Samuel Trent Rosenbloom, M.D.


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Faculty Appointments
Professor of Biomedical Informatics Professor of MedicineProfessor of PediatricsProfessor of Clinical Nursing
M.P.H., Public Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeM.D., Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeB.A., Religions & French, Northwestern University, Evanston/Chicago, Illinois
Office Address
B003b Eskind Biomedical Library
2209 Garland Avenue
Nashville, TN 37232-8340
Wu Y, Denny JC, Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Giuse DA, Wang L, Blanquicett C, Soysal E, Xu J, Xu H. A long journey to short abbreviations: developing an open-source framework for clinical abbreviation recognition and disambiguation (CARD). J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug 8/18/2016; PMID: 27539197, PII: ocw109, DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocw109, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Teixeira PL, Wei WQ, Cronin RM, Mo H, VanHouten JP, Carroll RJ, LaRose E, Bastarache LA, Rosenbloom ST, Edwards TL, Roden DM, Lasko TA, Dart RA, Nikolai AM, Peissig PL, Denny JC. Evaluating electronic health record data sources and algorithmic approaches to identify hypertensive individuals. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug 8/7/2016; PMID: 27497800, PII: ocw071, DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocw071, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Rosenbloom ST. Person-generated health and wellness data for health care [editorial]. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 May; 23(3): 438-9. PMID: 27288293, PII: ocw059, DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocw059, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Pilon BA, Ketel C, Davidson HA, Gentry CK, Crutcher TD, Scott AW, Moore RM, Rosenbloom ST. Evidence-Guided Integration of Interprofessional Collaborative Practice into Nurse Managed Health Centers. J Prof Nurs [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 31(4): 340-50. PMID: 26194966, PII: S8755-7223(15)00015-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2015.02.007, ISSN: 1532-8481.

Turer RW, Zuckowsky TD, Causey HJ, Rosenbloom ST. ICD-10-CM Crosswalks in the primary care setting: assessing reliability of the GEMs and reimbursement mappings. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar; 22(2): 417-25. PMID: 25665703, PII: ocu028, DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocu028, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Wu Y, Denny JC, Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Giuse DA, Song M, Xu H. A Preliminary Study of Clinical Abbreviation Disambiguation in Real Time. Appl Clin Inform. 2015; 6(2): 364-74. PMID: 26171081, PMCID: PMC4493336, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2014-10-RA-0088, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Cronin RM, Davis SE, Shenson JA, Chen Q, Rosenbloom ST, Jackson GP. Growth of Secure Messaging Through a Patient Portal as a Form of Outpatient Interaction across Clinical Specialties. Appl Clin Inform. 2015; 6(2): 288-304. PMID: 26171076, PMCID: PMC4493331, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2014-12-RA-0117, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Yin Z, Fabbri D, Rosenbloom ST, Malin B. A Scalable Framework to Detect Personal Health Mentions on Twitter. J. Med. Internet Res. 2015; 17(6): e138. PMID: 26048075, PMCID: PMC4526910, PII: v17i6e138, DOI: 10.2196/jmir.4305, ISSN: 1438-8871.

Rosenbloom ST, Harris P, Pulley J, Basford M, Grant J, DuBuisson A, Rothman RL. The Mid-South clinical Data Research Network. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul; 21(4): 627-32. PMID: 24821742, PMCID: PMC4078290, PII: amiajnl-2014-002745, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2014-002745, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Porcelli PJ, Rosenbloom ST. Comparison of new modeling methods for postnatal weight in ELBW infants using prenatal and postnatal data. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 2014 Jul; 59(1): e2-8. PMID: 24590207, DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000342, ISSN: 1536-4801.

Baucom RB, Ousley J, Poulose BK, Rosenbloom ST, Jackson GP. Case report: patient portal versus telephone recruitment for a surgical research study. Appl Clin Inform. 2014; 5(4): 1005-14. PMID: 25589913, PMCID: PMC4287677, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2014-07-CR-0059, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Ho YX, Gadd CS, Kohorst KL, Rosenbloom ST. A qualitative analysis evaluating the purposes and practices of clinical documentation. Appl Clin Inform. 2014; 5(1): 153-68. PMID: 24734130, PMCID: PMC3974254, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2013-10-RA-0081, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Rosenbloom ST, Madison JL, Brothers KB, Bowton EA, Clayton EW, Malin BA, Roden DM, Pulley J. Ethical and practical challenges to studying patients who opt out of large-scale biorepository research. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 Dec; 20(e2): e221-5. PMID: 23886923, PMCID: PMC3861935, PII: amiajnl-2013-001937, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001937, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Adams P, Madani S, Khan N, Shultz EK. Implementing an interface terminology for structured clinical documentation. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 Jun; 20(e1): e178-82. PMID: 23384817, PMCID: PMC3715351, PII: amiajnl-2012-001384, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001384, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Kuperman GJ, Rosenbloom ST, Stetson PD. AMIA board of directors response to Simborg perspective [letter]. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013 Jun; 20(e1): e193-4. PMID: 23399874, PMCID: PMC3715362, PII: amiajnl-2013-001670, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001670, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Middleton B, Bloomrosen M, Dente MA, Hashmat B, Koppel R, Overhage JM, Payne TH, Rosenbloom ST, Weaver C, Zhang J, . Enhancing patient safety and quality of care by improving the usability of electronic health record systems: recommendations from AMIA. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 Jun; 20(e1): e2-8. PMID: 23355463, PMCID: PMC3715367, PII: amiajnl-2012-001458, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001458.

Cusack CM, Hripcsak G, Bloomrosen M, Rosenbloom ST, Weaver CA, Wright A, Vawdrey DK, Walker J, Mamykina L. The future state of clinical data capture and documentation: a report from AMIA's 2011 Policy Meeting. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 Jan 1/1/2013; 20(1): 134-40. PMID: 22962195, PMCID: PMC3555335, PII: amiajnl-2012-001093, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001093, ISSN: 1527-974X.

McDougald Scott AM, Jackson GP, Ho YX, Yan Z, Davison C, Rosenbloom ST. Adapting comparative effectiveness research summaries for delivery to patients and providers through a patient portal. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2013; 2013: 959-68. PMID: 24551387, PMCID: PMC3900228, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Smith JC, Denny JC, Chen Q, Nian H, Spickard A, Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA. Lessons learned from developing a drug evidence base to support pharmacovigilance. Appl Clin Inform. 2013; 4(4): 596-617. PMID: 24454585, PMCID: PMC3885918, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2013-08-RA-0062, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Rosenbloom ST, Butler MG. Development and implementation of electronic growth charts for infants with Prader-Willi syndrome. Am. J. Med. Genet. A [print-electronic]. 2012 Nov; 158A(11): 2743-9. PMID: 22903930, DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.35581, ISSN: 1552-4833.

Rosenbloom ST, Daniels TL, Talbot TR, McClain T, Hennes R, Stenner S, Muse S, Jirjis J, Purcell Jackson G. Triaging patients at risk of influenza using a patient portal. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2012 Jul; 19(4): 549-54. PMID: 22140208, PMCID: PMC3384102, PII: amiajnl-2011-000382, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000382, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Wu Y, Denny JC, Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Giuse DA, Xu H. A comparative study of current Clinical Natural Language Processing systems on handling abbreviations in discharge summaries. AMIA Annu Symp Proc [print-electronic]. 2012; 2012: 997-1003. PMID: 23304375, PMCID: PMC3540461, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Osborn CY, Rosenbloom ST, Stenner SP, Anders S, Muse S, Johnson KB, Jirjis J, Jackson GP. MyHealthAtVanderbilt: policies and procedures governing patient portal functionality. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2011 Dec; 18 Suppl 1: i18-23. PMID: 21807648, PMCID: PMC3241162, PII: amiajnl-2011-000184, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000184, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Jiang M, Chen Y, Liu M, Rosenbloom ST, Mani S, Denny JC, Xu H. A study of machine-learning-based approaches to extract clinical entities and their assertions from discharge summaries. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2011 Sep; 18(5): 601-6. PMID: 21508414, PMCID: PMC3168315, PII: amiajnl-2011-000163, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000163, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Rosenbloom ST, Denny JC, Xu H, Lorenzi N, Stead WW, Johnson KB. Data from clinical notes: a perspective on the tension between structure and flexible documentation. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2011 Mar; 18(2): 181-6. PMID: 21233086, PMCID: PMC3116264, PII: jamia.2010.007237, DOI: 10.1136/jamia.2010.007237, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Wu Y, Rosenbloom ST, Denny JC, Miller RA, Mani S, Giuse DA, Xu H. Detecting abbreviations in discharge summaries using machine learning methods. AMIA Annu Symp Proc [print-electronic]. 2011; 2011: 1541-9. PMID: 22195219, PMCID: PMC3243185, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Montella D, Brown SH, Elkin PL, Jackson JC, Rosenbloom ST, Wahner-Roedler D, Welsh G, Cotton B, Guillamondegui OD, Lew H, Taber KH, Tupler LA, Vanderploeg R, Speroff T. Comparison of SNOMED CT versus Medcin terminology concept coverage for mild Traumatic Brain Injury. AMIA Annu Symp Proc [print-electronic]. 2011; 2011: 969-78. PMID: 22195156, PMCID: PMC3243122, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Fung KW, Xu J, Rosenbloom ST, Mohr D, Maram N, Suther T. Testing Three Problem List Terminologies in a simulated data entry environment. AMIA Annu Symp Proc [print-electronic]. 2011; 2011: 445-54. PMID: 22195098, PMCID: PMC3243193, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Trusko B, Rosenbloom ST, Montella D, Jackson JC, Fitzhenry F, Brown SH, Elkin PL, Fielstein E, Kotter K, Tuttle M, Iannelli RJ, Speroff T. Are posttraumatic stress disorder mental health terms found in SNOMED-CT medical terminology. J Trauma Stress [print-electronic]. 2010 Dec; 23(6): 794-801. PMID: 21171141, DOI: 10.1002/jts.20591, ISSN: 1573-6598.

Rosenbloom ST, Stead WW, Denny JC, Giuse D, Lorenzi NM, Brown SH, Johnson KB. Generating Clinical Notes for Electronic Health Record Systems. Appl Clin Inform. 2010 Jan 1/1/2010; 1(3): 232-43. PMID: 21031148, PMCID: PMC2963994, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2010-03-RA-0019, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Salomon RM, Blackford JU, Rosenbloom ST, Seidel S, Clayton EW, Dilts DM, Finder SG. Openness of patients' reporting with use of electronic records: psychiatric clinicians' views. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010 Jan; 17(1): 54-60. PMID: 20064802, PMCID: PMC2995635, PII: 17/1/54, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M3341, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Rosenbloom ST, McGregor TL, Chen Q, An AQ, Hsu S, Dupont WD. Specialized Pediatric Growth Charts For Electronic Health Record Systems: the example of Down syndrome. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2010; 2010: 687-91. PMID: 21347066, PMCID: PMC3041286, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Wade G, Rosenbloom ST. The impact of SNOMED CT revisions on a mapped interface terminology: terminology development and implementation issues. J Biomed Inform [print-electronic]. 2009 Jun; 42(3): 490-3. PMID: 19285570, PMCID: PMC2693286, PII: S1532-0464(09)00044-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbi.2009.03.004, ISSN: 1532-0480.

Rosenbloom ST, Brown SH, Froehling D, Bauer BA, Wahner-Roedler DL, Gregg WM, Elkin PL. Using SNOMED CT to represent two interface terminologies. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2009 Jan; 16(1): 81-8. PMID: 18952944, PMCID: PMC2605600, PII: M2694, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2694, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Johnson K, Chark D, Chen Q, Broussard A, Rosenbloom ST. Performing without a net: transitioning away from a health information technology-rich training environment. Acad Med. 2008 Dec; 83(12): 1179-86. PMID: 19202496, PII: 00001888-200812000-00032, DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31818c6d57, ISSN: 1938-808X.

Dexheimer JW, Talbot TR, Sanders DL, Rosenbloom ST, Aronsky D. Prompting clinicians about preventive care measures: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2008 May; 15(3): 311-20. PMID: 18308989, PMCID: PMC2410011, PII: M2555, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2555, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Leiman DA, Lorenzi NM, Wyatt JC, Doney AS, Rosenbloom ST. US and Scottish health professionals' attitudes toward DNA biobanking. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2008 May; 15(3): 357-62. PMID: 18308988, PMCID: PMC2410009, PII: M2571, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2571, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Jerome RN, Giuse NB, Rosenbloom ST, Arbogast PG. Exploring clinician adoption of a novel evidence request feature in an electronic medical record system. J Med Libr Assoc. 2008 Jan; 96(1): 34-41. PMID: 18219379, PMCID: PMC2212326, DOI: 10.3163/1536-5050.96.1.34, ISSN: 1558-9439.

Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Johnson KB, Elkin PL, Brown SH. A model for evaluating interface terminologies. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2008 Jan; 15(1): 65-76. PMID: 17947616, PMCID: PMC2274877, PII: M2506, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2506, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Rosenbloom ST, Crow AN, Blackford JU, Johnson KB. Cognitive factors influencing perceptions of clinical documentation tools. J Biomed Inform [print-electronic]. 2007 Apr; 40(2): 106-13. PMID: 16904384, PII: S1532-0464(06)00078-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbi.2006.06.006, ISSN: 1532-0480.

Riddle WR, DonLevy SC, Lafleur BJ, Rosenbloom ST, Shenai JP. Equations describing percentiles for birth weight, head circumference, and length of preterm infants. J Perinatol [print-electronic]. 2006 Sep; 26(9): 556-61. PMID: 16885988, PII: 7211572, DOI: 10.1038/, ISSN: 0743-8346.

Rosenbloom ST. Approaches to evaluating electronic prescribing [editorial]. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2006 Jul; 13(4): 399-401. PMID: 16861364, PMCID: PMC1513680, PII: 13/4/399, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2122, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Elkin PL, Brown SH, Husser CS, Bauer BA, Wahner-Roedler D, Rosenbloom ST, Speroff T. Evaluation of the content coverage of SNOMED CT: ability of SNOMED clinical terms to represent clinical problem lists. Mayo Clin. Proc. 2006 Jun; 81(6): 741-8. PMID: 16770974, PII: S0025-6196(11)61728-X, DOI: 10.4065/81.6.741, ISSN: 0025-6196.

Riddle WR, DonLevy SC, Qi XF, Giuse DA, Rosenbloom ST. Equations to support predictive automated postnatal growth curves for premature infants. J Perinatol. 2006 Jun; 26(6): 354-8. PMID: 16688206, PII: 7211511, DOI: 10.1038/, ISSN: 0743-8346.

Rosenbloom ST, Qi X, Riddle WR, Russell WE, DonLevy SC, Giuse D, Sedman AB, Spooner SA. Implementing pediatric growth charts into an electronic health record system. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2006 May; 13(3): 302-8. PMID: 16501182, PMCID: PMC1513651, PII: M1944, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1944, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Johnson KB, Elkin PL, Brown SH. Interface terminologies: facilitating direct entry of clinical data into electronic health record systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2006 May; 13(3): 277-88. PMID: 16501181, PMCID: PMC1513664, PII: M1957, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1957, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Rosenbloom ST, Harrell FE, Lehmann CU, Schneider JH, Spooner SA, Johnson KB. Perceived increase in mortality after process and policy changes implemented with computerized physician order entry [letter]. Pediatrics. 2006 Apr; 117(4): 1452-5; author reply 1455. PMID: 16585353, PII: 117/4/1452, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2005-3163, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Carter JS, Brown SH, Bauer BA, Elkin PL, Erlbaum MS, Froehling DA, Lincoln MJ, Rosenbloom ST, Wahner-Roedler DL, Tuttle MS. Categorical information in pharmaceutical terminologies. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 116-20. PMID: 17238314, PMCID: PMC1839555, PII: 86519, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Brown SH, Elkin PL, Bauer BA, Wahner-Roedler D, Husser CS, Temesgen Z, Hardenbrook SP, Fielstein EM, Rosenbloom ST. SNOMED CT: utility for a general medical evaluation template. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 101-5. PMID: 17238311, PMCID: PMC1839496, PII: 86443, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Miller RA, Waitman LR, Chen S, Rosenbloom ST. The anatomy of decision support during inpatient care provider order entry (CPOE): empirical observations from a decade of CPOE experience at Vanderbilt. J Biomed Inform [print-electronic]. 2005 Dec; 38(6): 469-85. PMID: 16290243, PMCID: PMC1518541, PII: S1532-0464(05)00100-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbi.2005.08.009, ISSN: 1532-0480.

Rosenbloom ST, Chiu KW, Byrne DW, Talbert DA, Neilson EG, Miller RA. Interventions to regulate ordering of serum magnesium levels: report of an unintended consequence of decision support. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2005 Sep; 12(5): 546-53. PMID: 15905483, PMCID: PMC1205603, PII: M1811, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1811, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Rosenbloom ST, Geissbuhler AJ, Dupont WD, Giuse DA, Talbert DA, Tierney WM, Plummer WD, Stead WW, Miller RA. Effect of CPOE user interface design on user-initiated access to educational and patient information during clinical care. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2005 Jul; 12(4): 458-73. PMID: 15802487, PMCID: PMC1174891, PII: M1627, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1627, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Rosenbloom ST, Giuse NB, Jerome RN, Blackford JU. Providing evidence-based answers to complex clinical questions: evaluating the consistency of article selection. Acad Med. 2005 Jan; 80(1): 109-14. PMID: 15618105, PII: 80/1/109, ISSN: 1040-2446.

Dexheimer JW, Sanders DL, Rosenbloom ST, Aronsky D. Prompting clinicians: a systematic review of preventive care reminders. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 938. PMID: 16779225, PMCID: PMC1560639, PII: 58018, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Jirjis J, Weiss JB, Giuse D, Rosenbloom ST. A framework for clinical communication supporting healthcare delivery. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 375-9. PMID: 16779065, PMCID: PMC1560606, PII: 58633, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Denny JC, Spickard A, Miller RA, Schildcrout J, Darbar D, Rosenbloom ST, Peterson JF. Identifying UMLS concepts from ECG Impressions using KnowledgeMap. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 196-200. PMID: 16779029, PMCID: PMC1479847, PII: 58024, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Hulgan T, Rosenbloom ST, Hargrove F, Talbert DA, Arbogast PG, Bansal P, Miller RA, Kernodle DS. Oral quinolones in hospitalized patients: an evaluation of a computerized decision support intervention. J. Intern. Med. 2004 Oct; 256(4): 349-57. PMID: 15367178, PII: JIM1375, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2004.01375.x, ISSN: 0954-6820.

Grogan EL, Speroff T, Deppen SA, Roumie CL, Elasy TA, Dittus RS, Rosenbloom ST, Holzman MD. Improving documentation of patient acuity level using a progress note template. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 2004 Sep; 199(3): 468-75. PMID: 15325618, PII: S1072-7515(04)00702-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2004.05.254, ISSN: 1072-7515.

Neilson EG, Johnson KB, Rosenbloom ST, Dupont WD, Talbert D, Giuse DA, Kaiser A, Miller RA, . The impact of peer management on test-ordering behavior. Ann. Intern. Med. 2004 Aug 8/3/2004; 141(3): 196-204. PMID: 15289216, PII: 141/3/196, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Rosenbloom ST, Grande J, Geissbuhler A, Miller RA. Experience in implementing inpatient clinical note capture via a provider order entry system. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2004 Jul; 11(4): 310-5. PMID: 15064293, PMCID: PMC436080, PII: M1461, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1461, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Rosenbloom ST, Talbert D, Aronsky D. Clinicians' perceptions of clinical decision support integrated into computerized provider order entry. Int J Med Inform. 2004 Jun 6/15/2004; 73(5): 433-41. PMID: 15171984, PII: S138650560400067X, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2004.04.001, ISSN: 1386-5056.

Rosenbloom ST, Kiepek W, Belletti J, Adams P, Shuxteau K, Johnson KB, Elkin PL, Shultz EK. Generating complex clinical documents using structured entry and reporting. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004; 107(Pt 1): 683-7. PMID: 15360900, PII: D040004870, ISSN: 0926-9630.

Brown SH, Elkin PL, Rosenbloom ST, Husser C, Bauer BA, Lincoln MJ, Carter J, Erlbaum M, Tuttle MS. VA National Drug File Reference Terminology: a cross-institutional content coverage study. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004; 107(Pt 1): 477-81. PMID: 15360858, PII: D040004553, ISSN: 0926-9630.

Rosenbloom ST, Awad J, Speroff T, Elkin PL, Rothman R, Spickard A, Peterson J, Bauer BA, Wahner-Roedler DL, Lee M, Gregg WM, Johnson KB, Jirjis J, Erlbaum MS, Carter JS, Lincoln MJ, Brown SH. Adequacy of representation of the National Drug File Reference Terminology Physiologic Effects reference hierarchy for commonly prescribed medications. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 569-78. PMID: 14728237, PMCID: PMC1480331, PII: D030003134, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Brown SH, Lincoln M, Hardenbrook S, Petukhova ON, Rosenbloom ST, Carpenter P, Elkin P. Derivation and evaluation of a document-naming nomenclature. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2001 Jul; 8(4): 379-90. PMID: 11418545, PMCID: PMC130083, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Mitchell WM, Rosenbloom ST, Gabriel J. Induction of mucosal anti-HIV antibodies by facilitated transfection of airway epithelium with lipospermine/DNA complexes. Immunotechnology. 1995 Dec; 1(3-4): 211-9. PMID: 9373349, ISSN: 1380-2933.