William Stuart Reynolds, M.D.

Associate Professor


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Faculty Appointments
Associate Professor of Urology
M.P.H., Public Health , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeM.D., Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PennsylvaniaA.B., Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
Office Address
A 1302 MCN
Nashville, TN 37203-2765
Reynolds WS, Suskind AM, Anger JT, Brucker BM, Cameron AP, Chung DE, Daignault-Newton S, Lane GI, Lucioni A, Mourtzinos AP, Padmanabhan P, Reyblat PX, Smith AL, Tenggardjaja CF, Lee UJ, . Incomplete bladder emptying and urinary tract infections after botulinum toxin injection for overactive bladder: Multi-institutional collaboration from the SUFU research network. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2022 Feb; 41(2): 662-71. PMID: 35019167, PMCID: PMC8891079, DOI: 10.1002/nau.24871, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Reynolds WS, Kaufman MR, Bruehl S, Dmochowski RR, McKernan LC. Compensatory bladder behaviors ("coping") in women with overactive bladder. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2022 Jan; 41(1): 195-202. PMID: 34524704, PMCID: PMC8738122, DOI: 10.1002/nau.24788, ISSN: 1520-6777.

McKernan LC, Crofford LJ, Kim A, Vandekar SN, Reynolds WS, Hansen KA, Clauw DJ, Williams DA. Electronic Delivery of Pain Education for Chronic Overlapping Pain Conditions: A Prospective Cohort Study. Pain Med. 2021 Oct 10/8/2021; 22(10): 2252-62. PMID: 33871025, PMCID: PMC8677459, PII: 6120824, DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnab018, ISSN: 1526-4637.

Brady SS, Bavendam TG, Bradway CK, Conroy B, Dowling-Castronovo A, Epperson CN, Hijaz AK, Hsi RS, Huss K, Kim M, Lazar J, Lee RK, Liu CK, Loizou CN, Miran S, Mody L, Norton JM, Reynolds WS, Sutcliffe S, Zhang N, Hokanson JA. Noncancerous Genitourinary Conditions as a Public Health Priority: Conceptualizing the Hidden Burden. Urology [print-electronic]. 2021 Sep 9/16/2021; PMID: 34536410, PMCID: PMC8924010, PII: S0090-4295(21)00839-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2021.08.040, ISSN: 1527-9995.

Goodridge SD, Chisholm LP, Heft J, Hartigan S, Kaufman M, Dmochowski RR, Stewart T, Reynolds WS. Association of Knowledge and Presence of Pelvic Floor Disorders and Participation in Pelvic Floor Exercises: A Cross-sectional Study. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2021 May 5/1/2021; 27(5): 310-4. PMID: 32217913, PMCID: PMC7381369, PII: 01436319-202105000-00007, DOI: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000000813, ISSN: 2154-4212.

Hartigan S, Finn M, Dmochowski R, Reynolds WS. Real-time daily assessment of work interference on healthcare professionals' restroom use: A pilot study. Neurourol Urodyn. 2021 Feb; 40(2): 728-34. PMID: 33616293, PMCID: PMC7905752, DOI: 10.1002/nau.24603, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Yang PS, Delpe S, Kowalik CG, Reynolds WS, Kaufman MR, Dmochowski RR. Risk Factor of De Novo Urgency and Urge Incontinence After Autologous Fascia Pubovaginal Sling. Res Rep Urol. 2021; 13: 591-6. PMID: 34422706, PMCID: PMC8373301, PII: 321955, DOI: 10.2147/RRU.S321955, ISSN: 2253-2447.

Reynolds WS, Kowalik C, Kaufman MR, Dmochowski RR, Fowke JH. Women's Perceptions of Public Restrooms and the Relationships with Toileting Behaviors and Bladder Symptoms: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Urol [print-electronic]. 2020 Aug; 204(2): 310-5. PMID: 32096679, PMCID: PMC7354199, DOI: 10.1097/JU.0000000000000812, ISSN: 1527-3792.

Kowalik CG, Daily A, Goodridge SD, Hartigan SM, Kaufman MR, Fowke JH, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Factors associated with urinary incontinence in a community sample of young nulligravid women. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2020 Jun; 39(5): 1430-6. PMID: 32324941, PMCID: PMC7321803, DOI: 10.1002/nau.24368, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Hartigan SM, Bonnet K, Chisholm L, Kowalik C, Dmochowski RR, Schlundt D, Reynolds WS. Why Do Women Not Use the Bathroom? Women's Attitudes and Beliefs on Using Public Restrooms. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Mar 3/20/2020; 17(6): PMID: 32244871, PMCID: PMC7142493, PII: ijerph17062053, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17062053, ISSN: 1660-4601.

McKernan LC, Bonnet KR, Finn MTM, Williams DA, Bruehl S, Reynolds WS, Clauw D, Dmochowski RR, Schlundt DG, Crofford LJ. Qualitative Analysis of Treatment Needs in Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome: Implications for Intervention. Can J Pain [print-electronic]. 2020; 4(1): 181-98. PMID: 33367196, PMCID: PMC7751614, DOI: 10.1080/24740527.2020.1785854, ISSN: 2474-0527.

Daily AM, Kowalik CG, Delpe SD, Kaufman MR, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Women With Overactive Bladder Exhibit More Unhealthy Toileting Behaviors: A Cross-sectional Study. Urology [print-electronic]. 2019 Dec; 134: 97-102. PMID: 31499079, PMCID: PMC6924631, PII: S0090-4295(19)30793-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2019.08.038, ISSN: 1527-9995.

Hartigan SM, Reynolds WS, Smith PP. Dilemmas in Management of the Geriatric Bladder. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep [print-electronic]. 2019 Dec; 14(4): 272-9. PMID: 33312324, PMCID: PMC7731875, DOI: 10.1007/s11884-019-00541-8, ISSN: 1931-7212.

Hartigan SM, Reynolds WS, Dmochowski RR. Detrusor underactivity in women: A current understanding. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2019 Nov; 38(8): 2070-6. PMID: 31432566, DOI: 10.1002/nau.24147, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Reynolds WS, Kowalik C, Delpe SD, Kaufman M, Fowke JH, Dmochowski R. Toileting Behaviors and Bladder Symptoms in Women Who Limit Restroom Use at Work: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Urol [print-electronic]. 2019 Nov; 202(5): 1008-14. PMID: 31059664, PMCID: PMC6832766, DOI: 10.1097/JU.0000000000000315, ISSN: 1527-3792.

Chisholm L, Delpe S, Priest T, Reynolds WS. Physical Activity and Stress Incontinence in Women. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep [print-electronic]. 2019 Sep; 14(3): 174-9. PMID: 31456864, PMCID: PMC6711374, DOI: 10.1007/s11884-019-00519-6, ISSN: 1931-7212.

Suskind AM, Kowalik C, Quanstrom K, Boscardin J, Zhao S, Reynolds WS, Mishra K, Finlayson E. The impact of frailty on treatment for overactive bladder in older adults. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2019 Sep; 38(7): 1915-23. PMID: 31286561, PMCID: PMC6706315, DOI: 10.1002/nau.24093, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Sosland R, Kowalik CA, Cohn JA, Milam DF, Kaufman MR, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Nonclinical Barriers to Care for Neurogenic Patients Undergoing Complex Urologic Reconstruction. Urology [print-electronic]. 2019 Feb; 124: 271-5. PMID: 30366042, PMCID: PMC6595483, PII: S0090-4295(18)31098-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2018.08.047, ISSN: 1527-9995.

Kowalik CG, Daily A, Delpe S, Kaufman MR, Fowke J, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Toileting Behaviors of Women-What is Healthy?. J Urol. 2019 Jan; 201(1): 129-34. PMID: 30053511, PMCID: PMC6309941, PII: S0022-5347(18)43591-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2018.07.044, ISSN: 1527-3792.

McKernan LC, Johnson BN, Reynolds WS, Williams DA, Cheavens JS, Dmochowski RR, Crofford LJ. Posttraumatic stress disorder in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome: Relationship to patient phenotype and clinical practice implications. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2019 Jan; 38(1): 353-62. PMID: 30350890, PMCID: PMC6310618, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23861, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Kowalik CG, Cohn JA, Delpe S, Kaufman MR, Wein A, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Painful Bladder Symptoms Related to Somatic Syndromes in a Convenience Sample of Community Women with Overactive Bladder Symptoms. J Urol [print-electronic]. 2018 Dec; 200(6): 1332-7. PMID: 30017963, PMCID: PMC6298830, PII: S0022-5347(18)43483-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2018.06.070, ISSN: 1527-3792.

Reynolds WS, Kowalik C, Cohn J, Kaufman M, Wein A, Dmochowski R, Bruehl S. Women Undergoing Third Line Overactive Bladder Treatment Demonstrate Elevated Thermal Temporal Summation. J Urol [print-electronic]. 2018 Oct; 200(4): 856-61. PMID: 29746857, PMCID: PMC6146049, PII: S0022-5347(18)43103-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2018.05.007, ISSN: 1527-3792.

McKernan LC, Walsh CG, Reynolds WS, Crofford LJ, Dmochowski RR, Williams DA. Psychosocial co-morbidities in Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain syndrome (IC/BPS): A systematic review. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2018 Mar; 37(3): 926-41. PMID: 28990698, PMCID: PMC6040587, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23421, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Cohn JA, Ni S, Kaufman MR, Graves AJ, Penson DF, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Urinary retention and catheter use among U.S. female Medicare beneficiaries: Prevalence and risk factors. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov; 36(8): 2101-8. PMID: 28267877, PMCID: PMC5956898, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23248, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Brown ET, Osborn D, Mock S, Ni S, Graves AJ, Milam L, Milam D, Kaufman MR, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Perioperative complications of conduit urinary diversion with concomitant cystectomy for benign indications: A population-based analysis. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2017 Jun; 36(5): 1411-6. PMID: 27654310, PMCID: PMC5360540, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23135, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Brown ET, Cohn JA, Kaufman MR, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Phenotyping women with detrusor underactivity by presumed etiology: Is it plausible?. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2017 Apr; 36(4): 1151-4. PMID: 27460338, PMCID: PMC5269519, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23079, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Reynolds WS, Brown ET, Danford J, Kaufman M, Wein A, Dmochowski R, Bruehl S. Temporal summation to thermal stimuli is elevated in women with overactive bladder syndrome. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2017 Apr; 36(4): 1108-12. PMID: 27434229, PMCID: PMC5247414, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23059, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Reynolds WS, Mock S, Zhang X, Kaufman M, Wein A, Bruehl S, Dmochowski R. Somatic syndromes and chronic pain in women with overactive bladder. Neurourol Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2017 Apr; 36(4): 1113-8. PMID: 27367486, PMCID: PMC5203978, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23060, ISSN: 1520-6777.

Reynolds WS, Dmochowski R, Wein A, Bruehl S. Does central sensitization help explain idiopathic overactive bladder?. Nat Rev Urol [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug; 13(8): 481-91. PMID: 27245505, PMCID: PMC4969200, PII: nrurol.2016.95, DOI: 10.1038/nrurol.2016.95, ISSN: 1759-4820.

Cohn JA, Brown ET, Kaufman MR, Dmochowski RR, Reynolds WS. Underactive bladder in women: is there any evidence?. Curr Opin Urol. 2016 Jul; 26(4): 309-14. PMID: 26927630, PMCID: PMC4893010, DOI: 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000280, ISSN: 1473-6586.

Reynolds WS, Fowke J, Dmochowski R. The Burden of Overactive Bladder on US Public Health. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar; 11(1): 8-13. PMID: 27057265, PMCID: PMC4821440, DOI: 10.1007/s11884-016-0344-9, ISSN: 1931-7212.

Reynolds WS, McPheeters M, Blume J, Surawicz T, Worley K, Wang L, Hartmann K. Comparative Effectiveness of Anticholinergic Therapy for Overactive Bladder in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jun; 125(6): 1423-32. PMID: 26000514, PII: 00006250-201506000-00022, DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000000851, ISSN: 1873-233X.

Reynolds WS, Dmochowski RR, Penson DF. Epidemiology of stress urinary incontinence in women. Curr Urol Rep. 2011 Oct; 12(5): 370-6. PMID: 21720817, DOI: 10.1007/s11934-011-0206-0, ISSN: 1534-6285.