William O. Cooper, M.D.



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Faculty Appointments
Professor of Pediatrics Professor of Health PolicyCornelius Vanderbilt Chair
M.P.H., Public Health , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeM.D., Medicine , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeB.A., Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky
Office Address
Department of Pediatrics
2135 Blakemore Avenue
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Nashville, TN 37212
Research Description
Dr. Cooper is a pharmacoepidemiologist with a focus on the effects of psychotropic medications in chidlren and adverse effects of prescription medication use during pregnancy. Dr. Cooper has achieved national and international recognition for his work in using computerized databases to ask and answer important questions of drug safety. His work has been funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Food and Drug Administration, and national foundations.
Clinical Research Keywords
Pharmacoepidemiology, Medicaid, TennCare, health disparities, pregnancy, faculty development, professionalism
Nassiri AM, Pichert JW, Domenico HJ, Galloway MB, Cooper WO, Bennett ML. Unsolicited Patient Complaints among Otolaryngologists. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg [print-electronic]. 2019 May; 160(5): 810-7. PMID: 30642235, DOI: 10.1177/0194599818823706, ISSN: 1097-6817.

Ray WA, Stein CM, Murray KT, Fuchs DC, Patrick SW, Daugherty J, Hall K, Cooper WO. Association of Antipsychotic Treatment With Risk of Unexpected Death Among Children and Youths. JAMA Psychiatry. 2019 Feb 2/1/2019; 76(2): 162-71. PMID: 30540347, PMCID: PMC6440238, PII: 2717966, DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.3421, ISSN: 2168-6238.

Maalouf FI, Cooper WO, Stratton SM, Dudley JA, Ko J, Banerji A, Patrick SW. Positive Predictive Value of Administrative Data for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2019 Jan; 143(1): PMID: 30514781, PMCID: PMC6317565, PII: peds.2017-4183, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-4183, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Cooper WO, Martinez W, Domenico HJ, Callahan ST, Kirkby BP, Finlayson AJR, Foster JJ, Johnson TM, Longo FM, Merrill DG, Jacobs ML, Pichert JW, Catron TF, Moore IN, Webb LE, Karrass J, Hickson GB. Unsolicited Patient Complaints Identify Physicians with Evidence of Neurocognitive Disorders. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry [print-electronic]. 2018 Sep; 26(9): 927-36. PMID: 30146001, PII: S1064-7481(18)30299-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jagp.2018.04.005, ISSN: 1545-7214.

Maalouf FI, Cooper WO, Slaughter JC, Dudley J, Patrick SW. Outpatient Pharmacotherapy for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. J. Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2018 Aug; 199: 151-157.e1. PMID: 29754866, PII: S0022-3476(18)30420-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.03.048, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Chung CP, Callahan ST, Cooper WO, Dupont WD, Murray KT, Franklin AD, Hall K, Dudley JA, Stein CM, Ray WA. Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children and Opioid-Related Adverse Events. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2018 Aug; 142(2): PMID: 30012559, PMCID: PMC6072590, PII: peds.2017-2156, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2156, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Vereen S, Gebretsadik T, Johnson N, Hartman TJ, Veeranki SP, Piyathilake C, Mitchel EF, Kocak M, Cooper WO, Dupont WD, Tylavsky F, Carroll KN. Association Between Maternal 2nd Trimester Plasma Folate Levels and Infant Bronchiolitis. Matern Child Health J [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul 7/19/2018; PMID: 30027465, PII: 10.1007/s10995-018-2610-2, DOI: 10.1007/s10995-018-2610-2, ISSN: 1573-6628.

Patrick SW, Buntin MB, Martin PR, Scott TA, Dupont W, Richards M, Cooper WO. Barriers to Accessing Treatment for Pregnant Women with Opioid Use Disorder in Appalachian States. Subst Abus [print-electronic]. 2018 Jun 6/27/2018; 1-18. PMID: 29949454, DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2018.1488336, ISSN: 1547-0164.

Cooper WO. Shedding Light on the Risks of Methylphenidate and Amphetamine in Pregnancy. JAMA Psychiatry [print-electronic]. 2017 Dec 12/13/2017; PMID: 29238801, PII: 2664961, DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.3882, ISSN: 2168-6238.

Fathy CA, Pichert JW, Domenico H, Kohanim S, Sternberg P, Cooper WO. Association Between Ophthalmologist Age and Unsolicited Patient Complaints. JAMA Ophthalmol [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov 11/30/2017; PMID: 29192303, PII: 2664085, DOI: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5154, ISSN: 2168-6173.

Patrick SW, Cooper WO, Davis MM. Prescribing opioids and psychotropic drugs in pregnancy [editorial]. BMJ. 2017 Aug 8/2/2017; 358: j3616. PMID: 28768614, PMCID: PMC5538710, ISSN: 1756-1833.

Elmessiry A, Cooper WO, Catron TF, Karrass J, Zhang Z, Singh MP. Triaging Patient Complaints: Monte Carlo Cross-Validation of Six Machine Learning Classifiers. JMIR Med Inform. 2017 Jul 7/31/2017; 5(3): e19. PMID: 28760726, PMCID: PMC5556254, PII: v5i3e19, DOI: 10.2196/medinform.7140, ISSN: 2291-9694.

Cooper WO, Guillamondegui O, Hines OJ, Hultman CS, Kelz RR, Shen P, Spain DA, Sweeney JF, Moore IN, Hopkins J, Horowitz IR, Howerton RM, Meredith JW, Spell NO, Sullivan P, Domenico HJ, Pichert JW, Catron TF, Webb LE, Dmochowski RR, Karrass J, Hickson GB. Use of Unsolicited Patient Observations to Identify Surgeons With Increased Risk for Postoperative Complications. JAMA Surg. 2017 Jun 6/1/2017; 152(6): 522-9. PMID: 28199477, PII: 2601320, DOI: 10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5703, ISSN: 2168-6262.

Charles MK, Cooper WO, Jansson LM, Dudley J, Slaughter JC, Patrick SW. Male Sex Associated With Increased Risk of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Hosp Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2017 Jun; 7(6): 328-34. PMID: 28465360, PII: hpeds.2016-0218, DOI: 10.1542/hpeds.2016-0218, ISSN: 2154-1663.

Pryor JR, Maalouf FI, Krans EE, Schumacher RE, Cooper WO, Patrick SW. The opioid epidemic and neonatal abstinence syndrome in the USA: a review of the continuum of care. Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed [print-electronic]. 2017 Mar; 102(2): F183-F187. PMID: 28073819, PII: archdischild-2015-310045, DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-310045, ISSN: 1468-2052.

Webb LE, Dmochowski RR, Moore IN, Pichert JW, Catron TF, Troyer M, Martinez W, Cooper WO, Hickson GB. Using Coworker Observations to Promote Accountability for Disrespectful and Unsafe Behaviors by Physicians and Advanced Practice Professionals. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2016 Apr; 42(4): 149-64. PMID: 27025575, PII: S1553-7250(16)42019-2, ISSN: 1553-7250.

Kohanim S, Sternberg P, Karrass J, Cooper WO, Pichert JW. Unsolicited Patient Complaints in Ophthalmology: An Empirical Analysis from a Large National Database. Ophthalmology [print-electronic]. 2016 Feb; 123(2): 234-41. PMID: 26589549, PII: S0161-6420(15)01187-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.10.010, ISSN: 1549-4713.

Hansen C, Andrade SE, Freiman H, Dublin S, Haffenreffer K, Cooper WO, Cheetham TC, Toh S, Li DK, Raebel MA, Kuntz JL, Perrin N, Rosales AG, Carter S, Pawloski PA, Maloney EM, Graham DJ, Sahin L, Scott PE, Yap J, Davis R. Trimethoprim-sulfonamide use during the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk of congenital anomalies. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2016 Feb; 25(2): 170-8. PMID: 26599424, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3919, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Veeranki SP, Gebretsadik T, Mitchel EF, Tylavsky FA, Hartert TV, Cooper WO, Dupont WD, Dorris SL, Hartman TJ, Carroll KN. Maternal Folic Acid Supplementation During Pregnancy and Early Childhood Asthma. Epidemiology. 2015 Nov; 26(6): 934-41. PMID: 26360371, DOI: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000380, ISSN: 1531-5487.

Patrick SW, Burke JF, Biel TJ, Auger KA, Goyal NK, Cooper WO. Risk of Hospital Readmission Among Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Hosp Pediatr. 2015 Oct; 5(10): 513-9. PMID: 26427919, PII: 5/10/513, DOI: 10.1542/hpeds.2015-0024, ISSN: 2154-1663.

Patrick SW, Cooper WO. Promise and peril: Dissemination of findings from studies of drugs used in pregnancy and their association with birth defects. Birth Defects Res. Part A Clin. Mol. Teratol [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 103(8): 729-32. PMID: 26153150, PMCID: PMC4537659, DOI: 10.1002/bdra.23409, ISSN: 1542-0760.

Patrick SW, Davis MM, Lehmann CU, Cooper WO. Increasing incidence and geographic distribution of neonatal abstinence syndrome: United States 2009 to 2012. J Perinatol [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 35(8): 650-5. PMID: 25927272, PMCID: PMC4520760, PII: jp201536, DOI: 10.1038/jp.2015.36, ISSN: 1476-5543.

Patrick SW, Davis MM, Lehman CU, Cooper WO. Increasing incidence and geographic distribution of neonatal abstinence syndrome: United States 2009 to 2012. J Perinatol. 2015 Aug; 35(8): 667. PMID: 26219703, PII: jp201563, DOI: 10.1038/jp.2015.63, ISSN: 1476-5543.

Phiri K, Williams PL, Dugan KB, Fischer MA, Cooper WO, Seage GR, Hernandez-Diaz S. Antiretroviral Therapy Use During Pregnancy and the Risk of Small for Gestational Age Birth in a Medicaid Population. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 2015 Jul; 34(7): e169-75. PMID: 25851070, PMCID: PMC4466082, DOI: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000712, ISSN: 1532-0987.

Fleming GM, Simmons JH, Xu M, Gesell SB, Brown RF, Cutrer WB, Gigante J, Cooper WO. A facilitated peer mentoring program for junior faculty to promote professional development and peer networking. Acad Med. 2015 Jun; 90(6): 819-26. PMID: 25830537, PMCID: PMC4446138, DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000705, ISSN: 1938-808X.

Hultman CS, Gwyther R, Saou MA, Pichert JW, Catron TF, Cooper WO, Hickson GB. Stuck in a moment: an ex ante analysis of patient complaints in plastic surgery, used to predict malpractice risk profiles, from a large cohort of physicians in the patient advocacy reporting system. Ann Plast Surg. 2015 Jun; 74 Suppl 4: S241-6. PMID: 25785388, DOI: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000000448, ISSN: 1536-3708.

Patrick SW, Dudley J, Martin PR, Harrell FE, Warren MD, Hartmann KE, Ely EW, Grijalva CG, Cooper WO. Prescription opioid epidemic and infant outcomes. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2015 May; 135(5): 842-50. PMID: 25869370, PMCID: PMC4411781, PII: peds.2014-3299, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-3299, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Catron TF, Guillamondegui OD, Karrass J, Cooper WO, Martin BJ, Dmochowski RR, Pichert JW, Hickson GB. Patient Complaints and Adverse Surgical Outcomes. Am J Med Qual [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr 4/27/2015; PMID: 25916627, PII: 1062860615584158, DOI: 10.1177/1062860615584158, ISSN: 1555-824X.

Margulis AV, Palmsten K, Andrade SE, Charlton RA, Hardy JR, Cooper WO, Hernández-Díaz S. Beginning and duration of pregnancy in automated health care databases: review of estimation methods and validation results. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr; 24(4): 335-42. PMID: 25627986, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3743, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Ray WA, Chung CP, Murray KT, Cooper WO, Hall K, Stein CM. Out-of-hospital mortality among patients receiving methadone for noncancer pain. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Mar; 175(3): 420-7. PMID: 25599329, PMCID: PMC4346542, PII: 2091400, DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.6294, ISSN: 2168-6114.

Cooper WO. He/She Is a Great Surgeon, But...: Addressing Behaviors That Undermine a Culture of Safety. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2015 Mar; 3(3): e358. PMID: 30805263, PMCID: PMC6373558, DOI: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000000332, ISSN: 2169-7574.

Williams CL, Cooper WO, Balmer LS, Dudley JA, Gideon PS, DeRanieri MM, Stratton SM, Callahan ST. Evaluation and disposition of Medicaid-insured children and adolescents with suicide attempts. Acad Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 15(1): 36-40. PMID: 24942933, PMCID: PMC4268101, PII: S1876-2859(14)00136-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2014.04.005, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Chung CP, Callahan ST, Cooper WO, Murray KT, Hall K, Dudley JA, Stein CM, Ray WA. Development of an algorithm to identify serious opioid toxicity in children. BMC Res Notes. 2015; 8: 293. PMID: 26141980, PMCID: PMC4491206, PII: 10.1186/s13104-015-1185-x, DOI: 10.1186/s13104-015-1185-x, ISSN: 1756-0500.

Morgan TM, Jones DP, Cooper WO. Renal teratogens. Clin Perinatol [print-electronic]. 2014 Sep; 41(3): 619-32. PMID: 25155731, PII: S0095-5108(14)00050-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.clp.2014.05.010, ISSN: 1557-9840.

Phiri K, Hernandez-Diaz S, Dugan KB, Williams PL, Dudley JA, Jules A, Callahan ST, Seage GR, Cooper WO. First trimester exposure to antiretroviral therapy and risk of birth defects. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 2014 Jul; 33(7): 741-6. PMID: 24445829, PMCID: PMC4420801, DOI: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000251, ISSN: 1532-0987.

Veeranki SP, Gebretsadik T, Dorris SL, Mitchel EF, Hartert TV, Cooper WO, Tylavsky FA, Dupont W, Hartman TJ, Carroll KN. Association of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy and infant bronchiolitis. Am. J. Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2014 Apr 4/15/2014; 179(8): 938-46. PMID: 24671071, PMCID: PMC3966719, PII: kwu019, DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwu019, ISSN: 1476-6256.

Martinez W, Pichert JW, Hickson GB, Cooper WO. Programs for promoting professionalism: questions to guide next steps [editorial]. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2014 Apr; 40(4): 159-60. PMID: 24864523, ISSN: 1553-7250.

Cooper WO, Cheetham TC, Li DK, Stein CM, Callahan ST, Morgan TM, Shintani AK, Chen N, Griffin MR, Ray WA. Brief report: Risk of adverse fetal outcomes associated with immunosuppressive medications for chronic immune-mediated diseases in pregnancy. Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.). 2014 Feb; 66(2): 444-50. PMID: 24504818, PMCID: PMC4077326, DOI: 10.1002/art.38262, ISSN: 2326-5205.

Cooper WO, Callahan ST, Shintani A, Fuchs DC, Shelton RC, Dudley JA, Graves AJ, Ray WA. Antidepressants and suicide attempts in children. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2014 Feb; 133(2): 204-10. PMID: 24394688, PMCID: PMC3904271, PII: peds.2013-0923, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2013-0923, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Avalos LA, Chen H, Yang C, Andrade SE, Cooper WO, Cheetham CT, Davis RL, Dublin S, Hammad TA, Kaplan S, Pawloski PA, Raebel MA, Scott PE, Smith DH, Toh S, Li DK. The prevalence and trends of antiviral medication use during pregnancy in the US: a population-based study of 664,297 deliveries in 2001-2007. Matern Child Health J. 2014 Jan; 18(1): 64-72. PMID: 23420306, PMCID: PMC3776000, DOI: 10.1007/s10995-013-1234-9, ISSN: 1573-6628.

Cooper WO. Rights and great responsibilities of academic pediatricians. Acad Pediatr. 2013 Nov; 13(6): 491-2. PMID: 24238674, PII: S1876-2859(13)00207-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2013.07.006, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Walsh KE, Cutrona SL, Foy S, Baker MA, Forrow S, Shoaibi A, Pawloski PA, Conroy M, Fine AM, Nigrovic LE, Selvam N, Selvan MS, Cooper WO, Andrade S. Validation of anaphylaxis in the Food and Drug Administration's Mini-Sentinel. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov; 22(11): 1205-13. PMID: 24038742, PMCID: PMC4113322, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3505, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Bobo WV, Cooper WO, Stein CM, Olfson M, Graham D, Daugherty J, Fuchs DC, Ray WA. Antipsychotics and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and youth. JAMA Psychiatry. 2013 Oct; 70(10): 1067-75. PMID: 23965896, PII: 1731662, DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.2053, ISSN: 2168-6238.

Lo Re V, Haynes K, Goldberg D, Forde KA, Carbonari DM, Leidl KB, Hennessy S, Reddy KR, Pawloski PA, Daniel GW, Cheetham TC, Iyer A, Coughlin KO, Toh S, Boudreau DM, Selvam N, Cooper WO, Selvan MS, VanWormer JJ, Avigan MI, Houstoun M, Zornberg GL, Racoosin JA, Shoaibi A. Validity of diagnostic codes to identify cases of severe acute liver injury in the US Food and Drug Administration's Mini-Sentinel Distributed Database. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Aug; 22(8): 861-72. PMID: 23801638, PMCID: PMC4409951, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3470, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Epstein RA, Bobo WV, Martin PR, Morrow JA, Wang W, Chandrasekhar R, Cooper WO. Increasing pregnancy-related use of prescribed opioid analgesics. Ann Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 23(8): 498-503. PMID: 23889859, PMCID: PMC3888316, PII: S1047-2797(13)00155-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2013.05.017, ISSN: 1873-2585.

Callahan ST, Fuchs DC, Shelton RC, Balmer LS, Dudley JA, Gideon PS, Deranieri MM, Stratton SM, Williams CL, Ray WA, Cooper WO. Identifying suicidal behavior among adolescents using administrative claims data. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 22(7): 769-75. PMID: 23412882, PMCID: PMC3785233, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3421, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Epstein RA, Bobo WV, Shelton RC, Arbogast PG, Morrow JA, Wang W, Chandrasekhar R, Cooper WO. Increasing use of atypical antipsychotics and anticonvulsants during pregnancy. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 22(7): 794-801. PMID: 23124892, PMCID: PMC3888313, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3366, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Johnson KE, Beaton SJ, Andrade SE, Cheetham TC, Scott PE, Hammad TA, Dashevsky I, Cooper WO, Davis RL, Pawloski PA, Raebel MA, Smith DH, Toh S, Li DK, Haffenreffer K, Dublin S. Methods of linking mothers and infants using health plan data for studies of pregnancy outcomes. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 22(7): 776-82. PMID: 23596095, PMCID: PMC3707923, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3443, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Toh S, Baker MA, Brown JS, Kornegay C, Platt R, . Rapid assessment of cardiovascular risk among users of smoking cessation drugs within the US Food and Drug Administration's Mini-Sentinel program [letter]. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 5/13/2013; 173(9): 817-9. PMID: 23529063, PII: 1672280, DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.3004, ISSN: 2168-6114.

Li Q, Andrade SE, Cooper WO, Davis RL, Dublin S, Hammad TA, Pawloski PA, Pinheiro SP, Raebel MA, Scott PE, Smith DH, Dashevsky I, Haffenreffer K, Johnson KE, Toh S. Validation of an algorithm to estimate gestational age in electronic health plan databases. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 May; 22(5): 524-32. PMID: 23335117, PMCID: PMC3644383, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3407, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Ray WA, Murray KT, Kawai V, Graham DJ, Cooper WO, Hall K, Stein CM. Propoxyphene and the risk of out-of-hospital death. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr; 22(4): 403-12. PMID: 23408551, PMCID: PMC3694329, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3411, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Toh S, Li Q, Cheetham TC, Cooper WO, Davis RL, Dublin S, Hammad TA, Li DK, Pawloski PA, Pinheiro SP, Raebel MA, Scott PE, Smith DH, Bobo WV, Lawrence JM, Dashevsky I, Haffenreffer K, Avalos LA, Andrade SE. Prevalence and trends in the use of antipsychotic medications during pregnancy in the U.S., 2001-2007: a population-based study of 585,615 deliveries. Arch Womens Ment Health [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr; 16(2): 149-57. PMID: 23389622, PMCID: PMC3715880, DOI: 10.1007/s00737-013-0330-6, ISSN: 1435-1102.

Eckrich MJ, Wang WC, Yang E, Arbogast PG, Morrow A, Dudley JA, Ray WA, Cooper WO. Adherence to transcranial Doppler screening guidelines among children with sickle cell disease. Pediatr Blood Cancer [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb; 60(2): 270-4. PMID: 22744996, DOI: 10.1002/pbc.24240, ISSN: 1545-5017.

Sidney S, Cheetham TC, Connell FA, Ouellet-Hellstrom R, Graham DJ, Davis D, Sorel M, Quesenberry CP, Cooper WO. Recent combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) and the risk of thromboembolism and other cardiovascular events in new users. Contraception [print-electronic]. 2013 Jan; 87(1): 93-100. PMID: 23083525, PII: S0010-7824(12)00825-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2012.09.015, ISSN: 1879-0518.

Andrade SE, Scott PE, Davis RL, Li DK, Getahun D, Cheetham TC, Raebel MA, Toh S, Dublin S, Pawloski PA, Hammad TA, Beaton SJ, Smith DH, Dashevsky I, Haffenreffer K, Cooper WO. Validity of health plan and birth certificate data for pregnancy research. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Jan; 22(1): 7-15. PMID: 22753079, PMCID: PMC3492503, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3319, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Bobo WV, Davis RL, Toh S, Li DK, Andrade SE, Cheetham TC, Pawloski P, Dublin S, Pinheiro S, Hammad T, Scott PE, Epstein RA, Arbogast PG, Morrow JA, Dudley JA, Lawrence JM, Avalos LA, Cooper WO. Trends in the use of antiepileptic drugs among pregnant women in the US, 2001-2007: a medication exposure in pregnancy risk evaluation program study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Nov; 26(6): 578-88. PMID: 23061694, PMCID: PMC3481178, DOI: 10.1111/ppe.12004, ISSN: 1365-3016.

Andrade SE, Davis RL, Cheetham TC, Cooper WO, Li DK, Amini T, Beaton SJ, Dublin S, Hammad TA, Pawloski PA, Raebel MA, Smith DH, Staffa JA, Toh S, Dashevsky I, Haffenreffer K, Lane K, Platt R, Scott PE. Medication Exposure in Pregnancy Risk Evaluation Program. Matern Child Health J. 2012 Oct; 16(7): 1349-54. PMID: 22002179, PMCID: PMC3361624, DOI: 10.1007/s10995-011-0902-x, ISSN: 1573-6628.

Hayes RM, Wu P, Shelton RC, Cooper WO, Dupont WD, Mitchel E, Hartert TV. Maternal antidepressant use and adverse outcomes: a cohort study of 228,876 pregnancies. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol [print-electronic]. 2012 Jul; 207(1): 49.e1-9. PMID: 22727349, PMCID: PMC3567615, PII: S0002-9378(12)00425-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2012.04.028, ISSN: 1097-6868.

Curtis LH, Weiner MG, Boudreau DM, Cooper WO, Daniel GW, Nair VP, Raebel MA, Beaulieu NU, Rosofsky R, Woodworth TS, Brown JS. Design considerations, architecture, and use of the Mini-Sentinel distributed data system. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012 Jan; 21 Suppl 1: 23-31. PMID: 22262590, DOI: 10.1002/pds.2336, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Bobo WV, Cooper WO, Stein CM, Olfson M, Mounsey J, Daugherty J, Ray WA. Positive predictive value of a case definition for diabetes mellitus using automated administrative health data in children and youth exposed to antipsychotic drugs or control medications: a Tennessee Medicaid study. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012; 12: 128. PMID: 22920280, PMCID: PMC3500229, PII: 1471-2288-12-128, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-128, ISSN: 1471-2288.

Kawai VK, Murray KT, Stein CM, Cooper WO, Graham DJ, Hall K, Ray WA. Validation of a computer case definition for sudden cardiac death in opioid users. BMC Res Notes. 2012; 5: 473. PMID: 22938531, PMCID: PMC3512474, PII: 1756-0500-5-473, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-473, ISSN: 1756-0500.

Habel LA, Cooper WO, Sox CM, Chan KA, Fireman BH, Arbogast PG, Cheetham TC, Quinn VP, Dublin S, Boudreau DM, Andrade SE, Pawloski PA, Raebel MA, Smith DH, Achacoso N, Uratsu C, Go AS, Sidney S, Nguyen-Huynh MN, Ray WA, Selby JV. ADHD medications and risk of serious cardiovascular events in young and middle-aged adults. JAMA [print-electronic]. 2011 Dec 12/28/2011; 306(24): 2673-83. PMID: 22161946, PMCID: PMC3350308, PII: jama.2011.1830, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2011.1830, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Cooper WO, Habel LA, Sox CM, Chan KA, Arbogast PG, Cheetham TC, Murray KT, Quinn VP, Stein CM, Callahan ST, Fireman BH, Fish FA, Kirshner HS, O'Duffy A, Connell FA, Ray WA. ADHD drugs and serious cardiovascular events in children and young adults. N. Engl. J. Med [print-electronic]. 2011 Nov 11/17/2011; 365(20): 1896-904. PMID: 22043968, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1110212, ISSN: 1533-4406.

Williams DJ, Cooper WO, Kaltenbach LA, Dudley JA, Kirschke DL, Jones TF, Arbogast PG, Griffin MR, Creech CB. Comparative effectiveness of antibiotic treatment strategies for pediatric skin and soft-tissue infections. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2011 Sep; 128(3): e479-87. PMID: 21844058, PMCID: PMC3387880, PII: peds.2010-3681, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-3681, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Hysinger EB, Callahan ST, Caples TL, Fuchs DC, Shelton R, Cooper WO. Suicidal behavior differs among early and late adolescents treated with antidepressant agents. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2011 Sep; 128(3): 447-54. PMID: 21824883, PMCID: PMC3387879, PII: peds.2010-3262, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-3262, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Darbar M, Emans SJ, Harris ZL, Brown NJ, Scott TA, Cooper WO. Part-time physician faculty in a pediatrics department: a study of equity in compensation and academic advancement. Acad Med. 2011 Aug; 86(8): 968-73. PMID: 21694562, DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e318222317e, ISSN: 1938-808X.

Cooper WO, Gitlin JD. Commentary: charting a course for success: excellence in clinical care and discovery in academic departments. Acad Med. 2011 May; 86(5): 544-5. PMID: 21646969, PII: 00001888-201105000-00007, DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e318212c2e2, ISSN: 1938-808X.

Bobo WV, Cooper WO, Epstein RA, Arbogast PG, Mounsey J, Ray WA. Positive predictive value of automated database records for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children and youth exposed to antipsychotic drugs or control medications: a Tennessee Medicaid Study. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2011; 11: 157. PMID: 22112194, PMCID: PMC3235973, PII: 1471-2288-11-157, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-11-157, ISSN: 1471-2288.

Jules A, Kaltenbach LA, Arbogast PG, Caples TL, Po'e EK, Cooper WO. Use of drugs known to cause fetal harm among women delivering infants in Haiti. Acad Pediatr. 2010 Nov; 10(6): 395-9. PMID: 21075320, PII: S1876-2859(10)00252-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2010.09.003, ISSN: 1876-2867.

Callahan ST, Cooper WO. Changes in ambulatory health care use during the transition to young adulthood. J Adolesc Health [print-electronic]. 2010 May; 46(5): 407-13. PMID: 20413075, PII: S1054-139X(09)00379-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.09.010, ISSN: 1879-1972.

Warren MD, Arbogast PG, Dudley JA, Kaltenbach L, Ray WA, Wang WC, Cooper WO. Adherence to prophylactic antibiotic guidelines among Medicaid infants with sickle cell disease. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010 Mar; 164(3): 298-9. PMID: 20194269, PMCID: PMC3596091, PII: 164/3/298, DOI: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.286, ISSN: 1538-3628.

Pont SJ, Grijalva CG, Griffin MR, Scott TA, Cooper WO. National rates of diarrhea-associated ambulatory visits in children. J. Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2009 Jul; 155(1): 56-61. PMID: 19394047, PII: S0022-3476(09)00111-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.01.075, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Cooper WO, Hernandez-Diaz S, Arbogast PG, Dudley JA, Dyer SM, Gideon PS, Hall KS, Kaltenbach LA, Ray WA. Antibiotics potentially used in response to bioterrorism and the risk of major congenital malformations. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2009 Jan; 23(1): 18-28. PMID: 19228311, PMCID: PMC3381893, PII: PPE978, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3016.2008.00978.x, ISSN: 1365-3016.

Pont SJ, Carpenter LR, Griffin MR, Jones TF, Schaffner W, Dudley JA, Arbogast PG, Cooper WO. Trends in healthcare usage attributable to diarrhea, 1995-2004. J. Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2008 Dec; 153(6): 777-82. PMID: 18692199, PII: S0022-3476(08)00569-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.06.037, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Carroll KN, Arbogast PG, Dudley JA, Cooper WO. Increase in incidence of medically treated thyroid disease in children with Down Syndrome after rerelease of American Academy of Pediatrics Health Supervision guidelines. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2008 Aug; 122(2): e493-8. PMID: 18606626, PMCID: PMC2666985, PII: peds.2007-3252, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2007-3252, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Carpenter LR, Pont SJ, Cooper WO, Griffin MR, Dudley JA, Arbogast P, Schaffner W, Jones TF. Stool cultures and antimicrobial prescriptions related to infectious diarrhea. J. Infect. Dis. 2008 Jun 6/15/2008; 197(12): 1709-12. PMID: 18426365, DOI: 10.1086/588142, ISSN: 0022-1899.

Warren MD, Cooper WO. Honey improves cough in children compared to no treatment. J. Pediatr. 2008 May; 152(5): 739-40. PMID: 18410789, PII: S0022-3476(08)00129-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.02.023, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Cooper WO, Hernandez-Diaz S, Gideon P, Dyer SM, Hall K, Dudley J, Cevasco M, Thompson AB, Ray WA. Positive predictive value of computerized records for major congenital malformations. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2008 May; 17(5): 455-60. PMID: 18081215, DOI: 10.1002/pds.1534, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Cooper WO, Ray WA, Arbogast PG, Garrison M, Dudley JA, Christakis DA. Health plan notification and feedback to providers is associated with increased filling of preventer medications for children with asthma enrolled in Medicaid. J. Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2008 Apr; 152(4): 481-8. PMID: 18346500, PII: S0022-3476(07)00847-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2007.08.046, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Bowen ME, Ray WA, Arbogast PG, Ding H, Cooper WO. Increasing exposure to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in pregnancy. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol [print-electronic]. 2008 Mar; 198(3): 291.e1-5. PMID: 18191803, PII: S0002-9378(07)01108-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.09.009, ISSN: 1097-6868.

Cooper WO. Clinical implications of increased congenital malformations after first trimester exposures to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2008 Jan; 23(1): 20-4. PMID: 18158502, PII: 00005082-200801000-00005, DOI: 10.1097/01.JCN.0000305052.73376.de, ISSN: 1550-5049.

Warren MD, Pont SJ, Barkin SL, Callahan ST, Caples TL, Carroll KN, Plemmons GS, Swan RR, Cooper WO. The effect of honey on nocturnal cough and sleep quality for children and their parents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007 Dec; 161(12): 1149-53. PMID: 18056559, PII: 161/12/1149, DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.161.12.1149, ISSN: 1538-3628.

Enriquez R, Griffin MR, Carroll KN, Wu P, Cooper WO, Gebretsadik T, Dupont WD, Mitchel EF, Hartert TV. Effect of maternal asthma and asthma control on pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol [print-electronic]. 2007 Sep; 120(3): 625-30. PMID: 17658591, PII: S0091-6749(07)01039-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2007.05.044, ISSN: 0091-6749.

Collins SR, Griffin MR, Arbogast PG, Walsh WF, Rush MR, Carter BS, Dudley J, Cooper WO. The rising prevalence of gastroschisis and omphalocele in Tennessee. J. Pediatr. Surg. 2007 Jul; 42(7): 1221-4. PMID: 17618884, PII: S0022-3468(07)00123-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2007.02.012, ISSN: 1531-5037.

Kurian BT, Ray WA, Arbogast PG, Fuchs DC, Dudley JA, Cooper WO. Effect of regulatory warnings on antidepressant prescribing for children and adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007 Jul; 161(7): 690-6. PMID: 17606833, PII: 161/7/690, DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.161.7.690, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Cooper WO, Willy ME, Pont SJ, Ray WA. Increasing use of antidepressants in pregnancy. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2007 Jun; 196(6): 544.e1-5. PMID: 17547888, PII: S0002-9378(07)00144-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.01.033, ISSN: 1097-6868.

Callahan ST, Cooper WO. Continuity of health insurance coverage among young adults with disabilities. Pediatrics. 2007 Jun; 119(6): 1175-80. PMID: 17545386, PII: 119/6/1175, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-1881, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Gunn VL, Phillippi RM, Cooper WO. Improvement in booster seat use in Tennessee. Pediatrics. 2007 Jan; 119(1): e131-6. PMID: 17200239, PII: 119/1/e131, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-1876, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Callahan ST, Hickson GB, Cooper WO. Health care access of Hispanic young adults in the United States. J Adolesc Health [print-electronic]. 2006 Nov; 39(5): 627-33. PMID: 17046497, PII: S1054-139X(06)00145-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.04.012, ISSN: 1879-1972.

Cooper WO, Hernandez-Diaz S, Arbogast PG, Dudley JA, Dyer S, Gideon PS, Hall K, Ray WA. Major congenital malformations after first-trimester exposure to ACE inhibitors. N. Engl. J. Med. 2006 Jun 6/8/2006; 354(23): 2443-51. PMID: 16760444, PII: 354/23/2443, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa055202, ISSN: 1533-4406.

Johnston M, Graves C, Arbogast PG, Cooper WO. Feeding attitudes of pregnant women with diabetes [letter]. Diabetes Care. 2006 Jun; 29(6): 1457-8. PMID: 16732047, PII: 29/6/1457, DOI: 10.2337/dc06-0174, ISSN: 0149-5992.

Cooper WO, Arbogast PG, Ding H, Hickson GB, Fuchs DC, Ray WA. Trends in prescribing of antipsychotic medications for US children. Ambul Pediatr. 2006 Mar; 6(2): 79-83. PMID: 16530143, PII: S1530-1567(05)00020-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.ambp.2005.11.002, ISSN: 1530-1567.

Callahan ST, Cooper WO. Access to health care for young adults with disabling chronic conditions. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Feb; 160(2): 178-82. PMID: 16461874, PII: 160/2/178, DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.160.2.178, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Gunn VL, Phillippi RM, Cooper WO. Racial differences in child safety restraint use in Tennessee. Inj. Prev. 2005 Dec; 11(6): 340-2. PMID: 16326767, PMCID: PMC1730290, PII: 11/6/340, DOI: 10.1136/ip.2005.008706, ISSN: 1353-8047.

Shankar SM, Arbogast PG, Mitchel E, Cooper WO, Wang WC, Griffin MR. Medical care utilization and mortality in sickle cell disease: a population-based study. Am. J. Hematol. 2005 Dec; 80(4): 262-70. PMID: 16315251, DOI: 10.1002/ajh.20485, ISSN: 0361-8609.

Carroll KN, Cooper WO, Blackford JU, Hickson GB. Characteristics of families that complain following pediatric emergency visits. Ambul Pediatr. 2005 Nov; 5(6): 326-31. PMID: 16302833, PII: A04-187R1, DOI: 10.1367/A04-187R1.1, ISSN: 1530-1567.

Callahan ST, Cooper WO. Uninsurance and health care access among young adults in the United States. Pediatrics. 2005 Jul; 116(1): 88-95. PMID: 15995037, PII: 116/1/88, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2004-1449, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Cooper WO, Arbogast PG, Hickson GB, Daugherty JR, Ray WA. Gaps in enrollment from a Medicaid managed care program: effects on emergency department visits and hospitalizations for children with asthma. Med Care. 2005 Jul; 43(7): 718-25. PMID: 15970788, PII: 00005650-200507000-00012, ISSN: 0025-7079.

Bowen ME, Poehling KA, Gunn VL, Carroll KN, Callahan ST, Arbogast PG, Cooper WO. Does the use of oxycodone affect diagnostic accuracy in children with acute abdominal pain?. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Apr; 159(4): 326-8. PMID: 15809383, PII: 159/4/326, DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.159.4.326, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Gunn VL, Hickson GB, Cooper WO. Factors affecting pediatricians' reporting of suspected child maltreatment. Ambul Pediatr. 2005 Mar; 5(2): 96-101. PMID: 15780021, PII: A04-094R, DOI: 10.1367/A04-094R.1, ISSN: 1530-1567.

Cooper WO. Validity of maternal report of acute health care for children: evaluating proxy interview responses [editorial]. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Feb; 159(2): 193-4. PMID: 15699317, PII: 159/2/193, DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.159.2.193, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Butler K, Cooper WO. Adherence of pediatric asthma patients with oral corticosteroid prescriptions following pediatric emergency department visit or hospitalization. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2004 Nov; 20(11): 730-5. PMID: 15502653, PII: 00006565-200411000-00002, ISSN: 1535-1815.

Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Fuchs C, Arbogast PG, Ray WA. New users of antipsychotic medications among children enrolled in TennCare. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Aug; 158(8): 753-9. PMID: 15289247, PII: 158/8/753, DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.158.8.753, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Valet RS, Kutny DF, Hickson GB, Cooper WO. Family reports of care denials for children enrolled in TennCare. Pediatrics. 2004 Jul; 114(1): e37-42. PMID: 15231971, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Ray WA. Prescriptions for contraindicated category X drugs in pregnancy among women enrolled in TennCare. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2004 Mar; 18(2): 106-11. PMID: 14996249, PII: 542, ISSN: 0269-5022.

Callahan ST, Cooper WO. Gender and uninsurance among young adults in the United States. Pediatrics. 2004 Feb; 113(2): 291-7. PMID: 14754940, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Cooper WO, Lutenbacher M, Faccia K, Hepworth JT. Planning of youth violence-prevention programs: development of a guiding measure. Public Health Nurs. 2003 Nov; 20(6): 432-9. PMID: 14629674, PII: 20603, ISSN: 0737-1209.

Sox CM, Cooper WO, Koepsell TD, DiGiuseppe DL, Christakis DA. Provision of pneumococcal prophylaxis for publicly insured children with sickle cell disease. JAMA. 2003 Aug 8/27/2003; 290(8): 1057-61. PMID: 12941678, PII: 290/8/1057, DOI: 10.1001/jama.290.8.1057, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Porter CC, Poehling KA, Hamilton R, Frangoul H, Cooper WO. Influenza immunization practices among pediatric oncologists. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 2003 Feb; 25(2): 134-8. PMID: 12571465, ISSN: 1077-4114.

Cooper WO, Boyce TG, Wright PF, Griffin MR. Do childhood vaccines have non-specific effects on mortality?. Bull. World Health Organ [print-electronic]. 2003; 81(11): 821-6. PMID: 14758409, PMCID: PMC2572354, PII: S0042-96862003001100009, ISSN: 0042-9686.

Cooper WO, Staffa JA, Renfrew JW, Graham DJ, Ray WA. Oral corticosteroid use among children in TennCare. Ambul Pediatr. 2002 Sep; 2(5): 375-81. PMID: 12241133, ISSN: 1530-1567.

Cooper WO, Ray WA, Griffin MR. Prenatal prescription of macrolide antibiotics and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Jul; 100(1): 101-6. PMID: 12100810, PII: S002978440202001X, ISSN: 0029-7844.

Cooper WO, Griffin MR, Arbogast P, Hickson GB, Gautam S, Ray WA. Very early exposure to erythromycin and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Jul; 156(7): 647-50. PMID: 12090829, PII: poa10338, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Lutenbacher M, Cooper WO, Faccia K. Planning youth violence prevention efforts: decision-making across community sectors. J Adolesc Health. 2002 May; 30(5): 346-54. PMID: 11996783, PII: S1054139X02003452, ISSN: 1054-139X.

Cooper WO, Hickson GB. Corticosteroid prescription filling for children covered by Medicaid following an emergency department visit or a hospitalization for asthma. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001 Oct; 155(10): 1111-5. PMID: 11576005, PII: poa00569, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Cooper WO, Kuhlthau K. Evaluating medicaid managed care programs for children. Ambul Pediatr. 2001 Mar; 1(2): 112-6. PMID: 11888383, ISSN: 1530-1567.

Cooper WO, Lutenbacher M, Faccia K. Components of effective youth violence prevention programs for 7- to 14-year-olds. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Nov; 154(11): 1134-9. PMID: 11074856, PII: poa00128, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Tamura Y, Welch DC, Zic JA, Cooper WO, Stein SM, Hummell DS. Scurvy presenting as painful gait with bruising in a young boy. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Jul; 154(7): 732-5. PMID: 10891027, PII: pnu90375, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Gray CL, Ray WA. Changes in continuity of enrollment among high-risk children following implementation of TennCare. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999 Nov; 153(11): 1145-9. PMID: 10555715, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Mitchel EF, Edwards KM, Thapa PB, Ray WA. Early childhood mortality from community-acquired infections. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1999 Sep 9/1/1999; 150(5): 517-27. PMID: 10472952, ISSN: 0002-9262.

Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Comparison of perinatal outcomes among TennCare managed care organizations. Pediatrics. 1999 Sep; 104(3 Pt 1): 525-9. PMID: 10469780, ISSN: 0031-4005.

Cooper WO, Daniels SR, Loggie JM. Prevalence and correlates of blood pressure elevation in children with Guillain-Barré syndrome. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1998 Oct; 37(10): 621-4. PMID: 9793732, ISSN: 0009-9228.

Hickson GB, Cooper WO, Campbell PW, Altemeier WA. Effects of pediatrician characteristics on management decisions in simulated cases involving apparent life-threatening events. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998 Apr; 152(4): 383-7. PMID: 9559716, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Cooper WO, Federspiel CF, Griffin MR, Hickson GB. New use of anticonvulsant medications among children enrolled in the Tennessee Medicaid Program. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997 Dec; 151(12): 1242-6. PMID: 9412601, ISSN: 1072-4710.

Cooper WO, Kotagal UR, Atherton HD, Lippert CA, Bragg E, Donovan EF, Perlstein PH. Use of health care services by inner-city infants in an early discharge program. Pediatrics. 1996 Oct; 98(4 Pt 1): 686-91. PMID: 8885947, ISSN: 0031-4005.

Cooper WO, Atherton HD, Kahana M, Kotagal UR. Increased incidence of severe breastfeeding malnutrition and hypernatremia in a metropolitan area. Pediatrics. 1995 Nov; 96(5 Pt 1): 957-60. PMID: 7478844, ISSN: 0031-4005.

Cooper WO, Fava RA, Gates CA, Cremer MA, Townes AS. Acceleration of onset of collagen-induced arthritis by intra-articular injection of tumour necrosis factor or transforming growth factor-beta. Clin. Exp. Immunol. 1992 Aug; 89(2): 244-50. PMID: 1638767, PMCID: PMC1554423, ISSN: 0009-9104.