Cecilia P. Chung, M.D.

Assistant Professor

c.chung@vanderbilt.edu

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Faculty Appointments
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Education
M.P.H., Public Health , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeM.D., Universidade Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru
Office Address
T3113 Medical Center North
1611 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37232
Clinical Research Keywords
pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacogenetics, drug safety atherosclerosis, inflammation
Publications
Chaugai S, Dickson AL, Shuey MM, Feng Q, Barker KA, Wei WQ, Luther JM, Stein CM, Chung CP. Co-prescription of Strong CYP1A2 Inhibitors and the Risk of Tizanidine-Associated Hypotension: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther [print-electronic]. 2018 Sep 9/17/2018; PMID: 30223305, DOI: 10.1002/cpt.1233, ISSN: 1532-6535.

Chung CP, Callahan ST, Cooper WO, Dupont WD, Murray KT, Franklin AD, Hall K, Dudley JA, Stein CM, Ray WA. Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children and Opioid-Related Adverse Events. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2018 Aug; 142(2): PMID: 30012559, PMCID: PMC6072590, PII: peds.2017-2156, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2156, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Feng Q, Wei WQ, Chung CP, Levinson RT, Sundermann AC, Mosley JD, Bastarache L, Ferguson JF, Cox NJ, Roden DM, Denny JC, Linton MF, Edwards DRV, Stein CM. Relationship between very low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations not due to statin therapy and risk of type 2 diabetes: A US-based cross-sectional observational study using electronic health records. PLoS Med. 2018 Aug; 15(8): e1002642. PMID: 30153257, PMCID: PMC6112635, PII: PMEDICINE-D-17-03325, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002642, ISSN: 1549-1676.

Chung CP, Dupont WD, Murray KT, Hall K, Michael Stein C, Ray WA. Comparative out-of-hospital mortality of long-acting opioids prescribed for non-cancer pain: A retrospective cohort study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul 7/12/2018; PMID: 30003613, DOI: 10.1002/pds.4619, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Shuey MM, Gandelman JS, Chung CP, Nian H, Yu C, Denny JC, Brown NJ. Characteristics and treatment of African-American and European-American patients with resistant hypertension identified using the electronic health record in an academic health centre: a case-control study. BMJ Open. 2018 Jun 6/27/2018; 8(6): e021640. PMID: 29950471, PMCID: PMC6020960, PII: bmjopen-2018-021640, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021640, ISSN: 2044-6055.

Carranza-Leon D, Octaria R, Ormseth MJ, Oeser A, Solus JF, Zhang Y, Okafor CR, Titze J, Michael Stein C, Chung CP. Association between urinary sodium and potassium excretion and blood pressure and inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2017 Dec 12/14/2017; PMID: 29243056, PII: 10.1007/s10067-017-3935-8, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-017-3935-8, ISSN: 1434-9949.

Birdwell KA, Chung CP. The Potential of Pharmacogenomics to Advance Kidney Disease Treatment [editorial]. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2017 Jul 7/7/2017; 12(7): 1035-7. PMID: 28630080, PMCID: PMC5498348, PII: CJN.05170517, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.05170517, ISSN: 1555-905X.

Ferraz-Amaro I, Winchester R, Gregersen PK, Reynolds RJ, Wasko MC, Oeser A, Chung CP, Stein CM, Giles JT, Bathon JM. Coronary Artery Calcification and Rheumatoid Arthritis: Lack of Relationship to Risk Alleles for Coronary Artery Disease in the General Population. Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.). 2017 Mar; 69(3): 529-41. PMID: 27696788, PMCID: PMC5553209, DOI: 10.1002/art.39862, ISSN: 2326-5205.

Feng Q, Wei WQ, Chung CP, Levinson RT, Bastarache L, Denny JC, Stein CM. The effect of genetic variation in PCSK9 on the LDL-cholesterol response to statin therapy. Pharmacogenomics J [print-electronic]. 2017 Mar; 17(2): 204-8. PMID: 26902539, PMCID: PMC4995153, PII: tpj20163, DOI: 10.1038/tpj.2016.3, ISSN: 1473-1150.

Ray WA, Chung CP, Murray KT, Hall K, Stein CM. High-Dose Citalopram and Escitalopram and the Risk of Out-of-Hospital Death. J Clin Psychiatry. 2017 Feb; 78(2): 190-5. PMID: 27736049, DOI: 10.4088/JCP.15m10324, ISSN: 1555-2101.

Casey C, Chung CP, Crofford LJ, Barnado A. Rheumatologists' perception of systemic lupus erythematosus quality indicators: significant interest and perceived barriers. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2017 Jan; 36(1): 97-102. PMID: 27878408, PMCID: PMC5241104, PII: 10.1007/s10067-016-3487-3, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-016-3487-3, ISSN: 1434-9949.

Ray WA, Chung CP, Murray KT, Smalley WE, Daugherty JR, Dupont WD, Stein CM. Association of Proton Pump Inhibitors With Reduced Risk of Warfarin-Related Serious Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding. Gastroenterology [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec; 151(6): 1105-1112.e10. PMID: 27639805, PMCID: PMC5124401, PII: S0016-5085(16)35034-X, DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.08.054, ISSN: 1528-0012.

Barnado A, Oeser A, Zhang Y, Okafor CR, Titze J, Stein CM, Chung CP. Association of estimated sodium and potassium intake with blood pressure in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus [print-electronic]. 2016 Nov; 25(13): 1463-9. PMID: 27055519, PMCID: PMC5053823, PII: 0961203316642311, DOI: 10.1177/0961203316642311, ISSN: 1477-0962.

Kroop SF, Chung CP, Davidson MA, Horn L, Damp JB, Dewey C. Rheumatologic skills development: what are the needs of internal medicine residents?. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug; 35(8): 2109-15. PMID: 26694057, PMCID: PMC4919226, PII: 10.1007/s10067-015-3150-4, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-015-3150-4, ISSN: 1434-9949.

Ray WA, Chung CP, Murray KT, Hall K, Stein CM. Prescription of Long-Acting Opioids and Mortality in Patients With Chronic Noncancer Pain. JAMA. 2016 Jun 6/14/2016; 315(22): 2415-23. PMID: 27299617, PMCID: PMC5030814, PII: 2528212, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2016.7789, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Leverenz D, Zaha O, Crofford LJ, Chung CP. Causes of creatine kinase levels greater than 1000 IU/L in patients referred to rheumatology. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 35(6): 1541-7. PMID: 27041384, PMCID: PMC4871697, PII: 10.1007/s10067-016-3242-9, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-016-3242-9, ISSN: 1434-9949.

Chung CP, Ormseth MJ, Connelly MA, Oeser A, Solus JF, Otvos JD, Raggi P, Stein CM. GlycA, a novel marker of inflammation, is elevated in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar; 25(3): 296-300. PMID: 26637290, PMCID: PMC4767584, PII: 0961203315617842, DOI: 10.1177/0961203315617842, ISSN: 1477-0962.

Solus JF, Chung CP, Oeser A, Li C, Rho YH, Bradley KM, Kawai VK, Smith JR, Stein CM. Genetics of serum concentration of IL-6 and TNFa in systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis: a candidate gene analysis. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 34(8): 1375-82. PMID: 25652333, PMCID: PMC4526456, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-015-2881-6, ISSN: 1434-9949.

Chung CP, Callahan ST, Cooper WO, Murray KT, Hall K, Dudley JA, Stein CM, Ray WA. Development of an algorithm to identify serious opioid toxicity in children. BMC Res Notes. 2015 Jul 7/4/2015; 8: 293. PMID: 26141980, PMCID: PMC4491206, PII: 10.1186/s13104-015-1185-x, DOI: 10.1186/s13104-015-1185-x, ISSN: 1756-0500.

Ormseth MJ, Chung CP, Oeser AM, Connelly MA, Sokka T, Raggi P, Solus JF, Otvos JD, Stein CM. Utility of a novel inflammatory marker, GlycA, for assessment of rheumatoid arthritis disease activity and coronary atherosclerosis. Arthritis Res. Ther. 2015 May 5/9/2015; 17: 117. PMID: 25956924, PMCID: PMC4445500, PII: 10.1186/s13075-015-0646-x, DOI: 10.1186/s13075-015-0646-x, ISSN: 1478-6362.

Becetti K, Oeser A, Ormseth MJ, Solus JF, Raggi P, Stein CM, Chung CP. Urinary albumin excretion is increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and associated with arterial stiffness. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr; 42(4): 593-8. PMID: 25641887, PMCID: PMC4383663, PII: jrheum.141295, DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.141295, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Ray WA, Chung CP, Murray KT, Cooper WO, Hall K, Stein CM. Out-of-hospital mortality among patients receiving methadone for noncancer pain. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Mar; 175(3): 420-7. PMID: 25599329, PMCID: PMC4346542, PII: 2091400, DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6294, ISSN: 2168-6114.

Kawai VK, Chung CP, Solus JF, Oeser A, Raggi P, Stein CM. The ability of the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cardiovascular risk score to identify rheumatoid arthritis patients with high coronary artery calcification scores. Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.). 2015 Feb; 67(2): 381-5. PMID: 25371313, PMCID: PMC4369184, DOI: 10.1002/art.38944, ISSN: 2326-5205.

Chung CP, Solus JF, Oeser A, Li C, Raggi P, Smith JR, Stein CM. A variant in the osteoprotegerin gene is associated with coronary atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from a candidate gene study. Int J Mol Sci. 2015; 16(2): 3885-94. PMID: 25679449, PMCID: PMC4346932, PII: ijms16023885, DOI: 10.3390/ijms16023885, ISSN: 1422-0067.

Chung CP, Solus JF, Oeser A, Li C, Raggi P, Smith JR, Stein CM. Genetic variation and coronary atherosclerosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 23(9): 876-80. PMID: 24699314, PMCID: PMC4185017, PII: 0961203314530019, DOI: 10.1177/0961203314530019, ISSN: 1477-0962.

Kawai VK, Avalos I, Oeser A, Oates JA, Milne GL, Solus JF, Chung CP, Stein CM. Suboptimal inhibition of platelet cyclooxygenase 1 by aspirin in systemic lupus erythematosus: association with metabolic syndrome. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2014 Feb; 66(2): 285-92. PMID: 24022862, PMCID: PMC3946810, DOI: 10.1002/acr.22169, ISSN: 2151-4658.

Chung CP, Rohan P, Krishnaswami S, McPheeters ML. A systematic review of validated methods for identifying patients with rheumatoid arthritis using administrative or claims data. Vaccine. 2013 Dec 12/30/2013; 31 Suppl 10: K41-61. PMID: 24331074, PII: S0264-410X(13)00454-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.03.075, ISSN: 1873-2518.

Chung CP, Schmidt D, Stein CM, Morrow JD, Salomon RM. Increased oxidative stress in patients with depression and its relationship to treatment. Psychiatry Res [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr 4/30/2013; 206(2-3): 213-6. PMID: 23245537, PMCID: PMC3615036, PII: S0165-1781(12)00665-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.10.018, ISSN: 1872-7123.

Chung CP, Giles JT, Petri M, Szklo M, Post W, Blumenthal RS, Gelber AC, Ouyang P, Jenny NS, Bathon JM. Prevalence of traditional modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: comparison with control subjects from the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Semin. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Feb; 41(4): 535-44. PMID: 22340996, PMCID: PMC3538033, PII: S0049-0172(11)00198-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2011.07.004, ISSN: 1532-866X.

Ormseth MJ, Swift LL, Fazio S, Linton MF, Chung CP, Raggi P, Rho YH, Solus J, Oeser A, Bian A, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Stein CM. Free fatty acids are associated with insulin resistance but not coronary artery atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2011 Dec; 219(2): 869-74. PMID: 21974844, PMCID: PMC3226875, PII: S0021-9150(11)00861-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.09.005, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Cunningham A, Stein CM, Chung CP, Daugherty JR, Smalley WE, Ray WA. An automated database case definition for serious bleeding related to oral anticoagulant use. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2011 Jun; 20(6): 560-6. PMID: 21387461, PMCID: PMC3365595, DOI: 10.1002/pds.2109, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Rho YH, Chung CP, Oeser A, Solus JF, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Raggi P, Milne GL, Stein CM. Interaction between oxidative stress and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is associated with severity of coronary artery calcification in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2010 Oct; 62(10): 1473-80. PMID: 20506360, PMCID: PMC2933413, DOI: 10.1002/acr.20237, ISSN: 2151-4658.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Raggi P, Sokka T, Pincus T, Solus JF, Linton MF, Fazio S, Stein CM. Lipoprotein subclasses determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and coronary atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug 8/1/2010; 37(8): 1633-8. PMID: 20516025, PMCID: PMC2914215, PII: jrheum.090639, DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.090639, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Chung CP, Murray KT, Stein CM, Hall K, Ray WA. A computer case definition for sudden cardiac death. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2010 Jun; 19(6): 563-72. PMID: 20029823, PMCID: PMC3181496, DOI: 10.1002/pds.1888, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Rho YH, Chung CP, Solus JF, Raggi P, Oeser A, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Stein CM. Adipocytokines, insulin resistance, and coronary atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2010 May; 62(5): 1259-64. PMID: 20213808, PMCID: PMC2910412, DOI: 10.1002/art.27376, ISSN: 1529-0131.

Ray WA, Murray KT, Griffin MR, Chung CP, Smalley WE, Hall K, Daugherty JR, Kaltenbach LA, Stein CM. Outcomes with concurrent use of clopidogrel and proton-pump inhibitors: a cohort study. Ann. Intern. Med. 2010 Mar 3/16/2010; 152(6): 337-45. PMID: 20231564, PMCID: PMC3176584, PII: 152/6/337, DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-152-6-201003160-00003, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Rho YH, Chung CP, Oeser A, Solus J, Asanuma Y, Sokka T, Pincus T, Raggi P, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Stein CM. Inflammatory mediators and premature coronary atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2009 Nov 11/15/2009; 61(11): 1580-5. PMID: 19877084, PMCID: PMC2828265, DOI: 10.1002/art.25009, ISSN: 0004-3591.

Chung CP, Long AG, Solus JF, Rho YH, Oeser A, Raggi P, Stein CM. Adipocytokines in systemic lupus erythematosus: relationship to inflammation, insulin resistance and coronary atherosclerosis. Lupus. 2009 Aug; 18(9): 799-806. PMID: 19578104, PMCID: PMC2707942, PII: 18/9/799, DOI: 10.1177/0961203309103582, ISSN: 0961-2033.

Rho YH, Solus J, Sokka T, Oeser A, Chung CP, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Pincus T, Stein CM. Adipocytokines are associated with radiographic joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2009 Jul; 60(7): 1906-14. PMID: 19565493, PMCID: PMC2894567, DOI: 10.1002/art.24626, ISSN: 0004-3591.

Rho YH, Oeser A, Chung CP, Milne GL, Stein CM. Drugs Used in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: Relationship between Current Use and Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Arch Drug Inf. 2009 Jun; 2(2): 34-40. PMID: 19684849, PMCID: PMC2721969, DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-5174.2009.00019.x, ISSN: 1753-5174.

Ray WA, Varas-Lorenzo C, Chung CP, Castellsague J, Murray KT, Stein CM, Daugherty JR, Arbogast PG, García-Rodríguez LA. Cardiovascular risks of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in patients after hospitalization for serious coronary heart disease. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes [print-electronic]. 2009 May; 2(3): 155-63. PMID: 20031832, PII: CIRCOUTCOMES.108.805689, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.108.805689, ISSN: 1941-7705.

Chung CP, Titova D, Oeser A, Randels M, Avalos I, Milne GL, Morrow JD, Stein CM. Oxidative stress in fibromyalgia and its relationship to symptoms. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2009 Apr; 28(4): 435-8. PMID: 19089486, PMCID: PMC2654204, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-008-1072-0, ISSN: 1434-9949.

Ray WA, Chung CP, Murray KT, Hall K, Stein CM. Atypical antipsychotic drugs and the risk of sudden cardiac death. N. Engl. J. Med. 2009 Jan 1/15/2009; 360(3): 225-35. PMID: 19144938, PMCID: PMC2713724, PII: 360/3/225, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa0806994, ISSN: 1533-4406.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Raggi P, Solus JF, Avalos I, Linton MF, Fazio S, Stein CM. Lipoprotein subclasses and particle size determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in systemic lupus erythematosus. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2008 Oct; 27(10): 1227-33. PMID: 18421545, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-008-0890-4, ISSN: 0770-3198.

Solus J, Chung CP, Oeser A, Avalos I, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Raggi P, Sokka T, Pincus T, Stein CM. Amino-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain-type natriuretic peptide in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Sep; 58(9): 2662-9. PMID: 18759301, PMCID: PMC2587412, DOI: 10.1002/art.23796, ISSN: 1529-0131.

Rho YH, Chung CP, Oeser A, Solus J, Raggi P, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Stein CM. Novel cardiovascular risk factors in premature coronary atherosclerosis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2008 Sep; 35(9): 1789-94. PMID: 18634156, PMCID: PMC2574747, PII: 08/13/0714, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Grijalva CG, Chung CP, Stein CM, Gideon PS, Dyer SM, Mitchel EF, Griffin MR. Computerized definitions showed high positive predictive values for identifying hospitalizations for congestive heart failure and selected infections in Medicaid enrollees with rheumatoid arthritis. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2008 Sep; 17(9): 890-5. PMID: 18543352, DOI: 10.1002/pds.1625, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Avalos I, Rho YH, Chung CP, Stein CM. Atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Clin. Exp. Rheumatol. 2008 Sep; 26(5 Suppl 51): S5-13. PMID: 19026140, PII: 2446, ISSN: 0392-856X.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Solus JF, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Avalos I, Sokka T, Raggi P, Pincus T, Stein CM. Inflammation-associated insulin resistance: differential effects in rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus define potential mechanisms. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Jul; 58(7): 2105-12. PMID: 18576352, PMCID: PMC2755593, DOI: 10.1002/art.23600, ISSN: 0004-3591.

Chung CP, Solus JF, Oeser A, Avalos I, Kurnik D, Raggi P, Stein CM. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in systemic lupus erythematosus: relationship with inflammation, augmentation index, and coronary calcification. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2008 Jul; 35(7): 1314-9. PMID: 18528966, PMCID: PMC2754266, PII: 08/13/064, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Grijalva CG, Chung CP, Stein CM, Mitchel EF, Griffin MR. Changing patterns of medication use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in a Medicaid population. Rheumatology (Oxford) [print-electronic]. 2008 Jul; 47(7): 1061-4. PMID: 18499716, PII: ken193, DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/ken193, ISSN: 1462-0332.

Rho YH, Oeser A, Chung CP, Morrow JD, Stein CM. Drugs to Treat Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Relationship between Current Use and Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Arch Drug Inf. 2008 Jul; 1(1): 23-8. PMID: 20157365, PMCID: PMC2817442, DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-5174.2007.00004.x, ISSN: 1753-5174.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Solus JF, Avalos I, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Raggi P, Sokka T, Pincus T, Stein CM. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is increased in rheumatoid arthritis and is associated with coronary atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2008 Feb; 196(2): 756-63. PMID: 17266963, PII: S0021-9150(07)00045-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2007.01.004, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Avalos I, Chung CP, Oeser A, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Kurnik D, Raggi P, Sokka T, Pincus T, Stein CM. Increased augmentation index in rheumatoid arthritis and its relationship to coronary artery atherosclerosis. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2007 Dec; 34(12): 2388-94. PMID: 18050386, PII: 07/13/1114, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Asanuma Y, Chung CP, Oeser A, Solus JF, Avalos I, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Raggi P, Sokka T, Pincus T, Stein CM. Serum osteoprotegerin is increased and independently associated with coronary-artery atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2007 Dec; 195(2): e135-41. PMID: 17570371, PMCID: PMC2174431, PII: S0021-9150(07)00291-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2007.04.049, ISSN: 1879-1484.

García-Poma A, Segami MI, Mora CS, Ugarte MF, Terrazas HN, Rhor EA, García E, Ramos MP, Alva M, Castañeda I, Chung CP. Obesity is independently associated with impaired quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2007 Nov; 26(11): 1831-5. PMID: 17340047, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-007-0583-4, ISSN: 0770-3198.

Grijalva CG, Chung CP, Arbogast PG, Stein CM, Mitchel EF, Griffin MR. Assessment of adherence to and persistence on disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Med Care. 2007 Oct; 45(10 Supl 2): S66-76. PMID: 17909386, PII: 00005650-200710002-00013, DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e318041384c, ISSN: 0025-7079.

Ray WA, Chung CP, Stein CM, Smalley WE, Hall K, Arbogast PG, Griffin MR. Risk of peptic ulcer hospitalizations in users of NSAIDs with gastroprotective cotherapy versus coxibs. Gastroenterology [print-electronic]. 2007 Sep; 133(3): 790-8. PMID: 17854591, PII: S0016-5085(07)01290-5, DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2007.06.058, ISSN: 0016-5085.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Solus J, Avalos I, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Linton MF, Fazio S, Stein CM. Inflammatory mechanisms affecting the lipid profile in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2007 Sep; 34(9): 1849-54. PMID: 17659756, PII: 07/13/0719, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Chung CP, Avalos I, Raggi P, Stein CM. Atherosclerosis and inflammation: insights from rheumatoid arthritis. Clin. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2007 Aug; 26(8): 1228-33. PMID: 17273810, DOI: 10.1007/s10067-007-0548-7, ISSN: 0770-3198.

Chung CP, Avalos I, Oeser A, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Raggi P, Michael Stein C. High prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: association with disease characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors. Ann. Rheum. Dis [print-electronic]. 2007 Feb; 66(2): 208-14. PMID: 16901956, PMCID: PMC1798504, PII: ard.2006.054973, DOI: 10.1136/ard.2006.054973, ISSN: 0003-4967.

Avalos I, Chung CP, Oeser A, Milne GL, Borntrager H, Morrow JD, Raggi P, Solus J, Stein CM. Aspirin therapy and thromboxane biosynthesis in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2007; 16(12): 981-6. PMID: 18042592, PII: 16/12/981, DOI: 10.1177/0961203307083313, ISSN: 0961-2033.

Avalos I, Chung CP, Oeser A, Milne GL, Morrow JD, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Yu C, Stein CM. Oxidative stress in systemic lupus erythematosus: relationship to disease activity and symptoms. Lupus. 2007; 16(3): 195-200. PMID: 17432105, ISSN: 0961-2033.

Chung CP, Sokka T, Arbogast PG, Pincus T. Work disability in early rheumatoid arthritis: higher rates but better clinical status in Finland compared with the US. Ann. Rheum. Dis [print-electronic]. 2006 Dec; 65(12): 1653-7. PMID: 16740683, PMCID: PMC1798477, PII: ard.2005.048439, DOI: 10.1136/ard.2005.048439, ISSN: 0003-4967.

Chung CP, Thompson JL, Koch GG, Amara I, Strand V, Pincus T. Are American College of Rheumatology 50% response criteria superior to 20% criteria in distinguishing active aggressive treatment in rheumatoid arthritis clinical trials reported since 1997? A meta-analysis of discriminant capacities. Ann. Rheum. Dis [print-electronic]. 2006 Dec; 65(12): 1602-7. PMID: 16504992, PMCID: PMC1798472, PII: ard.2005.048975, DOI: 10.1136/ard.2005.048975, ISSN: 0003-4967.

Maksymowych WP, Mallon C, Richardson R, Conner-Spady B, Jauregui E, Chung C, Zappala L, Pile K, Russell AS. Development and validation of a simple tape-based measurement tool for recording cervical rotation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: comparison with a goniometer-based approach. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2006 Nov; 33(11): 2242-9. PMID: 17013998, PII: 06/13/109, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Pincus T, Chung C, Segurado OG, Amara I, Koch GG. An index of patient reported outcomes (PRO-Index) discriminates effectively between active and control treatment in 4 clinical trials of adalimumab in rheumatoid arthritis. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2006 Nov; 33(11): 2146-52. PMID: 17080518, PII: 06/13/1015, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Maksymowych WP, Mallon C, Richardson R, Conner-Spady B, Chung C, Russell AS. Does height influence the assessment of spinal and hip mobility measures used in ankylosing spondylitis?. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2006 Oct; 33(10): 2035-40. PMID: 16924689, PII: 06/13/0816, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Maksymowych WP, Mallon C, Richardson R, Conner-Spady B, Jauregui E, Chung C, Zappala L, Pile K, Russell AS. Development and validation of the Edmonton Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Aug 8/15/2006; 55(4): 575-82. PMID: 16874779, DOI: 10.1002/art.22103, ISSN: 0004-3591.

Pincus T, Sokka T, Chung CP, Cawkwell G. Declines in number of tender and swollen joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis seen in standard care in 1985 versus 2001: possible considerations for revision of inclusion criteria for clinical trials. Ann. Rheum. Dis [print-electronic]. 2006 Jul; 65(7): 878-83. PMID: 16339290, PMCID: PMC1798222, PII: ard.2005.044131, DOI: 10.1136/ard.2005.044131, ISSN: 0003-4967.

Chung CP, Avalos I, Stein CM. Oxidative stress, microvascular dysfunction, and scleroderma: an association with potential therapeutic implications, a commentary on "Postocclusive reactive hyperemia inversely correlates with urinary 15-F2t-isoprostane levels in systemic sclerosis". Free Radic. Biol. Med [print-electronic]. 2006 May 5/15/2006; 40(10): 1698-9. PMID: 16678008, PII: S0891-5849(06)00160-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2006.03.001, ISSN: 0891-5849.

Asanuma Y, Chung CP, Oeser A, Shintani A, Stanley E, Raggi P, Stein CM. Increased concentration of proatherogenic inflammatory cytokines in systemic lupus erythematosus: relationship to cardiovascular risk factors. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2006 Mar; 33(3): 539-45. PMID: 16463434, PII: 06/13/024, ISSN: 0315-162X.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Avalos I, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Raggi P, Sokka T, Pincus T, Stein CM. Utility of the Framingham risk score to predict the presence of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Res. Ther. 2006; 8(6): R186. PMID: 17169159, PMCID: PMC1794532, PII: ar2098, DOI: 10.1186/ar2098, ISSN: 1478-6362.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Avalos I, Raggi P, Stein CM. Cardiovascular risk scores and the presence of subclinical coronary artery atherosclerosis in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2006; 15(9): 562-9. PMID: 17080910, ISSN: 0961-2033.

Oeser A, Chung CP, Asanuma Y, Avalos I, Stein CM. Obesity is an independent contributor to functional capacity and inflammation in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Nov; 52(11): 3651-9. PMID: 16258902, DOI: 10.1002/art.21400, ISSN: 0004-3591.

Chung CP, Oeser A, Raggi P, Gebretsadik T, Shintani AK, Sokka T, Pincus T, Avalos I, Stein CM. Increased coronary-artery atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis: relationship to disease duration and cardiovascular risk factors. Arthritis Rheum. 2005 Oct; 52(10): 3045-53. PMID: 16200609, DOI: 10.1002/art.21288, ISSN: 0004-3591.

Chung CP, Russell AS, Segami MI, Ugarte CA. The effect of low-dose prednisone on bone mineral density in Peruvian rheumatoid arthritis patients. Rheumatol. Int [print-electronic]. 2005 Mar; 25(2): 114-7. PMID: 14628151, DOI: 10.1007/s00296-003-0411-3, ISSN: 0172-8172.

Turner E, Dishy V, Chung CP, Harris P, Pierces R, Asanuma Y, Oeser A, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Raggi P, Stein CM. Endothelial function in systemic lupus erythematosus: relationship to disease activity, cardiovascular risk factors, corticosteroid therapy, and coronary calcification. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2005; 1(4): 357-60. PMID: 17315608, PMCID: PMC1993959, ISSN: 1176-6344.

Barr SG, Martin L, Chung C, Maksymowych WP. Mandatory pharmacosurveillance--a Canadian model for access to therapy and research. Clin. Exp. Rheumatol. 2004 Sep; 22(5 Suppl 35): S39-43. PMID: 15552513, ISSN: 0392-856X.