Candace D. McNaughton, M.D.

Associate Professor

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Faculty Appointments
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
M.P.H., Public Health , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeB.S., Brigham Young University, Provo, UtahM.D., Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri
Office Address
1313 21st Ave S
703 Oxford House
Nashville, TN 37232-4700
Clinical Research Keywords
Hypertension control, Antihypertensive Adherence Literacy Numeracy Quality Improvement, Systems engineering
Upchurch CP, Grijalva CG, Russ S, Collins SP, Semler MW, Rice TW, Liu D, Ehrenfeld JM, High K, Barrett TW, McNaughton CD, Self WH. Comparison of Etomidate and Ketamine for Induction During Rapid Sequence Intubation of Adult Trauma Patients. Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Jan; 69(1): 24-33.e2. PMID: 27993308, PII: S0196-0644(16)30467-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2016.08.009, ISSN: 1097-6760.

Janke AT, McNaughton CD, Brody AM, Welch RD, Levy PD. Trends in the Incidence of Hypertensive Emergencies in US Emergency Departments From 2006 to 2013. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Dec 12/5/2016; 5(12): PMID: 27919932, PII: JAHA.116.004511, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.004511, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Griffey RT, McNaughton CD, McCarthy DM, Shelton E, Castaneda-Guarderas A, Young-Brinn A, Fowler D, Grudszen C. Shared Decision Making in the Emergency Department Among Patients With Limited Health Literacy: Beyond Slower and Louder. Acad Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec; 23(12): 1403-9. PMID: 27641236, DOI: 10.1111/acem.13104, ISSN: 1553-2712.

McNaughton CD, Levy P. Asymptomatic Elevated BP and the Hypertensive Insurgency. Curr. Hypertens. Rep. 2016 Dec; 18(12): 88. PMID: 27878563, PII: 10.1007/s11906-016-0695-9, DOI: 10.1007/s11906-016-0695-9, ISSN: 1534-3111.

Kessler C, Ward MJ, McNaughton CD. Reducing Adverse Drug Events: The Need to Rethink Outpatient Prescribing [editorial]. JAMA. 2016 Nov 11/22/2016; 316(20): 2092-3. PMID: 27893112, PII: 2585959, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2016.16392, ISSN: 1538-3598.

McNaughton CD, Brody A, Levy PD. Appropriate Management of Asymptomatic Hypertension. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Nov 11/1/2016; 176(11): 1723-4. PMID: 27820641, PII: 2575699, DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5925, ISSN: 2168-6114.

Goldberg EM, Levy PD, McNaughton CD. When More Isn't Better: Visits for Hypertension: September 2016 Annals of Emergency Medicine Journal Club. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Sep; 68(3): 385-6. PMID: 27568422, PII: S0196-0644(16)30371-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2016.07.002, ISSN: 1097-6760.

Rupp JD, Ferre RM, Boyd JS, Dearing E, McNaughton CD, Liu D, Jarrell KL, McWade CM, Self WH. Extravasation Risk Using Ultrasound-guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheters for Computed Tomography Contrast Administration. Acad Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug; 23(8): 918-21. PMID: 27151898, PMCID: PMC4974123, DOI: 10.1111/acem.13000, ISSN: 1553-2712.

McNaughton CD, Self WH, Zhu Y, Janke AT, Storrow AB, Levy P. Incidence of Hypertension-Related Emergency Department Visits in the United States, 2006 to 2012. Am. J. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Dec 12/1/2015; 116(11): 1717-23. PMID: 26454813, PMCID: PMC4648677, PII: S0002-9149(15)01927-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.09.007, ISSN: 1879-1913.

Migdal VL, Wu WK, Long D, McNaughton CD, Ward MJ, Self WH. Risk-benefit analysis of lumbar puncture to evaluate for nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage in adult ED patients. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 33(11): 1597-601. PMID: 26189054, PMCID: PMC4628593, PII: S0735-6757(15)00534-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2015.06.048, ISSN: 1532-8171.

McNaughton CD, Cavanaugh KL, Kripalani S, Rothman RL, Wallston KA. Validation of a Short, 3-Item Version of the Subjective Numeracy Scale. Med Decis Making [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 35(8): 932-6. PMID: 25878195, PMCID: PMC4592371, PII: 0272989X15581800, DOI: 10.1177/0272989X15581800, ISSN: 1552-681X.

McNaughton CD, Cawthon C, Kripalani S, Liu D, Storrow AB, Roumie CL. Health literacy and mortality: a cohort study of patients hospitalized for acute heart failure. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 May; 4(5): PMID: 25926328, PMCID: PMC4599411, PII: jah3939, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.115.001799, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Bowton EA, Collier SP, Wang X, Sutcliffe CB, Van Driest SL, Couch LJ, Herrera M, Jerome RN, Slebos RJ, Alborn WE, Liebler DC, McNaughton CD, Mernaugh RL, Wells QS, Brown NJ, Roden DM, Pulley JM. Phenotype-Driven Plasma Biobanking Strategies and Methods. J Pers Med. 2015; 5(2): 140-52. PMID: 26110578, PMCID: PMC4493492, PII: jpm5020140, DOI: 10.3390/jpm5020140, ISSN: 2075-4426.

McNaughton CD, Korman RR, Kabagambe EK, Wright SW. Health literacy and blood glucose among Guyanese emergency department patients without diagnosed diabetes: a cross-sectional study. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2015; 7: 31. PMID: 25859281, PMCID: PMC4391581, PII: 28, DOI: 10.1186/s13098-015-0028-1, ISSN: 1758-5996.

Storrow AB, Jenkins CA, Self WH, Alexander PT, Barrett TW, Han JH, McNaughton CD, Heavrin BS, Gheorghiade M, Collins SP. Reply: BAG3 protein in advanced-stage heart failure [letter]. JACC Heart Fail [print-electronic]. 2014 Dec; 2(6): 675. PMID: 25262366, PII: S2213-1779(14)00322-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jchf.2014.05.013, ISSN: 2213-1787.

McNaughton C, Rothman R, Storrow A, Wallston K. Measuring numeracy and health literacy in the emergency department [letter]. Acad Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 21(8): 944-5. PMID: 25156278, PMCID: PMC4537143, DOI: 10.1111/acem.12426, ISSN: 1553-2712.

McNaughton CD, Jacobson TA, Kripalani S. Low literacy is associated with uncontrolled blood pressure in primary care patients with hypertension and heart disease. Patient Educ Couns [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 96(2): 165-70. PMID: 24882088, PMCID: PMC4102336, PII: S0738-3991(14)00187-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2014.05.007, ISSN: 1873-5134.

Storrow AB, Jenkins CA, Self WH, Alexander PT, Barrett TW, Han JH, McNaughton CD, Heavrin BS, Gheorghiade M, Collins SP. The burden of acute heart failure on U.S. emergency departments. JACC Heart Fail [print-electronic]. 2014 Jun; 2(3): 269-77. PMID: 24952694, PMCID: PMC4429129, PII: S2213-1779(14)00102-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jchf.2014.01.006, ISSN: 2213-1787.

McNaughton CD, Kripalani S, Cawthon C, Mion LC, Wallston KA, Roumie CL. Association of health literacy with elevated blood pressure: a cohort study of hospitalized patients. Med Care. 2014 Apr; 52(4): 346-53. PMID: 24556896, PMCID: PMC4031281, DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000101, ISSN: 1537-1948.

Self WH, Mickanin J, Grijalva CG, Grant FH, Henderson MC, Corley G, Blaschke Ii DG, McNaughton CD, Barrett TW, Talbot TR, Paul BR. Reducing blood culture contamination in community hospital emergency departments: a multicenter evaluation of a quality improvement intervention. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Mar; 21(3): 274-82. PMID: 24628752, PMCID: PMC3984048, DOI: 10.1111/acem.12337, ISSN: 1553-2712.

Sun J, McNaughton CD, Zhang P, Perer A, Gkoulalas-Divanis A, Denny JC, Kirby J, Lasko T, Saip A, Malin BA. Predicting changes in hypertension control using electronic health records from a chronic disease management program. J Am Med Inform Assoc [print-electronic]. 2014 Mar; 21(2): 337-44. PMID: 24045907, PMCID: PMC3932462, PII: amiajnl-2013-002033, DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-002033, ISSN: 1527-974X.

Wallston KA, Cawthon C, McNaughton CD, Rothman RL, Osborn CY, Kripalani S. Psychometric properties of the brief health literacy screen in clinical practice. J Gen Intern Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 29(1): 119-26. PMID: 23918160, PMCID: PMC3889960, DOI: 10.1007/s11606-013-2568-0, ISSN: 1525-1497.

McNaughton CD, Parnell J, Barrett TW. Details in operational definitions of length of visit and boarding variables in the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey [letter]. Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Nov; 62(5): 548-9. PMID: 24161115, PMCID: PMC4689201, PII: S0196-0644(13)00509-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.02.032, ISSN: 1097-6760.

Barrett TW, Self WH, Jenkins CA, Storrow AB, Heavrin BS, McNaughton CD, Collins SP, Goldberger JJ. Predictors of regional variations in hospitalizations following emergency department visits for atrial fibrillation. Am. J. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov 11/1/2013; 112(9): 1410-6. PMID: 23972347, PMCID: PMC3800489, PII: S0002-9149(13)01513-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.07.005, ISSN: 1879-1913.

Dias E, Hachey B, McNaughton C, Nian H, Yu C, Straka B, Brown NJ, Caprioli RM. An LC-MS assay for the screening of cardiovascular medications in human samples. J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci [print-electronic]. 2013 Oct 10/15/2013; 937: 44-53. PMID: 24013190, PMCID: PMC3800555, PII: S1570-0232(13)00431-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2013.08.010, ISSN: 1873-376X.

McNaughton CD, Self WH, Levy PD, Barrett TW. High-Risk Patients with Hypertension: Clinical Management Options. Clin Med Rev Vasc Health. 2013 Oct 10/8/2013; 2012(4): 65-71. PMID: 23888121, PMCID: PMC3718513, DOI: 10.4137/CMRVH.S8109, ISSN: 1179-2566.

McNaughton CD, Self WH, Pines JM. Annals of Emergency Medicine Journal Club. Observational health services studies using nationwide administrative data sets: understanding strengths and limitations of the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: answers to the May 2013 Journal Club questions. Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Oct; 62(4): 425-30. PMID: 24054097, PMCID: PMC3870585, PII: S0196-0644(13)01177-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.07.498, ISSN: 1097-6760.

Self WH, White SJ, McNaughton CD, Storrow AB, Slovis CM, Collins SP. Warming intravenous fluids for improved patient comfort in the emergency department: a pilot crossover randomized controlled trial. West J Emerg Med. 2013 Sep; 14(5): 542-6. PMID: 24106555, PMCID: PMC3789921, PII: wjem-14-542, DOI: 10.5811/westjem.2013.1.13303, ISSN: 1936-900X.

Self WH, Grijalva CG, Zhu Y, McNaughton CD, Barrett TW, Collins SP, Storrow AB, Griffin MR. Rates of emergency department visits due to pneumonia in the United States, July 2006-June 2009. Acad Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 20(9): 957-60. PMID: 24033659, PMCID: PMC3907184, DOI: 10.1111/acem.12203, ISSN: 1553-2712.

McNaughton CD, Self WH. Observational health services studies using nationwide administrative datasets: understanding strengths and limitations of the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). Ann Emerg Med. 2013 May; 61(5): 593-4. PMID: 23622024, PMCID: PMC3870580, PII: S0196-0644(13)00223-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.03.011, ISSN: 1097-6760.

Barrett TW, Self WH, Wasserman BS, McNaughton CD, Darbar D. Evaluating the HATCH score for predicting progression to sustained atrial fibrillation in ED patients with new atrial fibrillation. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2013 May; 31(5): 792-7. PMID: 23478104, PMCID: PMC3655117, PII: S0735-6757(13)00037-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2013.01.020, ISSN: 1532-8171.

Ford W, Self WH, Slovis C, McNaughton CD. Diabetes in the Emergency Department and Hospital: Acute Care of Diabetes Patients. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep. 2013 Mar 3/1/2013; 1(1): 1-9. PMID: 23997994, PMCID: PMC3756609, DOI: 10.1007/s40138-012-0007-x, ISSN: 2167-4884.

Self WH, Courtney DM, McNaughton CD, Wunderink RG, Kline JA. High discordance of chest x-ray and computed tomography for detection of pulmonary opacities in ED patients: implications for diagnosing pneumonia. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb; 31(2): 401-5. PMID: 23083885, PMCID: PMC3556231, PII: S0735-6757(12)00463-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2012.08.041, ISSN: 1532-8171.

McNaughton CD, Collins SP, Kripalani S, Rothman R, Self WH, Jenkins C, Miller K, Arbogast P, Naftilan A, Dittus RS, Storrow AB. Low numeracy is associated with increased odds of 30-day emergency department or hospital recidivism for patients with acute heart failure. Circ Heart Fail [print-electronic]. 2013 Jan; 6(1): 40-6. PMID: 23230305, PMCID: PMC3663074, PII: CIRCHEARTFAILURE.112.969477, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.112.969477, ISSN: 1941-3297.

Self WH, Speroff T, Grijalva CG, McNaughton CD, Ashburn J, Liu D, Arbogast PG, Russ S, Storrow AB, Talbot TR. Reducing blood culture contamination in the emergency department: an interrupted time series quality improvement study. Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Jan; 20(1): 89-97. PMID: 23570482, PMCID: PMC3623801, DOI: 10.1111/acem.12057, ISSN: 1553-2712.

Self WH, McNaughton CD, Grijalva CG, Zhu Y, Chappell JD, Williams JV, Talbot HK, Shay DK, Griffin MR. Diagnostic performance of the BinaxNow Influenza A&B rapid antigen test in ED patients. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2012 Nov; 30(9): 1955-61. PMID: 22795995, PII: S0735-6757(12)00182-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2012.04.018, ISSN: 1532-8171.

McNaughton C, Self WH, Jones ID, Arbogast PG, Chen N, Dittus RS, Russ S. ED crowding and the use of nontraditional beds. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2012 Oct; 30(8): 1474-80. PMID: 22386355, PMCID: PMC3888805, PII: S0735-6757(11)00571-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2011.12.007, ISSN: 1532-8171.

Self WH, Speroff T, McNaughton CD, Wright PW, Miller G, Johnson JG, Daniels TL, Talbot TR. Blood culture collection through peripheral intravenous catheters increases the risk of specimen contamination among adult emergency department patients. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2012 May; 33(5): 524-6. PMID: 22476282, DOI: 10.1086/665319, ISSN: 1559-6834.

McNaughton C, Wallston KA, Rothman RL, Marcovitz DE, Storrow AB. Short, subjective measures of numeracy and general health literacy in an adult emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Nov; 18(11): 1148-55. PMID: 22092896, PMCID: PMC3886121, DOI: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2011.01210.x, ISSN: 1553-2712.

McNaughton C, Morrow S, Cico SJ. Acalculous cholecystitis in a healthy 4-year-old boy. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2011 Oct; 29(8): 962.e1-2. PMID: 20970290, PII: S0735-6757(10)00419-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2010.08.022, ISSN: 1532-8171.

McNaughton C, Collins S, Kripalani S. Health literacy and patients with heart failure [letter]. JAMA. 2011 Aug 8/3/2011; 306(5): 489-90; author reply 490. PMID: 21813425, PII: 306/5/489-a, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2011.1064, ISSN: 1538-3598.

McNaughton C, Barrett TW, Schriger DL. Shining light on pupillary response after paralysis and the role of case series in clinical research: answers to the March 2011 Journal Club questions. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Aug; 58(2): 210-5. PMID: 21782554, PII: S0196-0644(11)00359-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2011.04.002, ISSN: 1097-6760.

McNaughton C, Barrett TW, Schriger DL. Annals of emergency medicine journal club. Shining light on pupillary response after paralysis and the role of case series in clinical research. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Mar; 57(3): 238-9. PMID: 21353909, PII: S0196-0644(11)00003-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2011.01.002, ISSN: 1097-6760.

McNaughton C, Zhou C, Robert L, Storrow A, Kennedy R. A randomized, crossover comparison of injected buffered lidocaine, lidocaine cream, and no analgesia for peripheral intravenous cannula insertion. Ann Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2009 Aug; 54(2): 214-20. PMID: 19217695, PII: S0196-0644(08)02182-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.12.025, ISSN: 1097-6760.

Garbutt J, Milligan PE, McNaughton C, Highstein G, Waterman BM, Dunagan WC, Fraser VJ. Reducing medication prescribing errors in a teaching hospital. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2008 Sep; 34(9): 528-36. PMID: 18792657, ISSN: 1553-7250.

Garbutt JM, DeFer TM, Highstein G, McNaughton C, Milligan P, Fraser VF. Safe prescribing: an educational intervention for medical students. Teach Learn Med. 2006; 18(3): 244-50. PMID: 16776613, DOI: 10.1207/s15328015tlm1803_10, ISSN: 1040-1334.