9155(06)16909-2, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/51/11/007, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX, Duggan DM, Coffey CW. Commissioning stereotactic radiosurgery beams using both experimental and theoretical methods. Phys Med Biol [print-electronic]. 2006 May 5/21/2006; 51(10): 2549-66. PMID: 16675869, PII: S0031-9155(06)08454-5, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/51/10/013, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX, Cygler JE, Yu CW, Kalach NI, Daskalov G. A comparison of electron beam dose calculation accuracy between treatment planning systems using either a pencil beam or a Monte Carlo algorithm. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2005 Oct 10/1/2005; 63(2): 622-33. PMID: 16168854, PII: S0360-3016(05)01124-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.06.016, ISSN: 0360-3016.

Ding GX. An investigation of accelerator head scatter and output factor in air. Med Phys. 2004 Sep; 31(9): 2527-33. PMID: 15487734, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Cygler JE, Daskalov GM, Chan GH, Ding GX. Evaluation of the first commercial Monte Carlo dose calculation engine for electron beam treatment planning. Med Phys. 2004 Jan; 31(1): 142-53. PMID: 14761030, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX. Using Monte Carlo simulations to commission photon beam output factors--a feasibility study. Phys Med Biol. 2003 Dec 12/7/2003; 48(23): 3865-74. PMID: 14703163, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX. Dose discrepancies between Monte Carlo calculations and measurements in the buildup region for a high-energy photon beam. Med Phys. 2002 Nov; 29(11): 2459-63. PMID: 12462709, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Duzenli C, Kalach NI. Are neutrons responsible for the dose discrepancies between Monte Carlo calculations and measurements in the build-up region for a high-energy photon beam?. Phys Med Biol. 2002 Sep 9/7/2002; 47(17): 3251-61. PMID: 12361221, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX. Energy spectra, angular spread, fluence profiles and dose distributions of 6 and 18 MV photon beams: results of monte carlo simulations for a varian 2100EX accelerator. Phys Med Biol. 2002 Apr 4/7/2002; 47(7): 1025-46. PMID: 11996053, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX, Yu CW. A study on beams passing through hip prosthesis for pelvic radiation treatment. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2001 Nov 11/15/2001; 51(4): 1167-75. PMID: 11704342, PII: S0360-3016(01)02592-5, ISSN: 0360-3016.

Ding GX, Yu CW. Determination of percentage depth-dose curves for electron beams using different types of detectors. Med Phys. 2001 Mar; 28(3): 298-302. PMID: 11318309, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Cygler JE, Kwok CB. Clinical reference dosimetry: comparison between AAPM TG-21 and TG-51 protocols. Med Phys. 2000 Jun; 27(6): 1217-25. PMID: 10902550, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Cygler JE, Zhang GG, Yu MK. Evaluation of a commercial three-dimensional electron beam treatment planning system. Med Phys. 1999 Dec; 26(12): 2571-80. PMID: 10619241, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Cygler JE. Measurement of Prepl Pwall factors in electron beams and in a 60Co beam for plane-parallel chambers. Med Phys. 1998 Aug; 25(8): 1453-7. PMID: 9725133, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Cygler JE. Measurements of electron beam peak scatter factors. Med Phys. 1998 Feb; 25(2): 251-3. PMID: 9507489, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Cygler J, Li XA, Ding GX, Lawrence E. Practical approach to electron beam dosimetry at extended SSD. Phys Med Biol. 1997 Aug; 42(8): 1505-14. PMID: 9279902, ISSN: 0031-9155.

Ding GX, Rogers DW, Cygler JE, Mackie TR. Electron fluence correction factors for conversion of dose in plastic to dose in water. Med Phys. 1997 Feb; 24(2): 161-76. PMID: 9048356, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Cygler J, Ding GX, Kendal W, Cross P. Fetal dose for a patient undergoing mantle field irradiation for Hodgkin's disease. Med Dosim. 1997; 22(2): 135-7. PMID: 9243468, ISSN: 0958-3947.

Burns DT, Ding GX, Rogers DW. R50 as a beam quality specifier for selecting stopping-power ratios and reference depths for electron dosimetry. Med Phys. 1996 Mar; 23(3): 383-8. PMID: 8815381, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Rogers DW. Mean energy, energy-range relationships and depth-scaling factors for clinical electron beams. Med Phys. 1996 Mar; 23(3): 361-76. PMID: 8815379, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Rogers DW, Faddegon BA, Ding GX, Ma CM, We J, Mackie TR. BEAM: a Monte Carlo code to simulate radiotherapy treatment units. Med Phys. 1995 May; 22(5): 503-24. PMID: 7643786, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Rogers DW, Mackie TR. Calculation of stopping-power ratios using realistic clinical electron beams. Med Phys. 1995 May; 22(5): 489-501. PMID: 7643785, ISSN: 0094-2405.

Ding GX, Shalev S, Gluchev G. A rho-theta technique for treatment verification in radiotherapy and its clinical applications. Med Phys. 1993 Jul; 20(4): 1135-43. PMID: 8413023, ISSN: 0094-2405.