John F. Schnelle, Ph.D.

Professor

john.schnelle@vanderbilt.edu
Faculty Appointments
Professor of Medicine Paul V. Hamilton, M.D. Chair in Geriatrics
Education
Ph.D., Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TennesseeB.A., Psycnology, Hanover College, Hanover, Indiana
Office Address
1161 21st Ave. S. S-1121 MCN
Nashville, TN 37232-2400
Publications
Vasilevskis EE, Ouslander JG, Mixon AS, Bell SP, Jacobsen JM, Saraf AA, Markley D, Sponsler KC, Shutes J, Long EA, Kripalani S, Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. Potentially Avoidable Readmissions of Patients Discharged to Post-Acute Care: Perspectives of Hospital and Skilled Nursing Facility Staff. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec 12/16/2016; PMID: 27981557, DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14557, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Jacobsen JM, Schnelle JF, Saraf AA, Long EA, Vasilevskis EE, Kripalani S, Simmons SF. Preventability of Hospital Readmissions From Skilled Nursing Facilities: A Consumer Perspective. Gerontologist [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec 12/7/2016; PMID: 27927728, PII: gnw132, DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnw132, ISSN: 1758-5341.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF, Saraf AA, Simon Coelho C, Jacobsen JM, Kripalani S, Bell S, Mixon A, Vasilevskis EE. Pain and Satisfaction With Pain Management Among Older Patients During the Transition From Acute to Skilled Nursing Care. Gerontologist [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec; 56(6): 1138-45. PMID: 26185153, PMCID: PMC5181387, PII: gnv058, DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnv058, ISSN: 1758-5341.

Schnelle JF, Schroyer LD, Saraf AA, Simmons SF. Determining Nurse Aide Staffing Requirements to Provide Care Based on Resident Workload: A Discrete Event Simulation Model. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2016 Nov 11/1/2016; 17(11): 970-7. PMID: 27780572, PII: S1525-8610(16)30358-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2016.08.006, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Saraf AA, Petersen AW, Simmons SF, Schnelle JF, Bell SP, Kripalani S, Myers AP, Mixon AS, Long EA, Jacobsen JM, Vasilevskis EE. Medications associated with geriatric syndromes and their prevalence in older hospitalized adults discharged to skilled nursing facilities. J Hosp Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Oct; 11(10): 694-700. PMID: 27255830, PMCID: PMC5048583, DOI: 10.1002/jhm.2614, ISSN: 1553-5606.

Simmons SF, Bell S, Saraf AA, Coelho CS, Long EA, Jacobsen JM, Schnelle JF, Vasilevskis EE. Stability of Geriatric Syndromes in Hospitalized Medicare Beneficiaries Discharged to Skilled Nursing Facilities. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2016 Oct; 64(10): 2027-34. PMID: 27590032, PMCID: PMC5072988, DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14320, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Han JH, Brummel NE, Chandrasekhar R, Wilson JE, Liu X, Vasilevskis EE, Girard TD, Carlo ME, Dittus RS, Schnelle JF, Ely EW. Exploring Delirium's Heterogeneity: Association Between Arousal Subtypes at Initial Presentation and 6-Month Mortality in Older Emergency Department Patients. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry [print-electronic]. 2016 Jul 7/4/2016; PMID: 27623552, PII: S1064-7481(16)30138-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jagp.2016.05.016, ISSN: 1545-7214.

Han JH, Wilson A, Graves AJ, Shintani A, Schnelle JF, Ely EW. A quick and easy delirium assessment for nonphysician research personnel. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 34(6): 1031-6. PMID: 27021131, PMCID: PMC4899095, PII: S0735-6757(16)00176-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2016.02.069, ISSN: 1532-8171.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF, Sathe NA, Slagle JM, Stevenson DG, Carlo ME, McPheeters ML. Defining Safety in the Nursing Home Setting: Implications for Future Research. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2016 Jun 6/1/2016; 17(6): 473-81. PMID: 27235760, PII: S1525-8610(16)30035-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2016.03.005, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Bell SP, Vasilevskis EE, Saraf AA, Jacobsen JM, Kripalani S, Mixon AS, Schnelle JF, Simmons SF. Geriatric Syndromes in Hospitalized Older Adults Discharged to Skilled Nursing Facilities. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2016 Apr; 64(4): 715-22. PMID: 27059831, PMCID: PMC4840035, DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14035, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Schnelle JF, Simmons SF. Managing Agitation and Aggression in Congregate Living Settings: Efficacy and Implementation Challenges [editorial]. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Mar; 64(3): 489-91. PMID: 27000322, DOI: 10.1111/jgs.13947, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Harrington C, Schnelle JF, McGregor M, Simmons SF. The Need for Higher Minimum Staffing Standards in U.S. Nursing Homes. Health Serv Insights. 2016; 9: 13-9. PMID: 27103819, PMCID: PMC4833431, PII: hsi-9-2016-013, DOI: 10.4137/HSI.S38994.

Simmons SF, Keeler E, An R, Liu X, Shotwell MS, Kuertz B, Silver HJ, Schnelle JF. Cost-Effectiveness of Nutrition Intervention in Long-Term Care. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 63(11): 2308-16. PMID: 26503137, PMCID: PMC5131725, DOI: 10.1111/jgs.13709, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Han JH, Vasilevskis EE, Schnelle JF, Shintani A, Dittus RS, Wilson A, Ely EW. The Diagnostic Performance of the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale for Detecting Delirium in Older Emergency Department Patients. Acad Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 22(7): 878-82. PMID: 26113020, PMCID: PMC4516221, DOI: 10.1111/acem.12706, ISSN: 1553-2712.

Ouslander JG, Schnelle JF, Han J. Is this really an emergency? Reducing potentially preventable emergency department visits among nursing home residents [editorial]. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2015 May 5/1/2015; 16(5): 354-7. PMID: 25748816, PII: S1525-8610(15)00103-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.01.096, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Han JH, Vasilevskis EE, Shintani A, Graves AJ, Schnelle JF, Dittus RS, Powers JS, Wilson A, Storrow AB, Ely EW. Impaired arousal at initial presentation predicts 6-month mortality: an analysis of 1084 acutely ill older patients. J Hosp Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Dec; 9(12): 772-8. PMID: 25352356, PMCID: PMC4326096, DOI: 10.1002/jhm.2276, ISSN: 1553-5606.

Simmons SF, Durkin DW, Rahman AN, Schnelle JF, Beuscher LM. The value of resident choice during daily care: do staff and families differ?. J Appl Gerontol [print-electronic]. 2014 Sep; 33(6): 655-71. PMID: 25143465, PMCID: PMC4142524, PII: 0733464812454010, DOI: 10.1177/0733464812454010, ISSN: 1552-4523.

Han JH, Schnelle JF, Ely EW. The relationship between a chief complaint of "altered mental status" and delirium in older emergency department patients. Acad Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 21(8): 937-40. PMID: 25154589, PMCID: PMC4150739, DOI: 10.1111/acem.12436, ISSN: 1553-2712.

Mixon AS, Myers AP, Leak CL, Lou Jacobsen JM, Cawthon C, Goggins KM, Nwosu S, Schildcrout JS, Schnelle JF, Speroff T, Kripalani S. Characteristics associated with postdischarge medication errors. Mayo Clin. Proc [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 89(8): 1042-51. PMID: 24998906, PMCID: PMC4126191, PII: S0025-6196(14)00387-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.04.023, ISSN: 1942-5546.

Rahman AN, Schnelle JF, Osterweil D. Implementing toileting trials in nursing homes: evaluation of a dissemination strategy. Geriatr Nurs [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul; 35(4): 283-9. PMID: 24746672, PII: S0197-4572(14)00134-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2014.03.002, ISSN: 1528-3984.

Han JH, Wilson A, Graves AJ, Shintani A, Schnelle JF, Dittus RS, Powers JS, Vernon J, Storrow AB, Ely EW. Validation of the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit in older emergency department patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Feb; 21(2): 180-7. PMID: 24673674, PMCID: PMC4034173, DOI: 10.1111/acem.12309, ISSN: 1553-2712.

Meyers AG, Salanitro A, Wallston KA, Cawthon C, Vasilevskis EE, Goggins KM, Davis CM, Rothman RL, Castel LD, Donato KM, Schnelle JF, Bell SP, Schildcrout JS, Osborn CY, Harrell FE, Kripalani S. Determinants of health after hospital discharge: rationale and design of the Vanderbilt Inpatient Cohort Study (VICS). BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Jan 1/8/2014; 14: 10. PMID: 24397292, PMCID: PMC3893361, PII: 1472-6963-14-10, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-10, ISSN: 1472-6963.

Han JH, Wilson A, Vasilevskis EE, Shintani A, Schnelle JF, Dittus RS, Graves AJ, Storrow AB, Shuster J, Ely EW. Diagnosing delirium in older emergency department patients: validity and reliability of the delirium triage screen and the brief confusion assessment method. Ann Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov; 62(5): 457-65. PMID: 23916018, PMCID: PMC3936572, PII: S0196-0644(13)00436-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.05.003, ISSN: 1097-6760.

Schnelle JF, Karuza J, Katz PR. Staffing, quality, and productivity in the nursing home [editorial]. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov; 14(11): 784-6. PMID: 24094900, PII: S1525-8610(13)00506-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2013.08.017, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Simmons SF, Sims N, Durkin DW, Shotwell MS, Erwin S, Schnelle JF. The quality of feeding assistance care practices for long-term care veterans: implications for quality improvement efforts. J Appl Gerontol [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 32(6): 669-86. PMID: 25474793, PII: 0733464811433487, DOI: 10.1177/0733464811433487, ISSN: 1552-4523.

Simmons SF, Durkin DW, Shotwell MS, Erwin S, Schnelle JF. A staff training and management intervention in VA long-term care: impact on feeding assistance care quality. Transl Behav Med. 2013 Jun; 3(2): 189-99. PMID: 24073169, PMCID: PMC3717980, PII: 194, DOI: 10.1007/s13142-013-0194-3, ISSN: 1869-6716.

Schnelle JF, Rahman A, Durkin DW, Beuscher L, Choi L, Simmons SF. A controlled trial of an intervention to increase resident choice in long term care. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 May; 14(5): 345-51. PMID: 23294967, PMCID: PMC3637865, PII: S1525-8610(12)00426-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2012.11.013, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Simmons SF, Durkin DW, Rahman AN, Choi L, Beuscher L, Schnelle JF. Resident characteristics related to the lack of morning care provision in long-term care. Gerontologist [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb; 53(1): 151-61. PMID: 22565494, PMCID: PMC3551209, PII: gns065, DOI: 10.1093/geront/gns065, ISSN: 1758-5341.

Choi L, Ward SC, Schnelle JF, Buchowski MS. Assessment of wear/nonwear time classification algorithms for triaxial accelerometer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Oct; 44(10): 2009-16. PMID: 22525772, PMCID: PMC3443532, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318258cb36, ISSN: 1530-0315.

Schnelle JF, Buchowski MS, Ikizler TA, Durkin DW, Beuscher L, Simmons SF. Evaluation of two fatigability severity measures in elderly adults. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2012 Aug; 60(8): 1527-33. PMID: 22860899, PMCID: PMC3419324, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.04062.x, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Simmons SF, Rahman A, Beuscher L, Jani V, Durkin DW, Schnelle JF. Resident-directed long-term care: staff provision of choice during morning care. Gerontologist [print-electronic]. 2011 Dec; 51(6): 867-75. PMID: 21719629, PMCID: PMC3220665, PII: gnr066, DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnr066, ISSN: 1758-5341.

Schnelle JF, Leung FW, Rao SS, Beuscher L, Keeler E, Clift JW, Simmons S. A controlled trial of an intervention to improve urinary and fecal incontinence and constipation. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug; 58(8): 1504-11. PMID: 20653804, PMCID: PMC2955182, PII: JGS2978, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.02978.x, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Schnelle JF, Bertrand R, Hurd D, White A, Squires D, Feuerberg M, Hickey K, Simmons SF. The importance of standardized observations to evaluate nutritional care quality in the survey process. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2009 Oct; 10(8): 568-74. PMID: 19808155, PII: S1525-8610(09)00177-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2009.05.004, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Schnelle JF, Bertrand R, Hurd D, White A, Squires D, Feuerberg M, Hickey K, Simmons SF. Resident choice and the survey process: the need for standardized observation and transparency. Gerontologist [print-electronic]. 2009 Aug; 49(4): 517-24. PMID: 19435928, PII: gnp050, DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnp050, ISSN: 1758-5341.

Schnelle JF, Simmons SF, Beuscher L, Peterson EN, Habermann R, Leung F. Prevalence of constipation symptoms in fecally incontinent nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Apr; 57(4): 647-52. PMID: 19392956, PMCID: PMC2925174, PII: JGS2215, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2009.02215.x, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Simmons SF, Keeler E, Zhuo X, Hickey KA, Sato HW, Schnelle JF. Prevention of unintentional weight loss in nursing home residents: a controlled trial of feeding assistance. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2008 Aug; 56(8): 1466-73. PMID: 18637983, PMCID: PMC2897234, PII: JGS1801, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01801.x, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Rahman AN, Schnelle JF. The nursing home culture-change movement: recent past, present, and future directions for research. Gerontologist. 2008 Apr; 48(2): 142-8. PMID: 18483426, PII: 48/2/142, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Nishita CM, Wilber KH, Matsumoto S, Schnelle JF. Transitioning residents from nursing facilities to community living: who wants to leave?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Jan; 56(1): 1-7. PMID: 18184201, PII: JGS1566, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01566.x, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Simmons SF, Bertrand R, Shier V, Sweetland R, Moore TJ, Hurd DT, Schnelle JF. A preliminary evaluation of the paid feeding assistant regulation: impact on feeding assistance care process quality in nursing homes. Gerontologist. 2007 Apr; 47(2): 184-92. PMID: 17440123, PII: 47/2/184, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF. Continuous quality improvement in nursing homes: public relations or a reality?. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2007 Mar; 8(3 Suppl): S2-5. PMID: 17336872, PII: S1525-8610(06)00623-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2006.12.021, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Levy-Storms L, Schnelle JF, Simmons SF. What do family members notice following an intervention to improve mobility and incontinence care for nursing home residents? An analysis of open-ended comments. Gerontologist. 2007 Feb; 47(1): 14-20. PMID: 17327536, PII: 47/1/14, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Endeshaw YW, Ouslander JG, Schnelle JF, Bliwise DL. Polysomnographic and clinical correlates of behaviorally observed daytime sleep in nursing home residents. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2007 Jan; 62(1): 55-61. PMID: 17301038, PII: 62/1/55, ISSN: 1079-5006.

Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG, Simmons SF. Direct observations of nursing home care quality: Does care change when observed?. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2006 Nov; 7(9): 541-4. PMID: 17095417, PII: S1525-8610(06)00179-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2006.03.009, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. A continuous quality improvement pilot study: impact on nutritional care quality. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2006 Oct; 7(8): 480-5. PMID: 17027624, PII: S1525-8610(06)00171-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2006.03.002, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. Feeding assistance needs of long-stay nursing home residents and staff time to provide care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Jun; 54(6): 919-24. PMID: 16776786, PII: JGS812, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2006.00812.x, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Cadogan MP, Schnelle JF, Al-Sammarrai NR, Yamamoto-Mitani N, Cabrera G, Osterweil D, Simmons SF. A standardized quality assessment system to evaluate pain detection and management in the nursing home. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2006 Mar; 7(3 Suppl): S11-9, S10. PMID: 16500269, PII: S1525-8610(05)00685-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2005.12.011, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG. CMS guidelines and improving continence care in nursing homes: the role of the medical director [editorial]. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2006 Feb; 7(2): 131-2. PMID: 16461258, PII: S1525-8610(05)00549-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2005.10.001, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Ouslander JG, Connell BR, Bliwise DL, Endeshaw Y, Griffiths P, Schnelle JF. A nonpharmacological intervention to improve sleep in nursing home patients: results of a controlled clinical trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Jan; 54(1): 38-47. PMID: 16420196, PII: JGS562, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.00562.x, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Bates-Jensen BM, Simmons SF, Schnelle JF, Alessi C. Evaluating the accuracy of minimum data set bed-mobility ratings against independent performance assessments: systematic error and directions for improvement. Gerontologist. 2005 Dec; 45(6): 731-8. PMID: 16326654, PII: 45/6/731, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Levy-Storms L, Simmons SF, Gutierrez VF, Miller-Martinez D, Hickey K, Schnelle JF. A refined protocol for coding nursing home residents' comments during satisfaction interviews. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2005 Nov; 60(6): S326-S330. PMID: 16260715, PII: 60/6/S326, ISSN: 1079-5014.

Schnelle JF, Osterweil D, Simmons SF. Improving the quality of nursing home care and medical-record accuracy with direct observational technologies. Gerontologist. 2005 Oct; 45(5): 576-82. PMID: 16199391, PII: 45/5/576, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Beck C, Heacock P, Mercer SO, Doan R, O'Sullivan PS, Stevenson JG, Schnelle JF, Hoskins JG. Sustaining a best-care practice in a nursing home. J Healthc Qual. 2005 Jul; 27(4): 5-16. PMID: 16201486, ISSN: 1062-2551.

Ganz DA, Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. Cost-effectiveness of recommended nurse staffing levels for short-stay skilled nursing facility patients. BMC Health Serv Res. 2005; 5: 35. PMID: 15885148, PMCID: PMC1145183, PII: 1472-6963-5-35, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-5-35, ISSN: 1472-6963.

Cadogan MP, Schnelle JF, Al-Sammarrai NR, Yamamoto-Mitani N, Cabrera G, Osterweil D, Simmons SF. A standardized quality assessment system to evaluate pain detection and management in the nursing home. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2005 Jan; 6(1): 1-9. PMID: 15871864, PII: S1525-8610(04)00003-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2004.12.002, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Chu L, Schnelle JF, Cadogan MP, Simmons SF. Using the minimum data set to select nursing home residents for interview about pain. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Dec; 52(12): 2057-61. PMID: 15571542, PII: JGS52565, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52565.x, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. Individualized feeding assistance care for nursing home residents: staffing requirements to implement two interventions. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2004 Sep; 59(9): M966-73. PMID: 15472163, PII: 59/9/M966, ISSN: 1079-5006.

Simmons SF, Cadogan MP, Cabrera GR, Al-Samarrai NR, Jorge JS, Levy-Storms L, Osterweil D, Schnelle JF. The minimum data set depression quality indicator: does it reflect differences in care processes?. Gerontologist. 2004 Aug; 44(4): 554-64. PMID: 15331813, PII: 44/4/554, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF, Bates-Jensen BM, Chu L, Simmons SF. Accuracy of nursing home medical record information about care-process delivery: implications for staff management and improvement. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Aug; 52(8): 1378-83. PMID: 15271130, PII: JGS52372, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52372.x, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Bates-Jensen BM, Alessi CA, Cadogan M, Levy-Storms L, Jorge J, Yoshii J, Al-Samarrai NR, Schnelle JF. The Minimum Data Set bedfast quality indicator: differences among nursing homes. Nurs Res. 2004 Jul; 53(4): 260-72. PMID: 15266165, PII: 00006199-200407000-00009, ISSN: 0029-6562.

Greco KE, Deaton C, Kutner M, Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG. Psychoactive medications and actigraphically scored sleep quality in frail nursing home patients. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2004 Jul; 5(4): 223-7. PMID: 15228630, PII: S1525-8610(04)70126-7, DOI: 10.1097/01.JAM.0000131499.71697.9E, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Bates-Jensen BM, Schnelle JF, Alessi CA, Al-Samarrai NR, Levy-Storms L. The effects of staffing on in-bed times of nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Jun; 52(6): 931-8. PMID: 15161457, PII: JGS52260, DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52260.x, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Bates-Jensen BM, Levy-Storms L, Grbic V, Yoshii J, Cadogan M, Simmons SF. The minimum data set prevalence of restraint quality indicator: does it reflect differences in care?. Gerontologist. 2004 Apr; 44(2): 245-55. PMID: 15075421, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF, Simmons SF, Harrington C, Cadogan M, Garcia E, M Bates-Jensen B. Relationship of nursing home staffing to quality of care. Health Serv Res. 2004 Apr; 39(2): 225-50. PMID: 15032952, PMCID: PMC1361005, PII: HESR225, DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2004.00225.x, ISSN: 0017-9124.

Cadogan MP, Schnelle JF, Yamamoto-Mitani N, Cabrera G, Simmons SF. A minimum data set prevalence of pain quality indicator: is it accurate and does it reflect differences in care processes?. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2004 Mar; 59(3): 281-5. PMID: 15031314, ISSN: 1079-5006.

Chu L, Schnelle JF, Osterweil D. Prescription analgesic and antidepressant utilization and cost among elderly Medicaid beneficiaries before and after nursing home admission. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2004 Mar; 5(2): 75-81. PMID: 14984617, PII: S1525-8610(04)70059-6, DOI: 10.1097/01.JAM.0000113429.87302.2E, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Schnelle JF. Determining the relationship between staffing and quality [editorial]. Gerontologist. 2004 Feb; 44(1): 10-2. PMID: 14978316, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF, Leung FW. Urinary and fecal incontinence in nursing homes. Gastroenterology. 2004 Jan; 126(1 Suppl 1): S41-7. PMID: 14978637, PII: S0016508503015658, ISSN: 0016-5085.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. Effects of an exercise and scheduled-toileting intervention on appetite and constipation in nursing home residents. J Nutr Health Aging. 2004; 8(2): 116-21. PMID: 14978607, ISSN: 1279-7707.

Schnelle JF, Simmons SF. Developing innovative models to translate guidelines into practice [editorial]. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2004 Jan; 5(1): 55-6. PMID: 14706130, PII: S1525-8610(04)70045-6, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Schnelle JF, Cadogan MP, Grbic D, Bates-Jensen BM, Osterweil D, Yoshii J, Simmons SF. A standardized quality assessment system to evaluate incontinence care in the nursing home. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec; 51(12): 1754-61. PMID: 14687354, PII: 51560, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Wenger NS, Solomon DH, Roth CP, MacLean CH, Saliba D, Kamberg CJ, Rubenstein LZ, Young RT, Sloss EM, Louie R, Adams J, Chang JT, Venus PJ, Schnelle JF, Shekelle PG. The quality of medical care provided to vulnerable community-dwelling older patients. Ann. Intern. Med. 2003 Nov 11/4/2003; 139(9): 740-7. PMID: 14597458, PII: 139/9/740, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Harrington C, O'Meara J, Collier E, Schnelle JF. Nursing indicators of quality in nursing homes. A Web-based approach. J Gerontol Nurs. 2003 Oct; 29(10): 5-11. PMID: 14558230, ISSN: 0098-9134.

Simmons SF, Garcia ET, Cadogan MP, Al-Samarrai NR, Levy-Storms LF, Osterweil D, Schnelle JF. The minimum data set weight-loss quality indicator: does it reflect differences in care processes related to weight loss?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Oct; 51(10): 1410-8. PMID: 14511161, PII: 51459, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Bates-Jensen BM, Cadogan M, Osterweil D, Levy-Storms L, Jorge J, Al-Samarrai N, Grbic V, Schnelle JF. The minimum data set pressure ulcer indicator: does it reflect differences in care processes related to pressure ulcer prevention and treatment in nursing homes?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Sep; 51(9): 1203-12. PMID: 12919231, PII: 51403, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Bates-Jensen BM, Cadogan M, Jorge J, Schnelle JF. Standardized quality-assessment system to evaluate pressure ulcer care in the nursing home. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Sep; 51(9): 1194-202. PMID: 12919230, PII: 51402, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Cadogan MP, Yoshii J, Al-Samarrai NR, Osterweil D, Bates-Jensen BM, Simmons SF. The minimum data set urinary incontinence quality indicators: do they reflect differences in care processes related to incontinence?. Med Care. 2003 Aug; 41(8): 909-22. PMID: 12886171, DOI: 10.1097/01.MLR.0000078146.88391.64, ISSN: 0025-7079.

Kapasi ZF, Ouslander JG, Schnelle JF, Kutner M, Fahey JL. Effects of an exercise intervention on immunologic parameters in frail elderly nursing home residents. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2003 Jul; 58(7): 636-43. PMID: 12865480, ISSN: 1079-5006.

Harrington C, O'Meara J, Kitchener M, Simon LP, Schnelle JF. Designing a report card for nursing facilities: what information is needed and why. Gerontologist. 2003 Apr; 43 Spec No 2: 47-57. PMID: 12711724, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Alessi CA, Ouslander JG, Maldague S, Al-Samarrai NR, Saliba D, Osterweil D, Beck JC, Schnelle JF. Incidence and costs of acute medical conditions in long-stay incontinent nursing home residents. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2003 Mar; 4(2 Suppl): S4-S18. PMID: 12807565, PII: 01.JAM.0000021173.43550.A9, DOI: 10.1097/01.JAM.0000021173.43550.A9, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Schnelle JF. Improving nursing home quality assessment: capturing the voice of cognitively impaired elders [editorial]. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2003 Mar; 58(3): 238-9. PMID: 12634290, ISSN: 1079-5006.

Bates-Jensen BM, Alessi CA, Al-Samarrai NR, Schnelle JF. The effects of an exercise and incontinence intervention on skin health outcomes in nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Mar; 51(3): 348-55. PMID: 12588578, PII: jgs51108, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Kapur K, Alessi C, Osterweil D, Beck JG, Al-Samarrai NR, Ouslander JG. Does an exercise and incontinence intervention save healthcare costs in a nursing home population?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Feb; 51(2): 161-8. PMID: 12558711, PII: jgs51053, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Harrington C, Collier E, O'Meara J, Kitchener M, Simon LP, Schnelle JF. Federal and state nursing facility websites: just what the consumer needs?. Am J Med Qual. 2003 Jan; 18(1): 21-37. PMID: 12583642, ISSN: 1062-8606.

Simmons SF, Lam HY, Rao G, Schnelle JF. Family members' preferences for nutrition interventions to improve nursing home residents' oral food and fluid intake. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Jan; 51(1): 69-74. PMID: 12534848, PII: jgs51012, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Simmons SF, Ferrell BA, Schnelle JF. Effects of a controlled exercise trial on pain in nursing home residents. Clin J Pain. 2002 Nov; 18(6): 380-5. PMID: 12441832, ISSN: 0749-8047.

Simmons SF, Babineau S, Garcia E, Schnelle JF. Quality assessment in nursing homes by systematic direct observation: feeding assistance. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2002 Oct; 57(10): M665-71. PMID: 12242322, ISSN: 1079-5006.

Schnelle JF, Alessi CA, Simmons SF, Al-Samarrai NR, Beck JC, Ouslander JG. Translating clinical research into practice: a randomized controlled trial of exercise and incontinence care with nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Sep; 50(9): 1476-83. PMID: 12383143, PII: jgs50401, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Saliba D, Schnelle JF. Indicators of the quality of nursing home residential care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Aug; 50(8): 1421-30. PMID: 12165001, PII: jgs50366, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Levy-Storms L, Schnelle JF, Simmons SF. A comparison of methods to assess nursing home residents' unmet needs. Gerontologist. 2002 Aug; 42(4): 454-61. PMID: 12145373, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Alessi CA, Ouslander JG, Maldague S, Al-Samarrai NR, Saliba D, Osterweil D, Beck JC, Schnelle JF. Incidence and costs of acute medical conditions in long-stay incontinent nursing home residents. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2002 Jul; 3(4): 229-42. PMID: 12807643, PII: 00.JAM.0000021173.43550.A9, DOI: 10.1097/01.JAM.0000021173.43550.A9, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Simmons SF, Lim B, Schnelle JF. Accuracy of minimum data set in identifying residents at risk for undernutrition: oral intake and food complaints. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2002 May; 3(3): 140-5. PMID: 12807657, ISSN: 1525-8610.

Simmons SF, Osterweil D, Schnelle JF. Improving food intake in nursing home residents with feeding assistance: a staffing analysis. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2001 Dec; 56(12): M790-4. PMID: 11723156, ISSN: 1079-5006.

Schnelle JF, Smith RL. Quality indicators for the management of urinary incontinence in vulnerable community-dwelling elders. Ann. Intern. Med. 2001 Oct 10/16/2001; 135(8 Pt 2): 752-8. PMID: 11601959, PII: 200110161-00015, ISSN: 0003-4819.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. The identification of residents capable of accurately describing daily care: implications for evaluating nursing home care quality. Gerontologist. 2001 Oct; 41(5): 605-11. PMID: 11574705, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Simmons SF, Alessi C, Schnelle JF. An intervention to increase fluid intake in nursing home residents: prompting and preference compliance. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jul; 49(7): 926-33. PMID: 11527484, PII: jgs49183, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Johnson TM, Ouslander JG, Uman GC, Schnelle JF. Urinary incontinence treatment preferences in long-term care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jun; 49(6): 710-8. PMID: 11454108, PII: jgs49146, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Ai-Samarrai N, Schnelle JF. Prompted voiding for nighttime incontinence in nursing homes: is it effective?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jun; 49(6): 706-9. PMID: 11454107, PII: jgs49145, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Wood S, Schnelle ER, Simmons SF. Measurement sensitivity and the Minimum Data Set depression quality indicator. Gerontologist. 2001 Jun; 41(3): 401-5. PMID: 11405438, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Stevenson JG, Beck C, Heacock P, Mercer SO, O'Sullivan PS, Hoskins JA, Doan R, Schnelle JF. A conceptual framework for achieving high-quality care in nursing homes. J Healthc Qual. 2000 Jul; 22(4): 31-6. PMID: 11183252, ISSN: 1062-2551.

Fahey JL, Schnelle JF, Boscardin J, Thomas JK, Gorre ME, Aziz N, Sadeghi H, Nishanian P. Distinct categories of immunologic changes in frail elderly. Mech. Ageing Dev. 2000 May 5/18/2000; 115(1-2): 1-20. PMID: 10854626, PII: S0047-6374(00)00094-4, ISSN: 0047-6374.

Sloss EM, Solomon DH, Shekelle PG, Young RT, Saliba D, MacLean CH, Rubenstein LZ, Schnelle JF, Kamberg CJ, Wenger NS. Selecting target conditions for quality of care improvement in vulnerable older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Apr; 48(4): 363-9. PMID: 10798460, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Alessi CA, Schnelle JF. Approach to sleep disorders in the nursing home setting. REVIEW ARTICLE. Sleep Med Rev. 2000 Feb; 4(1): 45-56. PMID: 12531160, PII: S1087-0792(99)90066-7, DOI: 10.1053/smrv.1999.0066, ISSN: 1532-2955.

Wood S, Cummings JL, Hsu MA, Barclay T, Wheatley MV, Yarema KT, Schnelle JF. The use of the neuropsychiatric inventory in nursing home residents. Characterization and measurement. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000; 8(1): 75-83. PMID: 10648298, ISSN: 1064-7481.

Sadeghi HM, Schnelle JF, Thoma JK, Nishanian P, Fahey JL. Phenotypic and functional characteristics of circulating monocytes of elderly persons. Exp. Gerontol. 1999 Dec; 34(8): 959-70. PMID: 10673149, PII: S0531556599000650, ISSN: 0531-5565.

Schnelle JF, Beck C. Costs of promoting independence [editorial]. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 Sep; 47(9): 1151-2. PMID: 10484262, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Alessi CA, Yoon EJ, Schnelle JF, Al-Samarrai NR, Cruise PA. A randomized trial of a combined physical activity and environmental intervention in nursing home residents: do sleep and agitation improve?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 Jul; 47(7): 784-91. PMID: 10404920, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF. Strategies to measure nursing home residents' satisfaction and preferences related to incontinence and mobility care: implications for evaluating intervention effects. Gerontologist. 1999 Jun; 39(3): 345-55. PMID: 10396892, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG, Buchanan J, Zellman G, Farley D, Hirsch SH, Reuben DB. Objective and subjective measures of the quality of managed care in nursing homes. Med Care. 1999 Apr; 37(4): 375-83. PMID: 10213018, ISSN: 0025-7079.

Schnelle JF, Alessi CA, Al-Samarrai NR, Fricker RD, Ouslander JG. The nursing home at night: effects of an intervention on noise, light, and sleep. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 Apr; 47(4): 430-8. PMID: 10203118, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Reuben DB, Schnelle JF, Buchanan JL, Kington RS, Zellman GL, Farley DO, Hirsch SH, Ouslander JG. Primary care of long-stay nursing home residents: approaches of three health maintenance organizations. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 Feb; 47(2): 131-8. PMID: 9988282, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Levin JR, Wenger NS, Ouslander JG, Zellman G, Schnelle JF, Buchanan JL, Hirsch SH, Reuben DB. Life-sustaining treatment decisions for nursing home residents: who discusses, who decides and what is decided?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 Jan; 47(1): 82-7. PMID: 9920234, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Nasr SZ, Miller M, Withington W, Lee CS, Wiltshire-Clement M, Cruise P, Schnelle JF. Arginine vasopressin levels in nursing home residents with nighttime urinary incontinence. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998 Oct; 46(10): 1274-9. PMID: 9777911, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Cruise PA, Alessi CA, Ludlow K, al-Samarrai NR, Ouslander JG. Sleep hygiene in physically dependent nursing home residents: behavioral and environmental intervention implications. Sleep. 1998 Aug 8/1/1998; 21(5): 515-23. PMID: 9703592, ISSN: 0161-8105.

Schnelle JF, Cruise PA, Alessi CA, Al-Samarrai N, Ouslander JG. Individualizing nighttime incontinence care in nursing home residents. Nurs Res. 1998 Jul; 47(4): 197-204. PMID: 9683114, ISSN: 0029-6562.

Schnelle JF, Cruise PA, Rahman A, Ouslander JG. Developing rehabilitative behavioral interventions for long-term care: technology transfer, acceptance, and maintenance issues. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998 Jun; 46(6): 771-7. PMID: 9625196, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Buxton WG, Al-Samarrai NR, Cruise PA, Alessi C, Schnelle JF. Nighttime urinary incontinence and sleep disruption among nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998 Apr; 46(4): 463-6. PMID: 9560069, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Cruise PA, Schnelle JF, Alessi CA, Simmons SF, Ouslander JG. The nighttime environment and incontinence care practices in nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998 Feb; 46(2): 181-6. PMID: 9475446, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Adamson GM, Cruise PA, al-Samarrai N, Sarbaugh FC, Uman G, Ouslander JG. Skin disorders and moisture in incontinent nursing home residents: intervention implications. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Oct; 45(10): 1182-8. PMID: 9329478, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF, Uman GC, Kulvicki AD, Lee KO, Ouslander JG. Selecting nursing home residents for satisfaction surveys. Gerontologist. 1997 Aug; 37(4): 543-50. PMID: 9279044, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG, Cruise PA. Policy without technology: a barrier to improving nursing home care. Gerontologist. 1997 Aug; 37(4): 527-32. PMID: 9279042, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF. Can nursing homes use the MDS to improve quality? [editorial]. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Aug; 45(8): 1027-8. PMID: 9256859, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Hays RD, Siu AL, Keeler E, Marshall GN, Kaplan RM, Simmons S, el Mouchi D, Schnelle JF. Long-term care residents' preferences for health states on the quality of well-being scale. Med Decis Making. 1996 Jul; 16(3): 254-61. PMID: 8818124, ISSN: 0272-989X.

Schnelle JF, Smith RL. To use physical restraints or not? [editorial]. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Jun; 44(6): 727-8. PMID: 8642169, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, MacRae PG, Giacobassi K, MacRae HS, Simmons SF, Ouslander JG. Exercise with physically restrained nursing home residents: maximizing benefits of restraint reduction. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 May; 44(5): 507-12. PMID: 8617897, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Schapira M, Schnelle JF, Fingold S. Pyuria among chronically incontinent but otherwise asymptomatic nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Apr; 44(4): 420-3. PMID: 8636589, ISSN: 0002-8614.

MacRae PG, Asplund LA, Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG, Abrahamse A, Morris C. A walking program for nursing home residents: effects on walk endurance, physical activity, mobility, and quality of life. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Feb; 44(2): 175-80. PMID: 8576508, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Crooks VC, Schnelle JF, Ouslander JP, McNees MP. Use of the Minimum Data Set to rate incontinence severity. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Dec; 43(12): 1363-9. PMID: 7490387, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, MacRae PG, Ouslander JG, Simmons SF, Nitta M. Functional Incidental Training, mobility performance, and incontinence care with nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Dec; 43(12): 1356-62. PMID: 7490386, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, McNees P, Crooks V, Ouslander JG. The use of a computer-based model to implement an incontinence management program. Gerontologist. 1995 Oct; 35(5): 656-65. PMID: 8543223, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF, Keeler E, Hays RD, Simmons S, Ouslander JG, Siu AL. A cost and value analysis of two interventions with incontinent nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Oct; 43(10): 1112-7. PMID: 7560701, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Alessi CA, Schnelle JF, MacRae PG, Ouslander JG, al-Samarrai N, Simmons SF, Traub S. Does physical activity improve sleep in impaired nursing home residents?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Oct; 43(10): 1098-102. PMID: 7560698, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF. Total quality management and the medical director. Clin. Geriatr. Med. 1995 Aug; 11(3): 433-48. PMID: 7585389, ISSN: 0749-0690.

Alessi CA, Schnelle JF, Traub S, Ouslander JG. Psychotropic medications in incontinent nursing home residents: association with sleep and bed mobility. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Jul; 43(7): 788-92. PMID: 7602033, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Schnelle JF, Uman G, Fingold S, Nigam JG, Tuico E, Jensen BB. Does oxybutynin add to the effectiveness of prompted voiding for urinary incontinence among nursing home residents? A placebo-controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Jun; 43(6): 610-7. PMID: 7775717, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Schapira M, Schnelle JF, Uman G, Fingold S, Tuico E, Nigam JG. Does eradicating bacteriuria affect the severity of chronic urinary incontinence in nursing home residents?. Ann. Intern. Med. 1995 May 5/15/1995; 122(10): 749-54. PMID: 7717597, ISSN: 0003-4819.

Ouslander JG, Schnelle JF, Uman G, Fingold S, Nigam JG, Tuico E, Bates-Jensen B. Predictors of successful prompted voiding among incontinent nursing home residents. JAMA. 1995 May 5/3/1995; 273(17): 1366-70. PMID: 7715062, ISSN: 0098-7484.

Simmons SF, Schnelle JF, MacRae PG, Ouslander JG. Wheelchairs as mobility restraints: predictors of wheelchair activity in nonambulatory nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Apr; 43(4): 384-8. PMID: 7706628, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Schnelle JF. Incontinence in the nursing home. Ann. Intern. Med. 1995 Mar 3/15/1995; 122(6): 438-49. PMID: 7856993, ISSN: 0003-4819.

Ouslander JG, Schapira M, Schnelle JF. Urine specimen collection from incontinent female nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1995 Mar; 43(3): 279-81. PMID: 7884119, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Ouslander JG, Simmons S, Tuico E, Nigam JG, Fingold S, Bates-Jensen B, Schnelle JF. Use of a portable ultrasound device to measure post-void residual volume among incontinent nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 Nov; 42(11): 1189-92. PMID: 7963206, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Mac Rae PG, Simmons SF, Uman G, Ouslander JG, Rosenquist LL, Chang B. Safety assessment for the frail elderly: a comparison of restrained and unrestrained nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 Jun; 42(6): 586-92. PMID: 8201142, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG, Osterweil D, Blumenthal S. Total quality management: administrative and clinical applications in nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1993 Nov; 41(11): 1259-66. PMID: 8227902, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG, Simmons SF, Alessi CA, Gravel MD. The nighttime environment, incontinence care, and sleep disruption in nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1993 Sep; 41(9): 910-4. PMID: 8409176, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Ouslander JG, Simmons SF, Alessi CA, Gravel MD. Nighttime sleep and bed mobility among incontinent nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1993 Sep; 41(9): 903-9. PMID: 8409175, ISSN: 0002-8614.

McNees MP, Crooks VC, Schnelle JF. Computer-aided total quality program lowers incontinence rates. Provider. 1993 Apr; 19(4): 34-6. PMID: 10125026, ISSN: 0888-0352.

Schnelle JF, Newman D, White M, Abbey J, Wallston KA, Fogarty T, Ory MG. Maintaining continence in nursing home residents through the application of industrial quality control. Gerontologist. 1993 Feb; 33(1): 114-21. PMID: 8440494, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Ouslander JG, Schnelle JF. Research in nursing homes: practical aspects. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1993 Feb; 41(2): 182-7. PMID: 8426043, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Simmons SF, Ory MG. Risk factors that predict staff failure to release nursing home residents from restraints. Gerontologist. 1992 Dec; 32(6): 767-70. PMID: 1478495, ISSN: 0016-9013.

McNees MP, Schnelle JF. Computer-aided management of urinary incontinence in nursing homes. West J Nurs Res. 1992 Aug; 14(4): 516-9. PMID: 1509735, ISSN: 0193-9459.

Schnelle JF, Newman DR, White M, Volner TR, Burnett J, Cronqvist A, Ory M. Reducing and managing restraints in long-term-care facilities. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1992 Apr; 40(4): 381-5. PMID: 1556366, ISSN: 0002-8614.

McNees MP, Stone SR, Agnew ME, Schnelle JF, Fisher J. Alaska nursing home takes national role in addressing urinary incontinence. Alaska Med. 1992 Apr; 34(2): 101-2. PMID: 1510203, ISSN: 0002-4538.

Schnelle JF, Newman DR, Fogarty TE, Wallston K, Ory M. Assessment and quality control of incontinence care in long-term nursing facilities. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1991 Feb; 39(2): 165-71. PMID: 1899438, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Newman DR, Fogarty T. Statistical quality control in nursing homes: assessment and management of chronic urinary incontinence. Health Serv Res. 1990 Oct; 25(4): 627-37. PMID: 2211131, PMCID: PMC1065649, ISSN: 0017-9124.

Schnelle JF, Newman DR, Fogarty T. Management of patient continence in long-term care nursing facilities. Gerontologist. 1990 Jun; 30(3): 373-6. PMID: 2354796, ISSN: 0016-9013.

Schnelle JF. Treatment of urinary incontinence in nursing home patients by prompted voiding. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1990 Mar; 38(3): 356-60. PMID: 2313014, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Schnelle JF, Traughber B, Sowell VA, Newman DR, Petrilli CO, Ory M. Prompted voiding treatment of urinary incontinence in nursing home patients. A behavior management approach for nursing home staff. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1989 Nov; 37(11): 1051-7. PMID: 2809052, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Fogarty TE, Schnelle JF, Newman DR. Statistical quality control in nursing homes: a key indicator to evaluate patient incontinence care. QRB Qual Rev Bull. 1989 Sep; 15(9): 273-8. PMID: 2510110, ISSN: 0097-5990.

Petrilli CO, Traughber B, Schnelle JF. Behavioral management in the inpatient geriatric population. Nurs. Clin. North Am. 1988 Mar; 23(1): 265-77. PMID: 3347580, ISSN: 0029-6465.

Schnelle JF, Sowell VA, Hu TW, Traughber B. Reduction of urinary incontinence in nursing homes: does it reduce or increase costs?. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Jan; 36(1): 34-9. PMID: 3335728, ISSN: 0002-8614.

Seekins T, Fawcett SB, Cohen SH, Elder JP, Jason LA, Schnelle JF, Winett RA. Experimental evaluation of public policy: the case of state legislation for child passenger safety. J Appl Behav Anal. 1988; 21(3): 233-43. PMID: 3198544, PMCID: PMC1286119, DOI: 10.1901/jaba.1988.21-233, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Sowell VA, Schnelle JF, Hu TW, Traughber B. A cost comparison of five methods of managing urinary incontinence. QRB Qual Rev Bull. 1987 Dec; 13(12): 411-4. PMID: 3125502, ISSN: 0097-5990.

Schnelle JF, Traughber B, Morgan DB, Embry JE, Binion AF, Coleman A. Management of geriatric incontinence in nursing homes. J Appl Behav Anal. 1983; 16(2): 235-41. PMID: 6885672, PMCID: PMC1307878, DOI: 10.1901/jaba.1983.16-235, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Prytula RE, Joyner KB, Schnelle JF. Utilizing the school to control head-banging behavior of a child at home. Psychol Rep. 1981 Jun; 48(3): 887-94. PMID: 7267912, DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1981.48.3.887, ISSN: 0033-2941.

McNees MP, Kennon M, Schnelle JF, Kirchner RE, Thomas MM. An experimental analysis of a program to reduce retail theft. Am J Community Psychol. 1980 Jun; 8(3): 379-85. PMID: 7416096, ISSN: 0091-0562.

Domash MA, Schnelle JF, Stromatt EL, Carr AF, Larson LD, Kirchner RE, Risley TR. Police and prosecution systems: An evaluation of a police criminal case preparation program. J Appl Behav Anal. 1980; 13(3): 397-406. PMID: 16795628, PMCID: PMC1308146, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Kirchner RE, Schnelle JF, Domash M, Larson L, Carr A, McNees MP. The applicability of a helicopter patrol procedure to diverse areas: A cost-benefit evaluation. J Appl Behav Anal. 1980; 13(1): 143-8. PMID: 16795623, PMCID: PMC1308113, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Larson LD, Schnelle JF, Kirchner R, Carr AF, Domash M, Risley TR. Reduction of police vehicle accidents through mechaniically aided supervision. J Appl Behav Anal. 1980; 13(4): 571-81. PMID: 16795634, PMCID: PMC1308164, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Schnelle JF, Gendrich J, McNees MP, Hanna J, Thomas MM. Evaluation of outpatient client progress: time-series telephone interview data. J Community Psychol. 1979 Apr; 7(2): 111-7. PMID: 10241389, ISSN: 0090-4392.

Schnelle JF, Kirchner RE, Galbaugh F, Domash M, Carr A, Larson L. Program evaluation research: an experimental cost-effectiveness analysis of an armed robbery intervention program. J Appl Behav Anal. 1979; 12(4): 615-23. PMID: 120362, PMCID: PMC1311484, DOI: 10.1901/jaba.1979.12-615, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Schnelle JF, Kirchner RE, Macrae JW, McNees MP, Eck RH, Snodgrass S, Casey JD, Uselton PH. Police evaluation research: an experimental and cost-benefit analysis of a helicopter patrol in a high crime area. J Appl Behav Anal. 1978; 11(1): 11-21. PMID: 16795578, PMCID: PMC1311264, ISSN: 0021-8855.

McNees MP, Hannah JT, Schnelle JF, Bratton KM. The effects of aftercare programs on institutional recidivism. J Community Psychol. 1977 Apr; 5(2): 128-33. PMID: 10313834, ISSN: 0090-4392.

Schnelle JF, Kirchner RE, Casey JD, Uselton PH, McNees MP. Patrol evaluation research: a multiple-baseline analysis of saturation police patrolling during day and night hours. J Appl Behav Anal. 1977; 10(1): 33-40. PMID: 16795546, PMCID: PMC1311147, ISSN: 0021-8855.

McNees MP, Egli DS, Marshall RS, Schnelle JF, Risley TR. Shoplifting prevention: providing information through signs. J Appl Behav Anal. 1976 Dec; 9(4): 399-405. PMID: 16795530, PMCID: PMC1312021, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Littlepage GE, Kosloski KD, Schnelle JF, McNees MP, Gendrich JC. The problem of early outpatient terminations from community mental health centers: a problem for whom?. J Community Psychol. 1976 Apr; 4(2): 164-7. PMID: 10243935, ISSN: 0090-4392.

Schnelle JF, McNees P, Huff TM, Marshall RS, Hannah JT. Behavior intervention teams: the utilization of paraprofessionals in a community mental health center. J Community Psychol. 1975 Jul; 3(3): 258-65. PMID: 10237952, ISSN: 0090-4392.

Hannah JT, Schnelle JF, Long JW, McNees MP. Empirically based community mental health administrative procedures: a procedure for evaluating accuracy of client information systems. J Ment Health Adm. 1975; 4(1): 23-37. PMID: 10246350, ISSN: 0092-8623.

Schnelle JF, Kirchner RE, McNees MP, Lawler JM. Social evaluation research: the evaluation of two police patrolling strategies. J Appl Behav Anal. 1975; 8(4): 353-65. PMID: 16795500, PMCID: PMC1311868, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Griffith EE, Schnelle JF, McNees MP, Bissinger C, Huff TM. Elective mutism in a first grader: the remediation of a complex behavioral problem. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 1975; 3(2): 127-34. PMID: 1194594, ISSN: 0091-0627.

Schnelle JF, Kennedy M, Rutledge AW, Golden SB. Pupillary response as indication of sexual preference in a juvenile correctional institution. J Clin Psychol. 1974 Apr; 30(2): 146-50. PMID: 4823214, ISSN: 0021-9762.

Schnelle JF, Lee JF. A quasi-experimental retrospective evaluation of a prison policy change. J Appl Behav Anal. 1974; 7(3): 483-94. PMID: 16795473, PMCID: PMC1311995, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Schnelle JF. A brief report on invalidity of parent evaluations of behavior change. J Appl Behav Anal. 1974; 7(2): 341-3. PMID: 4436182, PMCID: PMC1311973, DOI: 10.1901/jaba.1974.7-341, ISSN: 0021-8855.

Schnelle JF, Walker SF, Hurwitz HM. Concurrent performance in septally operated rats: one and two response extinction. Physiol. Behav. 1971 Jun; 6(6): 649-54. PMID: 5148508, ISSN: 0031-9384.