Kerri L. Cavanaugh, M.D.

Associate Professor
Faculty Appointments
Associate Professor of Medicine
M.H.S., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MarylandM.D., Yale University, New Haven, ConnecticutA.B., Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire
Office Address
1161 21st Ave South
S-3223 MCN
Nashville, TN 37232
Research Description
Kerri Cavanaugh is an Associate Professor of Medicine within the Division of Nephrology and Hypertension at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. She is also a nephrologist with the Tennessee Valley Health System Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Dr. Cavanaugh’s research interests center around identifying factors influencing how patients learn about complex chronic disease and the translation of health information into effective self-care behaviors. This includes studying patient-related, provider-related and also patient-provider communication variables. She has demonstrated the risk related to limited health literacy and deficits in disease-specific knowledge among patients with moderate to advanced kidney disease, as well as developing and testing multi-level interventions to improve care. Dr. Cavanaugh developed and made freely available novel valid measures to assess kidney knowledge, self-efficacy of self-care in kidney disease and self-management behaviors. These activities have been funded by the NIH, the American Society of Nephrology, and the National Kidney Foundation.
Clinical Research Keywords
diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease
Young BA, Blacksher E, Cavanaugh KL, Freedman BI, Fullerton SM, Kopp JB, Umeukeje EM, West KM, Wilson JG, Burke W, . Apolipoprotein L1 Testing in African Americans: Involving the Community in Policy Discussions. Am. J. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2019 Sep 9/3/2019; 1-9. PMID: 31480040, PII: 000502675, DOI: 10.1159/000502675, ISSN: 1421-9670.

Cavanaugh KL. Public Policy and Equal Access to Home Dialysis [editorial]. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2019 Aug 8/7/2019; 14(8): 1128-30. PMID: 31320319, PMCID: PMC6682828, PII: CJN.07560719, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.07560719, ISSN: 1555-905X.

Bock F, Stewart TG, Robinson-Cohen C, Morse J, Kabagambe EK, Cavanaugh KL, Birdwell KA, Hung AM, Abdel-Kader K, Siew ED, Akwo EA, Blot WJ, Ikizler TA, Lipworth L. Racial disparities in end-stage renal disease in a high-risk population: the Southern Community Cohort Study. BMC Nephrol. 2019 Aug 8/7/2019; 20(1): 308. PMID: 31390993, PMCID: PMC6686512, PII: 10.1186/s12882-019-1502-z, DOI: 10.1186/s12882-019-1502-z, ISSN: 1471-2369.

Siew ED, Parr SK, Wild MG, Levea SL, Mehta KG, Umeukeje EM, Silver SA, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Kidney Disease Awareness and Knowledge among Survivors ofAcute Kidney Injury. Am. J. Nephrol. 2019 Aug; 49(6): 449-59. PMID: 30995659, PMCID: PMC6679978, PII: 000499862, DOI: 10.1159/000499862, ISSN: 1421-9670.

Greer RC, Liu Y, Cavanaugh K, Diamantidis CJ, Estrella MM, Sperati CJ, Soman S, Abdel-Kader K, Agrawal V, Plantinga LC, Schell JO, Simon JF, Vassalotti JA, Jaar BG, Choi MJ, . Primary Care Physicians' Perceived Barriers to Nephrology Referral and Co-management of Patients with CKD: a Qualitative Study. J Gen Intern Med [print-electronic]. 2019 Jul; 34(7): 1228-35. PMID: 30993634, PMCID: PMC6614220, PII: 10.1007/s11606-019-04975-y, DOI: 10.1007/s11606-019-04975-y, ISSN: 1525-1497.

Umeukeje EM, Merighi JR, Browne T, Wild M, Alsmaan H, Umanath K, Lewis JB, Wallston KA, Cavanaugh KL. Correction to: Health care providers' support of patients' autonomy, phosphate medication adherence, race and gender in end-stage renal disease. J Behav Med. 2019 Apr; 42(2): 376-9. PMID: 30623275, PII: 10.1007/s10865-018-9992-x, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-018-9992-x, ISSN: 1573-3521.

Umeukeje EM, Young BA, Fullerton SM, Cavanaugh K, Owens D, Wilson JG, Burke W, Blacksher E. You Are Just Now Telling Us About This? African American Perspectives of Testing for Genetic Susceptibility to Kidney Disease. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2019 Apr; 30(4): 526-30. PMID: 30858224, PMCID: PMC6442335, PII: ASN.2018111091, DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2018111091, ISSN: 1533-3450.

Sperati CJ, Soman S, Agrawal V, Liu Y, Abdel-Kader K, Diamantidis CJ, Estrella MM, Cavanaugh K, Plantinga L, Schell J, Simon J, Vassalotti JA, Choi MJ, Jaar BG, Greer RC, . Primary care physicians' perceptions of barriers and facilitators to management of chronic kidney disease: A mixed methods study. PLoS ONE. 2019; 14(8): e0221325. PMID: 31437198, PMCID: PMC6705804, PII: PONE-D-18-17697, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221325, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Wild MG, Ostini R, Harrington M, Cavanaugh KL, Wallston KA. Validation of the shortened Perceived Medical Condition Self-Management Scale in patients with chronic disease. Psychol Assess [print-electronic]. 2018 Oct; 30(10): 1300-7. PMID: 29781666, PMCID: PMC6172142, PII: 2018-23397-001, DOI: 10.1037/pas0000572, ISSN: 1939-134X.

Barr PJ, Bonasia K, Verma K, Dannenberg MD, Yi C, Andrews E, Palm M, Cavanaugh KL, Masel M, Durand MA. Audio-/Videorecording Clinic Visits for Patient's Personal Use in the United States: Cross-Sectional Survey. J. Med. Internet Res. 2018 Sep 9/12/2018; 20(9): e11308. PMID: 30209029, PMCID: PMC6231772, PII: v20i9e11308, DOI: 10.2196/11308, ISSN: 1438-8871.

Malhotra R, Lipworth L, Cavanaugh KL, Young BA, Tucker KL, Carithers TC, Taylor HA, Correa A, Kabagambe EK, Ikizler TA. Protein Intake and Long-term Change in Glomerular Filtration Rate in the Jackson Heart Study. J Ren Nutr [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul; 28(4): 245-50. PMID: 29452887, PII: S1051-2276(17)30284-4, DOI: 10.1053/j.jrn.2017.11.008, ISSN: 1532-8503.

Umeukeje EM, Wild MG, Maripuri S, Davidson T, Rutherford M, Abdel-Kader K, Lewis J, Wilkins CH, Cavanaugh K. Black Americans' Perspectives of Barriers and Facilitators of Community Screening for Kidney Disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr 4/6/2018; 13(4): 551-9. PMID: 29545381, PMCID: PMC5969459, PII: CJN.07580717, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.07580717, ISSN: 1555-905X.

Umeukeje EM, Mixon AS, Cavanaugh KL. Phosphate-control adherence in hemodialysis patients: current perspectives. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2018; 12: 1175-91. PMID: 30013329, PMCID: PMC6039061, PII: ppa-12-1175, DOI: 10.2147/PPA.S145648, ISSN: 1177-889X.

Young BA, Fullerton SM, Wilson JG, Cavanaugh K, Blacksher E, Spigner C, Himmelfarb J, Burke W. Clinical Genetic Testing for APOL1: Are we There Yet?. Semin. Nephrol. 2017 Nov; 37(6): 552-7. PMID: 29110763, PII: S0270-9295(17)30075-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2017.07.009, ISSN: 1558-4488.

Wild MG, Wallston KA, Green JA, Beach LB, Umeukeje E, Wright Nunes JA, Ikizler TA, Steed J, Cavanaugh KL. The Perceived Medical Condition Self-Management Scale can be applied to patients with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int [print-electronic]. 2017 May 5/18/2017; PMID: 28528132, PII: S0085-2538(17)30213-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.kint.2017.03.018, ISSN: 1523-1755.

Malhotra R, Cavanaugh KL, Blot WJ, Ikizler TA, Lipworth L, Kabagambe EK. Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and incidence of end-stage renal disease in the Southern Community Cohort Study. BMC Nephrol. 2016 Oct 10/18/2016; 17(1): 152. PMID: 27756237, PMCID: PMC5070154, PII: 10.1186/s12882-016-0371-y, DOI: 10.1186/s12882-016-0371-y, ISSN: 1471-2369.

Cavanaugh KL, Wright Nunes JA. Establishing Evidence for the Future of Kidney Disease Education [editorial]. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2016 Sep; 68(3): 335-7. PMID: 27561665, PMCID: PMC5003322, PII: S0272-6386(16)30199-8, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2016.06.008, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Bowen ME, Cavanaugh KL, Wolff K, Davis D, Gregory RP, Shintani A, Eden S, Wallston K, Elasy T, Rothman RL. The diabetes nutrition education study randomized controlled trial: A comparative effectiveness study of approaches to nutrition in diabetes self-management education. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug; 99(8): 1368-76. PMID: 27026388, PMCID: PMC4931976, PII: S0738-3991(16)30139-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2016.03.017, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Malhotra R, Cavanaugh KL, Blot WJ, Ikizler TA, Lipworth L, Kabagambe EK. Higher protein intake is associated with increased risk for incident end-stage renal disease among blacks with diabetes in the Southern Community Cohort Study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis [print-electronic]. 2016 Jul 7/21/2016; PMID: 27562875, PII: S0939-4753(16)30116-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2016.07.009, ISSN: 1590-3729.

Beach LB, Wild M, Ramachandran G, Ikizler HO, Cavanaugh KL. Protocol of a randomized controlled trial of an erythropoietin stimulating agent decision aid for anemia treatment in kidney disease. BMC Nephrol. 2016 Jul 7/18/2016; 17(1): 86. PMID: 27430294, PMCID: PMC4949884, PII: 10.1186/s12882-016-0301-z, DOI: 10.1186/s12882-016-0301-z, ISSN: 1471-2369.

Umeukeje EM, Merighi JR, Browne T, Wild M, Alsmaan H, Umanath K, Lewis JB, Wallston KA, Cavanaugh KL. Health care providers' support of patients' autonomy, phosphate medication adherence, race and gender in end stage renal disease. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2016 May 5/11/2016; PMID: 27167227, PII: 10.1007/s10865-016-9745-7, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-016-9745-7, ISSN: 1573-3521.

Cavanaugh KL. Patient Experience Assessment is a Requisite for Quality Evaluation: A Discussion of the In-Center Hemodialysis Consumer Assessment of Health Care Providers and Systems (ICH CAHPS) Survey. Semin Dial [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar; 29(2): 135-43. PMID: 26858008, DOI: 10.1111/sdi.12469, ISSN: 1525-139X.

Wright Nunes JA, Cavanaugh KL, Fagerlin A. An Informed and Activated Patient: Addressing Barriers in the Pathway From Education to Outcomes [editorial]. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2016 Jan; 67(1): 1-4. PMID: 26708191, PMCID: PMC4878396, PII: S0272-6386(15)01240-8, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2015.09.017, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Jhamb M, Cavanaugh KL, Bian A, Chen G, Ikizler TA, Unruh ML, Abdel-Kader K. Disparities in Electronic Health Record Patient Portal Use in Nephrology Clinics. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov 11/6/2015; 10(11): 2013-22. PMID: 26493242, PMCID: PMC4633780, PII: CJN.01640215, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.01640215, ISSN: 1555-905X.

McNaughton CD, Cavanaugh KL, Kripalani S, Rothman RL, Wallston KA. Validation of a Short, 3-Item Version of the Subjective Numeracy Scale. Med Decis Making [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 35(8): 932-6. PMID: 25878195, PMCID: PMC4592371, PII: 0272989X15581800, DOI: 10.1177/0272989X15581800, ISSN: 1552-681X.

Umeukeje EM, Merighi JR, Browne T, Victoroff JN, Umanath K, Lewis JB, Ikizler TA, Wallston KA, Cavanaugh K. Self-Motivation Is Associated With Phosphorus Control in End-Stage Renal Disease. J Ren Nutr [print-electronic]. 2015 Sep; 25(5): 433-9. PMID: 25912398, PMCID: PMC4546917, PII: S1051-2276(15)00068-0, DOI: 10.1053/j.jrn.2015.03.001, ISSN: 1532-8503.

Cavanaugh KL, Osborn CY, Tentori F, Rothman RL, Ikizler TA, Wallston KA. Performance of a brief survey to assess health literacy in patients receiving hemodialysis. Clin Kidney J [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 8(4): 462-8. PMID: 26251719, PMCID: PMC4515892, PII: sfv037, DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfv037, ISSN: 2048-8505.

Dageforde LA, Box A, Feurer ID, Cavanaugh KL. Understanding Patient Barriers to Kidney Transplant Evaluation. Transplantation. 2015 Jul; 99(7): 1463-9. PMID: 25606794, PMCID: PMC4495014, DOI: 10.1097/TP.0000000000000543, ISSN: 1534-6080.

Tuot DS, Cavanaugh KL. Evaluating the Merits of CKD Patient Educational Materials: Readability Is Necessary But Not Sufficient [editorial]. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2015 Jun; 65(6): 814-6. PMID: 26003608, PII: S0272-6386(15)00527-2, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2015.03.005, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Wright Nunes JA, Osborn CY, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Health numeracy: perspectives about using numbers in health management from African American patients receiving dialysis. Hemodial Int [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr; 19(2): 287-95. PMID: 25358522, PMCID: PMC4489845, DOI: 10.1111/hdi.12239, ISSN: 1542-4758.

Wright Nunes JA, Anderson CA, Greene JH, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Results of a novel screening tool measuring dietary sodium knowledge in patients with chronic kidney disease. BMC Nephrol. 2015 Mar 3/31/2015; 16: 42. PMID: 25880876, PMCID: PMC4387682, PII: 10.1186/s12882-015-0027-3, DOI: 10.1186/s12882-015-0027-3, ISSN: 1471-2369.

Greer RC, Ameling JM, Cavanaugh KL, Jaar BG, Grubbs V, Andrews CE, Ephraim P, Powe NR, Lewis J, Umeukeje E, Gimenez L, James S, Boulware LE. Specialist and primary care physicians' views on barriers to adequate preparation of patients for renal replacement therapy: a qualitative study. BMC Nephrol. 2015 Mar 3/28/2015; 16: 37. PMID: 25885460, PMCID: PMC4387659, PII: 10.1186/s12882-015-0020-x, DOI: 10.1186/s12882-015-0020-x, ISSN: 1471-2369.

Cavanaugh KL. Prioritizing patient-centered care implementation and research for patients with kidney disease. Semin Dial [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar; 28(2): 131-40. PMID: 25470535, DOI: 10.1111/sdi.12326, ISSN: 1525-139X.

Green JA, Cavanaugh KL. Understanding the influence of educational attainment on kidney health and opportunities for improved care. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2015 Jan; 22(1): 24-30. PMID: 25573509, PII: S1548-5595(14)00110-4, DOI: 10.1053/j.ackd.2014.07.004, ISSN: 1548-5609.

Dageforde LA, Cavanaugh KL, Moore DE, Harms K, Wright A, Pinson CW, Feurer ID. Validation of the Written Administration of the Short Literacy Survey. J Health Commun [print-electronic]. 2015; 20(7): 835-42. PMID: 26073801, PMCID: PMC4698961, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2015.1018572, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Akwo EA, Cavanaugh KL, Ikizler TA, Blot WJ, Lipworth L. Increased body mass index may be associated with greater risk of end-stage renal disease in whites compared to blacks: A nested case-control study. BMC Nutr [print-electronic]. 2015; 1: PMID: 27239330, PMCID: PMC4880028, DOI: 10.1186/s40795-015-0022-x.

Wright Nunes JA, Anderson CM, Greene JH, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Translating sodium reduction advice into daily behaviors: Opportunities to Improve Care in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. BMC Nephrology. 2015; 16:42: PMC4387682.

Akwo EA, Cavanaugh KL, Ikizler TA, Blot WJ, Lipworth L. The association between body mass index and incident ESRD in Blacks and Whites: The Southern Community Cohort Study. BMC Nutrition. 2015; 1:24: DOI: 10.1186/s40795-015-0022-x PMC4880028.

Dageforde LA, Petersen AW, Feurer ID, Cavanaugh KL, Harms KA, Ehrenfeld JM, Moore DE. Health literacy of living kidney donors and kidney transplant recipients. Transplantation. 2014 Jul 7/15/2014; 98(1): 88-93. PMID: 24573114, PMCID: PMC4422102, DOI: 10.1097/TP.0000000000000027, ISSN: 1534-6080.

Kurella Tamura M, Li S, Chen SC, Cavanaugh KL, Whaley-Connell AT, McCullough PA, Mehrotra RL. Educational programs improve the preparation for dialysis and survival of patients with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int [print-electronic]. 2014 Mar; 85(3): 686-92. PMID: 24067435, PII: ki2013369, DOI: 10.1038/ki.2013.369, ISSN: 1523-1755.

Tamura MK, Li S, Chen S, Cavanaugh KL, Whaley-Connell AT, McCullough PA, Mehrotra RL. End-stage renal disease preparation and survival among participants in a kidney disease screening and education program versus matched controls. Kidney Int. 2014 Mar; 85(3): 686-92. PMID24067435 *not PMC eligible ** Editorial: Huang X, Carrero JJ. Better prevention than cure: optimal patient preparation for renal replacement therapy.

Perrone R, Blank M, Burke L, Coons S, Cavanaugh K, Finkelstein F, Meyer K, Ware J. Patient-reported outcomes in clinical trials of chronic kidney disease-related therapies: Report of symposium sponsored by the National Kidney Foundation and US Food and Drug Administration. Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Dec; 62(6): 1046-57. PMID: 23988757 *not PMC eligible.

Estrella MM, Jaar BG, Cavanaugh KL, Fox CH, Perazella MA, Soman SS, Howell E, Rocco MV, Choi MJ, . Perceptions and use of the national kidney foundation KDOQI guidelines: a survey of U.S. renal healthcare providers. BMC Nephrol. 2013 Oct 10/24/2013; 14: 230. PMID: 24152744, PMCID: PMC4016578, PII: 1471-2369-14-230, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2369-14-230, ISSN: 1471-2369.

Bunik M, Cavanaugh KL, Herrick D, Mehner L, Venugopalakrishnan J, Crane LA, Puma J. The ONE step initiative: quality improvement in a pediatric clinic for secondhand smoke reduction. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2013 Aug; 132(2): e502-11. PMID: 23858424, PII: peds.2011-1271, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-1271, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Dageforde LA, Cavanaugh KL. Health literacy: emerging evidence and applications in kidney disease care. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2013 Jul; 20(4): 311-9. PMID: 23809283, PMCID: PMC3767572, PII: S1548-5595(13)00063-3, DOI: 10.1053/j.ackd.2013.04.005, ISSN: 1548-5609.

Wright Nunes J, Greene JH, Wallston K, Eden S, Shintani A, Elasy T, Rothman RL, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Pilot study of a physician-delivered education tool to increase patient knowledge about CKD. Am. J. Kidney Dis [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 62(1): 23-32. PMID: 23540261, PMCID: PMC3686835, PII: S0272-6386(13)00478-2, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2013.01.023, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Osborn CY, Wallston KA, Shpigel A, Cavanaugh K, Kripalani S, Rothman RL. Development and validation of the General Health Numeracy Test (GHNT). Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2013 Jun; 91(3): 350-6. PMID: 23433635, PMCID: PMC3644342, PII: S0738-3991(13)00006-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2013.01.001, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Cavanaugh KL, Ikizler TA. Acknowledging kidney disease: is ignorance salubrious? [editorial]. Am. J. Kidney Dis [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr; 61(4): 536-9. PMID: 23312722, PII: S0272-6386(12)01514-4, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.12.005, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Bowen ME, Cavanaugh KL, Wolff K, Davis D, Gregory B, Rothman RL. Numeracy and dietary intake in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educ [print-electronic]. 2013 Mar; 39(2): 240-7. PMID: 23399688, PMCID: PMC4127807, PII: 0145721713475841, DOI: 10.1177/0145721713475841, ISSN: 1554-6063.

Cavanaugh KL. Getting more people TALKing about kidney transplantation [editorial]. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2013 Mar; 61(3): 368-70. PMID: 23414730, PII: S0272-6386(13)00020-6, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2013.01.003, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Mulvaney SA, Lilley JS, Cavanaugh KL, Pittel EJ, Rothman RL. Validation of the diabetes numeracy test with adolescents with type 1 diabetes. J Health Commun [print-electronic]. 2013; 18(7): 795-804. PMID: 23577642, PMCID: PMC3817720, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2012.757394, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Maripuri S, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Prevalence of pre-end-stage renal disease care and associated outcomes among urban, micropolitan, and rural dialysis patients. Am. J. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2013; 37(3): 274-80. PMID: 23548738, PMCID: PMC3787839, PII: 000348377, DOI: 10.1159/000348377, ISSN: 1421-9670.

Maripuri S, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Achievement of pre-ESRD care and associated outcomes among urban, micropolitan, and rural dialysis patients. Am J Nephrol. 2013; 37(3): 274-80. RMC3787839.

Wright-Nunes JA, Luther JM, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Patient knowledge of blood pressure target is associated with improved blood pressure control in chronic kidney disease. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2012 Aug; 88(2): 184-8. PMID: 22459637, PMCID: PMC3404190, PII: S0738-3991(12)00088-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2012.02.015, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Maripuri S, Arbogast P, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Rural and micropolitan residence and mortality in patients on dialysis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2012 Jul; 7(7): 1121-9. PMID: 22516293, PMCID: PMC3386672, PII: CJN.10831011, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.10831011, ISSN: 1555-905X.

Shah A, Fried LF, Chen SC, Qiu Y, Li S, Cavanaugh KL, Norris KC, Whaley-Connell AT, McCullough PA, Mehrotra R, . Associations between access to care and awareness of CKD. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2012 Mar; 59(3 Suppl 2): S16-23. PMID: 22339898, PMCID: PMC3644220, PII: S0272-6386(11)01648-9, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2011.10.042, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Green JK, Rothman RL, Cavanaugh KL. Patient-provider communication in patients with diabetes and depressive symptoms. Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract [print-electronic]. 2012 Jan; 95(1): e10-3. PMID: 21995868, PMCID: PMC3246039, PII: S0168-8227(11)00526-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2011.09.024, ISSN: 1872-8227.

Lipworth L, Mumma MT, Cavanaugh KL, Edwards TL, Ikizler TA, Tarone RE, McLaughlin JK, Blot WJ. Incidence and predictors of end stage renal disease among low-income blacks and whites. PLoS ONE [print-electronic]. 2012; 7(10): e48407. PMID: 23110237, PMCID: PMC3480508, PII: PONE-D-12-23038, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048407, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Wright Nunes JA, Wallston KA, Eden SK, Shintani AK, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Associations among perceived and objective disease knowledge and satisfaction with physician communication in patients with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int [print-electronic]. 2011 Dec; 80(12): 1344-51. PMID: 21832984, PMCID: PMC3712792, PII: ki2011240, DOI: 10.1038/ki.2011.240, ISSN: 1523-1755.

Wright JA, Wallston KA, Elasy TA, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Development and results of a kidney disease knowledge survey given to patients with CKD. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 2011 Mar; 57(3): 387-95. PMID: 21168943, PMCID: PMC3053083, PII: S0272-6386(10)01440-X, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2010.09.018, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Cavanaugh KL. Health literacy in diabetes care: explanation, evidence and equipment. Diabetes Manag (Lond). 2011 Mar; 1(2): 191-9. PMID: 21860659, PMCID: PMC3158575, DOI: 10.2217/dmt.11.5, ISSN: 1758-1907.

Wright JA, Wallston KA, Elasy TA, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Development and Results of a Kidney Disease Knowledge Survey Given to Patients with CKD. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 Mar; 57(3): 387-95. PMCID: PMC3053083.

Maripuri S, Penson DF, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Outpatient versus inpatient observation after percutaneous native kidney biopsy: a cost minimization study. Am. J. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2011; 34(1): 64-70. PMID: 21677428, PMCID: PMC3123742, PII: 000328901, DOI: 10.1159/000328901, ISSN: 1421-9670.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, Kripalani S, Elasy TA, Rothman RL, White RO. Health literacy explains racial disparities in diabetes medication adherence. J Health Commun. 2011; 16 Suppl 3: 268-78. PMID: 21951257, PMCID: PMC3561717, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2011.604388, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Cavanaugh KL, Wingard RL, Hakim RM, Eden S, Shintani A, Wallston KA, Huizinga MM, Elasy TA, Rothman RL, Ikizler TA. Low health literacy associates with increased mortality in ESRD. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2010 Nov; 21(11): 1979-85. PMID: 20671215, PMCID: PMC3014012, PII: ASN.2009111163, DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2009111163, ISSN: 1533-3450.

White RO, Wolff K, Cavanaugh KL, Rothman R. Addressing Health Literacy and Numeracy to Improve Diabetes Education and Care. Diabetes Spectr. 2010 Oct 10/2/2010; 23(4): 238-43. PMID: 21297890, PMCID: PMC3032499, DOI: 10.2337/diaspect.23.4.238, ISSN: 1040-9165.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Kripalani S. Strategies to Address low Health Literacy and Numeracy in Diabetes. Clinical Diabetes. 2010 Oct 10/2/2010; 28: 171-5.

Smith K, Coston M, Glock K, Elasy TA, Wallston KA, Ikizler TA, Cavanaugh KL. Patient perspectives on fluid management in chronic hemodialysis. J Ren Nutr [print-electronic]. 2010 Sep; 20(5): 334-41. PMID: 19913443, PMCID: PMC2888683, PII: S1051-2276(09)00241-6, DOI: 10.1053/j.jrn.2009.09.001, ISSN: 1532-8503.

Giullian JA, Cavanaugh K, Schaefer H. Lower risk of urinary tract infection with low-dose trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole compared to dapsone prophylaxis in older renal transplant patients on a rapid steroid-withdrawal immunosuppression regimen. Clin Transplant. 2010 Sep; 24(5): 636-42. PMID: 19925478, PMCID: PMC4489856, PII: CTR1129, DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2009.01129.x, ISSN: 1399-0012.

Wright JA, Cavanaugh KL. Dietary sodium in chronic kidney disease: a comprehensive approach. Semin Dial [print-electronic]. 2010 Jul; 23(4): 415-21. PMID: 20557489, PMCID: PMC2921029, PII: SDI752, DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2010.00752.x, ISSN: 1525-139X.

Choma DP, Cavanaugh KL, Dwyer JP. Is it always wrong to perform futile CPR? [letter]. N. Engl. J. Med. 2010 May 5/27/2010; 362(21): 2036; author reply 2036-7. PMID: 20518111, ISSN: 1533-4406.

Cavanaugh KL, Lanzkron S. Time to recognize an overlooked trait [editorial]. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2010 Mar; 21(3): 385-6. PMID: 20133485, PMCID: PMC4473247, PII: ASN.2010010070, DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2010010070, ISSN: 1533-3450.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, Rothman RL. Self-efficacy links health literacy and numeracy to glycemic control. J Health Commun. 2010; 15 Suppl 2: 146-58. PMID: 20845200, PMCID: PMC3082364, PII: 926961293, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2010.499980, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Hung AM, Crawford DC, Griffin MR, Brown-Gentry K, Lipkowitz MS, Siew ED, Cavanaugh K, Lewis JB, Ikizler TA, . CRP polymorphisms and progression of chronic kidney disease in African Americans. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2010 Jan; 5(1): 24-33. PMID: 19965533, PMCID: PMC2801650, PII: CJN.01900309, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.01900309, ISSN: 1555-905X.

Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Huizinga MM, Davis D, Gregory RP, Malone R, Pignone M, DeWalt D, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Addressing literacy and numeracy to improve diabetes care: two randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2009 Dec; 32(12): 2149-55. PMID: 19741187, PMCID: PMC2782967, PII: dc09-0563, DOI: 10.2337/dc09-0563, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Sundell MB, Cavanaugh KL, Wu P, Shintani A, Hakim RM, Ikizler TA. Oral protein supplementation alone improves anabolism in a dose-dependent manner in chronic hemodialysis patients. J Ren Nutr [print-electronic]. 2009 Sep; 19(5): 412-21. PMID: 19500999, PMCID: PMC2758490, PII: S1051-2276(09)00041-7, DOI: 10.1053/j.jrn.2009.01.019, ISSN: 1532-8503.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, White RO, Rothman RL. Diabetes numeracy: an overlooked factor in understanding racial disparities in glycemic control. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2009 Sep; 32(9): 1614-9. PMID: 19401443, PMCID: PMC2732142, PII: dc09-0425, DOI: 10.2337/dc09-0425, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Cavanaugh KL, Wingard RL, Hakim RM, Elasy TA, Ikizler TA. Patient dialysis knowledge is associated with permanent arteriovenous access use in chronic hemodialysis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2009 May; 4(5): 950-6. PMID: 19389825, PMCID: PMC2676183, PII: CJN.04580908, DOI: 10.2215/CJN.04580908, ISSN: 1555-905X.

Huizinga MM, Carlisle AJ, Cavanaugh KL, Davis DL, Gregory RP, Schlundt DG, Rothman RL. Literacy, numeracy, and portion-size estimation skills. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Apr; 36(4): 324-8. PMID: 19285197, PMCID: PMC2692952, PII: S0749-3797(08)01012-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.11.012, ISSN: 1873-2607.

Wolff K, Cavanaugh K, Malone R, Hawk V, Gregory BP, Davis D, Wallston K, Rothman RL. The Diabetes Literacy and Numeracy Education Toolkit (DLNET): materials to facilitate diabetes education and management in patients with low literacy and numeracy skills. Diabetes Educ [print-electronic]. 2009 Mar; 35(2): 233-6, 238. PMID: 19240246, PMCID: PMC4547782, PII: 0145721709331945, DOI: 10.1177/0145721709331945, ISSN: 0145-7217.

Huizinga MM, Beech BM, Cavanaugh KL, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Low numeracy skills are associated with higher BMI. Obesity (Silver Spring) [print-electronic]. 2008 Aug; 16(8): 1966-8. PMID: 18535541, PMCID: PMC2694664, PII: oby2008294, DOI: 10.1038/oby.2008.294, ISSN: 1930-7381.

Cavanaugh KL, Merkin SS, Plantinga LC, Fink NE, Sadler JH, Powe NR. Accuracy of patients' reports of comorbid disease and their association with mortality in ESRD. Am. J. Kidney Dis [print-electronic]. 2008 Jul; 52(1): 118-27. PMID: 18589216, PMCID: PMC2587104, PII: S0272-6386(08)00162-5, DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2008.02.001, ISSN: 1523-6838.

Cavanaugh K, Huizinga MM, Wallston KA, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Davis D, Gregory RP, Fuchs L, Malone R, Cherrington A, Pignone M, DeWalt DA, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Association of numeracy and diabetes control. Ann. Intern. Med. 2008 May 5/20/2008; 148(10): 737-46. PMID: 18490687, PII: 148/10/737, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Boman BM, Fields JZ, Cavanaugh KL, Guetter A, Runquist OA. How dysregulated colonic crypt dynamics cause stem cell overpopulation and initiate colon cancer. Cancer Res. 2008 May 5/1/2008; 68(9): 3304-13. PMID: 18451157, PII: 68/9/3304, DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-07-2061, ISSN: 1538-7445.

Huizinga MM, Elasy TA, Wallston KA, Cavanaugh K, Davis D, Gregory RP, Fuchs LS, Malone R, Cherrington A, Dewalt DA, Buse J, Pignone M, Rothman RL. Development and validation of the Diabetes Numeracy Test (DNT). BMC Health Serv Res. 2008; 8: 96. PMID: 18452617, PMCID: PMC2390531, PII: 1472-6963-8-96, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-8-96, ISSN: 1472-6963.

Cavanaugh K, Rothman RL. Does Lower Diabetes Numeracy Lead to Increased Risk of Hypoglycemic events? [Letter-Response]. Ann Intern. 2008; 149(8): 594.

Merkin SS, Cavanaugh K, Longenecker JC, Fink NE, Levey AS, Powe NR. Agreement of self-reported comorbid conditions with medical and physician reports varied by disease among end-stage renal disease patients. J Clin Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2007 Jun; 60(6): 634-42. PMID: 17493523, PMCID: PMC1991281, PII: S0895-4356(06)00356-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2006.09.003, ISSN: 0895-4356.

Cavanaugh K, White RO, Rothman RL. Exploring diabetes management programs for Diabetes Mellitus. Disease Management & Health Outcomes. 2007; 15(2): 73-81.

Cavanaugh K. Management issues of diabetes for patients with chronic kidney disease. Clinical Diabetes. 2007; 25(3): 90-7.

Goldberg J, Losman J-A, Cavanaugh K. A bleeding heart. Am J Med. 2006 Dec; 119(12): 1029-32.

Scialla TJ, Cavanaugh KL. The rare needle in a diagnostic haystack. Am. J. Med. 2005 Jul; 118(7): 720-2. PMID: 15989904, PII: S0002-9343(05)00391-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.05.014, ISSN: 0002-9343.

Losman J-A, Cavanaugh K. Cases from the Osler Medical service at John Hopkins University (Sporotricosis). Am J Med. 2004 Sep; 1:117(5): 353-6.

Schopick E, Cavanaugh K, et al. Cases from the Osler Medical service at John Hopkins University. (Erythema Multiforme). Am J Med. 2004 Mar; 1:116(5): 349-51.

Cavanaugh K, Rabb H. T-Cells and Signaling Pathways in Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury. Curr Opin Organ Transplant. 2004; 9: 132-8.