Bryan E. Shepherd, Ph.D.

Faculty Appointments
Professor of Biostatistics Professor of Biomedical Informatics
Ph.D., Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WashingtonM.S., Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WashingtonB.S., Statistics, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah
Office Address
S-2323 MCN
TN 2158
Norwood J, Kheshti A, Shepherd BE, Rebeiro PF, Ahonkhai A, Kelly S, Wanjalla C. The Impact of COVID-19 on the HIV Care Continuum in a Large Urban Southern Clinic. AIDS Behav [print-electronic]. 2022 Aug; 26(8): 2825-9. PMID: 35194699, PMCID: PMC8863570, PII: 10.1007/s10461-022-03615-7, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-022-03615-7, ISSN: 1573-3254.

Wester CW, Shepherd BE, Wudil UJ, Musa BM, Ingles DJ, Prigmore HL, Dankishiya FS, Ahonkhai AA, Grema BA, Budge PJ, Takakura A, Olabisi OA, Winkler CA, Kopp JB, Bonventre JV, Wyatt CM, Aliyu MH. Etiology of Persistent Microalbuminuria in Nigeria (P_MICRO study): protocol and study design. BMC Infect Dis. 2022 Jul 7/4/2022; 22(1): 591. PMID: 35787257, PII: 10.1186/s12879-022-07531-y, DOI: 10.1186/s12879-022-07531-y, ISSN: 1471-2334.

Shepherd BE, Han K, Chen T, Bian A, Pugh S, Duda SN, Lumley T, Heerman WJ, Shaw PA. Multiwave validation sampling for error-prone electronic health records. Biometrics [print-electronic]. 2022 Jul 7/1/2022; PMID: 35775996, DOI: 10.1111/biom.13713, ISSN: 1541-0420.

Schildcrout JS, Harrell FE, Heagerty PJ, Haneuse S, Di Gravio C, Garbett SP, Rathouz PJ, Shepherd BE. Model-assisted analyses of longitudinal, ordinal outcomes with absorbing states. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2022 Jun 6/30/2022; 41(14): 2497-512. PMID: 35253265, DOI: 10.1002/sim.9366, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Núñez I, Crabtree-Ramirez B, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR, Cahn P, Veloso VG, Cortes CP, Padgett D, Gotuzzo E, Sierra-Madero J, McGowan CC, Person AK, Caro-Vega Y. Late-onset opportunistic infections while receiving anti-retroviral therapy in Latin America: burden and risk factors. Int J Infect Dis [print-electronic]. 2022 Jun 6/26/2022; 122: 469-75. PMID: 35768025, PII: S1201-9712(22)00375-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2022.06.041, ISSN: 1878-3511.

Castilho JL, Bian A, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Sigel K, Gill MJ, Kitahata MM, Silverberg MJ, Mayor AM, Coburn SB, Wiley D, Achenbach CJ, Marconi VC, Bosch RJ, Horberg MA, Rabkin CS, Napravnik S, Novak RM, Mathews WC, Thorne JE, Sun J, Althoff KN, Moore RD, Sterling TR, Sudenga SL, . CD4/CD8 Ratio and Cancer Risk Among Adults With HIV. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2022 Jun 6/13/2022; 114(6): 854-62. PMID: 35292820, PII: 6548163, DOI: 10.1093/jnci/djac053, ISSN: 1460-2105.

Anderson K, Pietersen E, Shepherd BE, Bian A, Dheda K, Warren R, Sterling TR, van der Heijden YF. High mortality among patients hospitalized for drug-resistant tuberculosis with acquired second-line drug resistance and high HIV prevalence. HIV Med [print-electronic]. 2022 May 5/24/2022; PMID: 35608016, DOI: 10.1111/hiv.13318, ISSN: 1468-1293.

Bhatta M, Bian A, Norwood J, Shepherd BE, Ransby I, Nelson J, Turner M, Sterling TR, Castilho JL. Low Rates of Contraception Use in Women With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2022 May; 9(5): ofac113. PMID: 35392458, PMCID: PMC8982767, PII: ofac113, DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofac113, ISSN: 2328-8957.

Crabtree-Ramirez B, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Jayathilake K, Veloso VG, Carriquiry G, Gotuzzo E, Cortes CP, Padgett D, McGowan C, Sierra-Madero J, Koenig S, Pape JW, Sterling TR, . Tuberculosis treatment intermittency in the continuation phase and mortality in HIV-positive persons receiving antiretroviral therapy. BMC Infect Dis. 2022 Apr 4/5/2022; 22(1): 341. PMID: 35382770, PMCID: PMC8985331, PII: 10.1186/s12879-022-07330-5, DOI: 10.1186/s12879-022-07330-5, ISSN: 1471-2334.

Coelho LE, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Pape JW, Mejia Cordero F, Padgett D, Crabtree Ramirez B, Grinsztejn B, Althoff KN, Koethe JR, Marconi VC, Tien PC, Willig AL, Moore RD, Castilho JL, Colasanti J, Crane HM, Gill MJ, Horberg MA, Mayor A, Silverberg MJ, McGowan C, Rebeiro PF. Weight gain post-ART in HIV+ Latinos/as differs in the USA, Haiti, and Latin America. Lancet Reg Health Am [print-electronic]. 2022 Apr; 8: PMID: 35528706, PMCID: PMC9070999, DOI: 10.1016/j.lana.2021.100173, ISSN: 2667-193X.

Caro-Vega Y, Rebeiro PF, Shepherd BE, Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Crabtree-Ramirez B, Cesar C, Luz PM, Cortes CP, Padget D, Gotuzzo E, McGowan CC, Sierra-Madero JG. Clinical effects of durability of immunosuppression in virologically suppressed ART-initiating persons with HIV in Latin America. A retrospective cohort study. Lancet Reg Health Am [print-electronic]. 2022 Apr; 8: PMID: 35602655, PMCID: PMC9121860, DOI: 10.1016/j.lana.2021.100175, ISSN: 2667-193X.

Wanjalla CN, Temu TM, Mashayekhi M, Warren CM, Shepherd BE, Gangula R, Fuseini H, Bailin S, Gabriel CL, Gangula P, Madhur MS, Kalams S, Mallal SA, Harrison DG, Beckman JA, Koethe JR. IL-17A is associated with flow-mediated dilation and IL-4 with carotid plaque in persons with HIV. AIDS [print-electronic]. 2022 Feb 2/14/2022; PMID: 35165215, PII: 00002030-900000000-96217, DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000003196, ISSN: 1473-5571.

Sudenga SL, Lotspeich SC, Nyitray AG, Sirak B, Shepherd BE, Messina J, Sereday KA, Silva RC, Abrahamsen M, Baggio ML, Quiterio M, Lazcano-Ponce E, Villa L, Giuliano AR. The Role of External Genital Lesions in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seroconversion Among Men Participating in a Multinational Study. Sex Transm Dis. 2022 Jan 1/1/2022; 49(1): 55-8. PMID: 34282740, PMCID: PMC8722569, PII: 00007435-900000000-97615, DOI: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001516, ISSN: 1537-4521.

Ahonkhai AA, Rebeiro PF, Jenkins CA, Rickles M, Cook M, Conserve DF, Pierce LJ, Shepherd BE, Brantley M, Wester C. Individual, community, and structural factors associated with linkage to HIV care among people diagnosed with HIV in Tennessee. PLoS One. 2022; 17(3): e0264508. PMID: 35239705, PMCID: PMC8893655, PII: PONE-D-21-13112, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0264508, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Audet CM, Pettapiece-Phillips M, Tian Y, Shepherd BE, Vermund SH, Salato J. "If it weren't for my traditional healer, I would be dead": Engaging traditional healers to support people living with HIV in rural Mozambique. PLoS One. 2022; 17(6): e0270565. PMID: 35763519, PII: PONE-D-21-28385, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0270565, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Rebeiro PF, Jenkins CA, Bian A, Lake JE, Bourgi K, Moore RD, Horberg MA, Matthews WC, Silverberg MJ, Thorne J, Mayor AM, Lima VD, Palella FJ, Saag MS, Althoff KN, Gill MJ, Wong C, Klein MB, Crane HM, Marconi VC, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR, Koethe JR. Risk of Incident Diabetes Mellitus, Weight Gain, and Their Relationships With Integrase Inhibitor-Based Initial Antiretroviral Therapy Among Persons With Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the United States and Canada. Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Oct 10/5/2021; 73(7): e2234-e2242. PMID: 32936919, PMCID: PMC8492142, PII: 5906580, DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciaa1403, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Amorim G, Tao R, Lotspeich S, Shaw PA, Lumley T, Shepherd BE. Two-Phase Sampling Designs for Data Validation in Settings with Covariate Measurement Error and Continuous Outcome. J R Stat Soc Ser A Stat Soc [print-electronic]. 2021 Oct; 184(4): 1368-89. PMID: 34975235, PMCID: PMC8715909, DOI: 10.1111/rssa.12689, ISSN: 0964-1998.

Were MC, Gong W, Balirwa P, Balugaba BE, Yeung A, Pierce L, Ingles D, Kim Y, Lee HJ, Shepherd BE. Comparative analysis of competency coverage within accredited master's in health informatics programs in the East African region. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2021 Aug 8/13/2021; 28(9): 1843-8. PMID: 34151967, PMCID: PMC8363794, PII: 6307173, DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocab075, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Patel RC, Amorim G, Jakait B, Shepherd BE, Mocello AR, Musick B, Bernard C, Onono M, Bukusi EA, Wools-Kaloustian K, Cohen CR, Yiannoutsos CT, . Pregnancies among women living with HIV using contraceptives and antiretroviral therapy in western Kenya: a retrospective, cohort study. BMC Med. 2021 Aug 8/13/2021; 19(1): 178. PMID: 34384443, PMCID: PMC8361857, PII: 10.1186/s12916-021-02043-z, DOI: 10.1186/s12916-021-02043-z, ISSN: 1741-7015.

Lotspeich SC, Shepherd BE, Amorim GGC, Shaw PA, Tao R. Efficient odds ratio estimation under two-phase sampling using error-prone data from a multi-national HIV research cohort. Biometrics [print-electronic]. 2021 Jul 7/2/2021; PMID: 34213008, PMCID: PMC8720323, DOI: 10.1111/biom.13512, ISSN: 1541-0420.

Somerville K, Jenkins CA, Carlucci JG, Person AK, Machado DM, Luque MT, Pinto JA, Rouzier V, Friedman RK, McGowan CC, Shepherd BE, Rebeiro PF. Outcomes After Second-Line Antiretroviral Therapy in Children Living With HIV in Latin America. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021 Jul 7/1/2021; 87(3): 993-1001. PMID: 33675618, PMCID: PMC8192432, PII: 00126334-202107010-00017, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002678, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Wudil UJ, Aliyu MH, Prigmore HL, Ingles DJ, Ahonkhai AA, Musa BM, Muhammad H, Sani MU, Nalado AM, Abdu A, Abdussalam K, Shepherd BE, Dankishiya FS, Burgner AM, Ikizler TA, Wyatt CM, Kopp JB, Kimmel PL, Winkler CA, Wester CW. Apolipoprotein-1 risk variants and associated kidney phenotypes in an adult HIV cohort in Nigeria. Kidney Int [print-electronic]. 2021 Jul; 100(1): 146-54. PMID: 33901548, PMCID: PMC8487768, PII: S0085-2538(21)00430-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.kint.2021.03.038, ISSN: 1523-1755.

Pettit AC, Bian A, Schember CO, Rebeiro PF, Keruly JC, Mayer KH, Mathews WC, Moore RD, Crane HM, Geng E, Napravnik S, Shepherd BE, Mugavero MJ. Development and Validation of a Multivariable Prediction Model for Missed HIV Health Care Provider Visits in a Large US Clinical Cohort. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021 Jul; 8(7): ofab130. PMID: 34327249, PMCID: PMC8314944, PII: ofab130, DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofab130, ISSN: 2328-8957.

Oh EJ, Shepherd BE, Lumley T, Shaw PA. Improved generalized raking estimators to address dependent covariate and failure-time outcome error. Biom J [print-electronic]. 2021 Jun; 63(5): 1006-27. PMID: 33709462, PMCID: PMC8211389, DOI: 10.1002/bimj.202000187, ISSN: 1521-4036.

Yohannes NT, Jenkins CA, Clouse K, Cortés CP, Mejía Cordero F, Padgett D, Rouzier V, Friedman RK, McGowan CC, Shepherd BE, Rebeiro PF. Timing of HIV diagnosis relative to pregnancy and postpartum HIV care continuum outcomes among Latin American women, 2000 to 2017. J Int AIDS Soc. 2021 May; 24(5): e25740. PMID: 34021715, PMCID: PMC8140191, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25740, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Eden SK, Li C, Shepherd BE. Nonparametric estimation of Spearman's rank correlation with bivariate survival data. Biometrics [print-electronic]. 2021 Mar 3/11/2021; PMID: 33704769, PMCID: PMC8453584, DOI: 10.1111/biom.13453, ISSN: 1541-0420.

Tao R, Lotspeich SC, Amorim G, Shaw PA, Shepherd BE. Efficient semiparametric inference for two-phase studies with outcome and covariate measurement errors. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2021 Feb 2/10/2021; 40(3): 725-38. PMID: 33145800, PMCID: PMC8214478, DOI: 10.1002/sim.8799, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Oh EJ, Shepherd BE, Lumley T, Shaw PA. Raking and regression calibration: Methods to address bias from correlated covariate and time-to-event error. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2021 Feb 2/10/2021; 40(3): 631-49. PMID: 33140432, PMCID: PMC7874496, DOI: 10.1002/sim.8793, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Cooper RL, Brown LL, Tabatabai M, Haas DW, Shepherd BE, Myers HF, Edgerton RD, Bonny C, Watson JA, Berthaud V. The Effects of Perceived Stress and Cortisol Concentration on Antiretroviral Adherence When Mediated by Psychological Flexibility Among Southern Black Men Living with HIV. AIDS Behav. 2021 Feb; 25(2): 645-52. PMID: 32902770, PII: 10.1007/s10461-020-03016-8, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-020-03016-8, ISSN: 1573-3254.

Shaw PA, He J, Shepherd BE. Regression calibration to correct correlated errors in outcome and exposure. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2021 Jan 1/30/2021; 40(2): 271-86. PMID: 33086428, PMCID: PMC8670514, DOI: 10.1002/sim.8773, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Pereira GFM, Kim A, Jalil EM, Fernandes Fonseca F, Shepherd BE, Veloso VG, Rick F, Ribeiro R, Pimenta MC, Beber A, Corrêa RG, Lima R, Maruri F, McGowan CC, Schwartz Benzaken A, Grinsztejn B, Castilho JL, . Dolutegravir and pregnancy outcomes in women on antiretroviral therapy in Brazil: a retrospective national cohort study. Lancet HIV. 2021 Jan; 8(1): e33-e41. PMID: 33387477, PMCID: PMC7869891, PII: S2352-3018(20)30268-X, DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30268-X, ISSN: 2352-3018.

Castilho JL, Kim A, Jenkins CA, Grinsztejn B, Gotuzzo E, Fink V, Padgett D, Belaunzaran-Zamudio PF, Crabtree-Ramírez B, Escuder MM, Souza RA, Tenore SB, Pimentel SR, Ikeda MLR, de Alencastro PR, Tupinanbas U, Brites C, Luz E, Netto J, Cortes CP, Grangeiro A, Shepherd BE, McGowan CC, . Antiretroviral therapy and Kaposi's sarcoma trends and outcomes among adults with HIV in Latin America. J Int AIDS Soc. 2021 Jan; 24(1): e25658. PMID: 33405281, PMCID: PMC7787071, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25658, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Audet CM, Shepherd BE, Aliyu MH, Moshabela M, Pettapiece-Phillips MJ, Wagner RG. Healer-led vs. clinician-led training to improve personal protective equipment use among traditional healers in South Africa: a randomized controlled trial protocol. Glob Health Action. 2021 Jan 1/1/2021; 14(1): 1898131. PMID: 33797347, PMCID: PMC8023590, DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2021.1898131, ISSN: 1654-9880.

Ahonkhai AA, Aliyu MH, Audet CM, Bravo M, Simmons M, Claquin G, Memiah P, Fernando AN, Carlucci JG, Shepherd BE, Van Rompaey S, Yu Z, Gong W, Vermund SH, Wester CW. Poor retention and care-related sex disparities among youth living with HIV in rural Mozambique. PLoS One. 2021; 16(5): e0250921. PMID: 34019582, PMCID: PMC8139489, PII: PONE-D-20-04934, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0250921, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Oliver CD, Rebeiro PF, Shepherd BE, Keruly J, Mayer KH, Mathews WC, Turan B, Moore RD, Crane HM, Geng E, Napravnik S, Kitahata MM, Mugavero MJ, Pettit AC. Clinic-Level Factors Associated With Retention in Care Among People Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus in a Multisite US Cohort, 2010-2016. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 12/17/2020; 71(10): 2592-8. PMID: 31758196, PMCID: PMC7744975, PII: 5638070, DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciz1144, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Han K, Lumley T, Shepherd BE, Shaw PA. Two-phase analysis and study design for survival models with error-prone exposures. Stat Methods Med Res [print-electronic]. 2020 Dec 12/16/2020; 962280220978500. PMID: 33327876, PMCID: PMC8715910, DOI: 10.1177/0962280220978500, ISSN: 1477-0334.

Giganti MJ, Shepherd BE. Multiple-Imputation Variance Estimation in Studies With Missing or Misclassified Inclusion Criteria. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 Dec 12/1/2020; 189(12): 1628-32. PMID: 32685964, PMCID: PMC7705600, PII: 5873641, DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwaa153, ISSN: 1476-6256.

Were MC, Gong W, Balirwa P, Balugaba BE, Yeung A, Pierce L, Ingles D, Kim Y, Shepherd BE. Coverage of IMIA-recommended Competencies by Masters in Health Informatics Degree Programs in East Africa. Int J Med Inform [print-electronic]. 2020 Nov; 143: 104265. PMID: 32932143, PII: S1386-5056(20)30089-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2020.104265, ISSN: 1872-8243.

Friebe MP, LeGrand JR, Shepherd BE, Breeden EA, Nelson SD. Reducing Inappropriate Outpatient Medication Prescribing in Older Adults across Electronic Health Record Systems. Appl Clin Inform [print-electronic]. 2020 Oct; 11(5): 865-72. PMID: 33378781, PMCID: PMC7773492, DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721398, ISSN: 1869-0327.

Koenig SP, Kim A, Shepherd BE, Cesar C, Veloso V, Cortes CP, Padgett D, Crabtree-Ramírez B, Gotuzzo E, McGowan CC, Sterling TR, Pape JW. Increased Mortality After Tuberculosis Treatment Completion in Persons Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Latin America. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 6/24/2020; 71(1): 215-7. PMID: 31629369, PMCID: PMC7312222, PII: 5601170, DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciz1032, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Giganti MJ, Shaw PA, Chen G, Bebawy SS, Turner MM, Sterling TR, Shepherd BE. ACCOUNTING FOR DEPENDENT ERRORS IN PREDICTORS AND TIME-TO-EVENT OUTCOMES USING ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS, VALIDATION SAMPLES, AND MULTIPLE IMPUTATION. Ann Appl Stat [print-electronic]. 2020 Jun; 14(2): 1045-61. PMID: 32999698, PMCID: PMC7523695, DOI: 10.1214/20-aoas1343, ISSN: 1932-6157.

Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Caro-Vega YN, Shepherd BE, Rebeiro PF, Crabtree-Ramírez BE, Cortes CP, Grinsztejn B, Gotuzzo E, Mejia F, Padgett D, Pape JW, Rouzier V, Veloso V, Cardoso SW, McGowan CC, Sierra-Madero JG, . The Population Impact of Late Presentation With Advanced HIV Disease and Delayed Antiretroviral Therapy in Adults Receiving HIV Care in Latin America. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 Jun 6/1/2020; 189(6): 564-72. PMID: 31667488, PMCID: PMC7443201, PII: 5609193, DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwz252, ISSN: 1476-6256.

Liu D, Shepherd BE. Discussion on "Assessing the goodness of fit of logistic regression models in large samples: A modification of the Hosmer-Lemeshow test" by Giovanni Nattino, Michael L. Pennell, and Stanley Lemeshow. Biometrics [print-electronic]. 2020 Jun; 76(2): 572-4. PMID: 32251529, PMCID: PMC7543873, DOI: 10.1111/biom.13248, ISSN: 1541-0420.

Lee JT, Saag LA, Kipp AM, Logan J, Shepherd BE, Koethe JR, Turner M, Bebawy S, Sterling TR, Hulgan T. Self-reported Cannabis Use and Changes in Body Mass Index, CD4 T-Cell Counts, and HIV-1 RNA Suppression in Treated Persons with HIV. AIDS Behav. 2020 Apr; 24(4): 1275-80. PMID: 30778810, PMCID: PMC6698426, PII: 10.1007/s10461-019-02430-x, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-019-02430-x, ISSN: 1573-3254.

Lotspeich SC, Giganti MJ, Maia M, Vieira R, Machado DM, Succi RC, Ribeiro S, Pereira MS, Rodriguez MF, Julmiste G, Luque MT, Caro-Vega Y, Mejia F, Shepherd BE, McGowan CC, Duda SN. Self-audits as alternatives to travel-audits for improving data quality in the Caribbean, Central and South America network for HIV epidemiology. J Clin Transl Sci. 2020 Apr; 4(2): 125-32. PMID: 32313702, PMCID: PMC7159809, DOI: 10.1017/cts.2019.442, ISSN: 2059-8661.

Castilho JL, Rebeiro PF, Shepherd BE, Nash R, Adams RS, Turner M, Furukawa SS, Hulgan T, Koethe JR, Sterling TR. Mood Disorders and Increased Risk of Noncommunicable Disease in Adults With HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020 Apr 4/1/2020; 83(4): 397-404. PMID: 32097195, PMCID: PMC7594261, PII: 00126334-202004010-00011, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002269, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Zhang C, Webb GF, Lou J, Shepherd BE, Qian HZ, Liu Y, Vermund SH. Predicting the long-term impact of voluntary medical male circumcision on HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China. AIDS Care [print-electronic]. 2020 Mar; 32(3): 343-53. PMID: 31619058, PMCID: PMC6981072, DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2019.1679704, ISSN: 1360-0451.

Tian Y, Hothorn T, Li C, Harrell FE, Shepherd BE. An empirical comparison of two novel transformation models. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2020 Feb 2/28/2020; 39(5): 562-76. PMID: 31808976, PMCID: PMC7537829, DOI: 10.1002/sim.8425, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Belaunzaran-Zamudio PF, Caro-Vega Y, Giganti MJ, Castilho JL, Crabtree-Ramirez BE, Shepherd BE, Mejía F, Cesar C, Moreira RC, Wolff M, Pape JW, Padgett D, McGowan CC, Sierra-Madero JG, . Frequency of non-communicable diseases in people 50 years of age and older receiving HIV care in Latin America. PLoS One. 2020; 15(6): e0233965. PMID: 32555607, PMCID: PMC7299309, PII: PONE-D-19-27737, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0233965, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Gilbert PB, Blette BS, Shepherd BE, Hudgens MG. Post-randomization Biomarker Effect Modification Analysis in an HIV Vaccine Clinical Trial. J Causal Inference [print-electronic]. 2020; 8(1): 54-69. PMID: 33777613, PMCID: PMC7996712, DOI: 10.1515/jci-2019-0022, ISSN: 2193-3677.

Giganti MJ, Shepherd BE, Caro-Vega Y, Luz PM, Rebeiro PF, Maia M, Julmiste G, Cortes C, McGowan CC, Duda SN. The impact of data quality and source data verification on epidemiologic inference: a practical application using HIV observational data. BMC Public Health. 2019 Dec 12/30/2019; 19(1): 1748. PMID: 31888571, PMCID: PMC6937856, PII: 10.1186/s12889-019-8105-2, DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-8105-2, ISSN: 1471-2458.

Crabtree-Ramírez BE, Caro-Vega Y, Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Shepherd BE, Rebeiro PF, Veloso V, Cortes CP, Padgett D, Gotuzzo E, Sierra-Madero J, McGowan CC, Person AK, . Temporal changes in ART initiation in adults with high CD4 counts in Latin America: a cohort study. J Int AIDS Soc. 2019 Dec; 22(12): e25413. PMID: 31855320, PMCID: PMC6922020, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25413, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Pettit AC, Jenkins CA, Blevins Peratikos M, Yotebieng M, Diero L, Do CD, Ross J, Veloso VG, Hawerlander D, Marcy O, Shepherd BE, Fenner L, Sterling TR, . Directly observed therapy and risk of unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes among an international cohort of people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries. J Int AIDS Soc. 2019 Dec; 22(12): e25423. PMID: 31814312, PMCID: PMC6900483, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25423, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Castilho JL, Turner M, Shepherd BE, Koethe JR, Furukawa SS, Bofill CE, Raffanti S, Sterling TR. CD4/CD8 Ratio and CD4 Nadir Predict Mortality Following Noncommunicable Disease Diagnosis in Adults Living with HIV. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses [print-electronic]. 2019 Oct; 35(10): 960-7. PMID: 31407605, PMCID: PMC6806365, DOI: 10.1089/AID.2019.0064, ISSN: 1931-8405.

Rebeiro PF, Pettit AC, Sizemore L, Mathieson SA, Wester C, Kipp A, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR. Trends and Disparities in Mortality and Progression to AIDS in the Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Era: Tennessee, 1996-2016. Am J Public Health [print-electronic]. 2019 Sep; 109(9): 1266-72. PMID: 31318589, PMCID: PMC6687251, DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305180, ISSN: 1541-0048.

Aliyu MH, Wudil UJ, Ingles DJ, Shepherd BE, Gong W, Musa BM, Muhammad H, Sani MU, Abdu A, Nalado AM, Atanda A, Ahonkhai AA, Ikizler TA, Winkler CA, Kopp JB, Kimmel PL, Wester CW. Optimal management of HIV- positive adults at risk for kidney disease in Nigeria (Renal Risk Reduction "R3" Trial): protocol and study design. Trials. 2019 Jun 6/10/2019; 20(1): 341. PMID: 31182139, PMCID: PMC6558910, PII: 10.1186/s13063-019-3436-y, DOI: 10.1186/s13063-019-3436-y, ISSN: 1745-6215.

Crabtree-Ramírez B, Jenkins C, Jayathilake K, Carriquiry G, Veloso V, Padgett D, Gotuzzo E, Cortes C, Mejia F, McGowan CC, Duda S, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR. HIV-related tuberculosis: mortality risk in persons without vs. with culture-confirmed disease. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2019 Mar 3/1/2019; 23(3): 306-14. PMID: 30871661, PMCID: PMC6537600, DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0111, ISSN: 1815-7920.

Pettit AC, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR. Treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis among people living with human immunodeficiency virus infection: an update. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2018 Nov; 13(6): 469-77. PMID: 30222609, PMCID: PMC6389504, DOI: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000506, ISSN: 1746-6318.

Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Furch BD, Lake JE, Barnett L, Hager CC, Smith R, Hulgan T, Shepherd BE, Kalams SA. Brief Report: Circulating Markers of Immunologic Activity Reflect Adiposity in Persons With HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Sep 9/1/2018; 79(1): 135-40. PMID: 29794823, PMCID: PMC6092237, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001768, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Audet CM, Graves E, Barreto E, De Schacht C, Gong W, Shepherd BE, Aboobacar A, Gonzalez-Calvo L, Alvim MF, Aliyu MH, Kipp AM, Jordan H, Amico KR, Diemer M, Ciaranello A, Dugdale C, Vermund SH, Van Rompaey S. Partners-based HIV treatment for seroconcordant couples attending antenatal and postnatal care in rural Mozambique: A cluster randomized trial protocol. Contemp Clin Trials [print-electronic]. 2018 Aug; 71: 63-9. PMID: 29879469, PMCID: PMC6067957, PII: S1551-7144(18)30106-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2018.05.020, ISSN: 1559-2030.

van der Heijden YF, Karim F, Chinappa T, Mufamadi G, Zako L, Shepherd BE, Maruri F, Moosa MS, Sterling TR, Pym AS. Older age at first tuberculosis diagnosis is associated with tuberculosis recurrence in HIV-negative persons. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2018 Aug 8/1/2018; 22(8): 871-7. PMID: 29991395, PMCID: PMC6064608, DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.17.0766, ISSN: 1815-7920.

Coelho L, Rebeiro PF, Castilho JL, Caro-Vega Y, Mejia FA, Cesar C, Cortes CP, Padgett D, McGowan CC, Veloso VG, Sterling TR, Grinsztejn B, Shepherd BE, Luz PM. Early Retention in Care Neither Mediates Nor Modifies the Effect of Sex and Sexual Mode of HIV Acquisition on HIV Survival in the Americas. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2018 Aug; 32(8): 306-13. PMID: 30067405, PMCID: PMC6080124, DOI: 10.1089/apc.2018.0028, ISSN: 1557-7449.

Caro-Vega Y, Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Crabtree-Ramírez B, Shepherd BE, Mejia F, Giganti MJ, Patterson P, Grinsztejn B, Wolff M, Pape JW, Padgett D, Castilho JL, McGowan C, Sierra-Madero JG. Trends in proportion of older HIV-infected people in care in Latin America and the Caribbean: a growing challenge. Epidemiol Infect [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul; 146(10): 1308-11. PMID: 29843838, PMCID: PMC6062450, PII: S0950268818001346, DOI: 10.1017/S0950268818001346, ISSN: 1469-4409.

Setliff I, McDonnell WJ, Raju N, Bombardi RG, Murji AA, Scheepers C, Ziki R, Mynhardt C, Shepherd BE, Mamchak AA, Garrett N, Karim SA, Mallal SA, Crowe JE, Morris L, Georgiev IS. Multi-Donor Longitudinal Antibody Repertoire Sequencing Reveals the Existence of Public Antibody Clonotypes in HIV-1 Infection. Cell Host Microbe [print-electronic]. 2018 Jun 6/13/2018; 23(6): 845-854.e6. PMID: 29861170, PMCID: PMC6002606, PII: S1931-3128(18)30228-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.chom.2018.05.001, ISSN: 1934-6069.

Liu Q, Li C, Wanga V, Shepherd BE. Covariate-adjusted Spearman's rank correlation with probability-scale residuals. Biometrics [print-electronic]. 2018 Jun; 74(2): 595-605. PMID: 29131931, PMCID: PMC5949238, DOI: 10.1111/biom.12812, ISSN: 1541-0420.

Bailin SS, Jenkins CA, Petucci C, Culver JA, Shepherd BE, Fessel JP, Hulgan T, Koethe JR. Lower Concentrations of Circulating Medium and Long-Chain Acylcarnitines Characterize Insulin Resistance in Persons with HIV. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses [print-electronic]. 2018 Jun; 34(6): 536-43. PMID: 29607651, PMCID: PMC5994672, DOI: 10.1089/AID.2017.0314, ISSN: 1931-8405.

Oh EJ, Shepherd BE, Lumley T, Shaw PA. Considerations for analysis of time-to-event outcomes measured with error: Bias and correction with SIMEX. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr 4/15/2018; 37(8): 1276-89. PMID: 29193180, PMCID: PMC5810403, DOI: 10.1002/sim.7554, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Caro-Vega Y, Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Crabtree-Ramírez BE, Shepherd BE, Grinsztejn B, Wolff M, Pape JW, Padgett D, Gotuzzo E, McGowan CC, Sierra-Madero JG. Durability of Efavirenz Compared With Boosted Protease Inhibitor-Based Regimens in Antiretroviral-Naïve Patients in the Caribbean and Central and South America. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018 Mar; 5(3): ofy004. PMID: 29527539, PMCID: PMC5836274, PII: ofy004, DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofy004, ISSN: 2328-8957.

Carriquiry G, Giganti MJ, Castilho JL, Jayathilake K, Cahn P, Grinsztejn B, Cortes C, Pape JW, Padgett D, Sierra-Madero J, McGowan CC, Shepherd BE, Gotuzzo E. Virologic failure and mortality in older ART initiators in a multisite Latin American and Caribbean Cohort. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 Mar; 21(3): e25088. PMID: 29569354, PMCID: PMC5864576, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25088, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Liu Y, Vermund SH, Ruan Y, Liu H, Rivet Amico K, Simoni JM, Shepherd BE, Shao Y, Qian HZ. Peer counselling versus standard-of-care on reducing high-risk behaviours among newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Beijing, China: a randomized intervention study. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 Feb; 21(2): PMID: 29430845, PMCID: PMC5808102, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25079, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Pettit AC, Giganti MJ, Ingle SM, May MT, Shepherd BE, Gill MJ, Fätkenheuer G, Abgrall S, Saag MS, Del Amo J, Justice AC, Miro JM, Cavasinni M, Dabis F, Monforte AD, Reiss P, Guest J, Moore D, Shepherd L, Obel N, Crane HM, Smith C, Teira R, Zangerle R, Sterne JA, Sterling TR, . Increased non-AIDS mortality among persons with AIDS-defining events after antiretroviral therapy initiation. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 Jan; 21(1): PMID: 29334197, PMCID: PMC5810321, DOI: 10.1002/jia2.25031, ISSN: 1758-2652.

De Boni RB, Peratikos MB, Shepherd BE, Grinsztejn B, Cortés C, Padgett D, Gotuzzo E, Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Rebeiro PF, Duda SN, McGowan CC, . Is substance use associated with HIV cascade outcomes in Latin America?. PLoS One. 2018; 13(3): e0194228. PMID: 29543857, PMCID: PMC5854364, PII: PONE-D-17-39426, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194228, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Liu Q, Shepherd BE, Li C, Harrell FE. Modeling continuous response variables using ordinal regression. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov 11/30/2017; 36(27): 4316-35. PMID: 28872693, PMCID: PMC5675816, DOI: 10.1002/sim.7433, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Crabtree Ramírez B, Caro Vega Y, Shepherd BE, Le C, Turner M, Frola C, Grinsztejn B, Cortes C, Padgett D, Sterling TR, McGowan CC, Person A. Outcomes of HIV-positive patients with cryptococcal meningitis in the Americas. Int J Infect Dis [print-electronic]. 2017 Oct; 63: 57-63. PMID: 28807740, PMCID: PMC5649441, PII: S1201-9712(17)30209-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2017.08.004, ISSN: 1878-3511.

Kipp AM, Rebeiro PF, Shepherd BE, Brinkley-Rubinstein L, Turner M, Bebawy S, Sterling TR, Hulgan T. Daily Marijuana Use is Associated with Missed Clinic Appointments Among HIV-Infected Persons Engaged in HIV Care. AIDS Behav. 2017 Jul; 21(7): 1996-2004. PMID: 28213820, PMCID: PMC5493511, PII: 10.1007/s10461-017-1716-7, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-017-1716-7, ISSN: 1573-3254.

van der Heijden YF, Karim F, Mufamadi G, Zako L, Chinappa T, Shepherd BE, Maruri F, Moosa MS, Sterling TR, Pym AS. Isoniazid-monoresistant tuberculosis is associated with poor treatment outcomes in Durban, South Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2017 Jun 6/1/2017; 21(6): 670-6. PMID: 28482962, PMCID: PMC5536436, DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.16.0843, ISSN: 1815-7920.

Anderegg N, Johnson LF, Zaniewski E, Althoff KN, Balestre E, Law M, Nash D, Shepherd BE, Yiannoutsos CT, Egger M, . All-cause mortality in HIV-positive adults starting combination antiretroviral therapy: correcting for loss to follow-up. AIDS. 2017 Apr; 31 Suppl 1: S31-S40. PMID: 28296798, PMCID: PMC5540664, PII: 00002030-201704001-00005, DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001321, ISSN: 1473-5571.

Luque MT, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Padgett D, Rouzier V, Succi RCM, Machado DM, McGowan CC, Vermund SH, Pinto JA. Mortality in Children with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Initiating Treatment: A Six-Cohort Study in Latin America. J Pediatr [print-electronic]. 2017 Mar; 182: 245-252.e1. PMID: 28081884, PMCID: PMC5328796, PII: S0022-3476(16)31433-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.12.034, ISSN: 1097-6833.

Shepherd BE, Rebeiro PF, . Brief Report: Assessing and Interpreting the Association Between Continuous Covariates and Outcomes in Observational Studies of HIV Using Splines. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Mar 3/1/2017; 74(3): e60-e63. PMID: 27798430, PMCID: PMC5303133, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001221, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Tao J, Vermund SH, Lu H, Ruan Y, Shepherd BE, Kipp AM, Amico KR, Zhang X, Shao Y, Qian HZ. Impact of Depression and Anxiety on Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy Among Men Who Have Sex with Men with Newly Diagnosed HIV Infections in China. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2017 Feb; 31(2): 96-104. PMID: 28170305, PMCID: PMC5312604, DOI: 10.1089/apc.2016.0214, ISSN: 1557-7449.

Tao J, Qian HZ, Kipp AM, Ruan Y, Shepherd BE, Amico KR, Shao Y, Lu H, Vermund SH. Effects of depression and anxiety on antiretroviral therapy adherence among newly diagnosed HIV-infected Chinese MSM. AIDS. 2017 Jan 1/28/2017; 31(3): 401-6. PMID: 27677168, PMCID: PMC5233466, DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001287, ISSN: 1473-5571.

Wolff MJ, Giganti MJ, Cortes CP, Cahn P, Grinsztejn B, Pape JW, Padgett D, Sierra-Madero J, Gotuzzo E, Duda SN, McGowan CC, Shepherd BE, . A decade of HAART in Latin America: Long term outcomes among the first wave of HIV patients to receive combination therapy. PLoS One. 2017; 12(6): e0179769. PMID: 28651014, PMCID: PMC5484471, PII: PONE-D-16-50262, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179769, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Shepherd BE, Li C, Liu Q. Probability-scale residuals for continuous, discrete, and censored data. Can J Stat [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec; 44(4): 463-79. PMID: 28348453, PMCID: PMC5364820, DOI: 10.1002/cjs.11302, ISSN: 0319-5724.

Cain LE, Saag MS, Petersen M, May MT, Ingle SM, Logan R, Robins JM, Abgrall S, Shepherd BE, Deeks SG, John Gill M, Touloumi G, Vourli G, Dabis F, Vandenhende MA, Reiss P, van Sighem A, Samji H, Hogg RS, Rybniker J, Sabin CA, Jose S, Del Amo J, Moreno S, Rodríguez B, Cozzi-Lepri A, Boswell SL, Stephan C, Pérez-Hoyos S, Jarrin I, Guest JL, D'Arminio Monforte A, Antinori A, Moore R, Campbell CN, Casabona J, Meyer L, Seng R, Phillips AN, Bucher HC, Egger M, Mugavero MJ, Haubrich R, Geng EH, Olson A, Eron JJ, Napravnik S, Kitahata MM, Van Rompaey SE, Teira R, Justice AC, Tate JP, Costagliola D, Sterne JA, Hernán MA, . Using observational data to emulate a randomized trial of dynamic treatment-switching strategies: an application to antiretroviral therapy. Int J Epidemiol. 2016 Dec 12/1/2016; 45(6): 2038-49. PMID: 26721599, PMCID: PMC5841611, PII: dyv295, DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyv295, ISSN: 1464-3685.

De Boni RB, Shepherd BE, Grinsztejn B, Cesar C, Cortés C, Padgett D, Gotuzzo E, Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Rebeiro PF, Duda SN, McGowan CC. Substance Use and Adherence Among People Living with HIV/AIDS Receiving cART in Latin America. AIDS Behav. 2016 Nov; 20(11): 2692-9. PMID: 27091028, PMCID: PMC5069110, PII: 10.1007/s10461-016-1398-6, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-016-1398-6, ISSN: 1573-3254.

Shepherd BE, Liu Q, Mercaldo N, Jenkins CA, Lau B, Cole SR, Saag MS, Sterling TR. Comparing results from multiple imputation and dynamic marginal structural models for estimating when to start antiretroviral therapy. Stat Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Oct 10/30/2016; 35(24): 4335-51. PMID: 27264354, PMCID: PMC5048599, DOI: 10.1002/sim.7007, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Lau B, Shepherd BE, Wester W, Rebeiro PF, Silverberg MJ, Thorne JE, Gill J, Mayor AM, Willig A, Bosch R, Horberg MA, Justice AC, Sterling TR, Moore RD, . Higher Time-Updated Body Mass Index: Association With Improved CD4+ Cell Recovery on HIV Treatment. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Oct 10/1/2016; 73(2): 197-204. PMID: 27116044, PMCID: PMC5023455, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001035, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Wester C, Rebeiro PF, Shavor TJ, Shepherd BE, McGoy SL, Daley B, Morrison M, Vermund SH, Pettit AC. The 2013 HIV Continuum of Care in Tennessee: Progress Made, but Disparities Persist. Public Health Rep [print-electronic]. 2016 Sep; 131(5): 695-703. PMID: 28123210, PMCID: PMC5230808, PII: 10.1177_0033354916660082, DOI: 10.1177/0033354916660082, ISSN: 1468-2877.

Pettit AC, Mendes A, Jenkins C, Napravnik S, Freeman A, Shepherd BE, Dowdy D, Gill J, Rachlis A, Moore R, Sterling TR, . Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment, Immunovirologic Status, and TB Risk: Implications for Testing and Treatment. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Aug 8/15/2016; 72(5): 572-8. PMID: 27049511, PMCID: PMC4942351, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001018, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Shepherd BE, Liu Q. Discussion of 'Regularized Regression for Categorical Data'. Stat Modelling [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 16(3): 238-48. PMID: 28239293, PMCID: PMC5319706, DOI: 10.1177/1471082x16645694, ISSN: 1471-082X.

Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Petucci C, Culver J, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR. Superior Glucose Tolerance and Metabolomic Profiles, Independent of Adiposity, in HIV-Infected Women Compared With Men on Antiretroviral Therapy. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 May; 95(19): e3634. PMID: 27175676, PMCID: PMC4902518, PII: 00005792-201605100-00055, DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000003634, ISSN: 1536-5964.

Aliyu MH, Blevins M, Audet CM, Kalish M, Gebi UI, Onwujekwe O, Lindegren ML, Shepherd BE, Wester CW, Vermund SH. Integrated prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services, antiretroviral therapy initiation, and maternal and infant retention in care in rural north-central Nigeria: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet HIV [print-electronic]. 2016 May; 3(5): e202-11. PMID: 27126487, PMCID: PMC4852280, PII: S2352-3018(16)00018-7, DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3018(16)00018-7, ISSN: 2352-3018.

Qian HZ, Ruan Y, Liu Y, Milam DF, Spiegel HM, Yin L, Li D, Shepherd BE, Shao Y, Vermund SH. Lower HIV Risk Among Circumcised Men Who Have Sex With Men in China: Interaction With Anal Sex Role in a Cross-Sectional Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Apr 4/1/2016; 71(4): 444-51. PMID: 26413852, PMCID: PMC4767598, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000856, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Kipp AM, Blevins M, Haley CA, Mwinga K, Habimana P, Shepherd BE, Aliyu MH, Ketsela T, Vermund SH. Factors associated with declining under-five mortality rates from 2000 to 2013: an ecological analysis of 46 African countries. BMJ Open. 2016 Jan 1/8/2016; 6(1): e007675. PMID: 26747029, PMCID: PMC4716228, PII: bmjopen-2015-007675, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007675, ISSN: 2044-6055.

Crabtree-Ramírez B, Caro-Vega Y, Shepherd BE, Grinsztejn B, Wolff M, Cortes CP, Padgett D, Carriquiry G, Fink V, Jayathilake K, Person AK, McGowan C, Sierra-Madero J, . Time to HAART Initiation after Diagnosis and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in Patients with AIDS in Latin America. PLoS One. 2016; 11(6): e0153921. PMID: 27271083, PMCID: PMC4896474, PII: PONE-D-15-50243, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153921, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Rebeiro PF, Cesar C, Shepherd BE, De Boni RB, Cortés CP, Rodriguez F, Belaunzarán-Zamudio P, Pape JW, Padgett D, Hoces D, McGowan CC, Cahn P. Assessing the HIV Care Continuum in Latin America: progress in clinical retention, cART use and viral suppression. J Int AIDS Soc. 2016; 19(1): 20636. PMID: 27065108, PMCID: PMC4827101, PII: 20636, DOI: 10.7448/IAS.19.1.20636, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Cesar C, Koethe JR, Giganti MJ, Rebeiro P, Althoff KN, Napravnik S, Mayor A, Grinsztejn B, Wolff M, Padgett D, Sierra-Madero J, Gotuzzo E, Sterling TR, Willig J, Levison J, Kitahata M, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Moore RD, McGowan C, Shepherd BE, Cahn P, . Health outcomes among HIV-positive Latinos initiating antiretroviral therapy in North America versus Central and South America. J Int AIDS Soc. 2016; 19(1): 20684. PMID: 26996992, PMCID: PMC4800379, PII: 20684, DOI: 10.7448/IAS.19.1.20684, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Blevins M, Wehbe FH, Rebeiro PF, Caro-Vega Y, McGowan CC, Shepherd BE, . Interactive Data Visualization for HIV Cohorts: Leveraging Data Exchange Standards to Share and Reuse Research Tools. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3): e0151201. PMID: 26963255, PMCID: PMC4786152, PII: PONE-D-15-32410, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151201, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Wolff M, Shepherd BE, Cortés C, Rebeiro P, Cesar C, Wagner Cardoso S, Pape JW, Padgett D, Sierra-Madero J, Echevarria J, McGowan CC, . Clinical and Virologic Outcomes After Changes in First Antiretroviral Regimen at 7 Sites in the Caribbean, Central and South America Network. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Jan 1/1/2016; 71(1): 102-10. PMID: 26761273, PMCID: PMC4712722, PII: 00126334-201601010-00015, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000817, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Lau B, Shepherd BE, Justice AC, Tate JP, Buchacz K, Napravnik S, Mayor AM, Horberg MA, Blashill AJ, Willig A, Wester CW, Silverberg MJ, Gill J, Thorne JE, Klein M, Eron JJ, Kitahata MM, Sterling TR, Moore RD, . Rising Obesity Prevalence and Weight Gain Among Adults Starting Antiretroviral Therapy in the United States and Canada. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses [print-electronic]. 2016 Jan; 32(1): 50-8. PMID: 26352511, PMCID: PMC4692122, DOI: 10.1089/aid.2015.0147, ISSN: 1931-8405.

Cesar C, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Padgett D, Mejía F, Ribeiro SR, Cortes CP, Pape JW, Madero JS, Fink V, Sued O, McGowan C, Cahn P, . Incidence of virological failure and major regimen change of initial combination antiretroviral therapy in the Latin America and the Caribbean: an observational cohort study. Lancet HIV [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 2(11): e492-500. PMID: 26520929, PMCID: PMC4651009, PII: S2352-3018(15)00183-6, DOI: 10.1016/S2352-3018(15)00183-6, ISSN: 2352-3018.

Aliyu MH, Blevins M, Megazzini KM, Parrish DD, Audet CM, Chan N, Odoh C, Gebi UI, Muhammad MY, Shepherd BE, Wester CW, Vermund SH. Pregnant women with HIV in rural Nigeria have higher rates of antiretroviral treatment initiation, but similar loss to follow-up as non-pregnant women and men. Int Health [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 7(6): 405-11. PMID: 26012740, PMCID: PMC4654753, PII: ihv032, DOI: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv032, ISSN: 1876-3405.

Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Lau B, Shepherd BE, Silverberg MJ, Brown TT, Blashill AJ, Anema A, Willig A, Stinnette S, Napravnik S, Gill J, Crane HM, Sterling TR, . Body mass index and early CD4 T-cell recovery among adults initiating antiretroviral therapy in North America, 1998-2010. HIV Med [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct; 16(9): 572-7. PMID: 25960080, PMCID: PMC4558259, DOI: 10.1111/hiv.12259, ISSN: 1468-1293.

Wanga V, Venuto C, Morse GD, Acosta EP, Daar ES, Haas DW, Li C, Shepherd BE. Genomewide association study of tenofovir pharmacokinetics and creatinine clearance in AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol A5202. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2015 Sep; 25(9): 450-61. PMID: 26148204, PMCID: PMC4522226, DOI: 10.1097/FPC.0000000000000156, ISSN: 1744-6880.

Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Caro-Vega YN, Shepherd BE, Crabtree-Ramírez BE, Luz PM, Grinsztejn B, Cesar C, Cahn P, Cortés C, Wolff M, Pape JW, Padgett D, Gotuzzo E, McGowan C, Sierra-Madero JG, . Monitoring of HIV treatment in seven countries in the WHO Region of the Americas. Bull World Health Organ [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug 8/1/2015; 93(8): 529-39. PMID: 26478610, PMCID: PMC4581655, PII: BLT.14.147447, DOI: 10.2471/BLT.14.147447, ISSN: 1564-0604.

Castilho JL, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Bebawy SS, Turner M, Sterling TR, Melekhin VV. Hormonal Contraception and Risk of Psychiatric and Other Noncommunicable Diseases in HIV-Infected Women. J Womens Health (Larchmt) [print-electronic]. 2015 Jun; 24(6): 481-8. PMID: 25751720, PMCID: PMC4490777, DOI: 10.1089/jwh.2014.5003, ISSN: 1931-843X.

Giganti MJ, Luz PM, Caro-Vega Y, Cesar C, Padgett D, Koenig S, Echevarria J, McGowan CC, Shepherd BE. A Comparison of Seven Cox Regression-Based Models to Account for Heterogeneity Across Multiple HIV Treatment Cohorts in Latin America and the Caribbean. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses [print-electronic]. 2015 May; 31(5): 496-503. PMID: 25647087, PMCID: PMC4426314, DOI: 10.1089/AID.2014.0241, ISSN: 1931-8405.

Luz PM, Belaunzarán-Zamudio PF, Crabtree-Ramírez B, Caro-Vega Y, Hoces D, Rebeiro PF, Blevins M, Pape JW, Cortes CP, Padgett D, Cahn P, Veloso VG, McGowan CC, Grinsztejn B, Shepherd BE. CD4 Response Up to 5 Years After Combination Antiretroviral Therapy in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients in Latin America and the Caribbean. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2015 Apr; 2(2): ofv079. PMID: 26180829, PMCID: PMC4498272, PII: ofv079, DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofv079, ISSN: 2328-8957.

Huaman MA, Fiske CT, Jones TF, Warkentin J, Shepherd BE, Ingram LA, Maruri F, Sterling TR. Tuberculosis and the risk of infection with other intracellular bacteria: a population-based study. Epidemiol Infect [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr; 143(5): 951-9. PMID: 25148655, PMCID: PMC4336842, PII: S0950268814002131, DOI: 10.1017/S0950268814002131, ISSN: 1469-4409.

da Silva M, Blevins M, Wester CW, Manjolo J, José E, Gonzalez LC, Shepherd BE, Moon TD, Vaz LM. Patient loss to follow-up before antiretroviral therapy initiation in rural Mozambique. AIDS Behav. 2015 Apr; 19(4): 666-78. PMID: 25096897, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-014-0874-0, ISSN: 1573-3254.

Bestawros M, Chidumayo T, Blevins M, Canipe A, Bala J, Kelly P, Filteau S, Shepherd BE, Heimburger DC, Koethe JR. Increased systemic inflammation is associated with cardiac and vascular dysfunction over the first 12 weeks of antiretroviral therapy among undernourished, HIV-infected adults in Southern Africa. J AIDS Clin Res. 2015 Mar; 6(3): PMID: 26038711, PMCID: PMC4450092, DOI: 10.4172/2155-6113.1000431, ISSN: 2155-6113.

Blevins M, José E, Bilhete FR, Vaz LM, Shepherd BE, Audet CM, Vermund SH, Moon TD. Two-year death and loss to follow-up outcomes by source of referral to HIV care for HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in rural Mozambique. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses [print-electronic]. 2015 Feb; 31(2): 198-207. PMID: 25381732, PMCID: PMC4532902, DOI: 10.1089/AID.2014.0007, ISSN: 1931-8405.

Carriquiry G, Fink V, Koethe JR, Giganti MJ, Jayathilake K, Blevins M, Cahn P, Grinsztejn B, Wolff M, Pape JW, Padgett D, Madero JS, Gotuzzo E, McGowan CC, Shepherd BE. Mortality and loss to follow-up among HIV-infected persons on long-term antiretroviral therapy in Latin America and the Caribbean. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18: 20016. PMID: 26165322, PMCID: PMC4499577, PII: 20016, DOI: 10.7448/IAS.18.1.20016, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Ray WA, Liu Q, Shepherd BE. Performance of time-dependent propensity scores: a pharmacoepidemiology case study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 24(1): 98-106. PMID: 25408360, PMCID: PMC4331352, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3727, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Audet CM, Gutin SA, Blevins M, Chiau E, Alvim F, Jose E, Vaz LM, Shepherd BE, Dawson Rose C. The Impact of Visual Aids and Enhanced Training on the Delivery of Positive Health, Dignity, and Prevention Messages to Adult Patients Living with HIV in Rural North Central Mozambique. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7): e0130676. PMID: 26147115, PMCID: PMC4493138, PII: PONE-D-15-03224, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130676, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Castilho JL, Luz PM, Shepherd BE, Turner M, Ribeiro SR, Bebawy SS, Netto JS, McGowan CC, Veloso VG, Engels EA, Sterling TR, Grinsztejn B. HIV and cancer: a comparative retrospective study of Brazilian and U.S. clinical cohorts. Infect Agent Cancer. 2015; 10: 4. PMID: 25685180, PMCID: PMC4327947, PII: 514, DOI: 10.1186/1750-9378-10-4, ISSN: 1750-9378.

Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Turner M, Bebawy S, Shepherd BE, Wester CW, Sterling TR. Body mass index and the risk of incident noncommunicable diseases after starting antiretroviral therapy. HIV Med [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 16(1): 67-72. PMID: 25230709, PMCID: PMC4268383, DOI: 10.1111/hiv.12178, ISSN: 1468-1293.

Canipe A, Chidumayo T, Blevins M, Bestawros M, Bala J, Kelly P, Filteau S, Shepherd BE, Heimburger DC, Koethe JR. A 12 week longitudinal study of microbial translocation and systemic inflammation in undernourished HIV-infected Zambians initiating antiretroviral therapy. BMC Infect Dis. 2014 Sep 9/29/2014; 14: 521. PMID: 25266928, PMCID: PMC4261887, PII: 1471-2334-14-521, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-521, ISSN: 1471-2334.

Boulle A, Schomaker M, May MT, Hogg RS, Shepherd BE, Monge S, Keiser O, Lampe FC, Giddy J, Ndirangu J, Garone D, Fox M, Ingle SM, Reiss P, Dabis F, Costagliola D, Castagna A, Ehren K, Campbell C, Gill MJ, Saag M, Justice AC, Guest J, Crane HM, Egger M, Sterne JA. Mortality in patients with HIV-1 infection starting antiretroviral therapy in South Africa, Europe, or North America: a collaborative analysis of prospective studies. PLoS Med. 2014 Sep; 11(9): e1001718. PMID: 25203931, PMCID: PMC4159124, PII: PMEDICINE-D-13-04124, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001718, ISSN: 1549-1676.

Aliyu MH, Blevins M, Megazzini KM, Audet CM, Dunlap J, Sodangi IS, Gebi UI, Shepherd BE, Wester CW, Vermund SH. Correlates of suboptimal entry into early infant diagnosis in rural north central Nigeria. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Sep 9/1/2014; 67(1): e19-26. PMID: 24853310, PMCID: PMC4134378, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000215, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Mwanahamuntu MH, Sahasrabuddhe VV, Blevins M, Kapambwe S, Shepherd BE, Chibwesha C, Pfaendler KS, Mkumba G, Vwalika B, Hicks ML, Vermund SH, Stringer JSA, Parham GP. Monitoring the performance of "screen-and-treat" cervical cancer prevention programs. Int J Gynaecol Obstet [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul; 126(1): 88-9. PMID: 24810795, PMCID: PMC4123629, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.01.006, ISSN: 1879-3479.

Parrish DD, Blevins M, Megazzini KM, Shepherd BE, Mohammed MY, Wester CW, Vermund SH, Aliyu MH. Haemoglobin recovery among HIV-1 infected patients on zidovudine-based antiretroviral therapy and other regimens in north-central Nigeria. Int J STD AIDS [print-electronic]. 2014 Apr; 25(5): 355-9. PMID: 24104694, PMCID: PMC4385388, PII: 0956462413506887, DOI: 10.1177/0956462413506887, ISSN: 1758-1052.

Aliyu MH, Blevins M, Parrish DD, Megazzini KM, Gebi UI, Muhammad MY, Ahmed ML, Hassan A, Shepherd BE, Vermund SH, Wester CW. Risk factors for delayed initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy in rural north central Nigeria. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Feb 2/1/2014; 65(2): e41-9. PMID: 23727981, PMCID: PMC3818360, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31829ceaec, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Vermund SH, Blevins M, Moon TD, José E, Moiane L, Tique JA, Sidat M, Ciampa PJ, Shepherd BE, Vaz LM. Poor clinical outcomes for HIV infected children on antiretroviral therapy in rural Mozambique: need for program quality improvement and community engagement. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10): e110116. PMID: 25330113, PMCID: PMC4203761, PII: PONE-D-13-45953, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110116, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Yin L, Wang N, Vermund SH, Shepherd BE, Ruan Y, Shao Y, Qian HZ. Sexual risk reduction for HIV-infected persons: a meta-analytic review of "positive prevention" randomized clinical trials. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9): e107652. PMID: 25243404, PMCID: PMC4171502, PII: PONE-D-14-19871, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107652, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Cesar C, Shepherd BE, Jenkins CA, Ghidinelli M, Castro JL, Veloso VG, Cortes CP, Padgett D, Crabtree-Ramirez B, Gotuzzo E, Fink V, Duran A, Sued O, McGowan CC, Cahn P, . Use of third line antiretroviral therapy in Latin America. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9): e106887. PMID: 25221931, PMCID: PMC4164470, PII: PONE-D-14-14529, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106887, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Lou J, Blevins M, Ruan Y, Vermund SH, Tang S, Webb GF, Shepherd BE, He X, Lu H, Shao Y, Qian HZ. Modeling the impact on HIV incidence of combination prevention strategies among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3): e90985. PMID: 24626165, PMCID: PMC3953201, PII: PONE-D-13-42627, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090985, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Huaman MA, Sterling TR, Shepherd BE, Fiske CT. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels after recovery from tuberculosis: insights into pathogenesis. Tuberculosis (Edinb) [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 94(1): 51-4. PMID: 24275362, PMCID: PMC3938285, PII: S1472-9792(13)00191-1, DOI: 10.1016/, ISSN: 1873-281X.

Shepherd BE, Blevins M, Vaz LM, Moon TD, Kipp AM, José E, Ferreira FG, Vermund SH. Impact of definitions of loss to follow-up on estimates of retention, disease progression, and mortality: application to an HIV program in Mozambique. Am J Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep 9/1/2013; 178(5): 819-28. PMID: 23785113, PMCID: PMC3755641, PII: kwt030, DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwt030, ISSN: 1476-6256.

Tao J, Ruan Y, Yin L, Vermund SH, Shepherd BE, Shao Y, Qian HZ. Sex with women among men who have sex with men in China: prevalence and sexual practices. AIDS Patient Care STDS [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 27(9): 524-8. PMID: 23931683, PMCID: PMC3760059, DOI: 10.1089/apc.2013.0161, ISSN: 1557-7449.

Aliyu MH, Blevins M, Audet C, Shepherd BE, Hassan A, Onwujekwe O, Gebi UI, Kalish M, Lindegren ML, Vermund SH, Wester CW. Optimizing PMTCT service delivery in rural North-Central Nigeria: protocol and design for a cluster randomized study. Contemp Clin Trials [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 36(1): 187-97. PMID: 23816493, PMCID: PMC3786261, PII: S1551-7144(13)00105-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2013.06.013, ISSN: 1559-2030.

Koethe JR, Blevins M, Bosire C, Nyirenda C, Kabagambe EK, Mwango A, Kasongo W, Zulu I, Shepherd BE, Heimburger DC. Self-reported dietary intake and appetite predict early treatment outcome among low-BMI adults initiating HIV treatment in sub-Saharan Africa. Public Health Nutr [print-electronic]. 2013 Mar; 16(3): 549-58. PMID: 22691872, PMCID: PMC3772135, PII: S1368980012002960, DOI: 10.1017/S1368980012002960, ISSN: 1475-2727.

Koethe JR, Blevins M, Nyirenda CK, Kabagambe EK, Chiasera JM, Shepherd BE, Zulu I, Heimburger DC. Serum Phosphate Predicts Early Mortality among Underweight Adults Starting ART in Zambia: A Novel Context for Refeeding Syndrome?. J Nutr Metab [print-electronic]. 2013; 2013: 545439. PMID: 23691292, PMCID: PMC3652146, DOI: 10.1155/2013/545439, ISSN: 2090-0724.

Rasbach DA, Desruisseau AJ, Kipp AM, Stinnette S, Kheshti A, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR, Hulgan T, McGowan CC, Qian HZ. Active cocaine use is associated with lack of HIV-1 virologic suppression independent of nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy: use of a rapid screening tool during routine clinic visits. AIDS Care [print-electronic]. 2013; 25(1): 109-17. PMID: 22670566, PMCID: PMC3443534, DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2012.687814, ISSN: 1360-0451.

Shepherd BE, Shaw PA, Dodd LE. Using audit information to adjust parameter estimates for data errors in clinical trials. Clin Trials [print-electronic]. 2012 Dec; 9(6): 721-9. PMID: 22848072, PMCID: PMC3728661, PII: 1740774512450100, DOI: 10.1177/1740774512450100, ISSN: 1740-7753.

Audet CM, Blevins M, Moon TD, Sidat M, Shepherd BE, Pires P, Vergara A, Vermund SH. HIV/AIDS-related attitudes and practices among traditional healers in Zambézia Province, Mozambique. J Altern Complement Med [print-electronic]. 2012 Dec; 18(12): 1133-41. PMID: 23171035, PMCID: PMC3513988, DOI: 10.1089/acm.2011.0682, ISSN: 1557-7708.

Oswald-Richter KA, Beachboard DC, Seeley EH, Abraham S, Shepherd BE, Jenkins CA, Culver DA, Caprioli RM, Drake WP. Dual analysis for mycobacteria and propionibacteria in sarcoidosis BAL. J Clin Immunol [print-electronic]. 2012 Oct; 32(5): 1129-40. PMID: 22552860, PMCID: PMC3526106, DOI: 10.1007/s10875-012-9700-5, ISSN: 1573-2592.

van der Heijden YF, Maruri F, Blackman A, Holt E, Warkentin JV, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR. Fluoroquinolone exposure prior to tuberculosis diagnosis is associated with an increased risk of death. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis [print-electronic]. 2012 Sep; 16(9): 1162-7. PMID: 22794509, PMCID: PMC3981533, PII: ijtld120046, DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0046, ISSN: 1815-7920.

Wester CW, Eden SK, Shepherd BE, Bussmann H, Novitsky V, Samuels DC, Hendrickson SL, Winkler CA, O'Brien SJ, Essex M, D'Aquila RT, DeGruttola V, Marlink RG. Risk factors for symptomatic hyperlactatemia and lactic acidosis among combination antiretroviral therapy-treated adults in Botswana: results from a clinical trial. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses [print-electronic]. 2012 Aug; 28(8): 759-65. PMID: 22540188, PMCID: PMC3399551, DOI: 10.1089/AID.2011.0303, ISSN: 1931-8405.

Li C, Shepherd BE. A new residual for ordinal outcomes. Biometrika [print-electronic]. 2012 Jun; 99(2): 473-80. PMID: 23843667, PMCID: PMC3635659, PII: asr073, DOI: 10.1093/biomet/asr073, ISSN: 0006-3444.

Miller EK, Hernandez JZ, Wimmenauer V, Shepherd BE, Hijano D, Libster R, Serra ME, Bhat N, Batalle JP, Mohamed Y, Reynaldi A, Rodriguez A, Otello M, Pisapia N, Bugna J, Bellabarba M, Kraft D, Coviello S, Ferolla FM, Chen A, London SJ, Siberry GK, Williams JV, Polack FP. A mechanistic role for type III IFN-¿1 in asthma exacerbations mediated by human rhinoviruses. Am J Respir Crit Care Med [print-electronic]. 2012 Mar 3/1/2012; 185(5): 508-16. PMID: 22135341, PMCID: PMC3361761, PII: 201108-1462OC, DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201108-1462OC, ISSN: 1535-4970.

Parrish DD, Blevins M, Stinnette SE, Rebeiro PF, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR, McGowan CC, Wester CW. Virologic, immunologic and clinical responses in foreign-born versus US-born HIV-1 infected adults initiating antiretroviral therapy: an observational cohort study. PLoS One [print-electronic]. 2012; 7(12): e52336. PMID: 23284994, PMCID: PMC3526482, PII: PONE-D-12-30873, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052336, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Melekhin VV, Shepherd BE, Stinnette SE, Rebeiro PF, Turner MM, Sterling TR. Hemoglobin may contribute to sex differences in mortality among HIV-infected persons in care. PLoS One [print-electronic]. 2012; 7(9): e44999. PMID: 23028732, PMCID: PMC3441736, PII: PONE-D-12-03680, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044999, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Duda SN, Shepherd BE, Gadd CS, Masys DR, McGowan CC. Measuring the quality of observational study data in an international HIV research network. PLoS One [print-electronic]. 2012; 7(4): e33908. PMID: 22493676, PMCID: PMC3320898, PII: PONE-D-11-15552, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033908, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Miller EK, Bugna J, Libster R, Shepherd BE, Scalzo PM, Acosta PL, Hijano D, Reynoso N, Batalle JP, Coviello S, Klein MI, Bauer G, Benitez A, Kleeberger SR, Polack FP. Human rhinoviruses in severe respiratory disease in very low birth weight infants. Pediatrics [print-electronic]. 2012 Jan; 129(1): e60-7. PMID: 22201153, PMCID: PMC3255465, PII: peds.2011-0583, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-0583, ISSN: 1098-4275.

Sahasrabuddhe VV, Bhosale RA, Kavatkar AN, Nagwanshi CA, Joshi SN, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Kelkar RS, Sahay S, Risbud AR, Vermund SH, Mehendale SM. Comparison of visual inspection with acetic acid and cervical cytology to detect high-grade cervical neoplasia among HIV-infected women in India. Int J Cancer [print-electronic]. 2012 Jan 1/1/2012; 130(1): 234-40. PMID: 21387289, PMCID: PMC3516675, DOI: 10.1002/ijc.25971, ISSN: 1097-0215.

Moon TD, Burlison JR, Blevins M, Shepherd BE, Baptista A, Sidat M, Vergara AE, Vermund SH. Enrolment and programmatic trends and predictors of antiretroviral therapy initiation from president's emergency plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)-supported public HIV care and treatment sites in rural Mozambique. Int J STD AIDS. 2011 Nov; 22(11): 621-7. PMID: 22096045, PII: 22/11/621, DOI: 10.1258/ijsa.2011.010442, ISSN: 1758-1052.

Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Stinnette SE, Sterling TR. An optimal body mass index range associated with improved immune reconstitution among HIV-infected adults initiating antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis [print-electronic]. 2011 Nov; 53(9): 952-60. PMID: 21946189, PMCID: PMC3189168, PII: cir606, DOI: 10.1093/cid/cir606, ISSN: 1537-6591.

Shepherd BE, Yu C. Accounting for data errors discovered from an audit in multiple linear regression. Biometrics [print-electronic]. 2011 Sep; 67(3): 1083-91. PMID: 21281274, PMCID: PMC3092800, DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0420.2010.01543.x, ISSN: 1541-0420.

Shepherd BE, Gilbert PB, Dupont CT. Sensitivity analyses comparing time-to-event outcomes only existing in a subset selected postrandomization and relaxing monotonicity. Biometrics [print-electronic]. 2011 Sep; 67(3): 1100-10. PMID: 21114663, PMCID: PMC3116075, DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0420.2010.01508.x, ISSN: 1541-0420.

Pettit AC, Jenkins CA, Stinnette SE, Rebeiro PF, Blackwell RB, Raffanti SP, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR. Tuberculosis risk before and after highly active antiretroviral therapy initiation: does HAART increase the short-term TB risk in a low incidence TB setting?. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Aug 8/1/2011; 57(4): 305-10. PMID: 21423024, PMCID: PMC3141096, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3182182e2d, ISSN: 1944-7884.

Wester CW, Koethe JR, Shepherd BE, Stinnette SE, Rebeiro PF, Kipp AM, Hong H, Bussmann H, Gaolathe T, McGowan CC, Sterling TR, Marlink RG. Non-AIDS-defining events among HIV-1-infected adults receiving combination antiretroviral therapy in resource-replete versus resource-limited urban setting. AIDS. 2011 Jul 7/31/2011; 25(12): 1471-9. PMID: 21572309, PMCID: PMC3188442, DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e328347f9d4, ISSN: 1473-5571.

Qian HZ, Stinnette SE, Rebeiro PF, Kipp AM, Shepherd BE, Samenow CP, Jenkins CA, No P, McGowan CC, Hulgan T, Sterling TR. The relationship between injection and noninjection drug use and HIV disease progression. J Subst Abuse Treat [print-electronic]. 2011 Jul; 41(1): 14-20. PMID: 21349679, PMCID: PMC3110534, PII: S0740-5472(11)00014-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.01.007, ISSN: 1873-6483.

van der Heijden YF, Miller G, Wright PW, Shepherd BE, Daniels TL, Talbot TR. Clinical impact of blood cultures contaminated with coagulase-negative staphylococci at an academic medical center. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2011 Jun; 32(6): 623-5. PMID: 21558778, DOI: 10.1086/660096, ISSN: 1559-6834.

Koethe JR, Blevins M, Nyirenda C, Kabagambe EK, Shepherd BE, Wester CW, Zulu I, Chiasera JM, Mulenga LB, Mwango A, Heimburger DC. Nutrition and inflammation serum biomarkers are associated with 12-week mortality among malnourished adults initiating antiretroviral therapy in Zambia. J Int AIDS Soc. 2011 Apr 4/10/2011; 14: 19. PMID: 21477359, PMCID: PMC3094357, PII: 1758-2652-14-19, DOI: 10.1186/1758-2652-14-19, ISSN: 1758-2652.

Shepherd BE, Jenkins CA, Rebeiro PF, Stinnette SE, Bebawy SS, McGowan CC, Hulgan T, Sterling TR. Estimating the optimal CD4 count for HIV-infected persons to start antiretroviral therapy. Epidemiology. 2010 Sep; 21(5): 698-705. PMID: 20585252, PMCID: PMC3086582, DOI: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181e97737, ISSN: 1531-5487.

Kazi AM, Shah SA, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Vermund SH. Risk factors and prevalence of tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus, syphilis, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among prisoners in Pakistan. Int J Infect Dis [print-electronic]. 2010 Sep; 14 Suppl 3: e60-6. PMID: 20189863, PMCID: PMC2905608, PII: S1201-9712(10)00030-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2009.11.012, ISSN: 1878-3511.

Li C, Shepherd BE. Test of Association Between Two Ordinal Variables While Adjusting for Covariates. J Am Stat Assoc. 2010 Jun 6/1/2010; 105(490): 612-20. PMID: 20882122, PMCID: PMC2946253, DOI: 10.1198/jasa.2010.tm09386, ISSN: 0162-1459.

Heimburger DC, Koethe JR, Nyirenda C, Bosire C, Chiasera JM, Blevins M, Munoz AJ, Shepherd BE, Potter D, Zulu I, Chisembele-Taylor A, Chi BH, Stringer JS, Kabagambe EK. Serum phosphate predicts early mortality in adults starting antiretroviral therapy in Lusaka, Zambia: a prospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2010 May 5/18/2010; 5(5): e10687. PMID: 20502700, PMCID: PMC2872675, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010687, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Melekhin VV, Shepherd BE, Jenkins CA, Stinnette SE, Rebeiro PF, Bebawy SS, Rasbach DA, Hulgan T, Sterling TR. Postpartum discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy and risk of maternal AIDS-defining events, non-AIDS-defining events, and mortality among a cohort of HIV-1-infected women in the United States. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2010 May; 24(5): 279-86. PMID: 20438375, PMCID: PMC2875979, DOI: 10.1089/apc.2009.0283, ISSN: 1557-7449.

Sahasrabuddhe VV, Bhosale RA, Joshi SN, Kavatkar AN, Nagwanshi CA, Kelkar RS, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Sahay S, Risbud AR, Vermund SH, Mehendale SM. Prevalence and predictors of colposcopic-histopathologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in HIV-infected women in India. PLoS One. 2010 Jan 1/8/2010; 5(1): e8634. PMID: 20072610, PMCID: PMC2798747, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008634, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Oswald-Richter K, Sato H, Hajizadeh R, Shepherd BE, Sidney J, Sette A, Newman LS, Drake WP. Mycobacterial ESAT-6 and katG are recognized by sarcoidosis CD4+ T cells when presented by the American sarcoidosis susceptibility allele, DRB1*1101. J Clin Immunol [print-electronic]. 2010 Jan; 30(1): 157-66. PMID: 19536643, PMCID: PMC2821522, DOI: 10.1007/s10875-009-9311-y, ISSN: 1573-2592.

Li AH, Phanuphak N, Sahasrabuddhe VV, Chaithongwongwatthana S, Vermund SH, Jenkins CA, Shepherd BE, Teeratakulpisarn N, van der Lugt J, Avihingsanon A, Ruxrungtham K, Shikuma C, Phanuphak P, Ananworanich J. Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions among HIV positive and HIV negative men who have sex with men in Thailand. Sex Transm Infect [print-electronic]. 2009 Dec; 85(7): 503-7. PMID: 19525263, PMCID: PMC3875384, PII: sti.2009.036707, DOI: 10.1136/sti.2009.036707, ISSN: 1472-3263.

Melekhin VV, Shepherd BE, Stinnette SE, Rebeiro PF, Barkanic G, Raffanti SP, Sterling TR. Antiretroviral therapy initiation before, during, or after pregnancy in HIV-1-infected women: maternal virologic, immunologic, and clinical response. PLoS One. 2009 Sep 9/9/2009; 4(9): e6961. PMID: 19742315, PMCID: PMC2734183, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006961, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Oswald-Richter KA, Culver DA, Hawkins C, Hajizadeh R, Abraham S, Shepherd BE, Jenkins CA, Judson MA, Drake WP. Cellular responses to mycobacterial antigens are present in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid used in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Infect Immun [print-electronic]. 2009 Sep; 77(9): 3740-8. PMID: 19596780, PMCID: PMC2738026, PII: IAI.00142-09, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.00142-09, ISSN: 1098-5522.

Talbot HK, Shepherd BE, Crowe JE, Griffin MR, Edwards KM, Podsiad AB, Tollefson SJ, Wright PF, Williams JV. The pediatric burden of human coronaviruses evaluated for twenty years. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 Aug; 28(8): 682-7. PMID: 19633513, PMCID: PMC2765860, PII: 00006454-200908000-00005, DOI: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31819d0d27, ISSN: 0891-3668.

Shepherd BE, Sterling TR, Moore RD, Raffanti SP, Hulgan T. Cross-cohort heterogeneity encountered while validating a model for HIV disease progression among antiretroviral initiators. J Clin Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2009 Jul; 62(7): 729-37. PMID: 19108987, PMCID: PMC2747519, PII: S0895-4356(08)00257-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2008.09.002, ISSN: 1878-5921.

Lemly DC, Shepherd BE, Hulgan T, Rebeiro P, Stinnette S, Blackwell RB, Bebawy S, Kheshti A, Sterling TR, Raffanti SP. Race and sex differences in antiretroviral therapy use and mortality among HIV-infected persons in care. J Infect Dis. 2009 Apr 4/1/2009; 199(7): 991-8. PMID: 19220139, PMCID: PMC7822728, PII: 10.1086/597124, DOI: 10.1086/597124, ISSN: 0022-1899.

Pettit AC, Barkanic G, Stinnette S, Rebeiro P, Blackwell R, Raffanti SP, Shepherd BE, Sterling TR. Potentially preventable tuberculosis among HIV-infected persons in the era of highly active antiretroviral treatment. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Mar; 13(3): 355-9. PMID: 19275796, PMCID: PMC2866056, ISSN: 1027-3719.

Tsai CS, Shepherd BE, Vermund SH. Does douching increase risk for sexually transmitted infections? A prospective study in high-risk adolescents. Am J Obstet Gynecol [print-electronic]. 2009 Jan; 200(1): 38.e1-8. PMID: 18667177, PMCID: PMC3199592, PII: S0002-9378(08)00636-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2008.06.026, ISSN: 1097-6868.

Shepherd BE, Redman MW, Ankerst DP. Does Finasteride Affect the Severity of Prostate Cancer? A Causal Sensitivity Analysis. J Am Stat Assoc. 2008 Dec 12/1/2008; 103(484): 1392-404. PMID: 20526381, PMCID: PMC2880822, DOI: 10.1198/016214508000000706, ISSN: 0162-1459.

Mok H, Tollefson SJ, Podsiad AB, Shepherd BE, Polosukhin VV, Johnston RE, Williams JV, Crowe JE. An alphavirus replicon-based human metapneumovirus vaccine is immunogenic and protective in mice and cotton rats. J Virol [print-electronic]. 2008 Nov; 82(22): 11410-8. PMID: 18786987, PMCID: PMC2573258, PII: JVI.01688-08, DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01688-08, ISSN: 1098-5514.

Utley TJ, Ducharme NA, Varthakavi V, Shepherd BE, Santangelo PJ, Lindquist ME, Goldenring JR, Crowe JE. Respiratory syncytial virus uses a Vps4-independent budding mechanism controlled by Rab11-FIP2. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A [print-electronic]. 2008 Jul 7/22/2008; 105(29): 10209-14. PMID: 18621683, PMCID: PMC2481327, PII: 0712144105, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0712144105, ISSN: 1091-6490.

Allen SS, Evans W, Carlisle J, Hajizadeh R, Nadaf M, Shepherd BE, Pride DT, Johnson JE, Drake WP. Superoxide dismutase A antigens derived from molecular analysis of sarcoidosis granulomas elicit systemic Th-1 immune responses. Respir Res. 2008 Apr 4/25/2008; 9: 36. PMID: 18439270, PMCID: PMC2383887, PII: 1465-9921-9-36, DOI: 10.1186/1465-9921-9-36, ISSN: 1465-993X.

Shepherd BE. The cost of checking proportional hazards. Stat Med. 2008 Apr 4/15/2008; 27(8): 1248-60. PMID: 17708517, DOI: 10.1002/sim.3020, ISSN: 0277-6715.

Carlucci JG, Kamanga A, Sheneberger R, Shepherd BE, Jenkins CA, Spurrier J, Vermund SH. Predictors of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in rural Zambia. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Apr 4/15/2008; 47(5): 615-22. PMID: 18209678, PMCID: PMC2743102, DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318165dc25, ISSN: 1525-4135.

Tian C, Luskin GK, Dischert KM, Higginbotham JN, Shepherd BE, Crowe JE. Immunodominance of the VH1-46 antibody gene segment in the primary repertoire of human rotavirus-specific B cells is reduced in the memory compartment through somatic mutation of nondominant clones. J Immunol. 2008 Mar 3/1/2008; 180(5): 3279-88. PMID: 18292552, PII: 180/5/3279, DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.180.5.3279, ISSN: 0022-1767.

Mok H, Lee S, Utley TJ, Shepherd BE, Polosukhin VV, Collier ML, Davis NL, Johnston RE, Crowe JE. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon particles encoding respiratory syncytial virus surface glycoproteins induce protective mucosal responses in mice and cotton rats. J Virol [print-electronic]. 2007 Dec; 81(24): 13710-22. PMID: 17928349, PMCID: PMC2168850, PII: JVI.01351-07, DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01351-07, ISSN: 1098-5514.

Shepherd BE, Kiem HP, Lansdorp PM, Dunbar CE, Aubert G, LaRochelle A, Seggewiss R, Guttorp P, Abkowitz JL. Hematopoietic stem-cell behavior in nonhuman primates. Blood [print-electronic]. 2007 Sep 9/15/2007; 110(6): 1806-13. PMID: 17526860, PMCID: PMC1976353, PII: S0006-4971(20)60569-9, DOI: 10.1182/blood-2007-02-075382, ISSN: 0006-4971.

Williams JV, Chen Z, Cseke G, Wright DW, Keefer CJ, Tollefson SJ, Hessell A, Podsiad A, Shepherd BE, Sanna PP, Burton DR, Crowe JE, Williamson RA. A recombinant human monoclonal antibody to human metapneumovirus fusion protein that neutralizes virus in vitro and is effective therapeutically in vivo. J Virol [print-electronic]. 2007 Aug; 81(15): 8315-24. PMID: 17522220, PMCID: PMC1951312, PII: JVI.00106-07, DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00106-07, ISSN: 0022-538X.

Hajizadeh R, Sato H, Carlisle J, Nadaf MT, Evans W, Shepherd BE, Miller RF, Kalams SA, Drake WP. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Antigen 85A induces Th-1 immune responses in systemic sarcoidosis. J Clin Immunol [print-electronic]. 2007 Jul; 27(4): 445-54. PMID: 17357846, PMCID: PMC3962023, DOI: 10.1007/s10875-007-9080-4, ISSN: 0271-9142.

Shepherd BE, Gilbert PB, Lumley T. Sensitivity Analyses Comparing Time-to-Event Outcomes Existing Only in a Subset Selected Postrandomization. J Am Stat Assoc. 2007 Jun; 102(478): 573-82. PMID: 19122791, PMCID: PMC2613336, DOI: 10.1198/016214507000000130, ISSN: 0162-1459.

Tian C, Luskin GK, Dischert KM, Higginbotham JN, Shepherd BE, Crowe JE. Evidence for preferential Ig gene usage and differential TdT and exonuclease activities in human naïve and memory B cells. Mol Immunol [print-electronic]. 2007 Mar; 44(9): 2173-83. PMID: 17196657, PMCID: PMC1859862, PII: S0161-5890(06)00701-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2006.11.020, ISSN: 0161-5890.

Hulgan T, Shepherd BE, Raffanti SP, Fusco JS, Beckerman R, Barkanic G, Sterling TR. Absolute count and percentage of CD4+ lymphocytes are independent predictors of disease progression in HIV-infected persons initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis [print-electronic]. 2007 Feb 2/1/2007; 195(3): 425-31. PMID: 17205482, PII: JID36919, DOI: 10.1086/510536, ISSN: 0022-1899.

Drake WP, Dhason MS, Nadaf M, Shepherd BE, Vadivelu S, Hajizadeh R, Newman LS, Kalams SA. Cellular recognition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis ESAT-6 and KatG peptides in systemic sarcoidosis. Infect Immun [print-electronic]. 2007 Jan; 75(1): 527-30. PMID: 17088357, PMCID: PMC1828402, PII: IAI.00732-06, DOI: 10.1128/IAI.00732-06, ISSN: 0019-9567.

Shepherd BE, Gilbert PB, Jemiai Y, Rotnitzky A. Sensitivity analyses comparing outcomes only existing in a subset selected post-randomization, conditional on covariates, with application to HIV vaccine trials. Biometrics. 2006 Jun; 62(2): 332-42. PMID: 16918897, PII: BIOM495, DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0420.2005.00495.x, ISSN: 0006-341X.