William Schaffner, M.D.


Faculty Appointments
Professor of Health Policy Professor of Medicine
M.D., Medicine, Cornell University Medical College, New York, New YorkB.S., Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
Office Address
Suite 2100
1500 21st Ave S
Nashville, TN 37212
Epstein L, Mu Y, Belflower R, Scott J, Ray S, Dumyati G, Felsen C, Petit S, Yousey-Hindes K, Nadle J, Pasutti L, Lynfield R, Warnke L, Schaffner W, Leib K, Kallen AJ, Fridkin SK, Lessa FC. Risk Factors for Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection After Recent Discharge From an Acute-Care Hospitalization, 2011-2013. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2016 Jan 1/1/2016; 62(1): 45-52. PMID: 26338787, PII: civ777, DOI: 10.1093/cid/civ777, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Chaves SS, Pérez A, Miller L, Bennett NM, Bandyopadhyay A, Farley MM, Fowler B, Hancock EB, Kirley PD, Lynfield R, Ryan P, Morin C, Schaffner W, Sharangpani R, Lindegren ML, Tengelsen L, Thomas A, Hill MB, Bradley KK, Oni O, Meek J, Zansky S, Widdowson MA, Finelli L. Impact of Prompt Influenza Antiviral Treatment on Extended Care Needs After Influenza Hospitalization Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2015 Dec 12/15/2015; 61(12): 1807-14. PMID: 26334053, PII: civ733, DOI: 10.1093/cid/civ733, ISSN: 1537-6591.

de St Maurice A, Grijalva CG, Fonnesbeck C, Schaffner W, Halasa NB. Racial and Regional Differences in Rates of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 136(5): e1186-94. PMID: 26459652, PMCID: PMC4621799, PII: peds.2015-1773, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1773, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Su S, Fry AM, Kirley PD, Aragon D, Yousey-Hindes K, Meek J, Openo K, Oni O, Sharangpani R, Morin C, Hollick G, Lung K, Laidler M, Lindegren ML, Schaffner W, Atkinson A, Chaves SS. Survey of influenza and other respiratory viruses diagnostic testing in US hospitals, 2012-13. Influenza Other Respir Viruses [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct 10/27/2015; PMID: 26505742, DOI: 10.1111/irv.12355, ISSN: 1750-2659.

Arriola CS, Anderson EJ, Baumbach J, Bennett N, Bohm S, Hill M, Lindegren ML, Lung K, Meek J, Mermel E, Miller L, Monroe ML, Morin C, Oni O, Reingold A, Schaffner W, Thomas A, Zansky SM, Finelli L, Chaves SS. Does Influenza Vaccination Modify Influenza Severity? Data on Older Adults Hospitalized With Influenza During the 2012-2013 Season in the United States. J. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct 10/15/2015; 212(8): 1200-8. PMID: 25821227, PMCID: PMC4683374, PII: jiv200, DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiv200, ISSN: 1537-6613.

Braun ES, Crawford FW, Desai MM, Meek J, Kirley PD, Miller L, Anderson EJ, Oni O, Ryan P, Lynfield R, Bargsten M, Bennett NM, Lung KL, Thomas A, Mermel E, Lindegren ML, Schaffner W, Price A, Chaves SS. Obesity not associated with severity among hospitalized adults with seasonal influenza virus infection. Infection [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct; 43(5): 569-75. PMID: 26148927, PII: 10.1007/s15010-015-0802-x, DOI: 10.1007/s15010-015-0802-x, ISSN: 1439-0973.

Moore MR, Link-Gelles R, Schaffner W, Lynfield R, Lexau C, Bennett NM, Petit S, Zansky SM, Harrison LH, Reingold A, Miller L, Scherzinger K, Thomas A, Farley MM, Zell ER, Taylor TH, Pondo T, Rodgers L, McGee L, Beall B, Jorgensen JH, Whitney CG. Effect of use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children on invasive pneumococcal disease in children and adults in the USA: analysis of multisite, population-based surveillance. Lancet Infect Dis [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar; 15(3): 301-9. PMID: 25656600, PII: S1473-3099(14)71081-3, DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)71081-3, ISSN: 1474-4457.

MacNeil JR, Bennett N, Farley MM, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Nichols M, Petit S, Reingold A, Schaffner W, Thomas A, Pondo T, Mayer LW, Clark TA, Cohn AC. Epidemiology of infant meningococcal disease in the United States, 2006-2012. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2015 Feb; 135(2): e305-11. PMID: 25583921, PII: peds.2014-2035, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-2035, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Garg S, Jain S, Dawood FS, Jhung M, Pérez A, D'Mello T, Reingold A, Gershman K, Meek J, Arnold KE, Farley MM, Ryan P, Lynfield R, Morin C, Baumbach J, Hancock EB, Zansky S, Bennett N, Thomas A, Schaffner W, Finelli L. Pneumonia among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed seasonal influenza virus infection-United States, 2005-2008. BMC Infect. Dis. 2015; 15: 369. PMID: 26307108, PMCID: PMC4550040, PII: 10.1186/s12879-015-1004-y, DOI: 10.1186/s12879-015-1004-y, ISSN: 1471-2334.

Laidler MR, Thomas A, Baumbach J, Kirley PD, Meek J, Aragon D, Morin C, Ryan PA, Schaffner W, Zansky SM, Chaves SS. Statin treatment and mortality: propensity score-matched analyses of 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2015 Jan; 2(1): ofv028. PMID: 26034777, PMCID: PMC4438907, PII: ofv028, DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofv028, ISSN: 2328-8957.

Lindegren ML, Griffin MR, Williams JV, Edwards KM, Zhu Y, Mitchel E, Fry AM, Schaffner W, Talbot HK. Antiviral treatment among older adults hospitalized with influenza, 2006-2012. PLoS ONE. 2015; 10(3): e0121952. PMID: 25807314, PMCID: PMC4373943, PII: PONE-D-14-35042, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121952, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Jules A, Grijalva CG, Zhu Y, Talbot HK, Williams JV, Poehling KA, Chaves SS, Edwards KM, Schaffner W, Shay DK, Griffin MR. Influenza-related hospitalization and ED visits in children less than 5 years: 2000-2011. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 135(1): e66-74. PMID: 25489015, PMCID: PMC4279064, PII: peds.2014-1168, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-1168, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Blain A, MacNeil J, Wang X, Bennett N, Farley MM, Harrison LH, Lexau C, Miller L, Nichols M, Petit S, Reingold A, Schaffner W, Thomas A, Clark T, Cohn A, Briere E. Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Disease in Adults =65 Years, United States, 2011. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2014 Sep; 1(2): ofu044. PMID: 25734116, PMCID: PMC4281775, PII: ofu044, DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofu044, ISSN: 2328-8957.

Chaves SS, Perez A, Farley MM, Miller L, Schaffner W, Lindegren ML, Sharangpani R, Meek J, Yousey-Hindes K, Thomas A, Boulton R, Baumbach J, Hancock EB, Bandyopadhyay AS, Lynfield R, Morin C, Zansky SM, Reingold A, Bennett NM, Ryan P, Fowler B, Fry A, Finelli L, . The burden of influenza hospitalizations in infants from 2003 to 2012, United States. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 2014 Sep; 33(9): 912-9. PMID: 24577042, DOI: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000321, ISSN: 1532-0987.

Lindegren ML, Schaffner W. Treatment with neuraminidase inhibitors for high-risk patients with influenza: why is adherence to antiviral treatment recommendations so low? [editorial]. J. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug 8/15/2014; 210(4): 510-3. PMID: 24731958, PII: jiu227, DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiu227, ISSN: 1537-6613.

Pham CD, Iqbal N, Bolden CB, Kuykendall RJ, Harrison LH, Farley MM, Schaffner W, Beldavs ZG, Chiller TM, Park BJ, Cleveland AA, Lockhart SR. Role of FKS Mutations in Candida glabrata: MIC values, echinocandin resistance, and multidrug resistance. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 58(8): 4690-6. PMID: 24890592, PMCID: PMC4136002, PII: AAC.03255-14, DOI: 10.1128/AAC.03255-14, ISSN: 1098-6596.

Su S, Chaves SS, Perez A, D'Mello T, Kirley PD, Yousey-Hindes K, Farley MM, Harris M, Sharangpani R, Lynfield R, Morin C, Hancock EB, Zansky S, Hollick GE, Fowler B, McDonald-Hamm C, Thomas A, Horan V, Lindegren ML, Schaffner W, Price A, Bandyopadhyay A, Fry AM. Comparing clinical characteristics between hospitalized adults with laboratory-confirmed influenza A and B virus infection. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul 7/15/2014; 59(2): 252-5. PMID: 24748521, PII: ciu269, DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciu269, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Dharan NJ, Sokolow LZ, Cheng PY, Gargiullo P, Gershman K, Lynfield R, Morin C, Thomas A, Meek J, Farley MM, Arnold KE, Reingold A, Craig AS, Schaffner W, Bennett NM, Zansky S, Baumbach J, Lathrop S, Kamimoto L, Shay DK. Child, household, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospitalization for influenza among children 6-59 months of age: an emerging infections program study. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 2014 Jun; 33(6): e141-50. PMID: 24642518, PMCID: PMC4025593, DOI: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000283, ISSN: 1532-0987.

Verani JR, Spina NL, Lynfield R, Schaffner W, Harrison LH, Holst A, Thomas S, Garcia JM, Scherzinger K, Aragon D, Petit S, Thompson J, Pasutti L, Carey R, McGee L, Weston E, Schrag SJ. Early-onset group B streptococcal disease in the United States: potential for further reduction. Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Apr; 123(4): 828-37. PMID: 24785612, PII: 00006250-201404000-00016, DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000000163, ISSN: 1873-233X.

Wiringa AE, Shutt KA, Marsh JW, Cohn AC, Messonnier NE, Zansky SM, Petit S, Farley MM, Gershman K, Lynfield R, Reingold A, Schaffner W, Thompson J, Brown ST, Lee BY, Harrison LH. Geotemporal analysis of Neisseria meningitidis clones in the United States: 2000-2005. PLoS ONE. 2013; 8(12): e82048. PMID: 24349182, PMCID: PMC3861328, PII: PONE-D-13-06800, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082048, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Jules A, Grijalva CG, Zhu Y, Talbot KH, Williams JV, Dupont WD, Edwards KM, Schaffner W, Shay DK, Griffin MR. Estimating age-specific influenza-related hospitalization rates during the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Davidson Co, TN. Influenza Other Respir Viruses [print-electronic]. 2012 May; 6(3): e63-71. PMID: 22360812, PMCID: PMC3773818, DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2012.00343.x, ISSN: 1750-2659.

Murphree R, Dunn JR, Schaffner W, Jones TF. La Crosse encephalitis surveillance using single versus paired serologic testing. Zoonoses Public Health [print-electronic]. 2012 May; 59(3): 181-3. PMID: 21848528, DOI: 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2011.01433.x, ISSN: 1863-2378.

Carnevale RJ, Talbot TR, Schaffner W, Bloch KC, Daniels TL, Miller RA. Evaluating the utility of syndromic surveillance algorithms for screening to detect potentially clonal hospital infection outbreaks. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2011 Jul; 18(4): 466-72. PMID: 21606134, PMCID: PMC3128411, PII: amiajnl-2011-000216, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000216, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Schaffner W, Rehm SJ, File TM. Keeping our adult patients healthy and active: the role of vaccines across the lifespan. Phys Sportsmed. 2010 Dec; 38(4): 35-47. PMID: 21150140, DOI: 10.3810/psm.2010.12.1823, ISSN: 0091-3847.

Talbot TR, Schaffner W. On being the first: Virginia Mason Medical Center and mandatory influenza vaccination of healthcare workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010 Sep; 31(9): 889-92. PMID: 20653446, DOI: 10.1086/656211, ISSN: 1559-6834.

Thomas LD, Schaffner W. Tularemia pneumonia. Infect. Dis. Clin. North Am. 2010 Mar; 24(1): 43-55. PMID: 20171544, PII: S0891-5520(09)00099-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2009.10.012, ISSN: 1557-9824.

Creech CB, Litzner B, Talbot TR, Schaffner W. Frequency of detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from rectovaginal swabs in pregnant women. Am J Infect Control [print-electronic]. 2010 Feb; 38(1): 72-4. PMID: 19836855, PII: S0196-6553(09)00756-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2009.06.015, ISSN: 1527-3296.

Devasia RA, Jones TF, Collier B, Schaffner W. Compliance with azithromycin versus erythromycin in the setting of a pertussis outbreak. Am. J. Med. Sci. 2009 Mar; 337(3): 176-8. PMID: 19301451, ISSN: 0002-9629.

Pont SJ, Carpenter LR, Griffin MR, Jones TF, Schaffner W, Dudley JA, Arbogast PG, Cooper WO. Trends in healthcare usage attributable to diarrhea, 1995-2004. J. Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2008 Dec; 153(6): 777-82. PMID: 18692199, PII: S0022-3476(08)00569-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.06.037, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Daniels TL, Deppen S, Arbogast PG, Griffin MR, Schaffner W, Talbot TR. Mortality rates associated with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection in surgical intensive care units. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008 Nov; 29(11): 1080-3. PMID: 18837670, DOI: 10.1086/591456, ISSN: 1559-6834.

Schaffner W. Update on vaccine-preventable diseases: are adults in your community adequately protected?. J Fam Pract. 2008 Apr; 57(4 Suppl): S1-11; quiz S12. PMID: 18655764, PII: jfp_5704m, ISSN: 1533-7294.

Goins WP, Schaffner W, Edwards KM, Talbot TR. Healthcare workers' knowledge and attitudes about pertussis and pertussis vaccination. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2007 Nov; 28(11): 1284-9. PMID: 17926280, PII: ICHE2007089, DOI: 10.1086/521654, ISSN: 0899-823X.

Grijalva CG, Weinberg GA, Bennett NM, Staat MA, Craig AS, Dupont WD, Iwane MK, Postema AS, Schaffner W, Edwards KM, Griffin MR. Estimating the undetected burden of influenza hospitalizations in children. Epidemiol. Infect [print-electronic]. 2007 Aug; 135(6): 951-8. PMID: 17156502, PMCID: PMC2870647, PII: S095026880600762X, DOI: 10.1017/S095026880600762X, ISSN: 0950-2688.

Halasa NB, Shankar SM, Talbot TR, Arbogast PG, Mitchel EF, Wang WC, Schaffner W, Craig AS, Griffin MR. Incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease among individuals with sickle cell disease before and after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2007 Jun 6/1/2007; 44(11): 1428-33. PMID: 17479937, PII: CID41426, DOI: 10.1086/516781, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Nania JJ, Skinner J, Wilkerson K, Warkentin JV, Thayer V, Swift M, Schaffner W, Talbot TR. Exposure to pulmonary tuberculosis in a neonatal intensive care unit: unique aspects of contact investigation and management of hospitalized neonates. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2007 Jun; 28(6): 661-5. PMID: 17520537, PII: ICHE2006195, DOI: 10.1086/517975, ISSN: 0899-823X.

Allos BM, Schaffner W. Transmission of hepatitis B in the health care setting: the elephant in the room ... or the mouse?. J. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2007 May 5/1/2007; 195(9): 1245-7. PMID: 17396991, PII: JID37128, DOI: 10.1086/513436, ISSN: 0022-1899.

Grijalva CG, Poehling KA, Edwards KM, Weinberg GA, Staat MA, Iwane MK, Schaffner W, Griffin MR. Accuracy and interpretation of rapid influenza tests in children. Pediatrics. 2007 Jan; 119(1): e6-11. PMID: 17200259, PII: 119/1/e6, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-1694, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Poehling KA, Talbot TR, Griffin MR, Craig AS, Whitney CG, Zell E, Lexau CA, Thomas AR, Harrison LH, Reingold AL, Hadler JL, Farley MM, Anderson BJ, Schaffner W. Invasive pneumococcal disease among infants before and after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. JAMA. 2006 Apr 4/12/2006; 295(14): 1668-74. PMID: 16609088, PII: 295/14/1668, DOI: 10.1001/jama.295.14.1668, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Daniels TL, Talbot TR, Schaffner W. Who, what, when, where, why, and how? The unanswered questions of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2006 Mar; 8(2): 83-5. PMID: 16524543, ISSN: 1523-3847.

Ma KK, Schaffner W, Colmenares C, Howser J, Jones J, Poehling KA. Influenza vaccinations of young children increased with media coverage in 2003. Pediatrics. 2006 Feb; 117(2): e157-63. PMID: 16452325, PII: 117/2/e157, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2005-1079, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Grijalva CG, Craig AS, Dupont WD, Bridges CB, Schrag SJ, Iwane MK, Schaffner W, Edwards KM, Griffin MR. Estimating influenza hospitalizations among children. Emerging Infect. Dis. 2006 Jan; 12(1): 103-9. PMID: 16494725, PMCID: PMC3372368, DOI: 10.3201/eid1201.050308, ISSN: 1080-6040.

Halasa NB, Williams JV, Wilson GJ, Walsh WF, Schaffner W, Wright PF. Medical and economic impact of a respiratory syncytial virus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 2005 Dec; 24(12): 1040-4. PMID: 16371862, PII: 00006454-200512000-00003, ISSN: 0891-3668.

Eisenberg E, Craig AS, Gautam S, Khalil MM, Shaktour B, Schaffner W, Griffin MR. Beyond screening: identifying new barriers to early onset group B streptococcal disease prevention. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 2005 Jun; 24(6): 520-4. PMID: 15933562, PII: 00006454-200506000-00009, ISSN: 0891-3668.

Talbot TR, Hartert TV, Mitchel E, Halasa NB, Arbogast PG, Poehling KA, Schaffner W, Craig AS, Griffin MR. Asthma as a risk factor for invasive pneumococcal disease. N. Engl. J. Med. 2005 May 5/19/2005; 352(20): 2082-90. PMID: 15901861, PII: 352/20/2082, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa044113, ISSN: 1533-4406.

Talbot TR, Poehling KA, Hartert TV, Arbogast PG, Halasa NB, Edwards KM, Schaffner W, Craig AS, Griffin MR. Seasonality of invasive pneumococcal disease: temporal relation to documented influenza and respiratory syncytial viral circulation. Am. J. Med. 2005 Mar; 118(3): 285-91. PMID: 15745727, PII: S0002-9343(04)00712-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2004.09.016, ISSN: 0002-9343.

Jones TF, Ingram LA, Craig AS, Schaffner W. Determinants of influenza vaccination, 2003-2004: shortages, fallacies and disparities. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2004 Dec 12/15/2004; 39(12): 1824-8. PMID: 15578406, PII: CID35019, DOI: 10.1086/427153, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Talbot TR, Poehling KA, Hartert TV, Arbogast PG, Halasa NB, Mitchel E, Schaffner W, Craig AS, Edwards KM, Griffin MR. Reduction in high rates of antibiotic-nonsusceptible invasive pneumococcal disease in tennessee after introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2004 Sep 9/1/2004; 39(5): 641-8. PMID: 15356776, PII: CID33473, DOI: 10.1086/422653, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Heavrin BS, Jones TF, Shavor T, Schaffner W. The changing epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Tennessee. Tenn Med. 2004 Aug; 97(8): 357-60. PMID: 15376711, ISSN: 1088-6222.

Talbot TR, Poehling KA, Hartert TV, Arbogast PG, Halasa NB, Mitchel E, Schaffner W, Craig AS, Edwards KM, Griffin MR. Elimination of racial differences in invasive pneumococcal disease in young children after introduction of the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 2004 Aug; 23(8): 726-31. PMID: 15295222, PII: 00006454-200408000-00006, ISSN: 0891-3668.

Talbot TR, D'Agata EM, Brinsko V, Lee B, Speroff T, Schaffner W. Perioperative blood transfusion is predictive of poststernotomy surgical site infection: marker for morbidity or true immunosuppressant?. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2004 May 5/15/2004; 38(10): 1378-82. PMID: 15156474, PII: CID32776, DOI: 10.1086/386334, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Jones TF, Woodley CL, Fountain FF, Schaffner W. Increased incidence of the outbreak strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the surrounding community after an outbreak in a jail. South. Med. J. 2003 Feb; 96(2): 155-7. PMID: 12630640, DOI: 10.1097/01.SMJ.0000053678.62096.6F, ISSN: 0038-4348.

D'Agata EM, Green WK, Schulman G, Li H, Tang YW, Schaffner W. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci among chronic hemodialysis patients: a prospective study of acquisition. Clin. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2001 Jan; 32(1): 23-9. PMID: 11112676, PII: CID994297, DOI: 10.1086/317549, ISSN: 1058-4838.

D'Agata EM, Thayer V, Schaffner W. An outbreak of Acinetobacter baumannii: the importance of cross-transmission. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2000 Sep; 21(9): 588-91. PMID: 11001262, PII: ICHE7130, DOI: 10.1086/501808, ISSN: 0899-823X.

D'Agata EM, Mount DB, Thayer V, Schaffner W. Hospital-acquired infections among chronic hemodialysis patients. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2000 Jun; 35(6): 1083-8. PMID: 10845821, PII: S0272-6386(00)70044-8, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Green K, Schulman G, Haas DW, Schaffner W, D'Agata EM. Vancomycin prescribing practices in hospitalized chronic hemodialysis patients. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2000 Jan; 35(1): 64-8. PMID: 10620546, PII: S0272-6386(00)70303-9, DOI: 10.1016/S0272-6386(00)70303-9, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Boyce TG, Craig AS, Schaffner W, Dermody TS. Fever and encephalopathy in two school age boys. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 1998 Oct; 17(10): 935, 939-40. PMID: 9802647, ISSN: 0891-3668.

Haas DW, Milton S, Kreiswirth BN, Brinsko VL, Bifani PJ, Schaffner W. Nosocomial transmission of a drug-sensitive W-variant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Tennessee. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1998 Sep; 19(9): 635-9. PMID: 9778159, ISSN: 0899-823X.

Raffanti SP, Schaffner W, Federspiel CF, Blackwell RB, Ching OA, Kühne FW. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the immune modulator WF10 in patients with advanced AIDS. Infection. 1998 Jul; 26(4): 202-7. PMID: 9717676, ISSN: 0300-8126.

Schaffner W. Varicella vaccination for adolescents with asthma. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 1997 Jul; 16(7): 723. PMID: 9239785, ISSN: 0891-3668.

Gregory DW, Schaffner W. Psittacosis. Semin Respir Infect. 1997 Mar; 12(1): 7-11. PMID: 9097370, ISSN: 0882-0546.

Antony SJ, Schaffner W. Q fever pneumonia. Semin Respir Infect. 1997 Mar; 12(1): 2-6. PMID: 9097369, ISSN: 0882-0546.

Johnson MD, Schaffner W, Atkinson J, Pierce MA. Autopsy risk and acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus infection: a case report and reappraisal. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 1997 Jan; 121(1): 64-6. PMID: 9111095, ISSN: 0003-9985.

Schaffner W, LaForce FM. Training field epidemiologists: Alexander D. Langmuir and the epidemic intelligence service. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1996 Oct 10/15/1996; 144(8 Suppl): S16-22. PMID: 8857837, ISSN: 0002-9262.

Allos BM, Genshelmer KF, Bloch AB, Parrotte D, Horan JM, Lewis V, Schaffner W. Management of an outbreak of tuberculosis in a small community. Ann. Intern. Med. 1996 Jul 7/15/1996; 125(2): 114-7. PMID: 8678365, ISSN: 0003-4819.

Schaffner W, Mishu-Allos B. Protecting patients when their surgeon or dentist is infected with a blood-borne virus. J. Hosp. Infect. 1995 Jun; 30 Suppl: 156-62. PMID: 7560946, ISSN: 0195-6701.

Scott MA, Graham BS, Verrall R, Dixon R, Schaffner W, Tham KT. Rhodococcus equi--an increasingly recognized opportunistic pathogen. Report of 12 cases and review of 65 cases in the literature. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 1995 May; 103(5): 649-55. PMID: 7741114, ISSN: 0002-9173.

Griffin MR, Daugherty J, Reed GW, Standaert SM, Hutchins SS, Hutcheson RH, Schaffner W. Immunization coverage among infants enrolled in the Tennessee Medicaid program. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995 May; 149(5): 559-64. PMID: 7735413, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Stratton CW, Ratner H, Johnston PE, Schaffner W. Focused microbiologic surveillance by specific hospital unit: practical application and clinical utility. Clin Ther. 1993; 15 Suppl A: 12-20. PMID: 8513456, ISSN: 0149-2918.

Latham RH, Schaffner W. Rocky Mountain spotted (and spotless) fever. Compr Ther. 1992 Dec; 18(12): 18-21. PMID: 1493673, ISSN: 0098-8243.

Stratton CW, Ratner H, Johnston PE, Schaffner W. Focused microbiologic surveillance by specific hospital unit as a sensitive means of defining antimicrobial resistance problems. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 1992 Feb; 15(2 Suppl): 11S-18S. PMID: 1737438, ISSN: 0732-8893.

Griffin MR, Ray WA, Mortimer EA, Fenichel GM, Schaffner W. Risk of seizures after measles-mumps-rubella immunization. Pediatrics. 1991 Nov; 88(5): 881-5. PMID: 1945626, ISSN: 0031-4005.

Schaffner W. Surgeons with HIV infection: the risk to patients. J. Hosp. Infect. 1991 Jun; 18 Suppl A: 191-6. PMID: 1679783, ISSN: 0195-6701.

Barg NL, Hutson FS, Wheeler LA, Thomson CJ, Amyes SG, Wharton M, Schaffner W. Novel dihydrofolate reductases isolated from epidemic strains of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole-resistant Shigella sonnei. J. Infect. Dis. 1990 Aug; 162(2): 466-73. PMID: 2197340, ISSN: 0022-1899.

Decker MD, Schaffner W. Immunization of hospital personnel and other health care workers. Infect. Dis. Clin. North Am. 1990 Jun; 4(2): 211-21. PMID: 2140581, ISSN: 0891-5520.

Griffin MR, Ray WA, Mortimer EA, Fenichel GM, Schaffner W. Risk of seizures and encephalopathy after immunization with the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine. JAMA. 1990 Mar 3/23/1990; 263(12): 1641-5. PMID: 2308203, ISSN: 0098-7484.

Stone WJ, Schaffner W. Strongyloides infections in transplant recipients. Semin Respir Infect. 1990 Mar; 5(1): 58-64. PMID: 2343206, ISSN: 0882-0546.