Randolph A. Miller, M.D.



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Faculty Appointments
Professor of Biomedical Informatics Cornelius Vanderbilt Chair in Biomedical Informatics #4Professor of Medicine
M.D., Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaA.B., Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
Office Address
B003C Eskind Lib
TN 8340
Wu Y, Denny JC, Trent Rosenbloom S, Miller RA, Giuse DA, Wang L, Blanquicett C, Soysal E, Xu J, Xu H. A long journey to short abbreviations: developing an open-source framework for clinical abbreviation recognition and disambiguation (CARD). J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017 Apr 4/1/2017; 24(e1): e79-e86. PMID: 27539197, PII: ocw109, DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocw109, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Wu Y, Denny JC, Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Giuse DA, Song M, Xu H. A Preliminary Study of Clinical Abbreviation Disambiguation in Real Time. Appl Clin Inform. 2015; 6(2): 364-74. PMID: 26171081, PMCID: PMC4493336, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2014-10-RA-0088, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Rosenbaum BP, Silkin N, Miller RA. Easily configured real-time CPOE Pick Off Tool supporting focused clinical research and quality improvement. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2014 May; 21(3): 564-8. PMID: 24287172, PMCID: PMC3994861, PII: amiajnl-2013-001950, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001950, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Adams P, Madani S, Khan N, Shultz EK. Implementing an interface terminology for structured clinical documentation. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 Jun; 20(e1): e178-82. PMID: 23384817, PMCID: PMC3715351, PII: amiajnl-2012-001384, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001384, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Smith JC, Denny JC, Chen Q, Nian H, Spickard A, Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA. Lessons learned from developing a drug evidence base to support pharmacovigilance. Appl Clin Inform. 2013; 4(4): 596-617. PMID: 24454585, PMCID: PMC3885918, DOI: 10.4338/ACI-2013-08-RA-0062, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Atreya RV, Smith JC, McCoy AB, Malin B, Miller RA. Reducing patient re-identification risk for laboratory results within research datasets. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2013 Jan 1/1/2013; 20(1): 95-101. PMID: 22822040, PMCID: PMC3555327, PII: amiajnl-2012-001026, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001026, ISSN: 1527-974X.

McCoy AB, Waitman LR, Lewis JB, Wright JA, Choma DP, Miller RA, Peterson JF. A framework for evaluating the appropriateness of clinical decision support alerts and responses. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2012 May; 19(3): 346-52. PMID: 21849334, PMCID: PMC3341775, PII: amiajnl-2011-000185, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000185, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Wu Y, Denny JC, Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Giuse DA, Xu H. A comparative study of current Clinical Natural Language Processing systems on handling abbreviations in discharge summaries. AMIA Annu Symp Proc [print-electronic]. 2012; 2012: 997-1003. PMID: 23304375, PMCID: PMC3540461, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Denny JC, Choma NN, Peterson JF, Miller RA, Bastarache L, Li M, Peterson NB. Natural language processing improves identification of colorectal cancer testing in the electronic medical record. Med Decis Making [print-electronic]. 2012 Jan; 32(1): 188-97. PMID: 21393557, PII: 0272989X11400418, DOI: 10.1177/0272989X11400418, ISSN: 1552-681X.

Schildcrout JS, Haneuse S, Peterson JF, Denny JC, Matheny ME, Waitman LR, Miller RA. Analyses of longitudinal, hospital clinical laboratory data with application to blood glucose concentrations. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2011 Nov 11/30/2011; 30(27): 3208-20. PMID: 21948391, PMCID: PMC3339442, DOI: 10.1002/sim.4352, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Williams AM, Abramo TJ, Shah MV, Miller RA, Burney-Jones C, Rooks S, Estrada C, Arnold DH. Safety and clinical findings of BiPAP utilization in children 20 kg or less for asthma exacerbations. Intensive Care Med [print-electronic]. 2011 Aug; 37(8): 1338-43. PMID: 21567114, DOI: 10.1007/s00134-011-2238-9, ISSN: 1432-1238.

Carnevale RJ, Talbot TR, Schaffner W, Bloch KC, Daniels TL, Miller RA. Evaluating the utility of syndromic surveillance algorithms for screening to detect potentially clonal hospital infection outbreaks. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2011 Jul; 18(4): 466-72. PMID: 21606134, PMCID: PMC3128411, PII: amiajnl-2011-000216, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2011-000216, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Wu Y, Rosenbloom ST, Denny JC, Miller RA, Mani S, Giuse DA, Xu H. Detecting abbreviations in discharge summaries using machine learning methods. AMIA Annu Symp Proc [print-electronic]. 2011; 2011: 1541-9. PMID: 22195219, PMCID: PMC3243185, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Peterson JF, Shi Y, Denny JC, Matheny ME, Schildcrout JS, Waitman LR, Miller RA. Prevalence and Clinical Significance of Discrepancies within Three Computerized Pre-Admission Medication Lists. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2010 Nov 11/13/2010; 2010: 642-6. PMID: 21347057, PMCID: PMC3041392, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Matheny ME, Miller RA, Ikizler TA, Waitman LR, Denny JC, Schildcrout JS, Dittus RS, Peterson JF. Development of inpatient risk stratification models of acute kidney injury for use in electronic health records. Med Decis Making [print-electronic]. 2010 Nov; 30(6): 639-50. PMID: 20354229, PMCID: PMC4850549, PII: 0272989X10364246, DOI: 10.1177/0272989X10364246, ISSN: 1552-681X.

Denny JC, Peterson JF, Choma NN, Xu H, Miller RA, Bastarache L, Peterson NB. Extracting timing and status descriptors for colonoscopy testing from electronic medical records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2010 Jul; 17(4): 383-8. PMID: 20595304, PMCID: PMC2995656, PII: 17/4/383, DOI: 10.1136/jamia.2010.004804, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Siew ED, Matheny ME, Ikizler TA, Lewis JB, Miller RA, Waitman LR, Go AS, Parikh CR, Peterson JF. Commonly used surrogates for baseline renal function affect the classification and prognosis of acute kidney injury. Kidney Int [print-electronic]. 2010 Mar; 77(6): 536-42. PMID: 20042998, PMCID: PMC2929703, PII: S0085-2538(15)54290-7, DOI: 10.1038/ki.2009.479, ISSN: 1523-1755.

Miller RA. A history of the INTERNIST-1 and Quick Medical Reference (QMR) computer-assisted diagnosis projects, with lessons learned. Yearb Med Inform. 2010; 121-36. PMID: 20938584, PII: me10010121, ISSN: 2364-0502.

Denny JC, Peterson JF, Choma NN, Xu H, Miller RA, Bastarache L, Peterson NB. Development of a natural language processing system to identify timing and status of colonoscopy testing in electronic medical records. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2009 Nov 11/14/2009; 2009: 141. PMID: 20351837, PMCID: PMC2815478, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Denny JC, Spickard A, Johnson KB, Peterson NB, Peterson JF, Miller RA. Evaluation of a method to identify and categorize section headers in clinical documents. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2009 Nov; 16(6): 806-15. PMID: 19717800, PMCID: PMC3002123, PII: M3037, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M3037, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Miller RA. Computer-assisted diagnostic decision support: history, challenges, and possible paths forward. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract [print-electronic]. 2009 Sep; 14 Suppl 1: 89-106. PMID: 19672686, DOI: 10.1007/s10459-009-9186-y, ISSN: 1573-1677.

Denny JC, Miller RA, Waitman LR, Arrieta MA, Peterson JF. Identifying QT prolongation from ECG impressions using a general-purpose Natural Language Processor. Int J Med Inform [print-electronic]. 2009 Apr; 78 Suppl 1: S34-42. PMID: 18938105, PMCID: PMC2728459, PII: S1386-5056(08)00162-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2008.09.001, ISSN: 1872-8243.

Denny JC, Miller RA, Johnson KB, Spickard A. Development and evaluation of a clinical note section header terminology. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2008 Nov 11/6/2008; 156-60. PMID: 18999303, PMCID: PMC2656032, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Dortch MJ, Mowery NT, Ozdas A, Dossett L, Cao H, Collier B, Holder G, Miller RA, May AK. A computerized insulin infusion titration protocol improves glucose control with less hypoglycemia compared to a manual titration protocol in a trauma intensive care unit. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2008 Jan; 32(1): 18-27. PMID: 18165443, PII: 32/1/18, DOI: 10.1177/014860710803200118, ISSN: 0148-6071.

Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Johnson KB, Elkin PL, Brown SH. A model for evaluating interface terminologies. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2008 Jan; 15(1): 65-76. PMID: 17947616, PMCID: PMC2274877, PII: M2506, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2506, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Stiles RA, Deppen SA, Figaro MK, Gregg WM, Jirjis JN, Rothman RL, Johnston PE, Miller RA, Dittus RS, Speroff T. Behind-the-scenes of patient-centered care: content analysis of electronic messaging among primary care clinic providers and staff. Med Care. 2007 Dec; 45(12): 1205-9. PMID: 18007171, PII: 00005650-200712000-00012, DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e318148490c, ISSN: 0025-7079.

FitzHenry F, Peterson JF, Arrieta M, Waitman LR, Schildcrout JS, Miller RA. Medication administration discrepancies persist despite electronic ordering. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2007 Nov; 14(6): 756-64. PMID: 17712089, PMCID: PMC2213483, PII: M2359, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2359, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Chiu KW, Miller RA. Developing an advisor predicting inpatient hypokalemia: a negative study. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2007 Oct 10/11/2007; 910. PMID: 18694010, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Boord JB, Sharifi M, Greevy RA, Griffin MR, Lee VK, Webb TA, May ME, Waitman LR, May AK, Miller RA. Computer-based insulin infusion protocol improves glycemia control over manual protocol. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2007 May; 14(3): 278-87. PMID: 17329722, PMCID: PMC2244871, PII: M2292, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M2292, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Ozdas A, Miller RA. Care provider order entry (CPOE): a perspective on factors leading to success or to failure. Yearb Med Inform. 2007; 128-37. PMID: 17700915, PII: me07010128, ISSN: 0943-4747.

Peterson JF, Rosenbaum BP, Waitman LR, Habermann R, Powers J, Harrell D, Miller RA. Physicians' response to guided geriatric dosing: initial results from a randomized trial. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007; 129(Pt 2): 1037-40. PMID: 17911873, ISSN: 0926-9630.

Jerome RN, Miller RA. Expert synthesis of the literature to support critical care decision making. J Med Libr Assoc. 2006 Oct; 94(4): 376-81. PMID: 17082827, PMCID: PMC1629446, ISSN: 1558-9439.

Rosenbloom ST, Miller RA, Johnson KB, Elkin PL, Brown SH. Interface terminologies: facilitating direct entry of clinical data into electronic health record systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2006 May; 13(3): 277-88. PMID: 16501181, PMCID: PMC1513664, PII: M1957, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1957, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Ozdas A, Speroff T, Waitman LR, Ozbolt J, Butler J, Miller RA. Integrating "best of care" protocols into clinicians' workflow via care provider order entry: impact on quality-of-care indicators for acute myocardial infarction. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2006 Mar; 13(2): 188-96. PMID: 16357360, PMCID: PMC1447538, PII: M1656, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1656, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Butler J, Speroff T, Arbogast PG, Newton M, Waitman LR, Stiles R, Miller RA, Ray W, Griffin MR. Improved compliance with quality measures at hospital discharge with a computerized physician order entry system. Am. Heart J. 2006 Mar; 151(3): 643-53. PMID: 16504626, PII: S0002-8703(05)00502-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2005.05.007, ISSN: 1097-6744.

Miller RA, Groth T, Hasman A, Safran C, Shortliffe EH, Haux R, McCray AT. On exemplary scientific conduct regarding submission of manuscripts to biomedical informatics journals. Methods Inf Med. 2006; 45(1): 1-3. PMID: 16482363, PII: 06010001, ISSN: 0026-1270.

Miller RA, Waitman LR, Chen S, Rosenbloom ST. The anatomy of decision support during inpatient care provider order entry (CPOE): empirical observations from a decade of CPOE experience at Vanderbilt. J Biomed Inform [print-electronic]. 2005 Dec; 38(6): 469-85. PMID: 16290243, PMCID: PMC1518541, PII: S1532-0464(05)00100-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbi.2005.08.009, ISSN: 1532-0480.

Rosenbloom ST, Chiu KW, Byrne DW, Talbert DA, Neilson EG, Miller RA. Interventions to regulate ordering of serum magnesium levels: report of an unintended consequence of decision support. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2005 Sep; 12(5): 546-53. PMID: 15905483, PMCID: PMC1205603, PII: M1811, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1811, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Miller RA, Gardner RM, Johnson KB, Hripcsak G. Clinical decision support and electronic prescribing systems: a time for responsible thought and action. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2005 Jul; 12(4): 403-9. PMID: 15905481, PMCID: PMC1174885, PII: M1830, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1830, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Rosenbloom ST, Geissbuhler AJ, Dupont WD, Giuse DA, Talbert DA, Tierney WM, Plummer WD, Stead WW, Miller RA. Effect of CPOE user interface design on user-initiated access to educational and patient information during clinical care. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2005 Jul; 12(4): 458-73. PMID: 15802487, PMCID: PMC1174891, PII: M1627, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1627, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Fitzhenry F, Peterson JF, Arrieta MA, Miller RA. Measuring the quality of medication administration. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 955. PMID: 16779242, PMCID: PMC1479849, PII: 58738, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Denny JC, Spickard A, Miller RA, Schildcrout J, Darbar D, Rosenbloom ST, Peterson JF. Identifying UMLS concepts from ECG Impressions using KnowledgeMap. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 196-200. PMID: 16779029, PMCID: PMC1479847, PII: 58024, ISSN: 1942-597X.

Hulgan T, Rosenbloom ST, Hargrove F, Talbert DA, Arbogast PG, Bansal P, Miller RA, Kernodle DS. Oral quinolones in hospitalized patients: an evaluation of a computerized decision support intervention. J. Intern. Med. 2004 Oct; 256(4): 349-57. PMID: 15367178, PII: JIM1375, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2004.01375.x, ISSN: 0954-6820.

Neilson EG, Johnson KB, Rosenbloom ST, Dupont WD, Talbert D, Giuse DA, Kaiser A, Miller RA, . The impact of peer management on test-ordering behavior. Ann. Intern. Med. 2004 Aug 8/3/2004; 141(3): 196-204. PMID: 15289216, PII: 141/3/196, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Rosenbloom ST, Grande J, Geissbuhler A, Miller RA. Experience in implementing inpatient clinical note capture via a provider order entry system. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2004 Jul; 11(4): 310-5. PMID: 15064293, PMCID: PMC436080, PII: M1461, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1461, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Ozbolt J, Ozdas A, Waitman LR, Smith JB, Brennan GV, Miller RA. Decision support for patient care: implementing cybernetics. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2004; 107(Pt 1): 70-3. PMID: 15360777, PII: D040004510, ISSN: 0926-9630.

Aronsky D, Aliferis CF, Johnson KB, Lorenzi NM, Miller RA. Biomedical Informatics Training Program at Vanderbilt University. Yearb Med Inform. 2004; (1): 165-74. PMID: 27706310, PII: me04010165, ISSN: 2364-0502.

Denny JC, Smithers JD, Miller RA, Spickard A. "Understanding" medical school curriculum content using KnowledgeMap. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2003 Jul; 10(4): 351-62. PMID: 12668688, PMCID: PMC181986, PII: M1176, DOI: 10.1197/jamia.M1176, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Waitman LR, Pearson D, Hargrove FR, Wright L, Webb TA, Miller RA, Stewart PW, Grisso AG, Holder G, Rudge N. Enhancing Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) for neonatal intensive care. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 1078. PMID: 14728581, PMCID: PMC1480100, PII: D030003395, ISSN: 1942-597X.

FitzHenry F, Kiepek WT, Shultz EK, Byrd J, Doran J, Miller RA. Implementing outpatient order entry to support medical necessity using the patient's electronic past medical history. Proc AMIA Symp. 2002; 250-4. PMID: 12463825, PMCID: PMC2244584, PII: D020002551, ISSN: 1531-605X.

Sanders DL, Miller RA. The effects on clinician ordering patterns of a computerized decision support system for neuroradiology imaging studies. Proc AMIA Symp. 2001; 583-7. PMID: 11825254, PMCID: PMC2243405, PII: D010001602, ISSN: 1531-605X.

Bansal P, Aronsky D, Aronsky D, Talbert D, Miller RA. A computer based intervention on the appropriate use of arterial blood gas. Proc AMIA Symp. 2001; 32-6. PMID: 11825152, PMCID: PMC2243306, PII: D010001574, ISSN: 1531-605X.

Stead WW, Miller RA, Musen MA, Hersh WR. Integration and beyond: panel discussion. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2000 Mar; 7(2): 146-8. PMID: 10730597, PMCID: PMC61467, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Stead WW, Miller RA, Musen MA, Hersh WR. Integration and beyond: linking information from disparate sources and into workflow. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2000 Mar; 7(2): 135-45. PMID: 10730596, PMCID: PMC61466, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Starmer JM, Talbert DA, Miller RA. Experience using a programmable rules engine to implement a complex medical protocol during order entry. Proc AMIA Symp. 2000; 829-32. PMID: 11080000, PMCID: PMC2243729, PII: D200758, ISSN: 1531-605X.

Stead WW, MILLER RA, Musen M, Hersh W. Integration and Beyond: Linking information from disparate sources and into workflow. J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 2000; 7((2)): 135-45.

Brown SH, Miller RA, Camp HN, Guise DA, Walker HK. Empirical derivation of an electronic clinically useful problem statement system. Ann. Intern. Med. 1999 Jul 7/20/1999; 131(2): 117-26. PMID: 10419428, PII: 199907200-00008, ISSN: 0003-4819.

Geissbuhler A, Miller RA. Distributing knowledge maintenance for clinical decision-support systems: the "knowledge library" model. Proc AMIA Symp. 1999; 770-4. PMID: 10566464, PMCID: PMC2232510, PII: D005383, ISSN: 1531-605X.

Davis L, Domm JA, Konikoff MR, Miller RA. Attitudes of first-year medical students toward the confidentiality of computerized patient records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1999 Jan; 6(1): 53-60. PMID: 9925228, PMCID: PMC61344, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Westberg EE, Miller RA. The basis for using the Internet to support the information needs of primary care. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1999 Jan; 6(1): 6-25. PMID: 9925225, PMCID: PMC61341, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Westberg EE, MILLER RA. The Basis for Using the Internet to Support the Information Needs of Primary Care. J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 1999; 6((1)): 6-25.

Davis JL, Domm JA, Konikoff MR, MILLER RA. Attitudes of First-Year Medical Students Toward the Confidentiality of Computerized Patient Records. J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 1999; 6((1)): 53-60.

Brown S, MILLER RA, Camp H, Giuse D, Walker H. Empirical Derivation of an Electronic Clinically Useful Problem Statement System. Ann Intern Med. 1999; 131((2)): 117-26.

Rassinoux AM, Miller RA, Baud RH, Scherrer JR. Modeling concepts in medicine for medical language understanding. Methods Inf Med. 1998 Nov; 37(4-5): 361-72. PMID: 9865034, PII: 98040361, ISSN: 0026-1270.

Geissbuhler A, Miller RA. Clinical application of the UMLS in a computerized order entry and decision-support system. Proc AMIA Symp. 1998; 320-4. PMID: 9929234, PMCID: PMC2232318, ISSN: 1531-605X.

Geissbühler A, Miller RA. Desiderata for product labeling of medical expert systems. Int J Med Inform. 1997 Dec; 47(3): 153-63. PMID: 9513004, PII: S1386505697000993, ISSN: 1386-5056.

Miller RA, Gardner RM. Recommendations for responsible monitoring and regulation of clinical software systems. American Medical Informatics Association, Computer-based Patient Record Institute, Medical Library Association, Association of Academic Health Science Libraries, American Health Information Management Association, American Nurses Association. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1997 Nov; 4(6): 442-57. PMID: 9391932, PMCID: PMC61262.

Rassinoux AM, Miller RA, Baud RH, Scherrer JR. Compositional and enumerative designs for medical language representation. Proc AMIA Annu Fall Symp. 1997; 620-4. PMID: 9357700, PMCID: PMC2233357, ISSN: 1091-8280.

Geissbühler A, Grande JF, Bates RA, Miller RA, Stead WW. Design of a general clinical notification system based on the publish-subscribe paradigm. Proc AMIA Annu Fall Symp. 1997; 126-30. PMID: 9357602, PMCID: PMC2233318, ISSN: 1091-8280.

Giuse NB, Huber JT, Kafantaris SR, Giuse DA, Miller MD, Giles DE, Miller RA, Stead WW. Preparing librarians to meet the challenges of today's health care environment. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1997 Jan; 4(1): 57-67. PMID: 8988475, PMCID: PMC61199, ISSN: 1067-5027.

MILLER RA. Predictive Models for Primary Caregivers: Risky Business?. Ann Intern Med. 1997; 127((7)): 565-7.

MILLER RA, Gardner RM. Summary Recommendations for Responsible Monitoring and Regulation of Clinical Software Systems. Ann Intern Med. 1997; 127((9)): 842-45.

MILLER RA, Gardner RM. Recommendations for Responsible Monitoring and Regulation of Clinical Software Systems. J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 1997; 4((6)): 442-57.

Geissbuhler A, MILLER RA. Desiderata for Product Labeling of Medical Expert Systems. Internat J Med Informatics. 1997; 47((3)): 153-63.

Stead WW, Borden R, Bourne J, Giuse D, Giuse N, Harris TR, Miller RA, Olsen AJ. The Vanderbilt University fast track to IAIMS: transition from planning to implementation. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1996 Sep; 3(5): 308-17. PMID: 8880678, PMCID: PMC116315, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Geissbühler A, Miller RA. A new approach to the implementation of direct care-provider order entry. Proc AMIA Annu Fall Symp. 1996; 689-93. PMID: 8947753, PMCID: PMC2233030, ISSN: 1091-8280.

Rassinoux AM, Miller RA, Baud RH, Scherrer JR. Modeling principles for QMR medical findings. Proc AMIA Annu Fall Symp. 1996; 264-8. PMID: 8947669, PMCID: PMC2233214, ISSN: 1091-8280.

Aliferis CF, Cooper GF, MILLER RA, Buchanan BG, Bankowitz R, Giuse NB. A Temporal Analysis of QMR. J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 1996; 3: 79-91.

Giuse DA, Giuse NB, Miller RA. Evaluation of long-term maintenance of a large medical knowledge base. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1995 Sep; 2(5): 297-306. PMID: 7496879, PMCID: PMC116270, ISSN: 1067-5027.

Giuse DA, Giuse NB, MILLER RA. Evaluation of Long-Term Maintenance of a Large Medical Knowledge Base. J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 1995; 2: 297-306.

Aliferis CF, MILLER RA. On the Heuristic Nature of Medical Decision-Support Systems. Meth Inform Med. 1995; 34: 5-14.

MILLER RA. Medical Diagnostic Decision Support Systems - Past, Present, and Future. J. Am. Med. Inform. Assoc. 1994; 1: 8-27.

Giuse NB, Giuse DA, MILLER RA, Bankowitz RA, Janosky JE, Davidoff F, Hillner BE, Hripcsak G, Lincoln MJ, Middleton B, Peden JG. Evaluating Consensus Among Physicians in Medical Knowledge Base Construction. Meth Inform Med. 1993; 32: 137-45.

MILLER RA, Giuse NB. The Medicine in Medical Informatics: Medical Knowledge Bases. Academic Medicine. 1991; 66: 15-7.

Osheroff JA, Forsythe DE, Buchanan BG, Bankowitz RA, Blumenfeld BH, MILLER RA. Physicians' Information Needs: An Analysis of Questions Posed During Clinical Teaching in Internal Medicine. Ann Intern Med. 1991; 114: 576-81.

Masarie FE Jr, MILLER RA, Bouhaddou O, Giuse NB, Warner HR. An Interlingua for Electronic Interchange of Medical Information: Using Frames to Map Between Clinical Vocabularies. Comp Biomed Res. 1991; 24((4)): 379-400.

MILLER RA, Masarie FE Jr. The Demise of the "Greek Oracle" Model for Medical Diagnostic Systems. Meth Inform Med. 1990; 29: 1-2.

Giuse DA, Giuse NB, MILLER RA. Towards Computer Assisted Maintenance of Medical Knowledge Bases. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. 1990; 2: 21-33.

Why the Standard View is Standard: People, not Machines, Understand Patients' Problems. MILLER RA. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1990; 2: 21-33.

MILLER RA. Why the Standard View is Standard: People, not Machines, Understand Patients' Problems. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1990; 15: 581-91.

Bankowitz RA, McNeil MA, Challinor SM, Parker RC, Kapoor WN, MILLER RA. A computer-assisted medical diagnostic consultation service: implementation and prospective evaluation of a prototype. Ann Intern Med. 1989; 110: 824-32.

MILLER RA, Masarie FE Jr. Use of the Quick Medical Reference (QMR) (R) Program as a Tool for Medical Education. Meth Inform Med. 1989; 28: 340-5.

Parker RC, MILLER RA. Creation of a Knowledge Base Adequate for Simulating Patient Cases: Adding Deep Knowledge to the INTERNIST-1/QMR Knowledge Base. Meth Inform Med. 1989; 28: 346-51.

MILLER RA, McNeil MA, Challinor S, Masarie FE, Myers JD. Status Report: The INTERNIST-1 / Quick Medical Reference Project. West J Med. 1986; 145: 816-22.

MILLER RA, Schaffner KF, Meisel A. Ethical and Legal Issues Related to the Use of Computer Programs in Clinical Medicine. Ann Intern Med. 1985; 102: 529-36.

The Logic of Problem Solving in Clinical Diagnosis: A Course for Second Year Medical Students. MILLER RA, Schaffner KF. J Med Ed. 1982; 57: 63-5.

Kapoor WN, Karpf M, Maher Y, MILLER RA, Levey GS. Syncope of Unknown Origin. The Need for a More Cost effective Approach to Its Diagnostic Evaluation. JAMA. 1982; 247: 2687-91.

MILLER RA, Pople HE Jr, Myers JD. INTERNIST 1, An Experimental Computer based Diagnostic Consultant for General Internal Medicine. N Engl J Med. 1982; 307: 468-76.