Rameela Raman, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Faculty Appointments
Associate Professor of Biostatistics Associate Professor of Health PolicyAssociate Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Ph.D., Biostatistics, State University of New York, Buffalo, New YorkM.A., State University of New York, Buffalo, New York
Office Address
2525 West End Ave, Suite 11
Nashville, TN 37203
Research Keywords
health disparities, geocoding, critical care, child welfare, influenza, statistical education
Hughes CG, Boncyk CS, Fedeles B, Pandharipande PP, Chen W, Patel MB, Brummel NE, Jackson JC, Raman R, Ely EW, Girard TD. Association between cholinesterase activity and critical illness brain dysfunction. Crit Care. 2022 Dec 12/6/2022; 26(1): 377. PMID: 36474266, PMCID: PMC9724294, PII: 10.1186/s13054-022-04260-1, DOI: 10.1186/s13054-022-04260-1, ISSN: 1466-609X.

Raman R, DesAutels SJ, Lauck AM, Scher AM, Walden RL, Kiehl AL, Collar EM, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, Jackson JC. Instruments Assessing Cognitive Impairment in Survivors of Critical Illness and Reporting of Race Norms: A Systematic Review. Crit Care Explor. 2022 Dec; 4(12): e0830. PMID: 36601563, PMCID: PMC9788979, DOI: 10.1097/CCE.0000000000000830, ISSN: 2639-8028.

Wilson LD, Maiga AW, Lombardo S, Nordness MF, Haddad DN, Rakhit S, Smith LF, Rivera EL, Cook MR, Thompson JL, Raman R, Patel MB. Dynamic predictors of in-hospital and 3-year mortality after traumatic brain injury: A retrospective cohort study. Am J Surg [print-electronic]. 2022 Oct 10/28/2022; PMID: 36372578, PII: S0002-9610(22)00632-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2022.10.003, ISSN: 1879-1883.

Grome HN, Raman R, Katz BD, Fill MM, Jones TF, Schaffner W, Dunn J. Disparities in COVID-19 Mortality Rates: Implications for Rural Health Policy and Preparedness. J Public Health Manag Pract [print-electronic]. 2022 Sep; 28(5): 478-85. PMID: 35389953, PMCID: PMC9307261, PII: 00124784-202209000-00008, DOI: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000001507, ISSN: 1550-5022.

Mart MF, Thompson JL, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, Patel MB, Wilson JE, Williams Roberson S, Birdrow CI, Raman R, Brummel NE. In-Hospital Depressed Level of Consciousness and Long-Term Functional Outcomes in ICU Survivors. Crit Care Med [print-electronic]. 2022 Aug 8/25/2022; PMID: 36005816, PII: 00003246-990000000-00038, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000005656, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Moore G, Lutenbacher M, Waynick-Rogers P, Wilbeck J, Raman R, Schorn MN. Bridging Didactic Learning and the Complexity of Practice Through Clinical Immersion: Evaluating the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Trainee Experience. J Forensic Nurs [print-electronic]. 2022 Jan 1/18/2022; PMID: 35045044, PII: 01263942-900000000-99835, DOI: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000363, ISSN: 1939-3938.

Andrews PS, Thompson J, Raman R, Rick C, Kiehl A, Pandharipande P, Jackson JC, Taylor WD, Ely EW, Wilson JE. Delirium, depression, and long-term cognition. Int Psychogeriatr [print-electronic]. 2021 Nov 11/12/2021; 1-6. PMID: 34763741, PII: S1041610221002556, DOI: 10.1017/S1041610221002556, ISSN: 1741-203X.

Canter MO, Tanguturi YC, Ellen Wilson J, Williams SR, Exum SA, Umrania HM, Betters KA, Raman R, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, Fuchs DC, Smith HAB. Prospective Validation of the Preschool Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU to Screen for Delirium in Infants Less Than 6 Months Old. Crit Care Med. 2021 Oct 10/1/2021; 49(10): e902-e909. PMID: 34166285, PII: 00003246-202110000-00031, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000005099, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Morris MH, Barton M, Zane M, Hutson SP, Raman R, Heidel RE. A Nurse-Navigated, Postpartum Support Text Messaging Intervention: Satisfaction Among Primiparous Women. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2021 Oct; 35(4): 330-9. PMID: 34726650, PMCID: PMC8567297, PII: 00005237-202110000-00011, DOI: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000596, ISSN: 1550-5073.

Butler TW, Hande K, Ryan M, Raman R, McDowell MR, Cones B, Jackson HJ, Cortez M, Murphy BA. Cannabidiol: Knowledge, Beliefs, and Experiences of Patients With Cancer. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2021 Aug 8/1/2021; 25(4): 405-12. PMID: 34269337, DOI: 10.1188/21.CJON.405-412, ISSN: 1538-067X.

Mart MF, Girard TD, Thompson JL, Whitten-Vile H, Raman R, Pandharipande PP, Heyland DK, Ely EW, Brummel NE. Nutritional Risk at intensive care unit admission and outcomes in survivors of critical illness. Clin Nutr [print-electronic]. 2021 Jun; 40(6): 3868-74. PMID: 34130034, PMCID: PMC8243837, PII: S0261-5614(21)00247-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2021.05.005, ISSN: 1532-1983.

Raman R, Chen W, Harhay MO, Thompson JL, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, Patel MB. Dealing with missing delirium assessments in prospective clinical studies of the critically ill: a simulation study and reanalysis of two delirium studies. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2021 May 5/6/2021; 21(1): 97. PMID: 33952189, PMCID: PMC8101230, PII: 10.1186/s12874-021-01274-1, DOI: 10.1186/s12874-021-01274-1, ISSN: 1471-2288.

Orun OM, Shinall MC, Hoskins A, Morgan E, Karlekar M, Martin SF, Ely EW, Raman R. Statistical analysis plan for the Surgery for Cancer with Option of Palliative Care Expert (SCOPE) trial: a randomized controlled trial of a specialist palliative care intervention for patients undergoing surgery for cancer [letter]. Trials. 2021 Apr 4/29/2021; 22(1): 314. PMID: 33926535, PMCID: PMC8082922, PII: 10.1186/s13063-021-05256-y, DOI: 10.1186/s13063-021-05256-y, ISSN: 1745-6215.

Hughes CG, Mailloux PT, Devlin JW, Swan JT, Sanders RD, Anzueto A, Jackson JC, Hoskins AS, Pun BT, Orun OM, Raman R, Stollings JL, Kiehl AL, Duprey MS, Bui LN, O'Neal HR, Snyder A, Gropper MA, Guntupalli KK, Stashenko GJ, Patel MB, Brummel NE, Girard TD, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, . Dexmedetomidine or Propofol for Sedation in Mechanically Ventilated Adults with Sepsis. N Engl J Med [print-electronic]. 2021 Apr 4/15/2021; 384(15): 1424-36. PMID: 33528922, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa2024922, ISSN: 1533-4406.

Han JH, Ginde AA, Brown SM, Baughman A, Collar EM, Ely EW, Gong MN, Hope AA, Hou PC, Hough CL, Iwashyna TJ, Jackson JC, Khan A, Orun OM, Patel MB, Raman R, Rice TW, Ringwood N, Semler MW, Shapiro NI, Talmor DS, Self WH, . Effect of Early High-Dose Vitamin D3 Repletion on Cognitive Outcomes in Critically Ill Adults. Chest [print-electronic]. 2021 Apr 4/2/2021; PMID: 33819472, PII: S0012-3692(21)00659-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.03.046, ISSN: 1931-3543.

Jackson HJ, Walters J, Raman R. Auricular Acupuncture to Facilitate Outpatient Opioid Weaning: A Randomized Pilot Study. Med Acupunct [print-electronic]. 2021 Apr 4/1/2021; 33(2): 153-8. PMID: 33912273, PMCID: PMC8064932, PII: 10.1089/acu.2020.1450, DOI: 10.1089/acu.2020.1450, ISSN: 1933-6586.

Ketel C, Hedges JP, Smith JP, Hopkins LW, Pfieffer ML, Kyle E, Raman R, Pilon B. Suicide detection and treatment in a nurse-led, interprofessional primary care practice: A 2-year report of quality data. Nurse Pract. 2021 Apr 4/1/2021; 46(4): 33-40. PMID: 33739326, PII: 00006205-202104000-00007, DOI: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000737208.68560.b8, ISSN: 1538-8662.

Brummel NE, Hughes CG, Thompson JL, Jackson JC, Pandharipande P, McNeil JB, Raman R, Orun OM, Ware LB, Bernard GR, Ely EW, Girard TD. Inflammation and Coagulation during Critical Illness and Long-Term Cognitive Impairment and Disability. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2021 Mar 3/15/2021; 203(6): 699-706. PMID: 33030981, PMCID: PMC7958515, DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201912-2449OC, ISSN: 1535-4970.

Pun BT, Badenes R, Heras La Calle G, Orun OM, Chen W, Raman R, Simpson BK, Wilson-Linville S, Hinojal Olmedillo B, Vallejo de la Cueva A, van der Jagt M, Navarro Casado R, Leal Sanz P, Orhun G, Ferrer Gómez C, Núñez Vázquez K, Piñeiro Otero P, Taccone FS, Gallego Curto E, Caricato A, Woien H, Lacave G, O'Neal HR, Peterson SJ, Brummel NE, Girard TD, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, . Prevalence and risk factors for delirium in critically ill patients with COVID-19 (COVID-D): a multicentre cohort study. Lancet Respir Med [print-electronic]. 2021 Mar; 9(3): 239-50. PMID: 33428871, PMCID: PMC7832119, PII: S2213-2600(20)30552-X, DOI: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30552-X, ISSN: 2213-2619.

Raman R, Jarrett RT, Cull MJ, Gracey K, Shaffer AM, Epstein RA. Psychopharmaceutical Prescription Monitoring for Children in the Child Welfare System. Psychiatr Serv [print-electronic]. 2021 Mar 3/1/2021; 72(3): 295-301. PMID: 33467871, DOI: 10.1176/appi.ps.202000077, ISSN: 1557-9700.

Nordness MF, Bipin Patel M, Erickson CR, Kiehl A, Jackson JC, Raman R, Pandharipande PP, Ely EW, Wilson JE. Depression predicts long-term cognitive impairment in survivors of critical illness. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2021 Jan 1/1/2021; 90(1): 79-86. PMID: 33017354, PII: 01586154-202101000-00010, DOI: 10.1097/TA.0000000000002955, ISSN: 2163-0763.

Lotspeich SC, Jarrett RT, Epstein RA, Shaffer AM, Gracey K, Cull MJ, Raman R. Incidence and neighborhood-level determinants of child welfare involvement. Child Abuse Negl [print-electronic]. 2020 Nov; 109: 104767. PMID: 33049663, PII: S0145-2134(20)30422-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104767, ISSN: 1873-7757.

Haddad DN, Mart MF, Wang L, Lindsell CJ, Raman R, Nordness MF, Sharp KW, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Ely EW, Patel MB. Socioeconomic Factors and Intensive Care Unit-Related Cognitive Impairment. Ann Surg. 2020 Oct; 272(4): 596-602. PMID: 32932314, PMCID: PMC7739516, PII: 00000658-202010000-00015, DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000004377, ISSN: 1528-1140.

Raman R, Brennan J, Ndi D, Sloan C, Markus TM, Schaffner W, Talbot HK. Marked Reduction of Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Associated with Conjugate Pneumococcal Vaccines. J. Infect. Dis [print-electronic]. 2020 Aug 8/11/2020; PMID: 32780860, PII: 5891230, DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa515, ISSN: 1537-6613.

Kleinpell R, Ferraro DM, Maves RC, Gill SLK, Branson R, Greenberg S, Doersam JK, Raman R, Kaplan LJ. Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic Measures: Reports From a National Survey of 9,120 ICU Clinicians. Crit. Care Med [print-electronic]. 2020 Jul 7/2/2020; PMID: 32639413, PMCID: PMC7340128, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000004521, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Brummel NE, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Thompson JL, Jarrett RT, Raman R, Hughes CG, Patel MB, Morandi A, Gill TM, Ely EW. Prevalence and Course of Frailty in Survivors of Critical Illness. Crit. Care Med [print-electronic]. 2020 Jun 6/26/2020; PMID: 32618688, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000004444, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Kaplan LJ, Kleinpell R, Maves RC, Doersam JK, Raman R, Ferraro DM. Critical Care Clinician Reports on Coronavirus Disease 2019: Results From a National Survey of 4,875 ICU Providers. Crit Care Explor. 2020 May; 2(5): e0125. PMID: 32671350, PMCID: PMC7259564, DOI: 10.1097/CCE.0000000000000125, ISSN: 2639-8028.

Chandrasekhar R, Hughes CG, Pun BT, Orun OM, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP. Statistical analysis plan for the Maximizing the Efficacy of Sedation and Reducing Neurological Dysfunction and Mortality in Septic Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure trial. Crit Care Resusc. 2020 Mar; 22(1): 63-71. PMID: 32102644, ISSN: 1441-2772.

Hayhurst CJ, Patel MB, McNeil JB, Girard TD, Brummel NE, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Ware LB, Pandharipande PP, Ely EW, Hughes CG. Association of neuronal repair biomarkers with delirium among survivors of critical illness. J Crit Care [print-electronic]. 2019 Dec 12/16/2019; 56: 94-9. PMID: 31896448, PII: S0883-9441(19)30626-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2019.12.010, ISSN: 1557-8615.

Shinall MC, Hoskins A, Hawkins AT, Bailey C, Brown A, Agarwal R, Duggan MC, Beskow LM, Periyakoil VS, Penson DF, Jarrett RT, Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW. A randomized trial of a specialist palliative care intervention for patients undergoing surgery for cancer: rationale and design of the Surgery for Cancer with Option of Palliative Care Expert (SCOPE) Trial. Trials. 2019 Dec 12/11/2019; 20(1): 713. PMID: 31829237, PMCID: PMC6907134, PII: 10.1186/s13063-019-3754-0, DOI: 10.1186/s13063-019-3754-0, ISSN: 1745-6215.

Han JH, Chen A, Vasilevskis EE, Schnelle JF, Ely EW, Chandrasekhar R, Morrison RD, Ryan TP, Daniels JS, Sutherland JJ, Simmons SF. Supratherapeutic Psychotropic Drug Levels in the Emergency Department and Their Association with Delirium Duration: A Preliminary Study. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2019 Nov; 67(11): 2387-92. PMID: 31503339, DOI: 10.1111/jgs.16156, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Evans CS, Self W, Ginde AA, Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW, Han JH. Vitamin D Deficiency and Long-Term Cognitive Impairment Among Older Adult Emergency Department Patients. West J Emerg Med. 2019 Oct 10/16/2019; 20(6): 926-30. PMID: 31738720, PMCID: PMC6860383, PII: westjem.2019.8.43312, DOI: 10.5811/westjem.2019.8.43312, ISSN: 1936-9018.

Hayat MJ, Staggs VS, Schwartz TA, Higgins M, Azuero A, Budhathoki C, Chandrasekhar R, Cook P, Cramer E, Dietrich MS, Garnier-Villarreal M, Hanlon A, He J, Hu J, Kim M, Mueller M, Nolan JR, Perkhounkova Y, Rothers J, Schluck G, Su X, Templin TN, Weaver MT, Yang Q, Ye S. Moving nursing beyond p < .05. Nurs Outlook [print-electronic]. 2019 Sep; 67(5): 509-10. PMID: 31375344, PII: S0029-6554(19)30357-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2019.06.010, ISSN: 1528-3968.

Samuels DC, Hulgan T, Fessel JP, Billings FT, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Girard TD. Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroups and Delirium During Sepsis. Crit. Care Med. 2019 Aug; 47(8): 1065-71. PMID: 31306254, PII: 00003246-201908000-00008, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003810, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Hayat MJ, Staggs VS, Schwartz TA, Higgins M, Azuero A, Budhathoki C, Chandrasekhar R, Cook P, Cramer E, Dietrich MS, Garnier-Villarreal M, Hanlon A, He J, Hu J, Kim M, Mueller M, Nolan JR, Perkhounkova Y, Rothers J, Schluck G, Su X, Templin TN, Weaver MT, Yang Q, Ye S. Moving nursing beyond p¿<¿0.05 [letter]. Res Nurs Health [print-electronic]. 2019 Aug; 42(4): 244-5. PMID: 31250931, DOI: 10.1002/nur.21954, ISSN: 1098-240X.

Hayat MJ, Staggs VS, Schwartz TA, Higgins M, Azuero A, Budhathoki C, Chandrasekhar R, Cook P, Cramer E, Dietrich MS, Garnier-Villarreal M, Hanlon A, He J, Hu J, Kim M, Mueller M, Nolan JR, Perkhounkova Y, Rothers J, Schluck G, Su X, Templin TN, Weaver MT, Yang Q, Ye S. Moving nursing beyond p¿<¿.05 [editorial]. Int J Nurs Stud [print-electronic]. 2019 Jul; 95: A1-A2. PMID: 31160036, PII: S0020-7489(19)30138-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2019.05.012, ISSN: 1873-491X.

Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW, Patel MB. Challenges With Postoperative Cognitive Impairment Research. JAMA Surg. 2019 Apr 4/1/2019; 154(4): 334-5. PMID: 30649134, PII: 2720412, DOI: 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5110, ISSN: 2168-6262.

Chandrasekhar R. Socioeconomic Disparities and Health Outcomes [letter]. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2019 Mar 3/15/2019; 199(6): 807-8. PMID: 30580529, PMCID: PMC6423093, DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201811-2073LE, ISSN: 1535-4970.

McNeil JB, Hughes CG, Girard T, Ware LB, Ely EW, Chandrasekhar R, Han JH. Plasma biomarkers of inflammation, coagulation, and brain injury as predictors of delirium duration in older hospitalized patients. PLoS ONE. 2019; 14(12): e0226412. PMID: 31856187, PMCID: PMC6922408, PII: PONE-D-19-12806, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226412, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Girard TD, Exline MC, Carson SS, Hough CL, Rock P, Gong MN, Douglas IS, Malhotra A, Owens RL, Feinstein DJ, Khan B, Pisani MA, Hyzy RC, Schmidt GA, Schweickert WD, Hite RD, Bowton DL, Masica AL, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Pun BT, Strength C, Boehm LM, Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Brummel NE, Hughes CG, Patel MB, Stollings JL, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW, . Haloperidol and Ziprasidone for Treatment of Delirium in Critical Illness. N. Engl. J. Med [print-electronic]. 2018 Oct 10/22/2018; PMID: 30346242, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1808217, ISSN: 1533-4406.

Vasilevskis EE, Chandrasekhar R, Holtze CH, Graves J, Speroff T, Girard TD, Patel MB, Hughes CG, Cao A, Pandharipande PP, Ely EW. The Cost of ICU Delirium and Coma in the Intensive Care Unit Patient. Med Care. 2018 Oct; 56(10): 890-7. PMID: 30179988, PMCID: PMC6200340, DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000975, ISSN: 1537-1948.

Wilson JE, Duggan MC, Chandrasekhar R, Brummel NE, Dittus RS, Ely EW, Patel MB, Jackson JC. Deficits in Self-Reported Initiation Are Associated With Subsequent Disability in ICU Survivors. Psychosomatics [print-electronic]. 2018 Sep 9/29/2018; PMID: 30352696, PII: S0033-3182(18)30465-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.psym.2018.09.004, ISSN: 1545-7206.

Cirbus J, MacLullich AMJ, Noel C, Ely EW, Chandrasekhar R, Han JH. Delirium etiology subtypes and their effect on six-month function and cognition in older emergency department patients. Int Psychogeriatr [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul 7/19/2018; 1-10. PMID: 30021661, PII: S1041610218000777, DOI: 10.1017/S1041610218000777, ISSN: 1741-203X.

Marra A, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Patel MB, Hughes CG, Jackson JC, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW, Brummel NE. Cooccurrence of Post-Intensive Care Syndrome Problems Among 406 Survivors of Critical Illness. Crit. Care Med [print-electronic]. 2018 May 5/21/2018; PMID: 29787415, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003218, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Han JH, Hayhurst CJ, Chandrasekhar R, Hughes CG, Vasilevskis EE, Wilson JE, Schnelle JF, Dittus RS, Ely EW. Delirium's Arousal Subtypes and Their Relationship with 6-Month Functional Status and Cognition. Psychosomatics [print-electronic]. 2018 May 5/17/2018; PMID: 29929733, PII: S0033-3182(18)30221-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.psym.2018.05.003, ISSN: 1545-7206.

Han JH, Hayhurst CJ, Chandrasekhar R, Hughes CG, Vasilevskis EE, Wilson JE, Schnelle JF, Dittus RS, Ely EW. Delirium's Arousal Subtypes and Their Relationship with 6-Month Functional Status and Cognition. Psychosomatics [print-electronic]. 2018 May 5/17/2018; PMID: 29929733, PII: S0033-3182(18)30221-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.psym.2018.05.003, ISSN: 1545-7206.

Hayhurst CJ, Jackson JC, Archer KR, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Hughes CG. Pain and Its Long-term Interference of Daily Life After Critical Illness. Anesth. Analg [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr 4/11/2018; PMID: 29649027, DOI: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003358, ISSN: 1526-7598.

Marra A, Pandharipande PP, Shotwell MS, Chandrasekhar R, Girard TD, Shintani AK, Peelen LM, Moons KGM, Dittus RS, Ely EW, Vasilevskis EE. Acute Brain Dysfunction: Development and Validation of a Daily Prediction Model. Chest [print-electronic]. 2018 Mar 3/24/2018; PMID: 29580772, PII: S0012-3692(18)30426-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.03.013, ISSN: 1931-3543.

Hughes CG, Patel MB, Brummel NE, Thompson JL, McNeil JB, Pandharipande PP, Jackson JC, Chandrasekhar R, Ware LB, Ely EW, Girard TD. Relationships between markers of neurologic and endothelial injury during critical illness and long-term cognitive impairment and disability. Intensive Care Med [print-electronic]. 2018 Mar; 44(3): 345-55. PMID: 29523900, PMCID: PMC5870884, PII: 10.1007/s00134-018-5120-1, DOI: 10.1007/s00134-018-5120-1, ISSN: 1432-1238.

Girard TD, Thompson JL, Pandharipande PP, Brummel NE, Jackson JC, Patel MB, Hughes CG, Chandrasekhar R, Pun BT, Boehm LM, Elstad MR, Goodman RB, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW. Clinical phenotypes of delirium during critical illness and severity of subsequent long-term cognitive impairment: a prospective cohort study. Lancet Respir Med. 2018 Mar; 6(3): 213-22. PMID: 29508705, PII: S2213-2600(18)30062-6, DOI: 10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30062-6, ISSN: 2213-2619.

Mirhoseini MF, Hamblin SE, Moore WP, Pouliot J, Jenkins JM, Wang W, Chandrasekhar R, Collier BR, Patel MB. Antioxidant supplementation and atrial arrhythmias in critically ill trauma patients. J. Surg. Res [print-electronic]. 2018 Feb; 222: 10-6. PMID: 29273359, PMCID: PMC5745045, PII: S0022-4804(17)30609-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2017.09.012, ISSN: 1095-8673.

Shinall MC, Ely EW, Karlekar M, Robbins SG, Chandrasekhar R, Martin SF. Psychometric Properties of the FACIT-Pal 14 Administered in an Outpatient Palliative Care Clinic. Am J Hosp Palliat Care [print-electronic]. 2018 Jan 1/1/2018; 1049909118763793. PMID: 29529883, DOI: 10.1177/1049909118763793, ISSN: 1938-2715.

Wilson JE, Carlson R, Duggan MC, Pandharipande P, Girard TD, Wang L, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Francis A, Nicolson SE, Dittus RS, Heckers S, Ely EW, . Delirium and Catatonia in Critically Ill Patients: The Delirium and Catatonia Prospective Cohort Investigation. Crit. Care Med. 2017 Nov; 45(11): 1837-44. PMID: 28841632, PMCID: PMC5678952, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002642, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Chandrasekhar R, Sloan C, Mitchel E, Ndi D, Alden N, Thomas A, Bennett NM, Kirley PD, Hill M, Anderson EJ, Lynfield R, Yousey-Hindes K, Bargsten M, Zansky SM, Lung K, Schroeder M, Monroe M, Eckel S, Markus TM, Cummings CN, Garg S, Schaffner W, Lindegren ML. Social determinants of influenza hospitalization in the United States. Influenza Other Respir Viruses [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov; 11(6): 479-88. PMID: 28872776, PMCID: PMC5720587, DOI: 10.1111/irv.12483, ISSN: 1750-2659.

Brummel NE, Boehm LM, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Jackson JC, Hughes CG, Patel MB, Han JH, Vasilevskis EE, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW. Subsyndromal Delirium and Institutionalization Among Patients With Critical Illness. Am. J. Crit. Care. 2017 Nov; 26(6): 447-55. PMID: 29092867, PII: 26/6/447, DOI: 10.4037/ajcc2017263, ISSN: 1937-710X.

Smith HAB, Gangopadhyay M, Goben CM, Jacobowski NL, Chestnut MH, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Williams SR, Griffith K, Ely EW, Fuchs DC, Pandharipande PP. Delirium and Benzodiazepines Associated With Prolonged ICU Stay in Critically Ill Infants and Young Children. Crit. Care Med [print-electronic]. 2017 Jun 6/7/2017; PMID: 28594681, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002515, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Han JH, Vasilevskis EE, Chandrasekhar R, Liu X, Schnelle JF, Dittus RS, Ely EW. Delirium in the Emergency Department and Its Extension into Hospitalization (DELINEATE) Study: Effect on 6-month Function and Cognition. J Am Geriatr Soc [print-electronic]. 2017 Mar 3/6/2017; PMID: 28263444, DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14824, ISSN: 1532-5415.

Han JH, Brummel NE, Chandrasekhar R, Wilson JE, Liu X, Vasilevskis EE, Girard TD, Carlo ME, Dittus RS, Schnelle JF, Ely EW. Exploring Delirium's Heterogeneity: Association Between Arousal Subtypes at Initial Presentation and 6-Month Mortality in Older Emergency Department Patients. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry [print-electronic]. 2017 Mar; 25(3): 233-42. PMID: 27623552, PMCID: PMC5321606, PII: S1064-7481(16)30138-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.jagp.2016.05.016, ISSN: 1545-7214.

Brummel NE, Bell SP, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Jackson JC, Morandi A, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Gill TM, Ely EW. Frailty and Subsequent Disability and Mortality Among Patients With Critical Illness. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec 12/6/2016; PMID: 27922747, DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201605-0939OC, ISSN: 1535-4970.

Tomichek JE, Stollings JL, Pandharipande PP, Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW, Girard TD. Antipsychotic prescribing patterns during and after critical illness: a prospective cohort study. Crit Care. 2016 Nov 11/24/2016; 20(1): 378. PMID: 27881149, PMCID: PMC5122157, PII: 10.1186/s13054-016-1557-1, DOI: 10.1186/s13054-016-1557-1, ISSN: 1466-609X.

Norman BC, Jackson JC, Graves JA, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Brummel NE, Wang L, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW. Employment Outcomes After Critical Illness: An Analysis of the Bringing to Light the Risk Factors and Incidence of Neuropsychological Dysfunction in ICU Survivors Cohort. Crit. Care Med. 2016 Nov; 44(11): 2003-9. PMID: 27171492, PMCID: PMC5069078, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001849, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Boyd SB, Upender R, Walters AS, Goodpaster RL, Stanley JJ, Wang L, Chandrasekhar R. Effective Apnea-Hypopnea Index ("Effective AHI"): A New Measure of Effectiveness for Positive Airway Pressure Therapy. Sleep. 2016 Nov 11/1/2016; 39(11): 1961-72. PMID: 27568799, PMCID: PMC5070750, PII: sp-00095-16, DOI: 10.5665/sleep.6224, ISSN: 1550-9109.

Hughes CG, Pandharipande PP, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Ware LB, Ely EW, Girard TD. Endothelial Activation and Blood-Brain Barrier Injury as Risk Factors for Delirium in Critically Ill Patients. Crit. Care Med. 2016 Sep; 44(9): e809-17. PMID: 27088157, PMCID: PMC4987204, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001739, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Hughes CG, Patel MB, Jackson JC, Girard TD, Geevarghese SK, Norman BC, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Brummel NE, May AK, Elstad MR, Wasserstein ML, Goodman RB, Moons KG, Dittus RS, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, . Surgery and Anesthesia Exposure Is Not a Risk Factor for Cognitive Impairment After Major Noncardiac Surgery and Critical Illness. Ann. Surg [print-electronic]. 2016 Jul 7/18/2016; PMID: 27433893, DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000001885, ISSN: 1528-1140.

Patel MB, Jackson JC, Morandi A, Girard TD, Hughes CG, Thompson JL, Kiehl AL, Elstad MR, Wasserstein ML, Goodman RB, Beckham JC, Chandrasekhar R, Dittus RS, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP. Incidence and Risk Factors for Intensive Care Unit-related Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans and Civilians. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2016 Jun 6/15/2016; 193(12): 1373-81. PMID: 26735627, PMCID: PMC4910886, DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201506-1158OC, ISSN: 1535-4970.

Smith HA, Gangopadhyay M, Goben CM, Jacobowski NL, Chestnut MH, Savage S, Rutherford MT, Denton D, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Acton M, Newman J, Noori HP, Terrell MK, Williams SR, Griffith K, Cooper TJ, Ely EW, Fuchs DC, Pandharipande PP. The Preschool Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU: Valid and Reliable Delirium Monitoring for Critically Ill Infants and Children. Crit. Care Med. 2016 Mar; 44(3): 592-600. PMID: 26565631, PMCID: PMC4764386, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001428, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Kistka HM, Nayeri A, Wang L, Dow J, Chandrasekhar R, Chambless LB. Publication misrepresentation among neurosurgery residency applicants: an increasing problem. J. Neurosurg [print-electronic]. 2016 Jan; 124(1): 193-8. PMID: 26207605, DOI: 10.3171/2014.12.JNS141990, ISSN: 1933-0693.

Sloan C, Chandrasekhar R, Mitchel E, Schaffner W, Lindegren ML. Socioeconomic Disparities and Influenza Hospitalizations, Tennessee, USA. Emerging Infect. Dis. 2015 Sep; 21(9): 1602-10. PMID: 26292106, PMCID: PMC4550146, DOI: 10.3201/eid2109.141861, ISSN: 1080-6059.

Yevchak AM, Han JH, Doherty K, Archambault EG, Kelly B, Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW, Rudolph JL. Impaired Arousal in Older Adults Is Associated With Prolonged Hospital Stay and Discharge to Skilled Nursing Facility. J Am Med Dir Assoc [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul 7/1/2015; 16(7): 586-9. PMID: 25744874, PMCID: PMC4668713, PII: S1525-8610(15)00100-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.01.093, ISSN: 1538-9375.

Chandrasekhar R, Shi Y, Hutson AD, Wilding GE. Likelihood-based inferences about the mean area under a longitudinal curve in the presence of observations subject to limits of detection. Pharm Stat [print-electronic]. 2015 May; 14(3): 252-61. PMID: 25832442, DOI: 10.1002/pst.1681, ISSN: 1539-1612.

Chandrasekhar R, Shi Y, Hutson AD, Wilding GE. A Novel Approach to Testing for Average Bioequivalence Based on Modeling the Within-Period Dependence Structure. J Biopharm Stat [print-electronic]. 2015; 25(6): 1320-38. PMID: 25671781, DOI: 10.1080/10543406.2014.1000677, ISSN: 1520-5711.

Brummel N, Chandrasekhar R, Ely EW. Willie Sutton and the future of acute respiratory distress syndrome research [editorial]. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2015 Jan 1/1/2015; 191(1): 10-1. PMID: 25551343, PMCID: PMC4299636, DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201412-2179ED, ISSN: 1535-4970.

Kane I, Abramo T, Meredith M, Williams A, Crossman K, Wang W, Chandrasekhar R. Cerebral oxygen saturation monitoring in pediatric altered mental status patients. Am J Emerg Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Apr; 32(4): 356-62. PMID: 24468123, PII: S0735-6757(13)00748-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2013.10.047, ISSN: 1532-8171.

Yang GY, Malik NK, Chandrasekhar R, Ma WW, Flaherty L, Iyer R, Kuvshinoff B, Gibbs J, Wilding G, Warren G, May KS. Change in CA 19-9 levels after chemoradiotherapy predicts survival in patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2013 Dec; 4(4): 361-9. PMID: 24294507, PMCID: PMC3819784, PII: jgo-04-04-361, DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2013.045, ISSN: 2078-6891.

Frangoul H, Min E, Wang W, Chandrasekhar R, Calder C, Evans M, Manes B, Bruce K, Brown V, Ho R, Domm J. Incidence and risk factors for hypogammaglobulinemia in pediatric patients following allo-SCT. Bone Marrow Transplant [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov; 48(11): 1456-9. PMID: 23708706, PII: bmt201376, DOI: 10.1038/bmt.2013.76, ISSN: 1476-5365.

Epstein RA, Bobo WV, Martin PR, Morrow JA, Wang W, Chandrasekhar R, Cooper WO. Increasing pregnancy-related use of prescribed opioid analgesics. Ann Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 23(8): 498-503. PMID: 23889859, PMCID: PMC3888316, PII: S1047-2797(13)00155-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2013.05.017, ISSN: 1873-2585.

Epstein RA, Bobo WV, Shelton RC, Arbogast PG, Morrow JA, Wang W, Chandrasekhar R, Cooper WO. Increasing use of atypical antipsychotics and anticonvulsants during pregnancy. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 22(7): 794-801. PMID: 23124892, PMCID: PMC3888313, DOI: 10.1002/pds.3366, ISSN: 1099-1557.

Zoorob R, Buchowski MS, Beech BM, Canedo JR, Chandrasekhar R, Akohoue S, Hull PC. Healthy families study: design of a childhood obesity prevention trial for Hispanic families. Contemp Clin Trials [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 35(2): 108-21. PMID: 23624172, PMCID: PMC3749297, PII: S1551-7144(13)00062-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2013.04.005, ISSN: 1559-2030.

Yoder PJ, Bottema-Beutel K, Woynaroski T, Chandrasekhar R, Sandbank M. Social communication intervention effects vary by dependent variable type in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. Evid Based Commun Assess Interv. 2013; 7(4): 150-74. PMID: 25346776, PMCID: PMC4206946, DOI: 10.1080/17489539.2014.917780, ISSN: 1748-9539.

Wilding GE, Chandrasekhar R, Hutson AD. A new linear model-based approach for inferences about the mean area under the curve. Stat Med. 2012 Dec 12/10/2012; 31(28): 3563-78. PMID: 23175104, DOI: 10.1002/sim.5387, ISSN: 1097-0258.

Malik NK, May KS, Chandrasekhar R, Wee W, Flaherty L, Iyer R, Gibbs J, Kuvshinoff B, Wilding G, Warren G, Yang GY. Treatment of locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer: a 10-year experience. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2012 Dec; 3(4): 326-34. PMID: 23205309, PMCID: PMC3492478, PII: jgo-03-04-326, DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2012.029, ISSN: 2219-679X.

Monhollen L, Morrison C, Ademuyiwa FO, Chandrasekhar R, Khoury T. Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma: a distinctive clinical and molecular breast cancer type. Histopathology [print-electronic]. 2012 Sep; 61(3): 365-77. PMID: 22486370, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2012.04230.x, ISSN: 1365-2559.

Poch MA, Stegemann A, Chandrasekhar R, Hayn M, Wilding G, Guru KA. Does body mass index impact the performance of robot-assisted intracorporeal ileal conduit?. J. Endourol [print-electronic]. 2012 Jul; 26(7): 857-60. PMID: 22332715, DOI: 10.1089/end.2011.0554, ISSN: 1557-900X.

Stegemann A, Rehman S, Brewer K, Kesavadas T, Hussain A, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Guru KA. Short-term patient-reported quality of life after robot-assisted radical cystectomy using the Convalescence and Recovery Evaluation. Urology [print-electronic]. 2012 Jun; 79(6): 1274-9. PMID: 22521192, PII: S0090-4295(12)00222-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2011.12.062, ISSN: 1527-9995.

Khoury T, Ademuyiwa FO, Chandrasekhar R, Jabbour M, Deleo A, Ferrone S, Wang Y, Wang X. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 expression in breast cancer is associated with stage, triple negativity, and outcome to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Mod. Pathol [print-electronic]. 2012 Mar; 25(3): 388-97. PMID: 22080062, PMCID: PMC3426278, PII: modpathol2011172, DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.2011.172, ISSN: 1530-0285.

Khoury T, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding G, Tan D, Cheney RT. Tumour eosinophilia combined with an immunohistochemistry panel is useful in the differentiation of type B3 thymoma from thymic carcinoma. Int J Exp Pathol [print-electronic]. 2011 Apr; 92(2): 87-96. PMID: 21044186, PMCID: PMC3081511, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2613.2010.00745.x, ISSN: 1365-2613.

Seixas-Mikelus SA, Stegemann AP, Kesavadas T, Srimathveeravalli G, Sathyaseelan G, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Peabody JO, Guru KA. Content validation of a novel robotic surgical simulator. BJU Int [print-electronic]. 2011 Apr; 107(7): 1130-5. PMID: 21029316, DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2010.09694.x, ISSN: 1464-410X.

Kesavadas T, Stegemann A, Sathyaseelan G, Chowriappa A, Srimathveeravalli G, Seixas-Mikelus S, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding G, Guru K. Validation of Robotic Surgery Simulator (RoSS). Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011; 163: 274-6. PMID: 21335803, ISSN: 0926-9630.

duPont NC, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding G, Guru KA. Current trends in robot assisted surgery: a survey of gynecologic oncologists. Int J Med Robot [print-electronic]. 2010 Dec; 6(4): 468-72. PMID: 20922710, DOI: 10.1002/rcs.357, ISSN: 1478-596X.

Qiu J, Kulkarni S, Chandrasekhar R, Rees M, Hyde K, Wilding G, Tan D, Khoury T. Effect of delayed formalin fixation on estrogen and progesterone receptors in breast cancer: a study of three different clones. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 2010 Nov; 134(5): 813-9. PMID: 20959666, PII: 134/5/813, DOI: 10.1309/AJCPVCX83JWMSBNO, ISSN: 1943-7722.

Yuh BE, Hussain A, Chandrasekhar R, Bienko M, Piacente P, Wilding G, Menon M, Peabody J, Guru KA. Comparative analysis of global practice patterns in urologic robot-assisted surgery. J. Endourol. 2010 Oct; 24(10): 1637-44. PMID: 20818990, DOI: 10.1089/end.2010.0024, ISSN: 1557-900X.

Guru K, Seixas-Mikelus SA, Hussain A, Blumenfeld AJ, Nyquist J, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE. Robot-assisted intracorporeal ileal conduit: Marionette technique and initial experience at Roswell Park Cancer Institute. Urology [print-electronic]. 2010 Oct; 76(4): 866-71. PMID: 20451963, PII: S0090-4295(10)00251-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2009.12.082, ISSN: 1527-9995.

Yang GY, May KS, Iyer RV, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, McCloskey SA, Khushalani NI, Yendamuri SS, Gibbs JF, Fakih M, Thomas CR. Renal atrophy secondary to chemoradiotherapy of abdominal malignancies. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys [print-electronic]. 2010 Oct 10/1/2010; 78(2): 539-46. PMID: 20133075, PII: S0360-3016(09)02946-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.07.1744, ISSN: 1879-355X.

May KS, Yang GY, Khushalani NI, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Flaherty L, Malhotra HK, Russo RC, Warner JC, Yap JC, Iyer RV, Nwogu CE, Yendamuri SS, Gibbs JF, Nava HR, Lamonica D, Thomas CR. Association of Technetium(99m) MAG-3 renal scintigraphy with change in creatinine clearance following chemoradiation to the abdomen in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2010 Sep; 1(1): 7-15. PMID: 22811800, PMCID: PMC3397572, PII: jgo-01-01-007, DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2010.001, ISSN: 2219-679X.

Hayn MH, Hussain A, Mansour AM, Andrews PE, Carpentier P, Castle E, Dasgupta P, Rimington P, Thomas R, Khan S, Kibel A, Kim H, Manoharan M, Menon M, Mottrie A, Ornstein D, Peabody J, Pruthi R, Redorta JP, Richstone L, Schanne F, Stricker H, Wiklund P, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Guru KA. Reply from authors re: Urs E. Studer, Laurence Collette. Robot-assisted cystectomy: does it meet expectations? Eur Urol 2010;58:203-4. Eur. Urol [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug; 58(2): 204-6. PMID: 20646826, PII: S0302-2838(10)00553-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.eururo.2010.06.021, ISSN: 1873-7560.

Hayn MH, Hussain A, Mansour AM, Andrews PE, Carpentier P, Castle E, Dasgupta P, Rimington P, Thomas R, Khan S, Kibel A, Kim H, Manoharan M, Menon M, Mottrie A, Ornstein D, Peabody J, Pruthi R, Palou Redorta J, Richstone L, Schanne F, Stricker H, Wiklund P, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Guru KA. The learning curve of robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. Eur. Urol [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug; 58(2): 197-202. PMID: 20434830, PII: S0302-2838(10)00372-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.eururo.2010.04.024, ISSN: 1873-7560.

Seixas-Mikelus SA, Kesavadas T, Srimathveeravalli G, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Guru KA. Face validation of a novel robotic surgical simulator. Urology [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug; 76(2): 357-60. PMID: 20299081, PII: S0090-4295(09)03119-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2009.11.069, ISSN: 1527-9995.

Seixas-Mikelus SA, Adal A, Kesavadas T, Baheti A, Srimathveeravalli G, Hussain A, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Guru KA. Can image-based virtual reality help teach anatomy?. J. Endourol. 2010 Apr; 24(4): 629-34. PMID: 20192818, DOI: 10.1089/end.2009.0556, ISSN: 1557-900X.

May KS, Khushalani NI, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Iyer RV, Ma WW, Flaherty L, Russo RC, Fakih M, Kuvshinoff BW, Gibbs JF, Javle MM, Yang GY. Analysis of clinical and dosimetric factors associated with change in renal function in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies after chemoradiation to the abdomen. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys [print-electronic]. 2010 Mar 3/15/2010; 76(4): 1193-8. PMID: 19540051, PII: S0360-3016(09)00360-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.03.002, ISSN: 1879-355X.

Al-Agha OM, Liu W, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding G, Tan D, Alrawi S, Khoury T. CD138 (Syndecan-1) in thymic tumors: correlation with various World Health Organization types and clinical outcome. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2010 Feb 2/10/2010; 3(3): 280-7. PMID: 20224726, PMCID: PMC2836505, ISSN: 1936-2625.

Khoury T, Sait S, Hwang H, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding G, Tan D, Kulkarni S. Delay to formalin fixation effect on breast biomarkers. Mod. Pathol [print-electronic]. 2009 Nov; 22(11): 1457-67. PMID: 19734848, PII: modpathol2009117, DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.2009.117, ISSN: 1530-0285.

Singh SS, Mehedint DC, Ford OH, Jeyaraj DA, Pop EA, Maygarden SJ, Ivanova A, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding GE, Mohler JL. Comparison of ACINUS, caspase-3, and TUNEL as apoptotic markers in determination of tumor growth rates of clinically localized prostate cancer using image analysis. Prostate. 2009 Nov 11/1/2009; 69(15): 1603-10. PMID: 19644955, PMCID: PMC4348696, DOI: 10.1002/pros.21019, ISSN: 1097-0045.

Guru KA, Hussain A, Chandrasekhar R, Piacente P, Hussain A, Chandrasekhar R, Piacente P, Bienko M, Glasgow M, Underwood W, Wilding G, Mohler JL, Menon M, Peabody JO. Current status of robot-assisted surgery in urology: a multi-national survey of 297 urologic surgeons. Can J Urol. 2009 Aug; 16(4): 4736-41; discussion 4741. PMID: 19671225, ISSN: 1195-9479.

Yuh BE, Ciccone J, Chandrasekhar R, Butt ZM, Wilding GE, Kim HL, Mohler JL, Guru KA. Impact of previous abdominal surgery on robot-assisted radical cystectomy. JSLS. 2009 Jul; 13(3): 398-405. PMID: 19793483, PMCID: PMC3015968, ISSN: 1086-8089.

Khoury T, Arshad A, Bogner P, Ramnath N, Zhang S, Chandrasekhar R, Wilding G, Alrawi S, Tan D. Apoptosis-related (survivin, Bcl-2), tumor suppressor gene (p53), proliferation (Ki-67), and non-receptor tyrosine kinase (Src) markers expression and correlation with clinicopathologic variables in 60 thymic neoplasms. Chest [print-electronic]. 2009 Jul; 136(1): 220-8. PMID: 19318677, PII: S0012-3692(09)60426-8, DOI: 10.1378/chest.08-2482, ISSN: 1931-3543.

Chirumamilla AP, Wilson MF, Wilding GE, Chandrasekhar R, Ashraf H. Outcome of renal insufficiency patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Cardiology [print-electronic]. 2008; 111(1): 23-9. PMID: 18239388, PII: 000113423, DOI: 10.1159/000113423, ISSN: 1421-9751.