Marta Hernanz-Schulman, M.D.

Faculty Appointments
Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences Professor of Pediatrics
M.D., New York University, New York, New YorkA.B., Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
Office Address
2200 Children's Way
1423 VCH/Diagnostic Imaging
Nashville, TN 37232-9700
Clinical Description
Dr. Schulman came to the US from Cuba at 10 years of age. After learning English and spending one of her High School years in Spain¸ she entered Princeton University, where she earned an AB degree before entering medical school. Upon graduation, she completed a residency in Pediatrics and a second residency in Radiology, subsequently graduating from a two year fellowship in Pediatric Radiology from The Children’s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School.

During her years at Vanderbilt, she has given back to her institution and to the Pediatric Radiology Community. She has led the division of Pediatric Radiology to a multimodality, multispecialty pediatric service at the Children’s Hospital, with a goal of excellence in service and family-centered care. That division now includes 11 pediatric radiologists, with pediatric subspecialty training in pediatric neuroradiology, pediatric nuclear medicine, pediatric interventional and pediatric musculoskeletal imaging.

She has written over 40 chapters and review articles and is a co-Editor of the major text: Caffey’s Pediatric Diagnostic Imaging 11th, 12th and upcoming 13th editions. She has authored over 140 peer-reviewed articles, over 100 abstracts and presentations, and has mentored over 40 medical students, houseofficers and faculty, receiving several awards including the RSNA’s Best Research including a resident. Some of her pioneer work includes investigation potential etiologic findings and ultrasound of pyloric stenosis, investigation of the inhibition of phagocytosis by barium in the peritoneal cavity, for which she received the Caffey Award, the highest honor bestowed by the Society for Pediatric Radiology for scientific research and has been PI or Co-PI in 13 grants.

Nationally, Dr. Schulman has chaired or co-chaired many committees and has held office in national organizations. At the American College of Radiology (ACR) she has chaired the Ultrasound Committee, the Pediatric Section of the National In-Service examination, the Guidelines (now Parameters Committee) and the Pediatric Commission as a member of the ACR’s Board of Chancellors, as well as its Vice-President. She received the Presidential Recognition Award from the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) for her work with the Pediatric Radiology journal, has been President and Chairman of the Board of the Society for Pediatric Radiology, and has been awarded its Gold Medal, its highest honor and recognition, for the work that she has done to improve the imaging care of children.

Dr. Schulman reviews for many scientific journals, has been a member of the Editorial Board of Radiology and is currently a member of the Editorial Board of Pediatric Radiology. She is a Fellow of the American College of Radiology and of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Among her many services to the American Board of Radiology, she has chaired the ABR’s Committee on the MOC examination in Pediatric Radiology, and has received the ABR’s Lifetime Service Award. She is a founding and current member of the Steering Committee of Image Gently, and led the Pause and Pulse Campaign for radiation protection in pediatric fluoroscopy, which was the recipient of the Aunt Minnie Award for best philanthropic campaign in 2011. In addition to the SPR, she has been a member or chaired the Pediatric Program Committees of the RSNA and ARRS over multiple cycles, and has delivered multiple invited lectures nationally and internationally.

Section: Pediatric Radiology

VUMC email:
Chan SS, Francavilla ML, Iyer RS, Rigsby CK, Hernanz-Schulman M. Clinical decision support: practical implementation at two pediatric hospitals. Pediatr Radiol [print-electronic]. 2019 Apr; 49(4): 486-92. PMID: 30923880, PII: 10.1007/s00247-018-4322-6, DOI: 10.1007/s00247-018-4322-6, ISSN: 1432-1998.

Serai SD, Rigsby CK, Kan HJ, Panigrahy A, Hernanz-Schulman M, Anupindi SA. Inclusion of Pediatric-Specific Indications and Procedures in the New ACR MRI Accreditation Program. J Am Coll Radiol [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul; 15(7): 1022-6. PMID: 29728321, PII: S1546-1440(18)30353-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacr.2018.03.025, ISSN: 1558-349X.

Daldrup-Link HE, Sammet C, Hernanz-Schulman M, Barsness KA, Cahill AM, Chung E, Doria AS, Darge K, Krishnamurthy R, Lungren MP, Moore S, Olivieri L, Panigrahy A, Towbin AJ, Trout A, Voss S. White Paper on P4 Concepts for Pediatric Imaging. J Am Coll Radiol [print-electronic]. 2016 May; 13(5): 590-597.e2. PMID: 26850380, PMCID: PMC4860067, PII: S1546-1440(15)01131-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacr.2015.10.028, ISSN: 1558-349X.

Eakins C, Ellis WD, Pruthi S, Johnson DP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Yu C, Kan JH. Second opinion interpretations by specialty radiologists at a pediatric hospital: rate of disagreement and clinical implications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Oct; 199(4): 916-20. PMID: 22997387, PII: 199/4/916, DOI: 10.2214/AJR.11.7662, ISSN: 1546-3141.

Hernanz-Schulman M. CT as an outcome surrogate in patients with cystic fibrosis: does the effort justify the risks? [editorial]. Radiology. 2012 Mar; 262(3): 746-9. PMID: 22357879, PII: 262/3/746, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.11110065, ISSN: 1527-1315.

Todd Tzanetos DR, Yu C, Hernanz-Schulman M, Barr FE, Brown NJ. Prospective study of the incidence and predictors of thrombus in children undergoing palliative surgery for single ventricle physiology. Intensive Care Med [print-electronic]. 2012 Jan; 38(1): 105-12. PMID: 21979273, PMCID: PMC4747610, DOI: 10.1007/s00134-011-2378-y, ISSN: 1432-1238.

Newman B, John S, Goske M, Hernanz-Schulman M. Pause and pulse: radiation dose in pediatric fluoroscopy. Pediatr Rev. 2011 Sep; 32(9): e83-90. PMID: 21885657, PII: 32/9/e83, DOI: 10.1542/pir.32-9-e83, ISSN: 1526-3347.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Goske MJ, Bercha IH, Strauss KJ. Pause and pulse: ten steps that help manage radiation dose during pediatric fluoroscopy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Aug; 197(2): 475-81. PMID: 21785097, PII: 197/2/475, DOI: 10.2214/AJR.10.6122, ISSN: 1546-3141.

Hilmes MA, Hernanz-Schulman M, Greeley CS, Piercey LM, Yu C, Kan JH. CT identification of abdominal injuries in abused pre-school-age children. Pediatr Radiol [print-electronic]. 2011 May; 41(5): 643-51. PMID: 21107556, DOI: 10.1007/s00247-010-1899-9, ISSN: 1432-1998.

Johnson DP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Martus JE, Lovejoy SA, Yu C, Kan JH. Significance of epiphyseal cartilage enhancement defects in pediatric osteomyelitis identified by MRI with surgical correlation. Pediatr Radiol [print-electronic]. 2011 Mar; 41(3): 355-61. PMID: 20936273, DOI: 10.1007/s00247-010-1849-6, ISSN: 1432-1998.

Hernanz-Schulman M. CT and US in the diagnosis of appendicitis: an argument for CT. Radiology. 2010 Apr; 255(1): 3-7. PMID: 20308436, PII: 255/1/3, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2553201003, ISSN: 1527-1315.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Pyloric stenosis: role of imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Apr; 39 Suppl 2: S134-9. PMID: 19308372, DOI: 10.1007/s00247-008-1106-4, ISSN: 1432-1998.

Garcia K, Hernanz-Schulman M, Bennett DL, Morrow SE, Yu C, Kan JH. Suspected appendicitis in children: diagnostic importance of normal abdominopelvic CT findings with nonvisualized appendix. Radiology. 2009 Feb; 250(2): 531-7. PMID: 19188320, PII: 250/2/531, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2502080624, ISSN: 1527-1315.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Potential risks in radiology departments. Pediatr Radiol [print-electronic]. 2008 Nov; 38 Suppl 4: S720-7. PMID: 18810408, DOI: 10.1007/s00247-008-0983-x, ISSN: 0301-0449.

Hooker RL, Hernanz-Schulman M, Yu C, Kan JH. Radiographic evaluation of intussusception: utility of left-side-down decubitus view. Radiology. 2008 Sep; 248(3): 987-94. PMID: 18710987, PMCID: PMC2657850, PII: 248/3/987, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2491071821, ISSN: 1527-1315.

Goske MJ, Applegate KE, Boylan J, Butler PF, Callahan MJ, Coley BD, Farley S, Frush DP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Jaramillo D, Johnson ND, Kaste SC, Morrison G, Strauss KJ, Tuggle N. The Image Gently campaign: working together to change practice [editorial]. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Feb; 190(2): 273-4. PMID: 18212208, PII: 190/2/273, DOI: 10.2214/AJR.07.3526, ISSN: 1546-3141.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Science to practice: can fluoroscopic radiation dose be substantially reduced?. Radiology. 2006 Jan; 238(1): 1-2. PMID: 16373750, PII: 238/1/1, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2381051143, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Vascular rings: a practical approach to imaging diagnosis. Pediatr Radiol [print-electronic]. 2005 Oct; 35(10): 961-79. PMID: 16052335, DOI: 10.1007/s00247-005-1529-0, ISSN: 0301-0449.

Robinson CG, Hernanz-Schulman M, Zhu Y, Griffin MR, Gruber W, Edwards KM. Evaluation of anatomic changes in young children with natural rotavirus infection: is intussusception biologically plausible?. J. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2004 Apr 4/15/2004; 189(8): 1382-7. PMID: 15073674, PII: JID31120, DOI: 10.1086/382655, ISSN: 0022-1899.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Zhu Y, Stein SM, Heller RM, Bethel LA. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in infants: US evaluation of vascularity of the pyloric canal. Radiology [print-electronic]. 2003 Nov; 229(2): 389-93. PMID: 14526096, PII: 2292021303, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2292021303, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Aaronson OS, Hernanz-Schulman M, Bruner JP, Reed GW, Tulipan NB. Myelomeningocele: prenatal evaluation--comparison between transabdominal US and MR imaging. Radiology [print-electronic]. 2003 Jun; 227(3): 839-43. PMID: 12714679, PII: 2273020535, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2273020535, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Radiology [print-electronic]. 2003 May; 227(2): 319-31. PMID: 12637675, PII: 2272011329, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2272011329, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Brock JW, Russell W. Sonographic findings in infants with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Pediatr Radiol [print-electronic]. 2002 Feb; 32(2): 130-7. PMID: 11819084, DOI: 10.1007/s00247-001-0592-4, ISSN: 0301-0449.

Lowe LH, Draud KS, Hernanz-Schulman M, Newton MR, Heller RM, Stein SM, Speroff T. Nonenhanced limited CT in children suspected of having appendicitis: prospective comparison of attending and resident interpretations. Radiology. 2001 Dec; 221(3): 755-9. PMID: 11719672, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2213010379, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Gilbert WB, Hernanz-Schulman M, Pope JC. Development of small calculi in an infant with bilateral single system ureteroceles. J. Urol. 2001 Nov; 166(5): 1860-1. PMID: 11586248, PII: S0022-5347(05)65706-0, ISSN: 0022-5347.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Lowe LH, Johnson J, Neblett WW, Polk DB, Perez R, Scheker LE, Stein SM, Heller RM, Cywes R. In vivo visualization of pyloric mucosal hypertrophy in infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: is there an etiologic role?. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001 Oct; 177(4): 843-8. PMID: 11566686, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.177.4.1770843, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Lowe LH, Perez R, Scheker LE, Stein SM, Heller RM, Hernanz-Schulman M. Appendicitis and alternate diagnoses in children: findings on unenhanced limited helical CT. Pediatr Radiol. 2001 Aug; 31(8): 569-77. PMID: 11550769, DOI: 10.1007/s002470100490, ISSN: 0301-0449.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Schulman G. Focus on imaging at the American Society of Nephrology annual meeting. Radiology. 2001 Jul; 220(1): 1-2. PMID: 11425964, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.220.1.r01jl371, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Lowe LH, Penney MW, Stein SM, Heller RM, Neblett WW, Shyr Y, Hernanz-Schulman M. Unenhanced limited CT of the abdomen in the diagnosis of appendicitis in children: comparison with sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001 Jan; 176(1): 31-5. PMID: 11133533, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.176.1.1760031, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Lowe LH, Isuani BH, Heller RM, Stein SM, Johnson JE, Navarro OM, Hernanz-Schulman M. Pediatric renal masses: Wilms tumor and beyond. Radiographics. 2000 Nov; 20(6): 1585-603. PMID: 11112813, DOI: 10.1148/radiographics.20.6.g00nv051585, ISSN: 0271-5333.

Lowe LH, Penney MW, Scheker LE, Perez R, Stein SM, Heller RM, Shyr Y, Hernanz-Schulman M. Appendicolith revealed on CT in children with suspected appendicitis: how specific is it in the diagnosis of appendicitis?. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000 Oct; 175(4): 981-4. PMID: 11000148, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.175.4.1750981, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Vanholder R, Waterloos MA, Hakim R, Schulman G. Effect of radiographic contrast agents on leukocyte metabolic response. Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Jun; 30(6): 361-8. PMID: 10876817, DOI: 10.1007/s002470050763, ISSN: 0301-0449.

Tulipan N, Bruner JP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Lowe LH, Walsh WF, Nickolaus D, Oakes WJ. Effect of intrauterine myelomeningocele repair on central nervous system structure and function. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1999 Oct; 31(4): 183-8. PMID: 10705927, PII: pne31183, ISSN: 1016-2291.

Tulipan N, Hernanz-Schulman M, Lowe LH, Bruner JP. Intrauterine myelomeningocele repair reverses preexisting hindbrain herniation. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1999 Sep; 31(3): 137-42. PMID: 10708355, PII: pne31137, ISSN: 1016-2291.

Tulipan N, Hernanz-Schulman M, Bruner JP. Reduced hindbrain herniation after intrauterine myelomeningocele repair: A report of four cases. Pediatr Neurosurg. 1998 Nov; 29(5): 274-8. PMID: 9917546, PII: 28735, DOI: 28735, ISSN: 1016-2291.

Ramnath RR, Heller RM, Ben-Ami T, Miller MA, Campbell P, Neblett WW, Holcomb GW, Hernanz-Schulman M. Implications of early sonographic evaluation of parapneumonic effusions in children with pneumonia. Pediatrics. 1998 Jan; 101(1 Pt 1): 68-71. PMID: 9417153, ISSN: 0031-4005.

May RE, Himmelfarb J, Yenicesu M, Knights S, Ikizler TA, Schulman G, Hernanz-Schulman M, Shyr Y, Hakim RM. Predictive measures of vascular access thrombosis: a prospective study. Kidney Int. 1997 Dec; 52(6): 1656-62. PMID: 9407514, PII: S0085-2538(15)60339-8, ISSN: 0085-2538.

Pope JC, Hernanz-Schulman M, Showalter PR, Cole TC, Schrum FF, Szurkus D, Brock JW. The value of Doppler resistive index and peak systolic velocity in the evaluation of porcine renal obstruction. J. Urol. 1996 Aug; 156(2 Pt 2): 730-3. PMID: 8683770, ISSN: 0022-5347.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Dinauer P, Ambrosino MM, Polk DB, Neblett WW. The antral nipple sign of pyloric mucosal prolapse: endoscopic correlation of a new sonographic observation in patients with pyloric stenosis. J Ultrasound Med. 1995 Apr; 14(4): 283-7. PMID: 7602686, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Sells LL, Ambrosino MM, Heller RM, Stein SM, Neblett WW. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in the infant without a palpable olive: accuracy of sonographic diagnosis. Radiology. 1994 Dec; 193(3): 771-6. PMID: 7972822, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.193.3.7972822, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Applications of Doppler sonography to diagnosis of extracranial pediatric disease. Radiology. 1993 Oct; 189(1): 1-14. PMID: 8372177, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.189.1.8372177, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Cysts and cystlike lesions of the lung. Radiol. Clin. North Am. 1993 May; 31(3): 631-49. PMID: 8497595, ISSN: 0033-8389.

Hernanz-Schulman M. Hyperechoic renal medullary pyramids in infants and children [editorial]. Radiology. 1991 Oct; 181(1): 9-11. PMID: 1887061, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.181.1.1887061, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Stein SM, Neblett WW, Atkinson JB, Kirchner SG, Heller RM, Merrill WH, Fleischer AC. Pulmonary sequestration: diagnosis with color Doppler sonography and a new theory of associated hydrothorax. Radiology. 1991 Sep; 180(3): 817-21. PMID: 1871300, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.180.3.1871300, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Fleischer AC. New applications of conventional and Doppler sonography in pediatrics. Curr Opin Radiol. 1991 Apr; 3(2): 208-15. PMID: 2049269, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Genieser NB, Ambrosino M. Sonographic diagnosis of intramural duodenal hematoma. J Ultrasound Med. 1989 May; 8(5): 273-6. PMID: 2654419, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Lubat E, Hernanz-Schulman M, Genieser NB, Ambrosino MM, Teele RL. Sonography of the simple and complicated ipsilateral fused kidney. J Ultrasound Med. 1989 Mar; 8(3): 109-14. PMID: 2657087, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Teele RL, Hernanz-Schulman M, Sotrel A. Echogenic vasculature in the basal ganglia of neonates: a sonographic sign of vasculopathy. Radiology. 1988 Nov; 169(2): 423-7. PMID: 2845473, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.169.2.2845473, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Cohen W, Genieser NB. Sonography of cerebral infarction in infancy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Apr; 150(4): 897-902. PMID: 3279737, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.150.4.897, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Teele RL, Perez-Atayde A, Zollars L, Levine J, Black P, Kuligowska E. Pancreatic cystosis in cystic fibrosis. Radiology. 1986 Mar; 158(3): 629-31. PMID: 3511500, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.158.3.3511500, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Dohan FC, Jones T, Cayea P, Wallman J, Teele RL. Sonographic appearance of callosal agenesis: correlation with radiologic and pathologic findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1985 May; 6(3): 361-8. PMID: 3923793, ISSN: 0195-6108.