David Allen Schwartz, M.D.

Professor

david.a.schwartz@vanderbilt.edu
Faculty Appointments
Professor of Medicine
Education
M.D., Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TennesseeB.A., History, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Office Address
suite 220, 1211 21st Ave south
nashville, TN 37232
Clinical Research Keywords
IBD, Crohn's disease, Ulcerative colitis, fistulas
Publications
Steinhart AH, Panaccione R, Targownik L, Bressler B, Khanna R, Marshall JK, Afif W, Bernstein CN, Bitton A, Borgaonkar M, Chauhan U, Halloran B, Jones J, Kennedy E, Leontiadis GI, Loftus EV, Meddings J, Moayyedi P, Murthy S, Plamondon S, Rosenfeld G, Schwartz D, Seow CH, Williams C. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Medical Management of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn's Disease: The Toronto Consensus. Inflamm. Bowel Dis [print-electronic]. 2018 Aug 8/6/2018; PMID: 30099529, PII: 5067389, DOI: 10.1093/ibd/izy247, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Chudy-Onwugaje K, Abutaleb A, Buchwald A, Langenberg P, Regueiro M, Schwartz DA, Tracy JK, Ghazi L, Patil SA, Quezada S, Russman K, Horst S, Beaulieu D, Quinn C, Jambaulikar G, Cross RK. Age Modifies the Association Between Depressive Symptoms and Adherence to Self-Testing With Telemedicine in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm. Bowel Dis [print-electronic]. 2018 May 5/28/2018; PMID: 29846623, PII: 5017268, DOI: 10.1093/ibd/izy194, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Abutaleb A, Buchwald A, Chudy-Onwugaje K, Langenberg P, Regueiro M, Schwartz DA, Tracy JK, Ghazi L, Patil SA, Quezada SM, Russman KM, Quinn CC, Jambaulikar G, Beaulieu DB, Horst S, Cross RK. Inflammatory Bowel Disease Telemedicine Clinical Trial: Impact of Educational Text Messages on Disease-Specific Knowledge Over 1 Year. Inflamm. Bowel Dis [print-electronic]. 2018 May 5/18/2018; PMID: 29788137, PII: 4999387, DOI: 10.1093/ibd/izy149, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Feagan BG, Schwartz D, Danese S, Rubin DT, Lissoos TW, Xu J, Lasch K. Efficacy of Vedolizumab in Fistulising Crohn's Disease: Exploratory Analyses of Data from GEMINI 2. J Crohns Colitis. 2018 Apr 4/27/2018; 12(5): 621-6. PMID: 29471381, PMCID: PMC6018899, PII: 4868502, DOI: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy019, ISSN: 1876-4479.

Dalal RL, Shen B, Schwartz DA. Management of Pouchitis and Other Common Complications of the Pouch. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2018 Apr 4/23/2018; 24(5): 989-96. PMID: 29688472, PII: 4982874, DOI: 10.1093/ibd/izy020, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Louis EJ, Reinisch W, Schwartz DA, Löfberg R, Robinson AM, Berg S, Wang AW, Maa JF, Huang B, Pappalardo B. Adalimumab Reduces Extraintestinal Manifestations in Patients with Crohn's Disease: A Pooled Analysis of 11 Clinical Studies. Adv Ther [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr; 35(4): 563-76. PMID: 29516410, PMCID: PMC5910478, PII: 10.1007/s12325-018-0678-0, DOI: 10.1007/s12325-018-0678-0, ISSN: 1865-8652.

Scoville EA, Allaman MM, Brown CT, Motley AK, Horst SN, Williams CS, Koyama T, Zhao Z, Adams DW, Beaulieu DB, Schwartz DA, Wilson KT, Coburn LA. Alterations in Lipid, Amino Acid, and Energy Metabolism Distinguish Crohn's Disease from Ulcerative Colitis and Control Subjects by Serum Metabolomic Profiling. Metabolomics [print-electronic]. 2018 Jan; 14(1): PMID: 29681789, PMCID: PMC5907923, DOI: 10.1007/s11306-017-1311-y, ISSN: 1573-3882.

Wolf DC, Jaganathan S, Burudpakdee C, Seetasith A, Low R, Lee E, Gucky J, Yassine M, Schwartz DA. Adherence rates and health care costs in Crohn's disease patients receiving certolizumab pegol with and without home health nurse assistance: results from a retrospective analysis of patient claims and home health nurse data. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2018; 12: 869-78. PMID: 29872272, PMCID: PMC5973629, PII: ppa-12-869, DOI: 10.2147/PPA.S148777, ISSN: 1177-889X.

Afzali A, Ciorba MA, Schwartz DA, Sharaf M, Fourment C, Ritter T, Wolf DC, Shafran I, Randall CW, Kane SV. Challenges in Using Real-world Clinical Practice Records for Validation of Clinical Trial Data in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Lessons Learned. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2017 Dec 12/19/2017; 24(1): 2-4. PMID: 29272481, PII: 4757497, DOI: 10.1093/ibd/izx015, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Calloway A, Dalal R, Beaulieu DB, Duley C, Annis K, Gaines L, Slaughter C, Schwartz DA, Horst S. Depressive Symptoms Predict Anti-tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy Noncompliance in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Dig. Dis. Sci [print-electronic]. 2017 Dec; 62(12): 3563-7. PMID: 29052816, PII: 10.1007/s10620-017-4800-y, DOI: 10.1007/s10620-017-4800-y, ISSN: 1573-2568.

Scoville EA, Schwartz DA. Endoscopy in inflammatory bowel disease: advances in disease management. Gastrointest. Endosc [print-electronic]. 2017 Sep 9/5/2017; PMID: 28886962, PII: S0016-5107(17)32243-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.gie.2017.08.034, ISSN: 1097-6779.

Schwartz DA, Wang A, Ozbay B, Skup M, Eichner SF, Lin J, Chao J. Comparison of Health Care Utilization and Costs Between Patients with Perianal Fistulizing Crohn's Disease Treated with Biologics with or Without Previous Seton Placement. Inflamm. Bowel Dis [print-electronic]. 2017 Aug 8/29/2017; PMID: 28858069, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000001243, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Szigethy EM, Allen JI, Reiss M, Cohen W, Perera LP, Brillstein L, Cross RK, Schwartz DA, Kosinski LR, Colton JB, LaRusso E, Atreja A, Regueiro MD. White Paper AGA: The Impact of Mental and Psychosocial Factors on the Care of Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol [print-electronic]. 2017 Jul; 15(7): 986-97. PMID: 28300693, PII: S1542-3565(17)30279-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2017.02.037, ISSN: 1542-7714.

Adams DW, Gurwara S, Silver HJ, Horst SN, Beaulieu DB, Schwartz DA, Seidner DL. Sarcopenia Is Common in Overweight Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and May Predict Need for Surgery. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2017 Jul; 23(7): 1182-6. PMID: 28410342, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000001128, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Mahmoud NN, Halwani Y, Montbrun S, Shah PM, Hedrick TL, Rashid F, Schwartz DA, Dalal RL, Kaminski JP, Zaghiyan K, Fleshner PR, Weissler JM, Fischer JP. Current management of perianal Crohn's disease. Curr Probl Surg [print-electronic]. 2017 May; 54(5): 262-98. PMID: 28583256, PII: S0011-3840(16)30141-1, DOI: 10.1067/j.cpsurg.2017.02.003, ISSN: 1535-6337.

Pence IJ, Beaulieu DB, Horst SN, Bi X, Herline AJ, Schwartz DA, Mahadevan-Jansen A. Clinical characterization of in vivo inflammatory bowel disease with Raman spectroscopy. Biomed Opt Express. 2017 Feb 2/1/2017; 8(2): 524-35. PMID: 28270965, PMCID: PMC5330549, PII: 276220, DOI: 10.1364/BOE.8.000524, ISSN: 2156-7085.

Dalal RL, Schwartz DA. The Gastroenterologist's Role in Management of Perianal Fistula. Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am. 2016 Oct; 26(4): 693-705. PMID: 27633597, PII: S1052-5157(16)30061-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.giec.2016.06.008, ISSN: 1558-1950.

Coburn LA, Horst SN, Allaman MM, Brown CT, Williams CS, Hodges ME, Druce JP, Beaulieu DB, Schwartz DA, Wilson KT. L-Arginine Availability and Metabolism Is Altered in Ulcerative Colitis. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2016 Aug; 22(8): 1847-58. PMID: 27104830, PMCID: PMC4956554, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000790, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Gaines LS, Slaughter JC, Horst SN, Schwartz DA, Beaulieu DB, Haman KL, Wang L, Martin CF, Long MD, Sandler RS, Kappelman MD. Association Between Affective-Cognitive Symptoms of Depression and Exacerbation of Crohn's Disease. Am. J. Gastroenterol [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 111(6): 864-70. PMID: 27045927, PMCID: PMC4965803, PII: ajg201698, DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2016.98, ISSN: 1572-0241.

Harris KA, Horst S, Gadani A, Nohl A, Annis K, Duley C, Beaulieu D, Ghazi L, Schwartz DA. Patients with Refractory Crohn's Disease Successfully Treated with Ustekinumab. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2016 Feb; 22(2): 397-401. PMID: 26752468, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000624, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Wiese DM, Horst SN, Brown CT, Allaman MM, Hodges ME, Slaughter JC, Druce JP, Beaulieu DB, Schwartz DA, Wilson KT, Coburn LA. Serum Fatty Acids Are Correlated with Inflammatory Cytokines in Ulcerative Colitis. PLoS ONE. 2016; 11(5): e0156387. PMID: 27227540, PMCID: PMC4882051, PII: PONE-D-15-55618, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156387, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Garcia-Olmo D, Schwartz DA. Cumulative Evidence That Mesenchymal Stem Cells Promote Healing of Perianal Fistulas of Patients With Crohn's Disease--Going From Bench to Bedside [editorial]. Gastroenterology [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct; 149(4): 853-7. PMID: 26311275, PII: S0016-5085(15)01206-8, DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2015.08.038, ISSN: 1528-0012.

Sandborn WJ, Melmed GY, McGovern DP, Loftus EV, Choi JM, Cho JH, Abraham B, Gutierrez A, Lichtenstein G, Lee SD, Randall CW, Schwartz DA, Regueiro M, Siegel CA, Spearman M, Kosutic G, Pierre-Louis B, Coarse J, Schreiber S. Clinical and demographic characteristics predictive of treatment outcomes for certolizumab pegol in moderate to severe Crohn's disease: analyses from the 7-year PRECiSE 3 study. Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 42(3): 330-42. PMID: 26031921, DOI: 10.1111/apt.13251, ISSN: 1365-2036.

Merkley SA, Beaulieu DB, Horst S, Duley C, Annis K, Nohl A, Schwartz DA. Use of Intravenous Immunoglobulin for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease with Contraindications or Who Are Unresponsive to Conventional Treatments. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2015 Aug; 21(8): 1854-9. PMID: 25993689, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000456, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Melmed GY, Pandak WM, Casey K, Abraham B, Valentine J, Schwartz D, Awais D, Bassan I, Lichtiger S, Sands B, Hanauer S, Richards R, Oikonomou I, Parekh N, Targan S, Johnson K, Hariri R, Fischkoff S. Human Placenta-derived Cells (PDA-001) for the Treatment of Moderate-to-severe Crohn's Disease: A Phase 1b/2a Study. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2015 Aug; 21(8): 1809-16. PMID: 25985246, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000441, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Wiese DM, Beaulieu D, Slaughter JC, Horst S, Wagnon J, Duley C, Annis K, Nohl A, Herline A, Muldoon R, Geiger T, Wise PE, Schwartz DA. Use of Endoscopic Ultrasound to Guide Adalimumab Treatment in Perianal Crohn's Disease Results in Faster Fistula Healing. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2015 Jul; 21(7): 1594-9. PMID: 25985245, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000409, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Gonzalez RS, Schwartz DA, Shi C. Colestipol granules in the colon: macroscopic and microscopic findings. Histopathology [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 67(1): 141-2. PMID: 25406854, DOI: 10.1111/his.12618, ISSN: 1365-2559.

Chidi VN, Schwartz DA. Imaging of perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol [print-electronic]. 2015 Jun; 9(6): 797-806. PMID: 25816833, DOI: 10.1586/17474124.2015.1031110, ISSN: 1747-4132.

Cross RK, Jambaulikar G, Langenberg P, Tracy JK, Collins JF, Katz J, Regueiro M, Schwartz DA, Quinn CC. TELEmedicine for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (TELE-IBD): Design and implementation of randomized clinical trial. Contemp Clin Trials [print-electronic]. 2015 May; 42: 132-44. PMID: 25812483, PII: S1551-7144(15)00061-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2015.03.006, ISSN: 1559-2030.

Schwartz DA, Ghazi LJ, Regueiro M. Guidelines for medical treatment of Crohn's perianal fistulas: critical evaluation of therapeutic trials. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2015 Apr; 21(4): 737-52. PMID: 25751068, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000377, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Ong EM, Ghazi LJ, Schwartz DA, Mortelé KJ, . Guidelines for imaging of Crohn's perianal fistulizing disease. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2015 Apr; 21(4): 731-6. PMID: 25751067, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000367.

Schwartz DA, Ghazi LJ, Regueiro M, Fichera A, Zoccali M, Ong EM, Mortelé KJ, . Guidelines for the multidisciplinary management of Crohn's perianal fistulas: summary statement. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2015 Apr; 21(4): 723-30. PMID: 25751066, DOI: 10.1097/MIB.0000000000000315.

Horst S, Chao A, Rosen M, Nohl A, Duley C, Wagnon JH, Beaulieu DB, Taylor W, Gaines L, Schwartz DA. Treatment with immunosuppressive therapy may improve depressive symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Dig. Dis. Sci [print-electronic]. 2015 Feb; 60(2): 465-70. PMID: 25274158, DOI: 10.1007/s10620-014-3375-0, ISSN: 1573-2568.

Falaiye TO, Mitchell KR, Lu Z, Saville BR, Horst SN, Moulton DE, Schwartz DA, Wilson KT, Rosen MJ. Outcomes following infliximab therapy for pediatric patients hospitalized with refractory colitis-predominant IBD. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 2014 Feb; 58(2): 213-9. PMID: 24048170, PMCID: PMC3946904, DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182a98df2, ISSN: 1536-4801.

Williams CS, Bradley AM, Chaturvedi R, Singh K, Piazuelo MB, Chen X, McDonough EM, Schwartz DA, Brown CT, Allaman MM, Coburn LA, Horst SN, Beaulieu DB, Choksi YA, Washington MK, Williams AD, Fisher MA, Zinkel SS, Peek RM, Wilson KT, Hiebert SW. MTG16 contributes to colonic epithelial integrity in experimental colitis. Gut [print-electronic]. 2013 Oct; 62(10): 1446-55. PMID: 22833394, PMCID: PMC3663894, PII: gutjnl-2011-301439, DOI: 10.1136/gutjnl-2011-301439, ISSN: 1468-3288.

Coburn LA, Horst SN, Chaturvedi R, Brown CT, Allaman MM, Scull BP, Singh K, Piazuelo MB, Chitnavis MV, Hodges ME, Rosen MJ, Williams CS, Slaughter JC, Beaulieu DB, Schwartz DA, Wilson KT. High-throughput multi-analyte Luminex profiling implicates eotaxin-1 in ulcerative colitis. PLoS ONE. 2013; 8(12): e82300. PMID: 24367513, PMCID: PMC3867379, PII: PONE-D-13-38373, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082300, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Russell AC, Black JO, Schwartz DA, Correa H, Rosen MJ. 15-year-old girl with metaplastic atrophic gastritis and enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 2012 Dec; 55(6): e148-51. PMID: 22134551, DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e318242da36, ISSN: 1536-4801.

Crooke PS, Tossberg JT, Horst SN, Tauscher JL, Henderson MA, Beaulieu DB, Schwartz DA, Olsen NJ, Aune TM. Using gene expression data to identify certain gastro-intestinal diseases. J Clin Bioinforma. 2012 Nov 11/21/2012; 2(1): 20. PMID: 23171526, PMCID: PMC3599448, PII: 2043-9113-2-20, DOI: 10.1186/2043-9113-2-20, ISSN: 2043-9113.

Wise PE, Schwartz DA. The evaluation and treatment of Crohn perianal fistulae: EUA, EUS, MRI, and other imaging modalities. Gastroenterol. Clin. North Am [print-electronic]. 2012 Jun; 41(2): 379-91. PMID: 22500524, PII: S0889-8553(12)00010-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.gtc.2012.01.009, ISSN: 1558-1942.

Wiese DM, Schwartz DA. Managing Perianal Crohn’s Disease. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2012 Apr; 14(2): 153-61. PMID: 22302507, DOI: 10.1007/s11894-012-0243-y, ISSN: 1534-312X.

Hong SK, Chaturvedi R, Piazuelo MB, Coburn LA, Williams CS, Delgado AG, Casero RA, Schwartz DA, Wilson KT. Increased expression and cellular localization of spermine oxidase in ulcerative colitis and relationship to disease activity. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2010 Sep; 16(9): 1557-66. PMID: 20127992, PMCID: PMC2894261, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.21224, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Rosen MJ, Moulton DE, Koyama T, Morgan WM, Morrow SE, Herline AJ, Muldoon RL, Wise PE, Polk DB, Schwartz DA. Endoscopic ultrasound to guide the combined medical and surgical management of pediatric perianal Crohn's disease. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2010 Mar; 16(3): 461-8. PMID: 19637325, PMCID: PMC2871764, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.21067, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Schwartz DA, Maltz BE. Treatment of fistulizing inflammatory bowel disease. Med. Clin. North Am. 2010 Jan; 94(1): 19-34. PMID: 19944796, PII: S0025-7125(09)00121-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.mcna.2009.08.020, ISSN: 1557-9859.

Hong SK, Maltz BE, Coburn LA, Slaughter JC, Chaturvedi R, Schwartz DA, Wilson KT. Increased serum levels of L-arginine in ulcerative colitis and correlation with disease severity. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2010 Jan; 16(1): 105-11. PMID: 19637336, PMCID: PMC2795785, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.21035, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Rosen MJ, Schwartz DA. A 31-year-old patient with colitis and perianal disease. Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol [print-electronic]. 2010 Jan; 8(1): 10-4. PMID: 19615469, PII: S1542-3565(09)00657-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2009.07.009, ISSN: 1542-7714.

Schwartz DA, Maltz BE. Treatment of fistulizing inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterol. Clin. North Am. 2009 Dec; 38(4): 595-610. PMID: 19913204, PII: S0889-8553(09)00088-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.gtc.2009.07.009, ISSN: 1558-1942.

Schwartz D. Anti-IL-12/23: the next big thing in IBD?. Inflamm. Bowel Dis [print-electronic]. 2009 Dec; 15(12): 1927-8. PMID: 19714750, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.20990, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Wagnon JH, Leiman DA, Ayers GD, Schwartz DA. Survey of gastroenterologists' awareness and implementation of AGA guidelines on osteoporosis in inflammatory bowel disease patients: are the guidelines being used and what are the barriers to their use?. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2009 Jul; 15(7): 1082-9. PMID: 19137605, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.20857, ISSN: 1536-4844.

M'Koma AE, Wise PE, Schwartz DA, Muldoon RL, Herline AJ. Prevalence and outcome of anemia after restorative proctocolectomy: a clinical literature review. Dis. Colon Rectum. 2009 Apr; 52(4): 726-39. PMID: 19404082, PMCID: PMC4154485, PII: 00003453-200904000-00031, DOI: 10.1007/DCR.0b013e31819ed571, ISSN: 1530-0358.

Schwartz DA. What is the optimal maintenance treatment for perianal Crohn's disease?. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2008 Oct; 14 Suppl 2: S269-70. PMID: 18816761, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.20673, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Spradlin NM, Wise PE, Herline AJ, Muldoon RL, Rosen M, Schwartz DA. A randomized prospective trial of endoscopic ultrasound to guide combination medical and surgical treatment for Crohn's perianal fistulas. Am. J. Gastroenterol [print-electronic]. 2008 Oct; 103(10): 2527-35. PMID: 18684178, PII: AJG2063, DOI: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2008.02063.x, ISSN: 1572-0241.

Maltz BE, Schwartz DA. To lap or not to lap, that is the question...no longer?. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2008 Aug; 14(8): 1161-2. PMID: 18393376, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.20456, ISSN: 1536-4844.

Schwartz DA. The PRECiSE 2 trial of certolizumab pegol, a new PEGylated anti-TNF agent, in the treatment of Crohn's disease: An interview with David A Schwartz, 13 June 2007. Biologics. 2008 Mar; 2(1): 126-8. PMID: 19707435, PMCID: PMC2727774, ISSN: 1177-5475.

Schwartz DA. Nasal Crohn's disease /apheresis. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). 2008 Feb; 4(2): 127-8. PMID: 21904489, PMCID: PMC3088839, ISSN: 1554-7914.

Bao PQ, Johnson JC, Lindsey EH, Schwartz DA, Arildsen RC, Grzeszczak E, Parikh AA, Merchant NB. Endoscopic ultrasound and computed tomography predictors of pancreatic cancer resectability. J. Gastrointest. Surg [print-electronic]. 2008 Jan; 12(1): 10-6; discussion 16. PMID: 17955311, DOI: 10.1007/s11605-007-0373-y, ISSN: 1091-255X.

Dossett LA, White LM, Welch DC, Herline AJ, Muldoon RL, Schwartz DA, Wise PE. Small bowel adenocarcinoma complicating Crohn's disease: case series and review of the literature. Am Surg. 2007 Nov; 73(11): 1181-7. PMID: 18092659, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Schwartz D, Ferguson JR. Current pharmacologic treatment paradigms for inflammatory bowel disease and the potential role of granulocyte/monocyte apheresis. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Nov; 23(11): 2715-28. PMID: 17894921, DOI: 10.1185/030079907X233241, ISSN: 1473-4877.

Griggs L, Schwartz DA. Medical options for treating perianal Crohn's disease. Dig Liver Dis [print-electronic]. 2007 Oct; 39(10): 979-87. PMID: 17719859, PII: S1590-8658(07)00465-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.dld.2007.07.156, ISSN: 1590-8658.

M'Koma AE, Wise PE, Muldoon RL, Schwartz DA, Washington MK, Herline AJ. Evolution of the restorative proctocolectomy and its effects on gastrointestinal hormones. Int J Colorectal Dis [print-electronic]. 2007 Oct; 22(10): 1143-63. PMID: 17576578, DOI: 10.1007/s00384-007-0331-x, ISSN: 0179-1958.

West NE, Wise PE, Herline AJ, Muldoon RL, Chopp WV, Schwartz DA. Carcinoid tumors are 15 times more common in patients with Crohn's disease. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2007 Sep; 13(9): 1129-34. PMID: 17538985, DOI: 10.1002/ibd.20172, ISSN: 1078-0998.

Mardini HE, Schwartz DA. Treatment of Perianal Fistula and Abscess: Crohn's and Non-Crohn's. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. 2007 Jun; 10(3): 211-20. PMID: 17547859, ISSN: 1092-8472.

Maltz BE, Schwartz DA. Metastatic signet-ring carcinoma of the colon diagnosed by EUS-guided FNA in a patient with Crohn's disease. Gastrointest. Endosc [print-electronic]. 2007 May; 65(6): 945-7. PMID: 17382939, PII: S0016-5107(06)02924-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.gie.2006.09.014, ISSN: 0016-5107.

Coburn LA, Wise PE, Schwartz DA. The successful use of adalimumab to treat active Crohn's disease of an ileoanal pouch during pregnancy. Dig. Dis. Sci [print-electronic]. 2006 Nov; 51(11): 2045-7. PMID: 17009112, DOI: 10.1007/s10620-006-9452-2, ISSN: 0163-2116.

Johnson JC, Schmidt CR, Shrubsole MJ, Billheimer DD, Joshi PR, Morrow JD, Heslin MJ, Washington MK, Ness RM, Zheng W, Schwartz DA, Coffey RJ, Beauchamp RD, Merchant NB. Urine PGE-M: A metabolite of prostaglandin E2 as a potential biomarker of advanced colorectal neoplasia. Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol [print-electronic]. 2006 Nov; 4(11): 1358-65. PMID: 16996805, PII: S1542-3565(06)00772-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2006.07.015, ISSN: 1542-3565.

Shepherd BD, Merchant N, Fasig J, Schwartz DA. Endoscopic ultrasound diagnosis of pelvic lipoma causing neurologic symptoms. Dig. Dis. Sci [print-electronic]. 2006 Aug; 51(8): 1364-6. PMID: 16868819, DOI: 10.1007/s10620-006-9106-4, ISSN: 0163-2116.

Wise PE, Schwartz DA. Management of perianal Crohn's disease. Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2006 Apr; 4(4): 426-30. PMID: 16616345, PII: S1542-3565(06)00141-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2006.02.001, ISSN: 1542-3565.

Schwartz DA, Connolley CD, Koyama T, Wise PE, Herline AJ. Calcaneal ultrasound bone densitometry is not a useful tool to screen patients with inflammatory bowel disease at high risk for metabolic bone disease. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2005 Aug; 11(8): 749-54. PMID: 16043991, PII: 00054725-200508000-00008, ISSN: 1078-0998.

Schwartz DA, White CM, Wise PE, Herline AJ. Use of endoscopic ultrasound to guide combination medical and surgical therapy for patients with Crohn's perianal fistulas. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2005 Aug; 11(8): 727-32. PMID: 16043987, PII: 00054725-200508000-00004, ISSN: 1078-0998.

Schwartz DA. Looking in the rear view mirror at Pentasa in active Crohn's disease: results may be smaller than they first appear. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2005 Jan; 11(1): 73-4. PMID: 15674116, PII: 00054725-200501000-00010, ISSN: 1078-0998.

Schwartz DA, Herdman CR. Review article: The medical treatment of Crohn's perianal fistulas. Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. 2004 May 5/1/2004; 19(9): 953-67. PMID: 15113362, PII: APT1917, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2004.01917.x, ISSN: 0269-2813.

Schwartz DA, Harewood GC, Wiersema MJ. EUS for rectal disease. Gastrointest. Endosc. 2002 Jul; 56(1): 100-9. PMID: 12085043, PII: S0016-5107(02)00015-9, ISSN: 0016-5107.