Arthur C. Fleischer, M.D.

Faculty Appointments
Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences Professor of Obstetrics and GynecologyCornelius Vanderbilt Chair in Radiology #5
M.D., MEDICINE, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GeorgiaB.S., Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
Office Address
1161 21st Avenue South
MCN CCC-1121
Nashville, TN 37232-2675
Clinical Description
Arthur C. Fleischer, M.D., is the Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences and the Medical Director of Ultrasound. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, where he previously served on the Board of Governors, a member and fellow of the American College of Radiology and the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, and a member and former President of the Society for the Advancement of Women’s Imaging. Dr. Fleischer is the author of more than 240 papers and 24 books and currently serves as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. He has received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from The Medical College of Georgia in 2007, the Frank H. Boehm Award for Contribution to Continuing Medical Education by Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in 2005, the CANDLE Award from the Vanderbilt School of Medicine in 2002 for medical student education, and a Lifetime Service Award from the American Board of Radiology in 2015.

Section: Ultrasound
Research Keywords
Gynecologic cancer detection Tumor blood flow Gynecologic infertility
Clinical Research Keywords
Diagnostic sonography Women's imaging
Desai AA, Andreotti RF, Fleischer AC. The Sonographic Appearance of Ectopic Pregnancy After Treatment With Methotrexate. Ultrasound Q [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun 6/30/2016; PMID: 27367560, DOI: 10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000210, ISSN: 1536-0253.

Desai A, Fleischer AC, Wahab SA, New M, Smolinsky C, McKenna J, Andreotti R. Sonography of Responsive Versus Nonresponsive Ectopic Pregnancies. J Ultrasound Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 35(6): 1341-7. PMID: 27208202, PII: ultra.15.04008, DOI: 10.7863/ultra.15.04008, ISSN: 1550-9613.

Deng J, Dietrich MS, Ridner SH, Fleischer AC, Wells N, Murphy BA. Preliminary evaluation of reliability and validity of head and neck external lymphedema and fibrosis assessment criteria. Eur J Oncol Nurs [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 22: 63-70. PMID: 27179894, PII: S1462-3889(16)30008-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.ejon.2016.02.001, ISSN: 1532-2122.

Korhonen K, Moore R, Lyshchik A, Fleischer AC. Parametric mapping of contrasted ovarian transvaginal sonography. Ultrasound Q. 2015 Jun; 31(2): 117-23. PMID: 26002525, PMCID: PMC4443867, PII: 00013644-201506000-00007, DOI: 10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000125, ISSN: 1536-0253.

Fleischer AC, Niermann KJ, Donnelly EF, Yankeelov TE, Canniff KM, Hallahan DE, Rothenberg ME. Sonographic depiction of microvessel perfusion: principles and potential. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Nov; 23(11): 1499-506. PMID: 15498915, PII: 23/11/1499, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Donnelly EF, Grippo RJ, Black AS, Hallahan DE. Quantification of tumor vascularity with contrast-enhanced sonography: correlation with magnetic resonance imaging and fluorodeoxyglucose autoradiography in an implanted tumor. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Jan; 23(1): 37-41. PMID: 14756351, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC. Color Doppler sonography of uterine disorders. Ultrasound Q. 2003 Dec; 19(4): 179-89. PMID: 14730261, ISSN: 0894-8771.

Fleischer AC. Gynecologic sonography: past, present, and future. J Ultrasound Med. 2003 Aug; 22(8): 759-63. PMID: 12901401, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Shappell HW. Color Doppler sonohysterography of endometrial polyps and submucosal fibroids. J Ultrasound Med. 2003 Jun; 22(6): 601-4. PMID: 12795556, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Shappell HW, Parker LP, Hanemann CW. Color Doppler sonography of endometrial masses. J Ultrasound Med. 2002 Aug; 21(8): 861-5; quiz 867. PMID: 12164571, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC. Sonographic assessment of the morphology and vascularity of ovarian masses. Ultrasound Q. 2002 Jun; 18(2): 81-8. PMID: 12970605, ISSN: 0894-8771.

Muniz CJ, Fleischer AC, Donnelly EF, Mazer MJ. Three-dimensional color Doppler sonography and uterine artery arteriography of fibroids: assessment of changes in vascularity before and after embolization. J Ultrasound Med. 2002 Feb; 21(2): 129-33. PMID: 11833868, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Donnelly EF, Geng L, Wojcicki WE, Fleischer AC, Hallahan DE. Quantified power Doppler US of tumor blood flow correlates with microscopic quantification of tumor blood vessels. Radiology. 2001 Apr; 219(1): 166-70. PMID: 11274552, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.219.1.r01ap38166, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer AC. New insights into transvaginal sonography of endometrial disorders. Ultrasound Q. 2001 Mar; 17(1): 11-9. PMID: 12973086, ISSN: 0894-8771.

Fleischer AC, Brader KR. Sonographic depiction of ovarian vascularity and flow: current improvements and future applications. J Ultrasound Med. 2001 Mar; 20(3): 241-50. PMID: 11270528, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC. New developments in the sonographic assessment of ovarian, uterine, and breast vascularity. Semin. Ultrasound CT MR. 2001 Feb; 22(1): 42-9. PMID: 11300586, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Wheeler JE, Lindsay I, Hendrix SL, Grabill S, Kravitz B, MacDonald B. An assessment of the value of ultrasonographic screening for endometrial disease in postmenopausal women without symptoms. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2001 Jan; 184(2): 70-5. PMID: 11174482, PII: S0002-9378(01)73958-0, DOI: 10.1067/mob.2001.111088, ISSN: 0002-9378.

Fleischer AC, Donnelly EF, Campbell MG, Mazer MJ, Grippo D, Lipsitz NL. Three-dimensional color Doppler sonography before and after fibroid embolization. J Ultrasound Med. 2000 Oct; 19(10): 701-5. PMID: 11026583, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC. Sonographic depiction of tumor vascularity and flow: from in vivo models to clinical applications. J Ultrasound Med. 2000 Jan; 19(1): 55-61. PMID: 10625191, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC. Sonographic assessment of endometrial disorders. Semin. Ultrasound CT MR. 1999 Aug; 20(4): 259-66. PMID: 10457566, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Wojcicki WE, Donnelly EF, Pickens DR, Thirsk G, Thurman GB, Hellerqvist CG. Quantified color Doppler sonography of tumor vascularity in an animal model. J Ultrasound Med. 1999 Aug; 18(8): 547-51. PMID: 10447080, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Wheeler JE, Yeh IT, Kravitz B, Jensen C, MacDonald B. Sonographic assessment of the endometrium in osteopenic postmenopausal women treated with idoxifene. J Ultrasound Med. 1999 Jul; 18(7): 503-12. PMID: 10400054, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Tait D, Mayo J, Burnett L, Simpson J. Sonographic features of ovarian remnants. J Ultrasound Med. 1998 Sep; 17(9): 551-5. PMID: 9733172, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC. Transvaginal sonography of endometrial disorders: an overview. Radiographics. 1998 Jul; 18(4): 923-30. PMID: 9672978, DOI: 10.1148/radiographics.18.4.9672978, ISSN: 0271-5333.

Wheeler TC, Fleischer AC. Complex adnexal mass in pregnancy: predictive value of color Doppler sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 1997 Jun; 16(6): 425-8. PMID: 9315188, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Vasquez JM, Cullinan JA, Eisenberg E. Sonohysterography combined with sonosalpingography: correlation with endoscopic findings in infertility patients. J Ultrasound Med. 1997 Jun; 16(6): 381-4; quiz 385. PMID: 9315181, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Meyerowitz CB, Fleischer AC, Pickens DR, Thurman GB, Borowsky AD, Thirsk G, Hellerqvist CG. Quantification of tumor vascularity and flow with amplitude color Doppler sonography in an experimental model: preliminary results. J Ultrasound Med. 1996 Dec; 15(12): 827-33. PMID: 8947858, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fox DB, Bruner JP, Fleischer AC. Amplitude-based color Doppler sonography of fetus with sacrococcygeal teratoma. J Ultrasound Med. 1996 Nov; 15(11): 785-7. PMID: 8908590, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Baumgartel PB, Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Bluth RF. Color Doppler sonography of tubal torsion. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1996 May; 7(5): 367-70. PMID: 8774106, DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1996.07050367.x, ISSN: 0960-7692.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Peery CV, Jones HW. Early detection of ovarian carcinoma with transvaginal color Doppler ultrasonography. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1996 Jan; 174(1 Pt 1): 101-6. PMID: 8571991, PII: S0002-9378(96)70380-0, ISSN: 0002-9378.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Jones HW, Page DL. Correlation of histomorphology of ovarian masses with color Doppler sonography. Ultrasound Med Biol. 1996; 22(5): 555-9. PMID: 8865552, PII: 0301562996000439, ISSN: 0301-5629.

Fleischer AC, Stein SM, Cullinan JA, Warner MA. Color Doppler sonography of adnexal torsion. J Ultrasound Med. 1995 Jul; 14(7): 523-8. PMID: 7563300, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Cullinan JA, Fleischer AC, Kepple DM, Arnold AL. Sonohysterography: a technique for endometrial evaluation. Radiographics. 1995 May; 15(3): 501-14; discussion 515. PMID: 7624559, DOI: 10.1148/radiographics.15.3.7624559, ISSN: 0271-5333.

Fleischer AC. Pelvic sonogram. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Apr; 164(4): 1019. PMID: 7726015, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.164.4.7726015, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Fleischer AC, Burnett LS, Jones HW, Cullinan JA. Transrectal and transperineal sonography during guided intrauterine procedures. J Ultrasound Med. 1995 Feb; 14(2): 135-8. PMID: 8568959, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Jones HW, Peery CV, Bluth RF, Kepple DM. Serial assessment of adnexal masses with transvaginal color Doppler sonography. Ultrasound Med Biol. 1995; 21(4): 435-41. PMID: 7571136, PII: 0301562994001454, ISSN: 0301-5629.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Kepple DM, Williams LL. Conventional and color Doppler transvaginal sonography of pelvic masses: a comparison of relative histologic specificities. J Ultrasound Med. 1993 Dec; 12(12): 705-12. PMID: 8301708, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Rodgers WH, Kepple DM, Williams LL, Jones HW. Color Doppler sonography of ovarian masses: a multiparameter analysis. J Ultrasound Med. 1993 Jan; 12(1): 41-8. PMID: 8455220, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Rodgers WH, Kepple DM, Williams LL, Jones HW, Gross PR. Color Doppler sonography of benign and malignant ovarian masses. Radiographics. 1992 Sep; 12(5): 879-85. PMID: 1529130, DOI: 10.1148/radiographics.12.5.1529130, ISSN: 0271-5333.

Fleischer AC, Kepple DM, Vasquez J. Conventional and color Doppler transvaginal sonography in gynecologic infertility. Current clinical applications. Radiol. Clin. North Am. 1992 Jul; 30(4): 693-702. PMID: 1631278, ISSN: 0033-8389.

Williams LL, Fleischer AC, Jones HW. Transvaginal color Doppler sonography and CA-125 elevation in a patient with ovarian thecoma and ascites. Gynecol. Oncol. 1992 Jul; 46(1): 115-8. PMID: 1321779, ISSN: 0090-8258.

Roussis P, Ball RH, Fleischer AC, Herbert CM. Cervical pregnancy. A case report. J Reprod Med. 1992 May; 37(5): 479-81. PMID: 1507197, ISSN: 0024-7758.

Fleischer AC, Kepple DM. Transvaginal color duplex sonography: clinical potentials and limitations. Semin. Ultrasound CT MR. 1992 Feb; 13(1): 69-80. PMID: 1562351, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Rodgers WH, Rao BK, Kepple DM, Worrell JA, Williams L, Jones HW. Assessment of ovarian tumor vascularity with transvaginal color Doppler sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 1991 Oct; 10(10): 563-8. PMID: 1942222, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Worrell JA, Fleischer AC, Kaufman AJ, Lind CD, Richards WO, Josephs LG, Arnold JH, Dietrich MS, Williams LF. Variation in the size and number of stone fragments after gallbladder lithotripsy. J Ultrasound Med. 1991 Sep; 10(9): 509-12. PMID: 1920594, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Stein SM, Neblett WW, Atkinson JB, Kirchner SG, Heller RM, Merrill WH, Fleischer AC. Pulmonary sequestration: diagnosis with color Doppler sonography and a new theory of associated hydrothorax. Radiology. 1991 Sep; 180(3): 817-21. PMID: 1871300, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.180.3.1871300, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer AC, Rogers WH, Rao BK, Kepple DM, Jones HW. Transvaginal color Doppler sonography of ovarian masses with pathological correlation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Jul 7/1/1991; 1(4): 275-8. PMID: 12797059, DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1991.01040275.x, ISSN: 0960-7692.

Fleischer AC. Transabdominal and transvaginal sonography of ovarian masses. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Jun; 34(2): 433-42. PMID: 1868645, ISSN: 0009-9201.

Fleischer AC. Ultrasound imaging--2000: assessment of utero-ovarian blood flow with transvaginal color Doppler sonography; potential clinical applications in infertility. Fertil. Steril. 1991 Apr; 55(4): 684-91. PMID: 2009994, ISSN: 0015-0282.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Fleischer AC. New applications of conventional and Doppler sonography in pediatrics. Curr Opin Radiol. 1991 Apr; 3(2): 208-15. PMID: 2049269, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Jeanty P, Zaleski W, Fleischer AC. Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of lipoma of the corpus callosum in a fetus with Goldenhar syndrome. Am J Perinatol. 1991 Mar; 8(2): 89-90. PMID: 2006948, DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-999350, ISSN: 0735-1631.

Fleischer AC, Herbert CM, Hill GA, Kepple DM, Worrell JA. Transvaginal sonography of the endometrium during induced cycles. J Ultrasound Med. 1991 Feb; 10(2): 93-5. PMID: 1902266, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Worrell JA, Fleischer AC, Drolshagen LF, Durmon GR, Shah DM. Duplex Doppler sonography of the umbilical arteries: predictive value in IUGR and correlation with birth weight. Ultrasound Med Biol. 1991; 17(3): 207-10. PMID: 1887505, ISSN: 0301-5629.

Fleischer AC. New applications of pelvic sonography. Urol Radiol. 1991; 13(1): 9-15. PMID: 1853512, ISSN: 0171-1091.

Gordon AN, Fleischer AC, Reed GW. Depth of myometrial invasion in endometrial cancer: preoperative assessment by transvaginal ultrasonography. Gynecol. Oncol. 1990 Dec; 39(3): 321-7. PMID: 2258078, ISSN: 0090-8258.

Fleischer AC, Rao BK, Koch MO. New developments in transrectal sonography of the prostate. Curr Opin Radiol. 1990 Dec; 2(6): 777-84. PMID: 2282253, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Fleischer AC, McKee MS, Gordon AN, Page DL, Kepple DM, Worrell JA, Jones HW, Burnett LS, James AE. Transvaginal sonography of postmenopausal ovaries with pathologic correlation. J Ultrasound Med. 1990 Nov; 9(11): 637-44. PMID: 2258995, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Jeanty P, Romero R, Kepple D, Stoney D, Coggins T, Fleischer AC. Prenatal diagnoses in unilateral empty renal fossa. J Ultrasound Med. 1990 Nov; 9(11): 651-4. PMID: 2258997, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Worrell JA, Fleischer AC, Bruner JP. High-risk pregnancies benefit from Doppler. Diagn Imaging (San Franc). 1990 Nov; 12(11): 164-7. PMID: 10149385, ISSN: 0194-2514.

Fleischer AC, Burnett LS, Murray MJ, Jones HW. Intraoperative guidance for intrauterine procedures with transrectal sonography. Radiology. 1990 Aug; 176(2): 576-7. PMID: 2195598, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.176.2.2195598, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer AC, Gordon AN, Entman SS, Kepple DM. Transvaginal scanning of the endometrium. J Clin Ultrasound. 1990 May; 18(4): 337-49. PMID: 2161003, ISSN: 0091-2751.

Rao BK, Fleischer AC. Sonography of the gastrointestinal tract. Curr Opin Radiol. 1990 Apr; 2(2): 207-12. PMID: 2202389, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Worrell JA, Kepple DM, Fleischer AC. Ultrasound in obstetrics. Curr Opin Radiol. 1990 Apr; 2(2): 177-87. PMID: 2202386, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Worrell JA, Drolshagen LF, Kelly TC, Hunton DW, Durmon GR, Fleischer AC. Graded compression ultrasound in the diagnosis of appendicitis. A comparison of diagnostic criteria. J Ultrasound Med. 1990 Mar; 9(3): 145-50. PMID: 2407861, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Boiskin I, Sandler MP, Fleischer AC, Nylander WA. Acute venous thrombosis after pancreas transplantation: diagnosis with duplex Doppler sonography and scintigraphy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Mar; 154(3): 529-31. PMID: 2106215, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.154.3.2106215, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Fleischer AC, Pennell RG, McKee MS, Worrell JA, Keefe B, Herbert CM, Hill GA, Cartwright PS, Kepple DM. Ectopic pregnancy: features at transvaginal sonography. Radiology. 1990 Feb; 174(2): 375-8. PMID: 1688662, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.174.2.1688662, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer AC, Herbert CM, Hill GA, Kepple DM. Transvaginal sonography: applications in infertility. Semin. Ultrasound CT MR. 1990 Feb; 11(1): 71-81. PMID: 2184868, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Hinton AA, Glick AD, Johnson HK. Duplex Doppler sonography of renal transplants. Correlation with histopathology. J Ultrasound Med. 1989 Feb; 8(2): 89-94. PMID: 2651696, ISSN: 0278-4297.