John A. Morris, Jr., M.D.


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Faculty Appointments
Professor of Surgery Professor of Surgery at Meharry Medical CollegeProfessor of Biomedical Informatics
M.D., University of Kentucky, Lexington, KentuckyB.A., Trinity College , Hartford, Connecticut
Office Address
3401 West End Avenue
suite 290
Nashville, TN 37203
Research Description
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Research Keywords
Research extends from prevention to rehabilitation.
Miller RS, Morris JA, Diaz JJ, Herring MB, May AK. Complications after 344 damage-control open celiotomies. J Trauma. 2005 Dec; 59(6): 1365-71; discussion 1371. PMID: 16394910, PII: 00005373-200512000-00013, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Diaz JJ, Mejia V, Subhawong AP, Subhawong T, Miller RS, O'Neill PJ, Morris JA. Protocol for bedside laparotomy in trauma and emergency general surgery: a low return to the operating room. Am Surg. 2005 Nov; 71(11): 986-91. PMID: 16372620, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Aulino JM, Tutt LK, Kaye JJ, Smith PW, Morris JA. Occipital condyle fractures: clinical presentation and imaging findings in 76 patients. Emerg Radiol [print-electronic]. 2005 Nov; 11(6): 342-7. PMID: 16344975, DOI: 10.1007/s10140-005-0425-0, ISSN: 1070-3004.

Norris PR, Morris JA, Ozdas A, Grogan EL, Williams AE. Heart rate variability predicts trauma patient outcome as early as 12 h: implications for military and civilian triage. J. Surg. Res [print-electronic]. 2005 Nov; 129(1): 122-8. PMID: 15978622, PII: S0022-4804(05)00223-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2005.04.024, ISSN: 0022-4804.

Diaz JJ, Aulino JM, Collier B, Roman C, May AK, Miller RS, Guillamondegui O, Morris JA. The early work-up for isolated ligamentous injury of the cervical spine: does computed tomography scan have a role?. J Trauma. 2005 Oct; 59(4): 897-903; discussion 903. PMID: 16374279, PII: 00005373-200510000-00014, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Austin MT, Diaz JJ, Feurer ID, Miller RS, May AK, Guillamondegui OD, Pinson CW, Morris JA. Creating an emergency general surgery service enhances the productivity of trauma surgeons, general surgeons and the hospital. J Trauma. 2005 May; 58(5): 906-10. PMID: 15920401, PII: 00005373-200505000-00005, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Grogan EL, Morris JA, Dittus RS, Moore DE, Poulose BK, Diaz JJ, Speroff T. Cervical spine evaluation in urban trauma centers: lowering institutional costs and complications through helical CT scan. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 2005 Feb; 200(2): 160-5. PMID: 15664088, PII: S1072-7515(04)01357-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2004.10.019, ISSN: 1072-7515.

Grogan EL, Norris PR, Speroff T, Ozdas A, France DJ, Harris PA, Jenkins JM, Stiles R, Dittus RS, Morris JA. Volatility: a new vital sign identified using a novel bedside monitoring strategy. J Trauma. 2005 Jan; 58(1): 7-12; discussion 12. PMID: 15674143, PII: 00005373-200501000-00002, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Morris JA, Norris PR. Role of reduced heart rate volatility in predicting death in trauma patients. Adv Surg. 2005; 39: 77-96. PMID: 16250547, ISSN: 0065-3411.

Grogan EL, Stiles RA, France DJ, Speroff T, Morris JA, Nixon B, Gaffney FA, Seddon R, Pinson CW. The impact of aviation-based teamwork training on the attitudes of health-care professionals. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 2004 Dec; 199(6): 843-8. PMID: 15555963, PII: S1072-7515(04)01175-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2004.08.021, ISSN: 1072-7515.

Grogan EL, Morris JA, Norris PR, France DJ, Ozdas A, Stiles RA, Harris PA, Dawant BM, Speroff T. Reduced heart rate volatility: an early predictor of death in trauma patients. Ann. Surg. 2004 Sep; 240(3): 547-54; discussion 554. PMID: 15319726, PMCID: PMC1356445, PII: 00000658-200409000-00016, ISSN: 0003-4932.

Diaz JJ, Gray BW, Dobson JM, Grogan EL, May AK, Miller R, Guy J, O'Neill P, Morris JA. Repair of giant abdominal hernias: does the type of prosthesis matter?. Am Surg. 2004 May; 70(5): 396-401; discussion 401. PMID: 15156946, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Diaz JJ, Mauer A, May AK, Miller R, Guy JS, Morris JA. Bedside laparotomy for trauma: are there risks?. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2004; 5(1): 15-20. PMID: 15142419, DOI: 10.1089/109629604773860264, ISSN: 1096-2964.

Guy JS, Miller R, Morris JA, Diaz J, May A. Early one-stage closure in patients with abdominal compartment syndrome: fascial replacement with human acellular dermis and bipedicle flaps. Am Surg. 2003 Dec; 69(12): 1025-8; discussion 1028. PMID: 14700285, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Diaz JJ, Gillman C, Morris JA, May AK, Carrillo YM, Guy J. Are five-view plain films of the cervical spine unreliable? A prospective evaluation in blunt trauma patients with altered mental status. J Trauma. 2003 Oct; 55(4): 658-63; discussion 663. PMID: 14566119, DOI: 10.1097/01.TA.0000088120.99247.4A, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Morris JA, Carrillo Y, Jenkins JM, Smith PW, Bledsoe S, Pichert J, White A. Surgical adverse events, risk management, and malpractice outcome: morbidity and mortality review is not enough. Ann. Surg. 2003 Jun; 237(6): 844-51; discussion 851. PMID: 12796581, PMCID: PMC1514679, DOI: 10.1097/01.SLA.0000072267.19263.26, ISSN: 0003-4932.

Cullinane DC, Morris JA, Bass JG, Rutherford EJ. Needle thoracostomy may not be indicated in the trauma patient. Injury. 2001 Dec; 32(10): 749-52. PMID: 11754880, PII: S0020-1383(01)00082-1, ISSN: 0020-1383.

Schenarts PJ, Diaz J, Kaiser C, Carrillo Y, Eddy V, Morris JA. Prospective comparison of admission computed tomographic scan and plain films of the upper cervical spine in trauma patients with altered mental status. J Trauma. 2001 Oct; 51(4): 663-8; discussion 668. PMID: 11586156, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Eddy VA, Morris JA, Cullinane DC. Hypothermia, coagulopathy, and acidosis. Surg. Clin. North Am. 2000 Jun; 80(3): 845-54. PMID: 10897264, PII: S0039-6109(05)70099-2, ISSN: 0039-6109.

Rose AT, Newman MI, Debelak J, Pinson CW, Morris JA, Harley DD, Chapman WC. The incidence of splenectomy is decreasing: lessons learned from trauma experience. Am Surg. 2000 May; 66(5): 481-6. PMID: 10824750, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Cullinane DC, Jenkins JM, Reddy S, VanNatta T, Eddy VA, Bass JG, Chen A, Schwartz M, Lavin P, Morris JA. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: a complication after systemic inflammatory response syndrome. J Trauma. 2000 Mar; 48(3): 381-6; discussion 386. PMID: 10744273, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Rutherford EJ, Fusco MA, Nunn CR, Bass JG, Eddy VA, Morris JA. Hypothermia in critically ill trauma patients. Injury. 1998 Oct; 29(8): 605-8. PMID: 10209592, PII: S0020138398001399, ISSN: 0020-1383.

Morris JA. The evolving role of a scientific society. J Trauma. 1998 Aug; 45(2): 205-7. PMID: 9715173, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Cullinane DC, Nunn CR, Bass JG, Morris JA. Assault rifles in Tennessee: a review of firearm-related injuries. Tenn Med. 1998 Aug; 91(8): 319-21. PMID: 9697405, ISSN: 1088-6222.

Van Natta TL, Morris JA, Eddy VA, Nunn CR, Rutherford EJ, Neuzil D, Jenkins JM, Bass JG. Elective bedside surgery in critically injured patients is safe and cost-effective. Ann. Surg. 1998 May; 227(5): 618-24; discussion 624. PMID: 9605653, PMCID: PMC1191333, ISSN: 0003-4932.

Rosenbower TJ, Morris JA, Eddy VA, Ries WR. The long-term complications of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. Am Surg. 1998 Jan; 64(1): 82-6; discussion 86. PMID: 9457043, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Nunn CR, Neuzil D, Naslund T, Bass JG, Jenkins JM, Pierce R, Morris JA. Cost-effective method for bedside insertion of vena caval filters in trauma patients. J Trauma. 1997 Nov; 43(5): 752-8. PMID: 9390485, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Eddy V, Nunn C, Morris JA. Abdominal compartment syndrome. The Nashville experience. Surg. Clin. North Am. 1997 Aug; 77(4): 801-12. PMID: 9291982, PII: S0039-6109(05)70585-5, ISSN: 0039-6109.

Nunn CR, Bass JG, Nastanski F, Morris JA. Traumatic asphyxia syndrome. Tenn Med. 1997 Apr; 90(4): 144-6. PMID: 9088153, ISSN: 1088-6222.

Morris JA, Eddy VA, Rutherford EJ. The trauma celiotomy: the evolving concepts of damage control. Curr Probl Surg. 1996 Aug; 33(8): 611-700. PMID: 8772713, ISSN: 0011-3840.

Morris JA, Rosenbower TJ, Jurkovich GJ, Hoyt DB, Harviel JD, Knudson MM, Miller RS, Burch JM, Meredith JW, Ross SE, Jenkins JM, Bass JG. Infant survival after cesarean section for trauma. Ann. Surg. 1996 May; 223(5): 481-8; discussion 488. PMID: 8651739, PMCID: PMC1235167, ISSN: 0003-4932.

Promes JT, Morris JA. Open pelvic fracture: delayed diagnosis. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1996 Jan; 89(1): 13-4. PMID: 8544445, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Eddy VA, Snell JE, Morris JA. Analysis of complications and long-term outcome of trauma patients with needle catheter jejunostomy. Am Surg. 1996 Jan; 62(1): 40-4. PMID: 8540644, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Hazinski MF, Eddy VA, Morris JA. Children's traffic safety program: influence of early elementary school safety education on family seat belt use. J Trauma. 1995 Dec; 39(6): 1063-8. PMID: 7500394, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Rutherford EJ, Livengood J, Higginbotham M, Miles WS, Koestner J, Edwards KM, Sharp KW, Morris JA. Efficacy and safety of pneumococcal revaccination after splenectomy for trauma. J Trauma. 1995 Sep; 39(3): 448-52. PMID: 7473907, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Eddy VA, Vitsky JL, Rutherford EJ, Morris JA. Aggressive use of ICP monitoring is safe and alters patient care. Am Surg. 1995 Jan; 61(1): 24-9. PMID: 7832377, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Chang MC, Cheatham ML, Nelson LD, Rutherford EJ, Morris JA. Gastric tonometry supplements information provided by systemic indicators of oxygen transport. J Trauma. 1994 Sep; 37(3): 488-94. PMID: 8083914, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Chang SS, Chang MC, Morris JA. Trauma in pregnancy--the maternal-fetal relationship. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1994 Jul; 87(7): 291-2. PMID: 8065134, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Rutherford EJ, Morris JA, van Aalst J, Hall KS, Reed GW, Koestner JA. The white blood cell response to splenectomy and bacteraemia. Injury. 1994 Jul; 25(5): 289-92. PMID: 8034344, ISSN: 0020-1383.

Hazinski MF, Chahine AA, Holcomb GW, Morris JA. Outcome of cardiovascular collapse in pediatric blunt trauma. Ann Emerg Med. 1994 Jun; 23(6): 1229-35. PMID: 8198295, PII: S0196064494001149, ISSN: 0196-0644.

Morris JA, Wilcox TR, Reed GW, Hunter EB, Wallas CH, Steane EA, Shotts SD, Vitsky JL. Safety of the blood supply. Surrogate testing and transmission of hepatitis C in patients after massive transfusion. Ann. Surg. 1994 May; 219(5): 517-25; discussion 525. PMID: 7514394, PMCID: PMC1243182, ISSN: 0003-4932.

Knudson MM, Lieberman J, Morris JA, Cushing BM, Stubbs HA. Mortality factors in geriatric blunt trauma patients. Arch Surg. 1994 Apr; 129(4): 448-53. PMID: 8154972, ISSN: 0004-0010.

Hoff SJ, Reilly MK, Merrill WH, Stewart J, Frist WH, Morris JA. Analysis of blunt and penetrating injury of the innominate and subclavian arteries. Am Surg. 1994 Feb; 60(2): 151-4. PMID: 8304648, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Hoff SJ, Shotts SD, Eddy VA, Morris JA. Outcome of isolated pulmonary contusion in blunt trauma patients. Am Surg. 1994 Feb; 60(2): 138-42. PMID: 8304646, ISSN: 0003-1348.

Eddy VA, Key SP, Morris JA. Abdominal compartment syndrome: etiology, detection, and management. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1994 Feb; 87(2): 55-7. PMID: 8176913, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Morris JA, Eddy VA, Blinman TA, Rutherford EJ, Sharp KW. The staged celiotomy for trauma. Issues in unpacking and reconstruction. Ann. Surg. 1993 May; 217(5): 576-84; discussion 584. PMID: 8489321, PMCID: PMC1242849, ISSN: 0003-4932.

Chang MC, Rutherford EJ, Morris JA. Base deficit as a guide to injury severity and volume resuscitation. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1993 Feb; 86(2): 59-61. PMID: 8426457, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Rutherford EJ, Morris JA, Reed GW, Hall KS. Base deficit stratifies mortality and determines therapy. J Trauma. 1992 Sep; 33(3): 417-23. PMID: 1404512, ISSN: 0022-5282.

van Aalst JA, Shotts SD, Vitsky JL, Bass SM, Miller RS, Meador KG, Morris JA. Long-term follow-up of unsuccessful violent suicide attempts: risk factors for subsequent attempts. J Trauma. 1992 Sep; 33(3): 457-64. PMID: 1328663, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Miller RS, Nelson LD, Rutherford EJ, Morris JA. Synchronized independent lung ventilation in the management of a unilateral pulmonary contusion with massive hemoptysis. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1992 Aug; 85(8): 374-5. PMID: 1507884, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Miller RS, Nelson LD, DiRusso SM, Rutherford EJ, Safcsak K, Morris JA. High-level positive end-expiratory pressure management in trauma-associated adult respiratory distress syndrome. J Trauma. 1992 Aug; 33(2): 284-90; discussion 290. PMID: 1507295, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Wilcox TR, Morris JA, Green NE. Pediatric ankle fractures. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1992 May; 85(5): 217-9. PMID: 1583892, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Morris JA, Wilcox TR, Frist WH. Pediatric organ donation: the paradox of organ shortage despite the remarkable willingness of families to donate. Pediatrics. 1992 Mar; 89(3): 411-5. PMID: 1741213, ISSN: 0031-4005.

Morris JA, Mucha P, Ross SE, Moore BF, Hoyt DB, Gentilello L, Landercasper J, Feliciano DV, Shackford SR. Acute posttraumatic renal failure: a multicenter perspective. J Trauma. 1991 Dec; 31(12): 1584-90. PMID: 1749026, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Van Aalst JA, Neblett W, Morris JA. Abdominal gunshot injuries in children. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1991 Nov; 84(11): 544-7. PMID: 1787726, ISSN: 0040-3318.

van Aalst JA, Morris JA, Yates HK, Miller RS, Bass SM. Severely injured geriatric patients return to independent living: a study of factors influencing function and independence. J Trauma. 1991 Aug; 31(8): 1096-101; discussion 1101. PMID: 1875435, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Morris JA, Sanchez AA, Bass SM, MacKenzie EJ. Trauma patients return to productivity. J Trauma. 1991 Jun; 31(6): 827-33; discussion 833. PMID: 2056547, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Miller RS, Morris JA. Retroperitoneal hematoma. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1991 May; 84(5): 227-9. PMID: 2067375, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Wudel JH, Morris JA, Yates K, Wilson A, Bass SM. Massive transfusion: outcome in blunt trauma patients. J Trauma. 1991 Jan; 31(1): 1-7. PMID: 1986111, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Gibler WB, Kereiakes DJ, Dean EN, Martin L, Anderson L, Abbottsmith CW, Blanton J, Blanton D, Morris JA, Gibler CD. Prehospital diagnosis and treatment of acute myocardial infarction: a north-south perspective. The Cincinnati Heart Project and the Nashville Prehospital TPA Trial. Am. Heart J. 1991 Jan; 121(1 Pt 1): 1-11. PMID: 1898678, ISSN: 0002-8703.

Morris JA, MacKenzie EJ, Damiano AM, Bass SM. Mortality in trauma patients: the interaction between host factors and severity. J Trauma. 1990 Dec; 30(12): 1476-82. PMID: 2258958, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Van Aalst JA, Morris JA. Large diameter impalement. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1990 Nov; 83(11): 557-8. PMID: 2280588, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Koestner JA, Nelson LD, Morris JA, Safcsak K. Use of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) in a Jehovah's Witness refusing transfusion of blood products: case report. J Trauma. 1990 Nov; 30(11): 1406-8. PMID: 2231810, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Hicks BA, Morris JA, Bass SM, Holcomb GW, Neblett WW. Alcohol and the adolescent trauma population. J. Pediatr. Surg. 1990 Sep; 25(9): 944-8; discussion 948. PMID: 2213445, PII: 0022-3468(90)90235-2, ISSN: 0022-3468.

Hourani H, Lacy DB, Nammour TM, Abumrad NN, Morris JA. Differential effects of alpha and beta adrenergic blockade on glucose and lactate metabolism during acute stress. J Trauma. 1990 Sep; 30(9): 1116-23; discussion 1123. PMID: 2170667, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Hourani H, Williams P, Morris JA, May ME, Abumrad NN. Effect of insulin-induced hypoglycemia on protein metabolism in vivo. Am. J. Physiol. 1990 Sep; 259(3 Pt 1): E342-50. PMID: 2119145, ISSN: 0002-9513.

Morris JA, Wilcox TR, Noreuil T, Frist WH. Organ donation: a university hospital experience. South. Med. J. 1990 Aug; 83(8): 884-8. PMID: 2382151, ISSN: 0038-4348.

Sanchez AA, McIlwain MR, Morris JA. High level positive end expiratory pressure in a trauma patient with adult respiratory distress syndrome. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1990 Jul; 83(7): 349-51. PMID: 2197507, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Lee RB, Bass SM, Morris JA, MacKenzie EJ. Three or more rib fractures as an indicator for transfer to a Level I trauma center: a population-based study. J Trauma. 1990 Jun; 30(6): 689-94. PMID: 2352298, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Morris JA, MacKenzie EJ, Edelstein SL. The effect of preexisting conditions on mortality in trauma patients. JAMA. 1990 Apr 4/11/1990; 263(14): 1942-6. PMID: 2313871, ISSN: 0098-7484.

Lee RB, Wudel JH, Morris JA. Trauma in pregnancy. J Tenn Med Assoc. 1990 Feb; 83(2): 74-6. PMID: 2308312, ISSN: 0040-3318.

Lee RB, Morris JA, Parker RS. Presence of three or more rib fractures as an indicator of need for interhospital transfer. J Trauma. 1989 Jun; 29(6): 795-9; discussion 799. PMID: 2738977, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Morris JA, Slaton J, Gibbs D. Vascular organ procurement in the trauma population. J Trauma. 1989 Jun; 29(6): 782-7; discussion 787. PMID: 2661841, ISSN: 0022-5282.

Auerbach PS, Morris JA. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus infection following a dog bite. J Emerg Med. 1987 Sep; 5(5): 363-6. PMID: 3668199, ISSN: 0736-4679.