Russell L. Rothman, M.D.


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Faculty Appointments
Vice President for Population Health Research Professor of Medicine Professor of Health PolicyIngram Chair in Integrative and Population HealthProfessor of Pediatrics
M.D., Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North CarolinaM.P.P., Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, North CarolinaB.S., Zoology/Political Science, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
Office Address
6103 Medical Center East
Vanderbilt Center for Health Services Research
1215 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37232
Research Description
Health services research, Health Communication Research, Quality/Quality Improvement, in Children and Adults
Diabetes and Obesity Research
Research Keywords
Health behavior and health communication on chronic disease prevention and management, with a focus on obesity and diabetes
Clinical Research Keywords
adolescent diabetes health services research chronic disease management
Heerman WJ, Jackson N, Roumie CL, Harris PA, Rosenbloom ST, Pulley J, Wilkins CH, Williams NA, Crenshaw D, Leak C, Scherdin J, Muñoz D, Bachmann J, Rothman RL, Kripalani S. Recruitment methods for survey research: Findings from the Mid-South Clinical Data Research Network. Contemp Clin Trials [print-electronic]. 2017 Aug 8/17/2017; 62: 50-5. PMID: 28823925, PII: S1551-7144(17)30202-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2017.08.006, ISSN: 1559-2030.

Akohoue SA, Wallston KA, Schlundt DG, Rothman RL. Psychometric evaluation of the short version of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire to assess dietary behaviors and exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes. Eat Behav [print-electronic]. 2017 Aug; 26: 182-8. PMID: 28456108, PII: S1471-0153(16)30315-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.04.002, ISSN: 1873-7358.

McNaughton CD, Brown NJ, Rothman RL, Liu D, Kabagambe EK, Levy PD, Self WH, Storrow AB, Collins SP, Roumie CL. Systolic Blood Pressure and Biochemical Assessment of Adherence: A Cross-Sectional Analysis in the Emergency Department. Hypertension [print-electronic]. 2017 Aug; 70(2): 307-14. PMID: 28652467, PMCID: PMC5531074, PII: HYPERTENSIONAHA.117.09659, DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.117.09659, ISSN: 1524-4563.

Heerman WJ, Jackson N, Hargreaves M, Mulvaney SA, Schlundt D, Wallston KA, Rothman RL. Clusters of Healthy and Unhealthy Eating Behaviors Are Associated With Body Mass Index Among Adults. J Nutr Educ Behav [print-electronic]. 2017 May; 49(5): 415-421.e1. PMID: 28363804, PII: S1499-4046(17)30067-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jneb.2017.02.001, ISSN: 1878-2620.

Flower KB, Skinner AC, Yin HS, Rothman RL, Sanders LM, Delamater A, Perrin EM. Satisfaction With Communication in Primary Care for Spanish-Speaking and English-Speaking Parents. Acad Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2017 May; 17(4): 416-23. PMID: 28104488, PMCID: PMC5524514, PII: S1876-2859(17)30007-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2017.01.005, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Fermann GJ, Levy PD, Pang P, Butler J, Ayaz SI, Char D, Dunn P, Jenkins CA, Kampe C, Khan Y, Kumar VA, Lindenfeld J, Liu D, Miller K, Peacock WF, Rizk S, Robichaux C, Rothman RL, Schrock J, Singer A, Sterling SA, Storrow AB, Walsh C, Wilburn J, Collins SP. Design and Rationale of a Randomized Trial of a Care Transition Strategy in Patients With Acute Heart Failure Discharged From the Emergency Department: GUIDED-HF (Get With the Guidelines in Emergency Department Patients With Heart Failure). Circ Heart Fail. 2017 Feb; 10(2): PMID: 28188268, PMCID: PMC5319725, PII: CIRCHEARTFAILURE.116.003581, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.116.003581, ISSN: 1941-3297.

Jones WS, Roe MT, Antman EM, Pletcher MJ, Harrington RA, Rothman RL, Oetgen WJ, Rao SV, Krucoff MW, Curtis LH, Hernandez AF, Masoudi FA. The Changing Landscape of Randomized Clinical Trials in Cardiovascular Disease. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2016 Oct 10/25/2016; 68(17): 1898-907. PMID: 27765193, PII: S0735-1097(16)35199-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2016.07.781, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Heerman WJ, Perrin EM, Sanders LM, Yin HS, Coyne-Beasley T, Bronaugh AB, Barkin SL, Rothman RL. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Injury Prevention Behaviors Among Caregivers of Infants. Am J Prev Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Oct; 51(4): 411-8. PMID: 27291075, PII: S0749-3797(16)30129-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.04.020, ISSN: 1873-2607.

Sohl SJ, Birdee GS, Ridner SH, Wheeler A, Gilbert S, Tarantola D, Berlin J, Rothman RL. Intervention Protocol for Investigating Yoga Implemented During Chemotherapy. Int J Yoga Therap [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug 8/15/2016; PMID: 28398841, DOI: 10.17761/IJYT2016_Methods_Sohl_E-pub, ISSN: 1531-2054.

Brown CL, Skinner AC, Yin HS, Rothman RL, Sanders LM, Delamater AM, Ravanbakht SN, Perrin EM. Parental Perceptions of Weight During the First Year of Life. Acad Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug; 16(6): 558-64. PMID: 27002214, PMCID: PMC4976024, PII: S1876-2859(16)30059-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2016.03.005, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Bowen ME, Cavanaugh KL, Wolff K, Davis D, Gregory RP, Shintani A, Eden S, Wallston K, Elasy T, Rothman RL. The diabetes nutrition education study randomized controlled trial: A comparative effectiveness study of approaches to nutrition in diabetes self-management education. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug; 99(8): 1368-76. PMID: 27026388, PMCID: PMC4931976, PII: S0738-3991(16)30139-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2016.03.017, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Wood CT, Skinner AC, Yin HS, Rothman RL, Sanders LM, Delamater AM, Perrin EM. Bottle Size and Weight Gain in Formula-Fed Infants. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2016 Jul; 138(1): PMID: 27273748, PMCID: PMC4925078, PII: peds.2015-4538, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-4538, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Heerman WJ, Wallston KA, Osborn CY, Bian A, Schlundt DG, Barto SD, Rothman RL. Food insecurity is associated with diabetes self-care behaviours and glycaemic control. Diabet. Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 33(6): 844-50. PMID: 26314941, PMCID: PMC4769979, DOI: 10.1111/dme.12896, ISSN: 1464-5491.

Wood CT, Perreira KM, Perrin EM, Yin HS, Rothman RL, Sanders LM, Delamater AM, Bentley ME, Bronaugh AB, Thompson AL. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Infant Feeding Styles Questionnaire in Latino families. Appetite [print-electronic]. 2016 May 5/1/2016; 100: 118-25. PMID: 26876910, PMCID: PMC4799737, PII: S0195-6663(16)30053-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.018, ISSN: 1095-8304.

Wood CT, Skinner AC, Yin HS, Rothman RL, Sanders LM, Delamater A, Ravanbakht SN, Perrin EM. Association Between Bottle Size and Formula Intake in 2-Month-Old Infants. Acad Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2016 Apr; 16(3): 254-9. PMID: 26525989, PMCID: PMC4808476, PII: S1876-2859(15)00232-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2015.08.001, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Tique JA, Howard LM, Gaveta S, Sidat M, Rothman RL, Vermund SH, Ciampa PJ. Measuring Health Literacy Among Adults with HIV Infection in Mozambique: Development and Validation of the HIV Literacy Test. AIDS Behav [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar 3/10/2016; PMID: 26961538, PII: 10.1007/s10461-016-1348-3, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-016-1348-3, ISSN: 1573-3254.

Wolff K, Chambers L, Bumol S, White RO, Gregory BP, Davis D, Rothman RL. The PRIDE (Partnership to Improve Diabetes Education) Toolkit: Development and Evaluation of Novel Literacy and Culturally Sensitive Diabetes Education Materials. Diabetes Educ [print-electronic]. 2016 Feb; 42(1): 23-33. PMID: 26647414, PMCID: PMC4839957, PII: 0145721715620019, DOI: 10.1177/0145721715620019, ISSN: 1554-6063.

Sohl SJ, Birdee GS, Ridner SH, Wheeler A, Gilbert S, Tarantola D, Berlin J, Rothman RL. Intervention Protocol for Investigating Yoga Implemented During Chemotherapy. Int J Yoga Therap. 2016 Jan; 26(1): 103-11. PMID: 27797662, PMCID: PMC5103712, DOI: 10.17761/1531-2054-26.1.103, ISSN: 1531-2054.

McNaughton CD, Cavanaugh KL, Kripalani S, Rothman RL, Wallston KA. Validation of a Short, 3-Item Version of the Subjective Numeracy Scale. Med Decis Making [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 35(8): 932-6. PMID: 25878195, PMCID: PMC4592371, PII: 0272989X15581800, DOI: 10.1177/0272989X15581800, ISSN: 1552-681X.

Birdee GS, Rothman RL, Sohl SJ, Wertenbaker D, Wheeler A, Bossart C, Balasire O, Ikizler TA. Feasibility and Safety of Intradialysis Yoga and Education in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients. J Ren Nutr [print-electronic]. 2015 Sep; 25(5): 445-53. PMID: 25869658, PMCID: PMC4863695, PII: S1051-2276(15)00063-1, DOI: 10.1053/j.jrn.2015.02.004, ISSN: 1532-8503.

Cavanaugh KL, Osborn CY, Tentori F, Rothman RL, Ikizler TA, Wallston KA. Performance of a brief survey to assess health literacy in patients receiving hemodialysis. Clin Kidney J [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 8(4): 462-8. PMID: 26251719, PMCID: PMC4515892, PII: sfv037, DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfv037, ISSN: 2048-8505.

Kumah-Crystal YA, Hood KK, Ho YX, Lybarger CK, O'Connor BH, Rothman RL, Mulvaney SA. Technology Use for Diabetes Problem Solving in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: Relationship to Glycemic Control. Diabetes Technol. Ther [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 17(7): 449-54. PMID: 25826706, PMCID: PMC4504438, DOI: 10.1089/dia.2014.0422, ISSN: 1557-8593.

Akohoue SA, Patel K, Adkerson LL, Rothman RL. Patients', caregivers', and providers' perceived strategies for diabetes care. Am J Health Behav. 2015 May; 39(3): 433-40. PMID: 25741687, DOI: 10.5993/AJHB.39.3.15, ISSN: 1945-7359.

Sohl SJ, Borowski LA, Kent EE, Smith AW, Oakley-Girvan I, Rothman RL, Arora NK. Cancer survivors' disclosure of complementary health approaches to physicians: the role of patient-centered communication. Cancer [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar 3/15/2015; 121(6): 900-7. PMID: 25387799, PMCID: PMC4352107, DOI: 10.1002/cncr.29138, ISSN: 1097-0142.

White RO, Eden S, Wallston KA, Kripalani S, Barto S, Shintani A, Rothman RL. Health communication, self-care, and treatment satisfaction among low-income diabetes patients in a public health setting. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2015 Feb; 98(2): 144-9. PMID: 25468393, PMCID: PMC4282939, PII: S0738-3991(14)00447-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2014.10.019, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Mulvaney SA, Jaser SS, Rothman RL, Russell WE, Pittel EJ, Lybarger C, Wallston KA. Development and validation of the diabetes adolescent problem solving questionnaire. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2014 Oct; 97(1): 96-100. PMID: 25063715, PMCID: PMC4162751, PII: S0738-3991(14)00279-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2014.07.005, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Jaser SS, Patel N, Rothman RL, Choi L, Whittemore R. Check it! A randomized pilot of a positive psychology intervention to improve adherence in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Educ [print-electronic]. 2014 Sep; 40(5): 659-67. PMID: 24867917, PMCID: PMC4283584, PII: 0145721714535990, DOI: 10.1177/0145721714535990, ISSN: 1554-6063.

Rosenbloom ST, Harris P, Pulley J, Basford M, Grant J, DuBuisson A, Rothman RL. The Mid-South clinical Data Research Network. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul; 21(4): 627-32. PMID: 24821742, PMCID: PMC4078290, PII: amiajnl-2014-002745, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2014-002745, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Sanders LM, Perrin EM, Yin HS, Bronaugh A, Rothman RL, . "Greenlight study": a controlled trial of low-literacy, early childhood obesity prevention. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2014 Jun; 133(6): e1724-37. PMID: 24819570, PMCID: PMC4035594, PII: peds.2013-3867, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2013-3867, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Heerman WJ, Perrin EM, Yin HS, Sanders LM, Eden SK, Shintani A, Coyne-Beasley T, Bronaugh AB, Barkin SL, Rothman RL. Health literacy and injury prevention behaviors among caregivers of infants. Am J Prev Med. 2014 May; 46(5): 449-56. PMID: 24745634, PMCID: PMC4040284, PII: S0749-3797(14)00009-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.01.005, ISSN: 1873-2607.

Howard LM, Tique JA, Gaveta S, Sidat M, Rothman RL, Vermund SH, Ciampa PJ. Health literacy predicts pediatric dosing accuracy for liquid zidovudine. AIDS. 2014 Apr 4/24/2014; 28(7): 1041-8. PMID: 24463393, PMCID: PMC4171732, DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000197, ISSN: 1473-5571.

Yin HS, Sanders LM, Rothman RL, Shustak R, Eden SK, Shintani A, Cerra ME, Cruzatte EF, Perrin EM. Parent health literacy and "obesogenic" feeding and physical activity-related infant care behaviors. J. Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2014 Mar; 164(3): 577-83.e1. PMID: 24370343, PMCID: PMC3943839, PII: S0022-3476(13)01423-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.11.014, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Meyers AG, Salanitro A, Wallston KA, Cawthon C, Vasilevskis EE, Goggins KM, Davis CM, Rothman RL, Castel LD, Donato KM, Schnelle JF, Bell SP, Schildcrout JS, Osborn CY, Harrell FE, Kripalani S. Determinants of health after hospital discharge: rationale and design of the Vanderbilt Inpatient Cohort Study (VICS). BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Jan 1/8/2014; 14: 10. PMID: 24397292, PMCID: PMC3893361, PII: 1472-6963-14-10, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-10, ISSN: 1472-6963.

Mayberry LS, Rothman RL, Osborn CY. Family members' obstructive behaviors appear to be more harmful among adults with type 2 diabetes and limited health literacy. J Health Commun. 2014; 19 Suppl 2: 132-43. PMID: 25315589, PMCID: PMC4199389, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2014.938840, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Pulgarón ER, Sanders LM, Patiño-Fernandez AM, Wile D, Sanchez J, Rothman RL, Delamater AM. Glycemic control in young children with diabetes: the role of parental health literacy. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 94(1): 67-70. PMID: 24091252, PMCID: PMC3865071, PII: S0738-3991(13)00355-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2013.09.002, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Wallston KA, Cawthon C, McNaughton CD, Rothman RL, Osborn CY, Kripalani S. Psychometric properties of the brief health literacy screen in clinical practice. J Gen Intern Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 29(1): 119-26. PMID: 23918160, PMCID: PMC3889960, DOI: 10.1007/s11606-013-2568-0, ISSN: 1525-1497.

Karpinos AR, Roumie CL, Nian H, Diamond AB, Rothman RL. High prevalence of hypertension among collegiate football athletes. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov; 6(6): 716-23. PMID: 24221829, PMCID: PMC3975920, PII: CIRCOUTCOMES.113.000463, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.113.000463, ISSN: 1941-7705.

Williams SE, Rothman RL, Offit PA, Schaffner W, Sullivan M, Edwards KM. A randomized trial to increase acceptance of childhood vaccines by vaccine-hesitant parents: a pilot study. Acad Pediatr. 2013 Sep; 13(5): 475-80. PMID: 24011750, PMCID: PMC3767934, PII: S1876-2859(13)00066-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2013.03.011, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Osborn CY, Wallston KA, Shpigel A, Cavanaugh K, Kripalani S, Rothman RL. Development and validation of the General Health Numeracy Test (GHNT). Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2013 Jun; 91(3): 350-6. PMID: 23433635, PMCID: PMC3644342, PII: S0738-3991(13)00006-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2013.01.001, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Ciampa PJ, White RO, Perrin EM, Yin HS, Sanders LM, Gayle EA, Rothman RL. The association of acculturation and health literacy, numeracy and health-related skills in Spanish-speaking caregivers of young children. J Immigr Minor Health. 2013 Jun; 15(3): 492-8. PMID: 22481307, PMCID: PMC3435454, DOI: 10.1007/s10903-012-9613-7, ISSN: 1557-1920.

Birdee GS, Byrne DW, McGown PW, Rothman RL, Rolando LA, Holmes MC, Yarbrough MI. Relationship between physical inactivity and health characteristics among participants in an employee-wellness program. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 2013 May; 55(5): 514-9. PMID: 23618884, PMCID: PMC3651750, DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31827f37d7, ISSN: 1536-5948.

Mulvaney SA, Lilley JS, Cavanaugh KL, Pittel EJ, Rothman RL. Validation of the diabetes numeracy test with adolescents with type 1 diabetes. J Health Commun [print-electronic]. 2013; 18(7): 795-804. PMID: 23577642, PMCID: PMC3817720, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2012.757394, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Ciampa PJ, Tique JA, Jumá N, Sidat M, Moon TD, Rothman RL, Vermund SH. Addressing poor retention of infants exposed to HIV: a quality improvement study in rural Mozambique. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. 2012 Jun 6/1/2012; 60(2): e46-52. PMID: 22622077, PMCID: PMC3587032, PII: 00126334-201206010-00020, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31824c0267, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Ciampa PJ, Skinner SL, Patricio SR, Rothman RL, Vermund SH, Audet CM. Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among women in rural Mozambique: development and validation of the HIV knowledge 27 scale. PLoS ONE [print-electronic]. 2012; 7(10): e48676. PMID: 23119087, PMCID: PMC3485372, PII: PONE-D-12-17383, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048676, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Buscariollo DL, Davidson MA, Black M, Russell WE, Rothman RL, Moore DJ. Factors that influence parental attitudes toward enrollment in type 1 diabetes trials. PLoS ONE [print-electronic]. 2012; 7(8): e44341. PMID: 22937171, PMCID: PMC3429434, PII: PONE-D-11-21531, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044341, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Ciampa PJ, Vaz LM, Blevins M, Sidat M, Rothman RL, Vermund SH, Vergara AE. The association among literacy, numeracy, HIV knowledge and health-seeking behavior: a population-based survey of women in rural Mozambique. PLoS ONE [print-electronic]. 2012; 7(6): e39391. PMID: 22745747, PMCID: PMC3382184, PII: PONE-D-12-05340, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039391, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Green JK, Rothman RL, Cavanaugh KL. Patient-provider communication in patients with diabetes and depressive symptoms. Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract [print-electronic]. 2012 Jan; 95(1): e10-3. PMID: 21995868, PMCID: PMC3246039, PII: S0168-8227(11)00526-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2011.09.024, ISSN: 1872-8227.

Mulvaney SA, Rothman RL, Dietrich MS, Wallston KA, Grove E, Elasy TA, Johnson KB. Using mobile phones to measure adolescent diabetes adherence. Health Psychol [print-electronic]. 2012 Jan; 31(1): 43-50. PMID: 21967662, PMCID: PMC3733352, PII: 2011-22083-001, DOI: 10.1037/a0025543, ISSN: 1930-7810.

Mulvaney SA, Rothman RL, Osborn CY, Lybarger C, Dietrich MS, Wallston KA. Self-management problem solving for adolescents with type 1 diabetes: intervention processes associated with an Internet program. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2011 Nov; 85(2): 140-2. PMID: 21030194, PMCID: PMC3046216, PII: S0738-3991(10)00595-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.09.018, ISSN: 1873-5134.

McNaughton C, Wallston KA, Rothman RL, Marcovitz DE, Storrow AB. Short, subjective measures of numeracy and general health literacy in an adult emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Nov; 18(11): 1148-55. PMID: 22092896, PMCID: PMC3886121, DOI: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2011.01210.x, ISSN: 1553-2712.

Mulvaney SA, Hood KK, Schlundt DG, Osborn CY, Johnson KB, Rothman RL, Wallston KA. Development and initial validation of the barriers to diabetes adherence measure for adolescents. Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract [print-electronic]. 2011 Oct; 94(1): 77-83. PMID: 21737172, PMCID: PMC3200487, PII: S0168-8227(11)00330-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2011.06.010, ISSN: 1872-8227.

Mayberry LS, Kripalani S, Rothman RL, Osborn CY. Bridging the digital divide in diabetes: family support and implications for health literacy. Diabetes Technol. Ther [print-electronic]. 2011 Oct; 13(10): 1005-12. PMID: 21718098, PMCID: PMC3182674, DOI: 10.1089/dia.2011.0055, ISSN: 1557-8593.

Ciampa PJ, Burlison JR, Blevins M, Sidat M, Moon TD, Rothman RL, Vermund SH. Improving retention in the early infant diagnosis of HIV program in rural Mozambique by better service integration. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. 2011 Sep 9/1/2011; 58(1): 115-9. PMID: 21546845, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31822149bf, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, Kripalani S, Elasy TA, Rothman RL, White RO. Health literacy explains racial disparities in diabetes medication adherence. J Health Commun. 2011; 16 Suppl 3: 268-78. PMID: 21951257, PMCID: PMC3561717, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2011.604388, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Yin HS, Sanders LM, Rothman RL, et al.. Assessment of Health Literacy and Numeracy Among Spanish-speaking Parents of Young Children. Academic Pediatrics. 2011; in press.

Mulvaney SA, Hood KK, …, Rothman RL, Wallston KA.. Development and Initial Validation of the Barriers to Diabetes Adherence Measure for Adolescents. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2011; in press.

Mulvaney SA, Rothman RL, Dietrich MS, Wallston KA, …Johnson KB. Using Mobile Phones to Measure Adolescent Diabetes Adherence. Health Psychology. 2011; in press.

Mayberry LS, Kripalani S, Rothman RL, Osborn CY. Bridging the digital divide in diabetes: Family support and implications for health literacy. Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics. 2011; in press.

White R, Osborn C, … Rothman RL. Development and Validation of a Spanish Diabetes-Specific Numeracy Measure: DNT-15 Latino. Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics. 2011; in press.

McNaughton C, ….Rothman RL, Storrow A. Short, Subjective Measures of Numeracy and General Health Literacy in an Adult Emergency Department Setting. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2011; in press.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, White RO, Kripalani S, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Health literacy explains racial disparities in diabetes medication adherence. Journal of Health Communication. 2011; in press.

Ciampa PJ, Kumar D, Barkin SL, Sanders LM, Yin HS, Perrin EM, Rothman RL. Interventions aimed at decreasing obesity in children younger than 2 years: a systematic review. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010 Dec; 164(12): 1098-104. PMID: 21135337, PMCID: PMC3369272, PII: 164/12/1098, DOI: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.232, ISSN: 1538-3628.

Cavanaugh KL, Wingard RL, Hakim RM, Eden S, Shintani A, Wallston KA, Huizinga MM, Elasy TA, Rothman RL, Ikizler TA. Low health literacy associates with increased mortality in ESRD. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2010 Nov; 21(11): 1979-85. PMID: 20671215, PMCID: PMC3014012, PII: ASN.2009111163, DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2009111163, ISSN: 1533-3450.

Kumar D, Sanders L, Perrin EM, Lokker N, Patterson B, Gunn V, Finkle J, Franco V, Choi L, Rothman RL. Parental understanding of infant health information: health literacy, numeracy, and the Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT). Acad Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2010 Sep; 10(5): 309-16. PMID: 20674532, PMCID: PMC2933956, PII: S1876-2859(10)00158-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2010.06.007, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Mulvaney SA, Rothman RL, Wallston KA, Lybarger C, Dietrich MS. An internet-based program to improve self-management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2010 Mar; 33(3): 602-4. PMID: 20032275, PMCID: PMC2827516, PII: dc09-1881, DOI: 10.2337/dc09-1881, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Wong K, Potter A, Mulvaney S, Russell WE, Schlundt DG, Rothman RL. Pediatric endocrinologists' management of children with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2010 Mar; 33(3): 512-4. PMID: 20007947, PMCID: PMC2827499, PII: dc09-1333, DOI: 10.2337/dc09-1333, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Ciampa PJ, Osborn CY, Peterson NB, Rothman RL. Patient numeracy, perceptions of provider communication, and colorectal cancer screening utilization. J Health Commun. 2010; 15 Suppl 3: 157-68. PMID: 21154091, PMCID: PMC3075203, PII: 930956508, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2010.522699, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, Rothman RL. Self-efficacy links health literacy and numeracy to glycemic control. J Health Commun. 2010; 15 Suppl 2: 146-58. PMID: 20845200, PMCID: PMC3082364, PII: 926961293, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2010.499980, ISSN: 1087-0415.

Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Huizinga MM, Davis D, Gregory RP, Malone R, Pignone M, DeWalt D, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Addressing literacy and numeracy to improve diabetes care: two randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2009 Dec; 32(12): 2149-55. PMID: 19741187, PMCID: PMC2782967, PII: dc09-0563, DOI: 10.2337/dc09-0563, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Rothman RL, Yin HS, Mulvaney S, Co JP, Homer C, Lannon C. Health literacy and quality: focus on chronic illness care and patient safety. Pediatrics. 2009 Nov; 124 Suppl 3: S315-26. PMID: 19861486, PII: 124/Supplement_3/S315, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-1163H, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Osborn CY, Cavanaugh K, Wallston KA, White RO, Rothman RL. Diabetes numeracy: an overlooked factor in understanding racial disparities in glycemic control. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2009 Sep; 32(9): 1614-9. PMID: 19401443, PMCID: PMC2732142, PII: dc09-0425, DOI: 10.2337/dc09-0425, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Wolff K, Cavanaugh K, Malone R, Hawk V, Gregory BP, Davis D, Wallston K, Rothman RL. The Diabetes Literacy and Numeracy Education Toolkit (DLNET): materials to facilitate diabetes education and management in patients with low literacy and numeracy skills. Diabetes Educ [print-electronic]. 2009 Mar; 35(2): 233-6, 238. PMID: 19240246, PMCID: PMC4547782, PII: 0145721709331945, DOI: 10.1177/0145721709331945, ISSN: 0145-7217.

Rothman RL, Montori VM, Cherrington A, Pignone MP. Perspective: the role of numeracy in health care. J Health Commun. 2008 Sep; 13(6): 583-95. PMID: 18726814, PMCID: PMC2767457, PII: 901871364, DOI: 10.1080/10810730802281791, ISSN: 1081-0730.

Huizinga MM, Niswender KD, Gebretsadik T, Rothman RL, Shintani AK, Elasy TA. Insulin use and weight maintenance in well-controlled type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study. Obesity (Silver Spring) [print-electronic]. 2008 Aug; 16(8): 1933-7. PMID: 18551124, PMCID: PMC2694404, PII: oby2008301, DOI: 10.1038/oby.2008.301, ISSN: 1930-7381.

Huizinga MM, Beech BM, Cavanaugh KL, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Low numeracy skills are associated with higher BMI. Obesity (Silver Spring) [print-electronic]. 2008 Aug; 16(8): 1966-8. PMID: 18535541, PMCID: PMC2694664, PII: oby2008294, DOI: 10.1038/oby.2008.294, ISSN: 1930-7381.

Huizinga MM, Pont S, Rothman RL, Perrin E, Sanders L, Beech B. ABC's and 123's: Parental Literacy, Numeracy, and Childhood Obesity. Obes Manag. 2008 Jun 6/1/2008; 4(3): 98-103. PMID: 19865608, PMCID: PMC2768375, DOI: 10.1089/obe.2008.0163, ISSN: 1545-1712.

Cavanaugh K, Huizinga MM, Wallston KA, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Davis D, Gregory RP, Fuchs L, Malone R, Cherrington A, Pignone M, DeWalt DA, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Association of numeracy and diabetes control. Ann. Intern. Med. 2008 May 5/20/2008; 148(10): 737-46. PMID: 18490687, PII: 148/10/737, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Rothman RL, Mulvaney S, Elasy TA, VanderWoude A, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Potter A, Russell WE, Schlundt D. Self-management behaviors, racial disparities, and glycemic control among adolescents with type 2 diabetes. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr; 121(4): e912-9. PMID: 18381520, PII: 121/4/e912, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2007-1484, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Huizinga MM, Elasy TA, Wallston KA, Cavanaugh K, Davis D, Gregory RP, Fuchs LS, Malone R, Cherrington A, Dewalt DA, Buse J, Pignone M, Rothman RL. Development and validation of the Diabetes Numeracy Test (DNT). BMC Health Serv Res. 2008; 8: 96. PMID: 18452617, PMCID: PMC2390531, PII: 1472-6963-8-96, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-8-96, ISSN: 1472-6963.

Stiles RA, Deppen SA, Figaro MK, Gregg WM, Jirjis JN, Rothman RL, Johnston PE, Miller RA, Dittus RS, Speroff T. Behind-the-scenes of patient-centered care: content analysis of electronic messaging among primary care clinic providers and staff. Med Care. 2007 Dec; 45(12): 1205-9. PMID: 18007171, PII: 00005650-200712000-00012, DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e318148490c, ISSN: 0025-7079.

Peterson NB, Dwyer KA, Mulvaney SA, Dietrich MS, Rothman RL. The influence of health literacy on colorectal cancer screening knowledge, beliefs and behavior. J Natl Med Assoc. 2007 Oct; 99(10): 1105-12. PMID: 17987913, PMCID: PMC2574401, ISSN: 1943-4693.

Wallston KA, Rothman RL, Cherrington A. Psychometric properties of the Perceived Diabetes Self-Management Scale (PDSMS). J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2007 Oct; 30(5): 395-401. PMID: 17522972, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-007-9110-y, ISSN: 0160-7715.

Cavanaugh K, White R, Rothman RL. Exploring Diabetes Disease Management Programs and a Novel Hybrid Model. Disease Management and Health Outcomes. 2007; 15((2)): 73-82.

Rothman RL, Housam R, Weiss H, Davis D, Gregory R, Gebretsadik T, Shintani A, Elasy TA. Patient understanding of food labels: the role of literacy and numeracy. Am J Prev Med. 2006 Nov; 31(5): 391-8. PMID: 17046410, PII: S0749-3797(06)00281-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2006.07.025, ISSN: 0749-3797.

Rothman RL, So SA, Shin J, Malone RM, Bryant B, Dewalt DA, Pignone MP, Dittus RS. Labor characteristics and program costs of a successful diabetes disease management program. Am J Manag Care. 2006 May; 12(5): 277-83. PMID: 16686585, PII: 3131, ISSN: 1088-0224.

Huizinga MM, Shintani A, Michon S, Brown A, ...Rothman RL, et al... A Randomized Controlled Trial to Prevent Glycemic Relapse in Longitudinal Diabetes Care: Study Protocol (NCT00362193). Implementation Science. 2006; 1((1)): 24.

Mulvaney SA, Schlundt DG, Mudasiru E, Fleming M, Vanderwoude AM, Russell WE, Elasy TA, Rothman RL. Caregiver Perceptions of Caring for Adolescents with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006; (5)((May; 29)): 993-7.

DeWalt DA, Malone RM, Bryant ME, osnar MC, Corr KE, Rothman RL, Sueta CA, Pignone MP. A heart failure self-management program for patients of all literacy levels: A randomized, controlled trial. BMC Health Services Research. 2006; ((13 March 2006)): 6:30.

Rothman RL, Elasy TA. Can diabetes management programs create sustained improvements in disease outcomes?. CMAJ. 2005 Dec 12/6/2005; 173(12): 1467-8. PMID: 16330635, PMCID: PMC1316162, PII: 173/12/1467, DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.051343, ISSN: 1488-2329.

Rothman RL, Malone R, Bryant B, Wolfe C, Padgett P, DeWalt DA, Weinberger M, Pignone M. The Spoken Knowledge in Low Literacy in Diabetes scale: a diabetes knowledge scale for vulnerable patients. Diabetes Educ. 2005 Mar; 31(2): 215-24. PMID: 15797850, PII: 31/2/215, DOI: 10.1177/0145721705275002, ISSN: 0145-7217.

Rothman RL, Malone R, Bryant B, Shintani AK, Crigler B, Dewalt DA, Dittus RS, Weinberger M, Pignone MP. A randomized trial of a primary care-based disease management program to improve cardiovascular risk factors and glycated hemoglobin levels in patients with diabetes. Am. J. Med. 2005 Mar; 118(3): 276-84. PMID: 15745726, PII: S0002-9343(04)00717-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2004.09.017, ISSN: 0002-9343.

Montori V, Rothman RL. Weakness in Numbers - The Challenge of Numeracy in Healthcare. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2005; (11)((Nov;20)): 1071-2.

Rothman RL, Pignone M, Malone R, Bryant B, Wolfe C. The Spoken Knowledge in Low-Literacy in Diabetes (SKILLD) Test: A new scale of diabetes knowledge. The Diabetes Educator. 2005; (2)((Mar-Apr:31)): 215-24.

Rothman RL, Malone R, Bryant B, Shintani A, Crigler B, DeWalt D, Dittus RS, Weinberger MW, Pignone MP. A Randomized Trial of Disease Management to Improve Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Glycated Hemoglobin in Patients with Diabetes. 2005; 118: 276-84.

Rothman RL, Malone R, Bryant B, Shintani A, Crigler B, DeWalt D, Dittus RS Weinberger MW, Pignone MP. A Randomized Trial of Disease Management to Improve Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Glycated Hemoglobin in Patients with Diabetes. American Journal of Medicine. 2005; 118: 276-84.

Rothman RL, DeWalt DA, Malone R, Bryant B, Shintani A, Crigler B, Weinberger M, Pignone M. Influence of patient literacy on the effectiveness of a primary care-based diabetes disease management program. JAMA. 2004 Oct 10/13/2004; 292(14): 1711-6. PMID: 15479936, PII: 292/14/1711, DOI: 10.1001/jama.292.14.1711, ISSN: 1538-3598.

DeWalt DA, Pignone M, Malone R, Rawls C, Kosnar MC, George G, Bryant B, Rothman RL, Angel B. Development and pilot testing of a disease management program for low literacy patients with heart failure. Patient Educ Couns. 2004 Oct; 55(1): 78-86. PMID: 15476993, PII: S0738399103002544, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2003.06.002, ISSN: 0738-3991.

Murff HJ, Rothman RL, Byrne DW, Syngal S. The impact of family history of diabetes on glucose testing and counseling behavior in primary care. Diabetes Care. 2004 Sep; 27(9): 2247-8. PMID: 15333494, PII: 27/9/2247, ISSN: 0149-5992.

Rothman R, Malone R, Bryant B, Horlen C, DeWalt D, Pignone M. The relationship between literacy and glycemic control in a diabetes disease-management program. Diabetes Educ. 2004 Mar; 30(2): 263-73. PMID: 15095516, ISSN: 0145-7217.

Rothman R, Owens T, Simel DL. Does this child have acute otitis media?. JAMA. 2003 Sep 9/24/2003; 290(12): 1633-40. PMID: 14506123, PII: 290/12/1633, DOI: 10.1001/jama.290.12.1633, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Rothman R, Malone R, Bryant B, Horlen C, Pignone M. Pharmacist-led, primary care-based disease management improves hemoglobin A1c in high-risk patients with diabetes. Am J Med Qual. 2003 Mar; 18(2): 51-8. PMID: 12710553, ISSN: 1062-8606.

Rosenbloom ST, Awad J, Speroff T, Elkin PL, Rothman R, Spickard A, Peterson J, Bauer BA, Wahner-Roedler DL, Lee M, Gregg WM, Johnson KB, Jirjis J, Erlbaum MS, Carter JS, Lincoln MJ, Brown SH. Adequacy of representation of the National Drug File Reference Terminology Physiologic Effects reference hierarchy for commonly prescribed medications. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 569-78. PMID: 14728237, PMCID: PMC1480331, PII: D030003134, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Rothman R, Malone R, Bryant B, Horlen C, Pignone M. Pharmacist-ledm orunart care-based disease management improves hemoglobin A1c in high-risk patients with diabetes. Am J Med Qual. 2003; (2)((Mar-Apr;18)): 51-8.

Rothman R, Malone R, Bryant B, Dewalt D, Pignone M. Health literacy and diabetic control [letter]. JAMA. 2002 Dec 12/4/2002; 288(21): 2687-8. PMID: 12460089, PII: jlt1204-4, ISSN: 0098-7484.

Horlen C, Malone R, Bryant B, Dennis B, Carey T, Pignone M, Rothman R. Frequency of inappropriate metformin prescriptions [letter]. JAMA. 2002 May 5/15/2002; 287(19): 2504-5. PMID: 12020329, PII: jlt0515-3, ISSN: 0098-7484.

Rothman R, Weinberger M. The role of pharmacists in clinical care: where do we go from here? [editorial]. Eff Clin Pract. 2002 Mar; 5(2): 91-4. PMID: 11990217, ISSN: 1099-8128.

Perrin E, Rothman R, Coyne-Beasley T, Ford C, Bordley WC. Is weekly iron and folic acid supplementation as effective as daily supplementation for decreasing incidence of anemia in adolescent girls?. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Feb; 156(2): 128-30. PMID: 11814372, PII: pjc11002, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Rothman R, Malone R, Bryant B, DeWalt D, Pignone M. Health literacy and diabetic control. JAMA. 2002; (21)((288)): 2687-8.

Horlen C, Malone R, Bryant B, DeWalt D, Pignone M. Frequency of inappropriate metformin prescriptions. JAMA. 2002; (19)((May 15;287)): 2504-5.

Rothman RL, Weinberger M. The Role of Pharmacists in Clinical Care - Where Do We Go From Here?. Effective Clinical Practice. 2002; (2)((Mar-Apr 5)): 91-4.

Perrin E, Rothmman RL, Coyne-Beasley T, Ford C, Bordley WC. Is weekly iron and folic acid supplementation as effective as daily supplementation for decreasing incidence of anemia in adolescent girls?. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002; 156: 128-30.

Huizinga MM, Rothman RL. Addressing the Diabetes Pandemic: A Comprehensive Approach. Indian Journal of Med Research.