J. Jeffrey Carr, M.D.

Professor

j.jeffrey.carr@vanderbilt.edu
Faculty Appointments
Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences Professor of Biomedical InformaticsProfessor of MedicineCornelius Vanderbilt Chair in Radiology & Radiological Sciences
Education
M.S., Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North CarolinaM.D., Medicine , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TennesseeB.A., General Biology , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
Clinical Description
John Jeffrey (Jeff) Carr, M.D., MSc., is the Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences and Professor of Biomedical Informatics and Cardiovascular Medicine. He is a fellow of the American College of Radiology (FACR), American College of Cardiology (FACC), and American Heart Association (FAHA). He is a founding member, fellow and past president of the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT). Clinically, he specializes in non-invasive cardiovascular imaging computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). He is a physician-scientist using non-invasive imaging to not only identify disease but to predict disease before it becomes clinical evident.

Dr. Carr’s research is focused on developing quantitative imaging phenotypes and biomarkers applicable to population-based and personalized medicine. His current research is using advanced computed tomography (CT) techniques to measure coronary blood vessels, coronary plaque and the surrounding pericardial adipose tissue (fat cells) as a means to better understand who is at highest risk for myocardial infarction (heart attacks) and heart failure later in life (NIH-NHLBI 7R01HL098445-05). Dr. Carr is a member of the Vanderbilt University Imaging Institute of Imaging Science (VUIIS) and Vanderbilt Translational and Clinical Cardiovascular Research Center (VTRACC).

Full list of publications available at https://bit.ly/2QmRD4y.

Section: Cardiothoracic Imaging
Research Keywords
imaging, atherosclerosis, obesity, diabetes
Publications
Carr JJ. Calcium Scoring for Cardiovascular Computed Tomography: How, When and Why?. Radiol. Clin. North Am. 2019 Jan; 57(1): 1-12. PMID: 30454806, PII: S0033-8389(18)30122-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.rcl.2018.09.002, ISSN: 1557-8275.

Jefferson AL, Cambronero FE, Liu D, Moore EE, Neal JE, Terry JG, Nair S, Pechman KR, Rane S, Davis LT, Gifford KA, Hohman TJ, Bell SP, Wang TJ, Beckman JA, Carr JJ. Higher Aortic Stiffness Is Related to Lower Cerebral Blood Flow and Preserved Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Older Adults. Circulation. 2018 Oct 10/30/2018; 138(18): 1951-62. PMID: 30018169, PII: CIRCULATIONAHA.118.032410, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.032410, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Ajmera VH, Terrault NA, VanWagner LB, Sarkar M, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Gunderson EP. Longer lactation duration is associated with decreased prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in women. J. Hepatol [print-electronic]. 2018 Oct 10/24/2018; PMID: 30392752, PII: S0168-8278(18)32387-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2018.09.013, ISSN: 1600-0641.

Granados A, Gebremariam A, Gidding SS, Terry JG, Carr JJ, Steffen LM, Jacobs DR, Lee JM. Association of abdominal muscle composition with prediabetes and diabetes: The CARDIA study. Diabetes Obes Metab [print-electronic]. 2018 Aug 8/29/2018; PMID: 30159995, DOI: 10.1111/dom.13513, ISSN: 1463-1326.

Lenchik L, Register TC, Hsu FC, Xu J, Smith SC, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Bone Mineral Density of the Radius Predicts All-Cause Mortality in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Diabetes Heart Study. J Clin Densitom [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul; 21(3): 347-54. PMID: 29284565, PMCID: PMC5984132, PII: S1094-6950(17)30149-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jocd.2017.11.003, ISSN: 1094-6950.

Cambronero FE, Liu D, Neal JE, Moore EE, Gifford KA, Terry JG, Nair S, Pechman KR, Osborn KE, Hohman TJ, Bell SP, Sweatt JD, Wang TJ, Beckman JA, Carr JJ, Jefferson AL. APOE genotype modifies the association between central arterial stiffening and cognition in older adults. Neurobiol. Aging [print-electronic]. 2018 Jul; 67: 120-7. PMID: 29656011, PMCID: PMC5985659, PII: S0197-4580(18)30051-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2018.02.009, ISSN: 1558-1497.

Moore EE, Liu D, Pechman KR, Terry JG, Nair S, Cambronero FE, Bell SP, Gifford KA, Anderson AW, Hohman TJ, Carr JJ, Jefferson AL. Increased Left Ventricular Mass Index Is Associated With Compromised White Matter Microstructure Among Older Adults. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Jun 6/26/2018; 7(13): PMID: 29945917, PII: JAHA.118.009041, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.118.009041, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Locke JE, Sawinski D, Reed RD, Shelton B, MacLennan PA, Kumar V, Mehta S, Mannon RB, Gaston R, Julian BA, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Kilgore M, Massie AB, Segev DL, Lewis CE. Apolipoprotein L1 and Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in Young Potential Living Kidney Donors. Ann. Surg. 2018 Jun; 267(6): 1161-8. PMID: 28187045, PMCID: PMC5805656, DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002174, ISSN: 1528-1140.

Raffield LM, Cox AJ, Criqui MH, Hsu FC, Terry JG, Xu J, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Associations of coronary artery calcified plaque density with mortality in type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2018 May 5/11/2018; 17(1): 67. PMID: 29751802, PMCID: PMC5946410, PII: 10.1186/s12933-018-0714-z, DOI: 10.1186/s12933-018-0714-z, ISSN: 1475-2840.

Auer R, Sidney S, Goff D, Vittinghoff E, Pletcher MJ, Allen NB, Reis JP, Lewis CE, Carr J, Rana JS. Lifetime marijuana use and subclinical atherosclerosis: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Addiction [print-electronic]. 2018 May; 113(5): 845-56. PMID: 29168268, DOI: 10.1111/add.14110, ISSN: 1360-0443.

VanWagner LB, Ning H, Allen NB, Siddique J, Carson AP, Bancks MP, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Speliotes E, Terrault NA, Rinella ME, Vos MB, Lloyd-Jones DM. Twenty-five-year trajectories of insulin resistance and pancreatic ß-cell response and diabetes risk in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Liver Int [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr 4/2/2018; PMID: 29608255, DOI: 10.1111/liv.13747, ISSN: 1478-3231.

VanWagner LB, Khan SS, Ning H, Siddique J, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Vos MB, Speliotes E, Terrault NA, Rinella ME, Lloyd-Jones DM, Allen NB. Body mass index trajectories in young adulthood predict non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in middle age: The CARDIA cohort study. Liver Int [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr; 38(4): 706-14. PMID: 28963767, PMCID: PMC5867197, DOI: 10.1111/liv.13603, ISSN: 1478-3231.

Bancks MP, Auer R, Carr JJ, Goff DC, Kiefe C, Rana JS, Reis J, Sidney S, Terry JG, Schreiner PJ. Self-reported marijuana use over 25 years and abdominal adiposity: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Addiction [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr; 113(4): 689-98. PMID: 29127726, PMCID: PMC5847434, DOI: 10.1111/add.14097, ISSN: 1360-0443.

Reis JP, Allen NB, Bancks MP, Carr JJ, Lewis CE, Lima JA, Rana JS, Gidding SS, Schreiner PJ. Duration of Diabetes and Prediabetes During Adulthood and Subclinical Atherosclerosis and Cardiac Dysfunction in Middle Age: The CARDIA Study. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2018 Apr; 41(4): 731-8. PMID: 29317451, PMCID: PMC5860835, PII: dc17-2233, DOI: 10.2337/dc17-2233, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Parker KG, Lirette ST, Deardorff DS, Bielak LF, Peyser PA, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Fornage M, Benjamin EJ, Turner ST, Mosley TH, Griswold ME, Windham BG. Relationships of Clinical and Computed Tomography-Imaged Adiposity with Cognition in Middle-Aged and Older African Americans. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 2018 Mar 3/14/2018; 73(4): 492-8. PMID: 28958070, PMCID: PMC5861889, PII: 4100586, DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glx163, ISSN: 1758-535X.

Gutiérrez OM, Limou S, Lin F, Peralta CA, Kramer HJ, Carr JJ, Bibbins-Domingo K, Winkler CA, Lewis CE, Kopp JB. APOL1 nephropathy risk variants do not associate with subclinical atherosclerosis or left ventricular mass in middle-aged black adults. Kidney Int [print-electronic]. 2018 Mar; 93(3): 727-32. PMID: 29042080, PMCID: PMC5826778, PII: S0085-2538(17)30626-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.kint.2017.08.019, ISSN: 1523-1755.

Kresge HA, Khan OA, Wagener MA, Liu D, Terry JG, Nair S, Cambronero FE, Gifford KA, Osborn KE, Hohman TJ, Pechman KR, Bell SP, Wang TJ, Carr JJ, Jefferson AL. Subclinical Compromise in Cardiac Strain Relates to Lower Cognitive Performances in Older Adults. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Feb 2/13/2018; 7(4): PMID: 29440034, PMCID: PMC5850190, PII: JAHA.117.007562, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.007562, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Leigh A, McEvoy JW, Garg P, Carr JJ, Sandfort V, Oelsner EC, Budoff M, Herrington D, Yeboah J. Coronary Artery Calcium Scores and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Stratification in Smokers: MESA. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging [print-electronic]. 2018 Feb 2/9/2018; PMID: 29454784, PII: S1936-878X(18)30067-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2017.12.017, ISSN: 1876-7591.

Mongraw-Chaffin M, Gujral UP, Kanaya AM, Kandula NR, Carr JJ, Anderson CAM. Relation of Ectopic Fat with Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Score in South Asians Living in the United States (from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America [MASALA] Study). Am. J. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2018 Feb 2/1/2018; 121(3): 315-21. PMID: 29241969, PMCID: PMC5758412, PII: S0002-9149(17)31683-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.10.026, ISSN: 1879-1913.

Chan GC, Divers J, Russell GB, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Hsu FC, Xu J, Smith SC, Palmer ND, Hicks PJ, Bowden DW, Register TC, Ma L, Carr JJ, Freedman BI. FGF23 Concentration and APOL1 Genotype Are Novel Predictors of Mortality in African Americans With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2018 Jan; 41(1): 178-86. PMID: 29113983, PMCID: PMC5741152, PII: dc17-0820, DOI: 10.2337/dc17-0820, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Chan GC, Divers J, Russell GB, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Xu J, Smith SC, Bowden DW, Register TC, Carr JJ, Lenchik L, Freedman BI. Adipose tissue depot volume relationships with spinal trabecular bone mineral density in African Americans with diabetes. PLoS ONE. 2018; 13(1): e0191674. PMID: 29364924, PMCID: PMC5783409, PII: PONE-D-17-31379, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191674, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Ellis CR, Aznaurov SG, Patel NJ, Williams JR, Sandler KL, Hoff SJ, Ball SK, Whalen SP, Carr JJ. Angiographic Efficacy of the Atriclip Left Atrial Appendage Exclusion Device Placed by Minimally Invasive Thoracoscopic Approach. JACC Clin Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2017 Dec 12/11/2017; 3(12): 1356-65. PMID: 29759664, PII: S2405-500X(17)30309-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacep.2017.03.008, ISSN: 2405-5018.

Divers J, Palmer ND, Langefeld CD, Brown WM, Lu L, Hicks PJ, Smith SC, Xu J, Terry JG, Register TC, Wagenknecht LE, Parks JS, Ma L, Chan GC, Buxbaum SG, Correa A, Musani S, Wilson JG, Taylor HA, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Freedman BI. Genome-wide association study of coronary artery calcified atherosclerotic plaque in African Americans with type 2 diabetes. BMC Genet. 2017 Dec 12/8/2017; 18(1): 105. PMID: 29221444, PMCID: PMC5723099, PII: 10.1186/s12863-017-0572-9, DOI: 10.1186/s12863-017-0572-9, ISSN: 1471-2156.

Moualla M, Qualls C, Arynchyn A, Thyagarajan B, Kalhan R, Smith LJ, Carr JJ, Jacobs DR, Sood A. Rapid decline in lung function is temporally associated with greater metabolically active adiposity in a longitudinal study of healthy adults. Thorax [print-electronic]. 2017 Dec; 72(12): 1113-20. PMID: 28729298, PII: thoraxjnl-2016-209125, DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-209125, ISSN: 1468-3296.

Terry JG, Shay CM, Schreiner PJ, Jacobs DR, Sanchez OA, Reis JP, Goff DC, Gidding SS, Steffen LM, Carr JJ. Intermuscular Adipose Tissue and Subclinical Coronary Artery Calcification in Midlife: The CARDIA Study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults). Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol [print-electronic]. 2017 Dec; 37(12): 2370-8. PMID: 29025708, PMCID: PMC5699947, PII: ATVBAHA.117.309633, DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.309633, ISSN: 1524-4636.

VanWagner LB, Ning H, Allen NB, Ajmera V, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Lloyd-Jones DM, Terrault NA, Siddique J. Alcohol Use and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Gastroenterology [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov; 153(5): 1260-1272.e3. PMID: 28802566, PMCID: PMC5669829, PII: S0016-5085(17)36023-7, DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2017.08.012, ISSN: 1528-0012.

Laddu DR, Rana JS, Murillo R, Sorel ME, Quesenberry CP, Allen NB, Gabriel KP, Carnethon MR, Liu K, Reis JP, Lloyd-Jones D, Carr JJ, Sidney S. 25-Year Physical Activity Trajectories and Development of Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease as Measured by Coronary Artery Calcium: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Mayo Clin. Proc [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov; 92(11): 1660-70. PMID: 29050797, PMCID: PMC5679779, PII: S0025-6196(17)30577-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2017.07.016, ISSN: 1942-5546.

Poornima IG, Mackey RH, Allison MA, Manson JE, Carr JJ, LaMonte MJ, Chang Y, Kuller LH, . Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC) and Post-Trial Cardiovascular Events and Mortality Within the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Estrogen-Alone Trial. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Oct 10/27/2017; 6(11): PMID: 29079563, PMCID: PMC5721773, PII: JAHA.117.006887, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.006887, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Silverstein-Metzler MG, Justice JN, Appt SE, Groban L, Kitzman DW, Carr JJ, Register TC, Shively CA. Long-term sertraline treatment and depression effects on carotid artery atherosclerosis in premenopausal female primates. Menopause. 2017 Oct; 24(10): 1175-84. PMID: 28609387, PMCID: PMC5607066, DOI: 10.1097/GME.0000000000000916, ISSN: 1530-0374.

Gupta DK, Daniels LB, Cheng S, deFilippi CR, Criqui MH, Maisel AS, Lima JA, Bahrami H, Greenland P, Cushman M, Tracy R, Siscovick D, Bertoni AG, Cannone V, Burnett JC, Carr JJ, Wang TJ. Differences in Natriuretic Peptide Levels by Race/Ethnicity (From the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). Am. J. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2017 Sep 9/15/2017; 120(6): 1008-15. PMID: 28750825, PMCID: PMC5575954, PII: S0002-9149(17)31038-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.06.030, ISSN: 1879-1913.

Kuipers AL, Zmuda JM, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Nair S, Cvejkus R, Bunker CH, Patrick AL, Wassel CL, Miljkovic I. Association of ectopic fat with abdominal aorto-illiac and coronary artery calcification in african ancestry men. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2017 Aug; 263: 198-204. PMID: 28651187, PMCID: PMC5557679, PII: S0021-9150(17)30279-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.06.030, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Shah RV, Spahillari A, Mwasongwe S, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Mentz RJ, Addison D, Hoffmann U, Reis J, Freedman JE, Lima JAC, Correa A, Murthy VL. Subclinical Atherosclerosis, Statin Eligibility, and Outcomes in African American Individuals: The Jackson Heart Study. JAMA Cardiol. 2017 Jun 6/1/2017; 2(6): 644-52. PMID: 28315622, PMCID: PMC5815027, PII: 2612836, DOI: 10.1001/jamacardio.2017.0944, ISSN: 2380-6591.

Gujral UP, Vittinghoff E, Mongraw-Chaffin M, Vaidya D, Kandula NR, Allison M, Carr J, Liu K, Narayan KMV, Kanaya AM. Cardiometabolic Abnormalities Among Normal-Weight Persons From Five Racial/Ethnic Groups in the United States: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Two Cohort Studies. Ann. Intern. Med [print-electronic]. 2017 May 5/2/2017; 166(9): 628-36. PMID: 28384781, PMCID: PMC5545925, PII: 2615811, DOI: 10.7326/M16-1895, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Sarkar M, Wellons M, Cedars MI, VanWagner L, Gunderson EP, Ajmera V, Torchen L, Siscovick D, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Rinella M, Lewis CE, Terrault N. Testosterone Levels in Pre-Menopausal Women are Associated With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Midlife. Am. J. Gastroenterol [print-electronic]. 2017 May; 112(5): 755-62. PMID: 28291240, PMCID: PMC5664187, PII: ajg201744, DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2017.44, ISSN: 1572-0241.

Podolanczuk AJ, Raghu G, Tsai MY, Kawut SM, Peterson E, Sonti R, Rabinowitz D, Johnson C, Barr RG, Hinckley Stukovsky K, Hoffman EA, Carr JJ, Ahmed FS, Jacobs DR, Watson K, Shea SJ, Lederer DJ. Cholesterol, lipoproteins and subclinical interstitial lung disease: the MESA study [letter]. Thorax [print-electronic]. 2017 May; 72(5): 472-4. PMID: 28130491, PMCID: PMC5388565, PII: thoraxjnl-2016-209568, DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-209568, ISSN: 1468-3296.

Carr JJ, Jacobs DR, Terry JG, Shay CM, Sidney S, Liu K, Schreiner PJ, Lewis CE, Shikany JM, Reis JP, Goff DC. Association of Coronary Artery Calcium in Adults Aged 32 to 46 Years With Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Death. JAMA Cardiol. 2017 Apr 4/1/2017; 2(4): 391-9. PMID: 28196265, PMCID: PMC5397328, PII: 2601071, DOI: 10.1001/jamacardio.2016.5493, ISSN: 2380-6591.

Brittain EL, Nwabuo C, Xu M, Gupta DK, Hemnes AR, Moreira HT, De Vasconcellos HD, Terry JG, Carr JJ, Lima JA. Echocardiographic Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study: Associations With Race and Metabolic Dysregulation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Mar 3/30/2017; 6(4): PMID: 28360228, PMCID: PMC5533013, PII: JAHA.116.005111, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.005111, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Patel VG, Gupta DK, Terry JG, Kabagambe EK, Wang TJ, Correa A, Griswold M, Taylor H, Carr JJ. Left Ventricular Function Across the Spectrum of Body Mass Index in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study. JACC Heart Fail. 2017 Mar; 5(3): 182-90. PMID: 28254124, PMCID: PMC5338642, PII: S2213-1779(17)30075-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jchf.2016.12.020, ISSN: 2213-1787.

Locke JE, Carr JJ, Nair S, Terry JG, Reed RD, Smith GD, Segev DL, Kumar V, Lewis CE. Abdominal lean muscle is associated with lower mortality among kidney waitlist candidates. Clin Transplant [print-electronic]. 2017 Mar; 31(3): PMID: 28075034, PMCID: PMC5336401, DOI: 10.1111/ctr.12911, ISSN: 1399-0012.

Patel YR, Gadiraju TV, Ellison RC, Hunt SC, Carr JJ, Heiss G, Arnett DK, Pankow JS, Gaziano JM, Djoussé L. Coffee consumption and calcified atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries: The NHLBI Family Heart Study. Clin Nutr ESPEN [print-electronic]. 2017 Feb; 17: 18-21. PMID: 28361742, PMCID: PMC5501720, PII: S2405-4577(16)30360-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2016.12.003, ISSN: 2405-4577.

Spahillari A, Talegawkar S, Correa A, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Lima J, Freedman JE, Das S, Kociol R, de Ferranti S, Mohebali D, Mwasongwe S, Tucker KL, Murthy VL, Shah RV. Ideal Cardiovascular Health, Cardiovascular Remodeling, and Heart Failure in Blacks: The Jackson Heart Study. Circ Heart Fail. 2017 Feb; 10(2): PMID: 28209767, PMCID: PMC5319800, PII: CIRCHEARTFAILURE.116.003682, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.116.003682, ISSN: 1941-3297.

Carroll AJ, Carnethon MR, Liu K, Jacobs DR, Colangelo LA, Stewart JC, Carr JJ, Widome R, Auer R, Hitsman B. Interaction between smoking and depressive symptoms with subclinical heart disease in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Health Psychol [print-electronic]. 2017 Feb; 36(2): 101-11. PMID: 27736150, PMCID: PMC5269456, PII: 2016-49281-001, DOI: 10.1037/hea0000425, ISSN: 1930-7810.

Carroll AJ, Auer R, Colangelo LA, Carnethon MR, Jacobs DR, Stewart JC, Widome R, Carr JJ, Liu K, Hitsman B. Association of the Interaction Between Smoking and Depressive Symptom Clusters With Coronary Artery Calcification: The CARDIA Study. J Dual Diagn [print-electronic]. 2017 Jan; 13(1): 43-51. PMID: 28129086, PMCID: PMC5525054, DOI: 10.1080/15504263.2017.1287455, ISSN: 1550-4271.

Chu AY, Deng X, Fisher VA, Drong A, Zhang Y, Feitosa MF, Liu CT, Weeks O, Choh AC, Duan Q, Dyer TD, Eicher JD, Guo X, Heard-Costa NL, Kacprowski T, Kent JW, Lange LA, Liu X, Lohman K, Lu L, Mahajan A, O'Connell JR, Parihar A, Peralta JM, Smith AV, Zhang Y, Homuth G, Kissebah AH, Kullberg J, Laqua R, Launer LJ, Nauck M, Olivier M, Peyser PA, Terry JG, Wojczynski MK, Yao J, Bielak LF, Blangero J, Borecki IB, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Czerwinski SA, Ding J, Friedrich N, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Ingelsson E, Johnson AD, Kardia SL, Langefeld CD, Lind L, Liu Y, Mitchell BD, Morris AP, Mosley TH, Rotter JI, Shuldiner AR, Towne B, Völzke H, Wallaschofski H, Wilson JG, Allison M, Lindgren CM, Goessling W, Cupples LA, Steinhauser ML, Fox CS. Multiethnic genome-wide meta-analysis of ectopic fat depots identifies loci associated with adipocyte development and differentiation. Nat. Genet [print-electronic]. 2017 Jan; 49(1): 125-30. PMID: 27918534, PMCID: PMC5451114, PII: ng.3738, DOI: 10.1038/ng.3738, ISSN: 1546-1718.

Nielson CM, Liu CT, Smith AV, Ackert-Bicknell CL, Reppe S, Jakobsdottir J, Wassel C, Register TC, Oei L, Alonso N, Oei EH, Parimi N, Samelson EJ, Nalls MA, Zmuda J, Lang T, Bouxsein M, Latourelle J, Claussnitzer M, Siggeirsdottir K, Srikanth P, Lorentzen E, Vandenput L, Langefeld C, Raffield L, Terry G, Cox AJ, Allison MA, Criqui MH, Bowden D, Ikram MA, Mellström D, Karlsson MK, Carr J, Budoff M, Phillips C, Cupples LA, Chou WC, Myers RH, Ralston SH, Gautvik KM, Cawthon PM, Cummings S, Karasik D, Rivadeneira F, Gudnason V, Orwoll ES, Harris TB, Ohlsson C, Kiel DP, Hsu YH. Novel Genetic Variants Associated With Increased Vertebral Volumetric BMD, Reduced Vertebral Fracture Risk, and Increased Expression of SLC1A3 and EPHB2. J. Bone Miner. Res [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec; 31(12): 2085-97. PMID: 27476799, PMCID: PMC5477772, DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.2913, ISSN: 1523-4681.

Garg SK, Lin F, Kandula N, Ding J, Carr J, Allison M, Liu K, Herrington D, Vaidya D, Vittinghoff E, Kanaya AM. Ectopic Fat Depots and Coronary Artery Calcium in South Asians Compared With Other Racial/Ethnic Groups. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Nov 11/17/2016; 5(11): PMID: 27856485, PMCID: PMC5210365, PII: JAHA.116.004257, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.004257, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Wagenknecht LE, Divers J, Register TC, Russell GB, Bowden DW, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Lenchik L, Hruska KA, Carr JJ, Freedman BI. Bone Mineral Density and Progression of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in African-Americans With Type 2 Diabetes. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab [print-electronic]. 2016 Nov; 101(11): 4135-41. PMID: 27552541, PMCID: PMC5095232, DOI: 10.1210/jc.2016-1934, ISSN: 1945-7197.

Hsu FC, Yuan M, Bowden DW, Xu J, Smith SC, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Divers J, Register TC, Carr JJ, Williamson JD, Sink KM, Maldjian JA, Freedman BI. Adiposity is inversely associated with hippocampal volume in African Americans and European Americans with diabetes. J. Diabetes Complicat [print-electronic]. 2016 Nov; 30(8): 1506-12. PMID: 27615667, PMCID: PMC5050135, PII: S1056-8727(16)30410-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2016.08.012, ISSN: 1873-460X.

Meyer KA, Benton TZ, Bennett BJ, Jacobs DR, Lloyd-Jones DM, Gross MD, Carr JJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Zeisel SH. Microbiota-Dependent Metabolite Trimethylamine N-Oxide and Coronary Artery Calcium in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA). J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Oct 10/21/2016; 5(10): PMID: 27792658, PMCID: PMC5121500, PII: JAHA.116.003970, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.003970, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Murthy VL, Abbasi SA, Siddique J, Colangelo LA, Reis J, Venkatesh BA, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Camhi SM, Jerosch-Herold M, de Ferranti S, Das S, Freedman J, Carnethon MR, Lewis CE, Lima JA, Shah RV. Transitions in Metabolic Risk and Long-Term Cardiovascular Health: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Oct 10/13/2016; 5(10): PMID: 27737876, PMCID: PMC5121498, PII: JAHA.116.003934, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.003934, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Sarkar S, Terry JG, Ikizler TA, Crouse JR, Carr JJ, Hung AM. The effect of high intensity statin use on liver density: A post hoc analysis of the coronary artery calcification treatment with zocor [CATZ] study [letter]. Obes Res Clin Pract [print-electronic]. 2016 Sep; 10(5): 613-5. PMID: 27670349, PII: S1871-403X(16)30082-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.orcp.2016.09.001, ISSN: 1871-403X.

Adams JN, Raffield LM, Martelle SE, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Cox AJ, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of advanced glycation end products in the DHS MIND study. Gene [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun 6/15/2016; 584(2): 173-9. PMID: 26915486, PMCID: PMC4827154, PII: S0378-1119(16)30096-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2016.02.029, ISSN: 1879-0038.

Imran TF, Patel Y, Ellison RC, Carr JJ, Arnett DK, Pankow JS, Heiss G, Hunt SC, Gaziano JM, Djoussé L. Walking and Calcified Atherosclerotic Plaque in the Coronary Arteries: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol [print-electronic]. 2016 Apr 4/21/2016; PMID: 27102966, PII: ATVBAHA.116.307284, DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.116.307284, ISSN: 1524-4636.

Oelsner EC, Carr JJ, Enright PL, Hoffman EA, Folsom AR, Kawut SM, Kronmal RA, Lederer DJ, Lima JA, Lovasi GS, Smith BM, Shea SJ, Barr RG. Per cent emphysema is associated with respiratory and lung cancer mortality in the general population: a cohort study. Thorax [print-electronic]. 2016 Apr 4/5/2016; PMID: 27048196, PII: thoraxjnl-2015-207822, DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207822, ISSN: 1468-3296.

Alman AC, Jacobs DR, Lewis CE, Snell-Bergeon JK, Carnethon MR, Terry JG, Goff DC, Ding J, Carr JJ. Higher pericardial adiposity is associated with prevalent diabetes: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis [print-electronic]. 2016 Apr; 26(4): 326-32. PMID: 26803596, PMCID: PMC4823150, PII: S0939-4753(15)00249-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2015.12.011, ISSN: 1590-3729.

Shah AD, Kandula NR, Lin F, Allison MA, Carr J, Herrington D, Liu K, Kanaya AM. Less favorable body composition and adipokines in South Asians compared with other US ethnic groups: results from the MASALA and MESA studies. Int J Obes (Lond) [print-electronic]. 2016 Apr; 40(4): 639-45. PMID: 26499444, PMCID: PMC4821815, PII: ijo2015219, DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2015.219, ISSN: 1476-5497.

Yeboah J, Rodriguez CJ, Qureshi W, Liu S, Carr JJ, Lima JA, Hundley WG, Herrington DM. Prognosis of Low Normal Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction in an Asymptomatic Population-Based Adult Cohort. MESA. J. Card. Fail [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar 3/30/2016; PMID: 27038640, PII: S1071-9164(16)30006-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2016.03.013, ISSN: 1532-8414.

Palmer ND, Divers J, Lu L, Register TC, Carr JJ, Hicks PJ, Smith SC, Xu J, Judd SE, Irvin MR, Gutierrez OM, Bowden DW, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Admixture mapping of serum vitamin D and parathyroid hormone concentrations in the African American-Diabetes Heart Study. Bone [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar 3/24/2016; 87: 71-7. PMID: 27032714, PII: S8756-3282(16)30079-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2016.01.028, ISSN: 1873-2763.

Ajmera VH, Gunderson EP, VanWagner LB, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Terrault NA. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Is Strongly Associated With Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Am. J. Gastroenterol [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar 3/22/2016; PMID: 27002796, PII: ajg201657, DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2016.57, ISSN: 1572-0241.

Eng J, McClelland RL, Gomes AS, Hundley WG, Cheng S, Wu CO, Carr JJ, Shea S, Bluemke DA, Lima JA. Adverse Left Ventricular Remodeling and Age Assessed with Cardiac MR Imaging: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Radiology [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar; 278(3): 714-22. PMID: 26485617, PMCID: PMC4770941, DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2015150982, ISSN: 1527-1315.

Adams JN, Martelle SE, Raffield LM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Hsu FC, Maldjian JA, Williamson JD, Hugenschmidt CE, Carr JJ, Cox AJ, Bowden DW. Analysis of advanced glycation end products in the DHS Mind Study. J. Diabetes Complicat [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar; 30(2): 262-8. PMID: 26739237, PMCID: PMC4761276, PII: S1056-8727(15)00482-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2015.11.025, ISSN: 1873-460X.

Messenger B, Li D, Nasir K, Carr JJ, Blankstein R, Budoff MJ. Coronary calcium scans and radiation exposure in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging [print-electronic]. 2016 Mar; 32(3): 525-9. PMID: 26515964, PMCID: PMC4752888, PII: 10.1007/s10554-015-0799-3, DOI: 10.1007/s10554-015-0799-3, ISSN: 1875-8312.

Silverstein-Metzler MG, Shively CA, Clarkson TB, Appt SE, Carr JJ, Kritchevsky SB, Jones SR, Register TC. Sertraline inhibits increases in body fat and carbohydrate dysregulation in adult female cynomolgus monkeys. Psychoneuroendocrinology [print-electronic]. 2016 Feb 2/21/2016; 68: 29-38. PMID: 26939086, PII: S0306-4530(16)30042-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.02.012, ISSN: 1873-3360.

Yeboah J, Young R, McClelland RL, Delaney JC, Polonsky TS, Dawood FZ, Blaha MJ, Miedema MD, Sibley CT, Carr JJ, Burke GL, Goff DC, Psaty BM, Greenland P, Herrington DM. Utility of Nontraditional Risk Markers in Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2016 Jan 1/19/2016; 67(2): 139-47. PMID: 26791059, PMCID: PMC4724058, PII: S0735-1097(15)07225-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2015.10.058, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Gidding SS, Rana JS, Prendergast C, McGill H, Carr JJ, Liu K, Colangelo LA, Loria CM, Lima J, Terry JG, Reis JP, McMahan CA. Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY) Risk Score in Young Adults Predicts Coronary Artery and Abdominal Aorta Calcium in Middle Age: The CARDIA Study. Circulation [print-electronic]. 2016 Jan 1/12/2016; 133(2): 139-46. PMID: 27028434, PMCID: PMC4817359, PII: CIRCULATIONAHA.115.018042, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.115.018042, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Shah RV, Murthy VL, Colangelo LA, Reis J, Venkatesh BA, Sharma R, Abbasi SA, Goff DC, Carr JJ, Rana JS, Terry JG, Bouchard C, Sarzynski MA, Eisman A, Neilan T, Das S, Jerosch-Herold M, Lewis CE, Carnethon M, Lewis GD, Lima JA. Association of Fitness in Young Adulthood With Survival and Cardiovascular Risk: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Jan 1/1/2016; 176(1): 87-95. PMID: 26618471, PII: 2473630, DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.6309, ISSN: 2168-6114.

Sung JH, Yeboah J, Lee JE, Smith CL, Terry JG, Sims M, Samdarshi T, Musani S, Fox E, Ge Y, Wilson JG, Taylor HA, Carr JJ. Diagnostic Value of Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Cardiovascular Disease in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study. Br J Med Med Res [print-electronic]. 2016; 11(2): PMID: 26949662, PMCID: PMC4778968, DOI: 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/21449, ISSN: 2231-0614.

Youssef G, Guo M, McClelland RL, Shavelle DM, Nasir K, Rivera J, Carr JJ, Wong ND, Budoff MJ. Risk Factors for the Development and Progression of Thoracic Aorta Calcification: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Acad Radiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Dec; 22(12): 1536-45. PMID: 26403646, PMCID: PMC4636912, PII: S1076-6332(15)00365-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.acra.2015.08.017, ISSN: 1878-4046.

Freedman BI, Divers J, Whitlow CT, Bowden DW, Palmer ND, Smith SC, Xu J, Register TC, Carr JJ, Wagner BC, Williamson JD, Sink KM, Maldjian JA. Subclinical Atherosclerosis Is Inversely Associated With Gray Matter Volume in African Americans With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 38(11): 2158-65. PMID: 26370382, PMCID: PMC4613911, PII: dc15-1035, DOI: 10.2337/dc15-1035, ISSN: 1935-5548.

McClelland RL, Jorgensen NW, Budoff M, Blaha MJ, Post WS, Kronmal RA, Bild DE, Shea S, Liu K, Watson KE, Folsom AR, Khera A, Ayers C, Mahabadi AA, Lehmann N, Jöckel KH, Moebus S, Carr JJ, Erbel R, Burke GL. 10-Year Coronary Heart Disease Risk Prediction Using Coronary Artery Calcium and Traditional Risk Factors: Derivation in the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) With Validation in the HNR (Heinz Nixdorf Recall) Study and the DHS (Dallas Heart Study). J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2015 Oct 10/13/2015; 66(15): 1643-53. PMID: 26449133, PMCID: PMC4603537, PII: S0735-1097(15)04976-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2015.08.035, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Freedman BI, Divers J, Russell GB, Palmer ND, Wagenknecht LE, Smith SC, Xu J, Carr JJ, Bowden DW, Register TC. Vitamin D Associations With Renal, Bone, and Cardiovascular Phenotypes: African American-Diabetes Heart Study. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct; 100(10): 3693-701. PMID: 26196951, PMCID: PMC4596046, DOI: 10.1210/jc.2015-2167, ISSN: 1945-7197.

Yeboah J, Polonsky TS, Young R, McClelland RL, Delaney JC, Dawood F, Blaha MJ, Miedema MD, Sibley CT, Carr JJ, Burke GL, Goff DC, Psaty BM, Greenland P, Herrington DM. Utility of Nontraditional Risk Markers in Individuals Ineligible for Statin Therapy According to the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Cholesterol Guidelines. Circulation [print-electronic]. 2015 Sep 9/8/2015; 132(10): 916-22. PMID: 26224808, PMCID: PMC4567414, PII: CIRCULATIONAHA.115.016846, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.115.016846, ISSN: 1524-4539.

VanWagner LB, Wilcox JE, Colangelo LA, Lloyd-Jones DM, Carr JJ, Lima JA, Lewis CE, Rinella ME, Shah SJ. Association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with subclinical myocardial remodeling and dysfunction: A population-based study. Hepatology [print-electronic]. 2015 Sep; 62(3): 773-83. PMID: 25914296, PMCID: PMC4549239, DOI: 10.1002/hep.27869, ISSN: 1527-3350.

Raffield LM, Cox AJ, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Hicks PJ, Langefeld CD, Hsu FC, Bowden DW. Analysis of a cardiovascular disease genetic risk score in the Diabetes Heart Study. Acta Diabetol [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 52(4): 743-51. PMID: 25700702, PMCID: PMC4506855, DOI: 10.1007/s00592-015-0720-5, ISSN: 1432-5233.

Hunt SC, Kimura M, Hopkins PN, Carr JJ, Heiss G, Province MA, Aviv A. Leukocyte telomere length and coronary artery calcium. Am. J. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul 7/15/2015; 116(2): 214-8. PMID: 25960381, PMCID: PMC4475426, PII: S0002-9149(15)01109-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.03.060, ISSN: 1879-1913.

Hunter DJ, Beavers DP, Eckstein F, Guermazi A, Loeser RF, Nicklas BJ, Mihalko SL, Miller GD, Lyles M, DeVita P, Legault C, Carr JJ, Williamson JD, Messier SP. The Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial: 18-month radiographic and MRI outcomes. Osteoarthr. Cartil [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 23(7): 1090-8. PMID: 25887362, PII: S1063-4584(15)00885-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.joca.2015.03.034, ISSN: 1522-9653.

Nicklas BJ, Chmelo E, Delbono O, Carr JJ, Lyles MF, Marsh AP. Effects of resistance training with and without caloric restriction on physical function and mobility in overweight and obese older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Am. J. Clin. Nutr [print-electronic]. 2015 May; 101(5): 991-9. PMID: 25762810, PMCID: PMC4409692, PII: ajcn.114.105270, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.114.105270, ISSN: 1938-3207.

Robbins JM, Petrone AB, Carr JJ, Pankow JS, Hunt SC, Heiss G, Arnett DK, Ellison RC, Gaziano JM, Djoussé L. Association of ideal cardiovascular health and calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Am. Heart J [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar; 169(3): 371-378.e1. PMID: 25728727, PMCID: PMC4346707, PII: S0002-8703(15)00007-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2014.12.017, ISSN: 1097-6744.

Maroules CD, Cheezum MK, Joshi PH, Williams M, Simprini LA, Nelson KH, Bittencourt MS, Carr JJ, Weigold WG, Cury RC, Blankstein R, Abbara S. SCCT curriculum guidelines for general (level 1) cardiovascular CT training. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar; 9(2): 81-8. PMID: 25708013, PII: S1934-5925(15)00005-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcct.2015.01.004, ISSN: 1876-861X.

Kuipers AL, Miljkovic I, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Nestlerode CS, Ge Y, Bunker CH, Patrick AL, Zmuda JM. Association of circulating sclerostin with vascular calcification in Afro-Caribbean men. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar; 239(1): 218-23. PMID: 25618029, PMCID: PMC4331206, PII: S0021-9150(15)00044-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.01.010, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Mueller NT, Pereira MA, Demerath EW, Dreyfus JG, MacLehose RF, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Jacobs DR. Earlier menarche is associated with fatty liver and abdominal ectopic fat in midlife, independent of young adult BMI: The CARDIA study. Obesity (Silver Spring) [print-electronic]. 2015 Feb; 23(2): 468-74. PMID: 25521620, PMCID: PMC4310794, DOI: 10.1002/oby.20950, ISSN: 1930-739X.

Bharadwaj MS, Tyrrell DJ, Leng I, Demons JL, Lyles MF, Carr JJ, Nicklas BJ, Molina AJ. Relationships between mitochondrial content and bioenergetics with obesity, body composition and fat distribution in healthy older adults. BMC Obes. 2015; 2: 40. PMID: 26448868, PMCID: PMC4594906, PII: 70, DOI: 10.1186/s40608-015-0070-4, ISSN: 2052-9538.

Wang H, Jacobs DR, Gaffo AL, Gross MD, Goff DC, Carr JJ. Serum Urate and Incident Cardiovascular Disease: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. PLoS ONE. 2015; 10(9): e0138067. PMID: 26381512, PMCID: PMC4575092, PII: PONE-D-15-00076, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138067, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Raffield LM, Hsu FC, Cox AJ, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in type 2 diabetes: Diabetes Heart Study. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2015; 7: 58. PMID: 26146522, PMCID: PMC4490739, PII: 55, DOI: 10.1186/s13098-015-0055-y, ISSN: 1758-5996.

Carson AP, Steffes MW, Carr JJ, Kim Y, Gross MD, Carnethon MR, Reis JP, Loria CM, Jacobs DR, Lewis CE. Hemoglobin a1c and the progression of coronary artery calcification among adults without diabetes. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 38(1): 66-71. PMID: 25325881, PMCID: PMC4274774, PII: dc14-0360, DOI: 10.2337/dc14-0360, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Lu L, Palmer ND, Smith SC, Bagwell BM, Hicks PJ, Xu J, Wagenknecht LE, Raffield LM, Register TC, Carr JJ, Bowden DW, Divers J. APOL1 associations with nephropathy, atherosclerosis, and all-cause mortality in African Americans with type 2 diabetes. Kidney Int [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 87(1): 176-81. PMID: 25054777, PMCID: PMC4281283, PII: S0085-2538(15)30021-1, DOI: 10.1038/ki.2014.255, ISSN: 1523-1755.

Freedman BI, Divers J, Russell GB, Palmer ND, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Wagenknecht LE, Hightower RC, Xu J, Smith SC, Langefeld CD, Hruska KA, Register TC. Plasma FGF23 and Calcified Atherosclerotic Plaque in African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Am. J. Nephrol [print-electronic]. 2015; 42(6): 391-401. PMID: 26693712, PMCID: PMC4732898, PII: 000443241, DOI: 10.1159/000443241, ISSN: 1421-9670.

Hsu FC, Raffield LM, Hugenschmidt CE, Cox A, Xu J, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Maldjian JA, Williamson JD, Bowden DW. Relationships between Cognitive Performance, Neuroimaging and Vascular Disease: The DHS-MIND Study. Neuroepidemiology [print-electronic]. 2015; 45(1): 1-11. PMID: 26185004, PMCID: PMC4543571, PII: 000435775, DOI: 10.1159/000435775, ISSN: 1423-0208.

Oelsner EC, Hoffman EA, Folsom AR, Carr JJ, Enright PL, Kawut SM, Kronmal R, Lederer D, Lima JA, Lovasi GS, Shea S, Barr RG. Association between emphysema-like lung on cardiac computed tomography and mortality in persons without airflow obstruction: a cohort study. Ann. Intern. Med. 2014 Dec 12/16/2014; 161(12): 863-73. PMID: 25506855, PMCID: PMC4347817, PII: 2023010, DOI: 10.7326/M13-2570, ISSN: 1539-3704.

Fazel R, Gerber TC, Balter S, Brenner DJ, Carr JJ, Cerqueira MD, Chen J, Einstein AJ, Krumholz HM, Mahesh M, McCollough CH, Min JK, Morin RL, Nallamothu BK, Nasir K, Redberg RF, Shaw LJ, . Approaches to enhancing radiation safety in cardiovascular imaging: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation [print-electronic]. 2014 Nov 11/4/2014; 130(19): 1730-48. PMID: 25366837, PII: CIR.0000000000000048, DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000048, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Kwon Y, Duprez DA, Jacobs DR, Nagayoshi M, McClelland RL, Shahar E, Budoff M, Redline S, Shea S, Carr JJ, Lutsey PL. Obstructive sleep apnea and progression of coronary artery calcium: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014 Oct; 3(5): e001241. PMID: 25261530, PMCID: PMC4323795, PII: jah3706, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.114.001241, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Kishi S, Armstrong AC, Gidding SS, Colangelo LA, Venkatesh BA, Jacobs DR, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Liu K, Goff DC, Lima JA. Association of obesity in early adulthood and middle age with incipient left ventricular dysfunction and structural remodeling: the CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults). JACC Heart Fail [print-electronic]. 2014 Oct; 2(5): 500-8. PMID: 25194290, PMCID: PMC4194150, PII: S2213-1779(14)00073-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.jchf.2014.03.001, ISSN: 2213-1787.

Raffield LM, Agarwal S, Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Xu J, Bowden DW, Vitolins MZ. Cross-sectional analysis of calcium intake for associations with vascular calcification and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes from the Diabetes Heart Study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr [print-electronic]. 2014 Oct; 100(4): 1029-35. PMID: 25099552, PMCID: PMC4163793, PII: ajcn.114.090365, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.114.090365, ISSN: 1938-3207.

Yeboah J, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Ding J, Zeb I, Liu S, Nasir K, Post W, Blumenthal RS, Budoff MJ. Computed tomography-derived cardiovascular risk markers, incident cardiovascular events, and all-cause mortality in nondiabetics: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Eur J Prev Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2014 Oct; 21(10): 1233-41. PMID: 23689526, PMCID: PMC4150859, PII: 2047487313492065, DOI: 10.1177/2047487313492065, ISSN: 2047-4881.

Messier SP, Beavers DP, Loeser RF, Carr JJ, Khajanchi S, Legault C, Nicklas BJ, Hunter DJ, Devita P. Knee joint loading in knee osteoarthritis: influence of abdominal and thigh fat. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014 Sep; 46(9): 1677-83. PMID: 25133996, PMCID: PMC4137500, PII: 00005768-201409000-00001, DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000293, ISSN: 1530-0315.

Mahieu MA, Guild CP, Albert CJ, Kondos GT, Carr JJ, Edmundowicz D, Ford DA, Ramsey-Goldman R. Alpha-chlorofatty Acid and coronary artery or aorta calcium scores in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. A pilot study. J. Rheumatol [print-electronic]. 2014 Sep; 41(9): 1834-42. PMID: 25086078, PMCID: PMC4724198, PII: jrheum.131361, DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.131361, ISSN: 0315-162X.

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VanWagner LB, Ning H, Lewis CE, Shay CM, Wilkins J, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Lloyd-Jones DM, Jacobs DR, Carnethon MR. Associations between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 235(2): 599-605. PMID: 24956534, PMCID: PMC4124046, PII: S0021-9150(14)01229-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2014.05.962, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Yeboah J, Delaney JA, Nance R, McClelland RL, Polak JF, Sibley CT, Bertoni A, Burke GL, Carr JJ, Herrington DM. Mediation of cardiovascular risk factor effects through subclinical vascular disease: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 34(8): 1778-83. PMID: 24876350, PMCID: PMC4329880, PII: ATVBAHA.114.303753, DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.114.303753, ISSN: 1524-4636.

Hoffman EA, Ahmed FS, Baumhauer H, Budoff M, Carr JJ, Kronmal R, Reddy S, Barr RG. Variation in the percent of emphysema-like lung in a healthy, nonsmoking multiethnic sample. The MESA lung study. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 Jul; 11(6): 898-907. PMID: 24983825, PMCID: PMC4213995, DOI: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201310-364OC, ISSN: 2325-6621.

Robbins JM, Petrone AB, Ellison RC, Hunt SC, Carr JJ, Heiss G, Arnett DK, Gaziano JM, Djoussé L. Association of egg consumption and calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries: the NHLBI Family Heart Study. ESPEN J. 2014 Jun; 9(3): e131-e135. PMID: 25642410, PMCID: PMC4309282, DOI: 10.1016/j.clnme.2014.04.004, ISSN: 2212-8263.

Ilkhanoff L, Soliman EZ, Prineas RJ, Walsh JA, Ning H, Liu K, Carr JJ, Jacobs DR, Lloyd-Jones DM. Clinical characteristics and outcomes associated with the natural history of early repolarization in a young, biracial cohort followed to middle age: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2014 Jun; 7(3): 392-9. PMID: 24759868, PMCID: PMC4136505, PII: CIRCEP.113.000874, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.113.000874, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Feng X, Todd T, Hu Y, Lintzenich CR, Carr JJ, Browne JD, Kritchevsky SB, Butler SG. Age-related changes of hyoid bone position in healthy older adults with aspiration. Laryngoscope [print-electronic]. 2014 Jun; 124(6): E231-6. PMID: 24227680, DOI: 10.1002/lary.24453, ISSN: 1531-4995.

Silverman MG, Harkness JR, Blankstein R, Budoff MJ, Agatston AS, Carr JJ, Lima JA, Blumenthal RS, Nasir K, Blaha MJ. Baseline subclinical atherosclerosis burden and distribution are associated with frequency and mode of future coronary revascularization: multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 May; 7(5): 476-86. PMID: 24831208, PMCID: PMC4024837, PII: S1936-878X(14)00204-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2014.03.005, ISSN: 1876-7591.

Cox AJ, Azeem A, Yeboah J, Soliman EZ, Aggarwal SR, Bertoni AG, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Herrington DM, Bowden DW. Heart rate-corrected QT interval is an independent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes Heart Study. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2014 May; 37(5): 1454-61. PMID: 24574343, PMCID: PMC4182905, PII: dc13-1257, DOI: 10.2337/dc13-1257, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Einstein AJ, Berman DS, Min JK, Hendel RC, Gerber TC, Carr JJ, Cerqueira MD, Cullom SJ, DeKemp R, Dickert NW, Dorbala S, Fazel R, Garcia EV, Gibbons RJ, Halliburton SS, Hausleiter J, Heller GV, Jerome S, Lesser JR, Raff GL, Tilkemeier P, Williams KA, Shaw LJ. Patient-centered imaging: shared decision making for cardiac imaging procedures with exposure to ionizing radiation. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2014 Apr 4/22/2014; 63(15): 1480-9. PMID: 24530677, PMCID: PMC3994983, PII: S0735-1097(14)00389-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.10.092, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Ng MC, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Genetic risk score associations with cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Diabetes Heart Study. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2014 Apr; 37(4): 1157-64. PMID: 24574349, PMCID: PMC4178326, PII: dc13-1514, DOI: 10.2337/dc13-1514, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Kuipers AL, Zmuda JM, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Patrick AL, Ge Y, Hightower RC, Bunker CH, Miljkovic I. Association of volumetric bone mineral density with abdominal aortic calcification in African ancestry men. Osteoporos Int [print-electronic]. 2014 Mar; 25(3): 1063-9. PMID: 23974859, PMCID: PMC3945719, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-013-2486-3, ISSN: 1433-2965.

Liu J, Coady S, Carr JJ, Hoffmann U, Taylor HA, Fox CS. Differential associations of abdominal visceral, subcutaneous adipose tissue with cardiometabolic risk factors between African and European Americans. Obesity (Silver Spring) [print-electronic]. 2014 Mar; 22(3): 811-8. PMID: 23408700, PMCID: PMC4215565, DOI: 10.1002/oby.20307, ISSN: 1930-739X.

Manichaikul A, Hoffman EA, Smolonska J, Gao W, Cho MH, Baumhauer H, Budoff M, Austin JH, Washko GR, Carr JJ, Kaufman JD, Pottinger T, Powell CA, Wijmenga C, Zanen P, Groen HJ, Postma DS, Wanner A, Rouhani FN, Brantly ML, Powell R, Smith BM, Rabinowitz D, Raffel LJ, Hinckley Stukovsky KD, Crapo JD, Beaty TH, Hokanson JE, Silverman EK, Dupuis J, O'Connor GT, Boezen HM, Rich SS, Barr RG. Genome-wide study of percent emphysema on computed tomography in the general population. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Lung/SNP Health Association Resource Study. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2014 Feb 2/15/2014; 189(4): 408-18. PMID: 24383474, PMCID: PMC3977717, DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201306-1061OC, ISSN: 1535-4970.

Criqui MH, Denenberg JO, Ix JH, McClelland RL, Wassel CL, Rifkin DE, Carr JJ, Budoff MJ, Allison MA. Calcium density of coronary artery plaque and risk of incident cardiovascular events. JAMA. 2014 Jan 1/15/2014; 311(3): 271-8. PMID: 24247483, PMCID: PMC4091626, PII: 1780017, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.282535, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Bild DE, McClelland R, Kaufman JD, Blumenthal R, Burke GL, Carr JJ, Post WS, Register TC, Shea S, Szklo M. Ten-year trends in coronary calcification in individuals without clinical cardiovascular disease in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(4): e94916. PMID: 24743658, PMCID: PMC3990562, PII: PONE-D-13-40937, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094916, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Agarwal S, Freedman BI, Herrington DM, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Prediction of mortality using a multi-bed vascular calcification score in the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2014; 13: 160. PMID: 25496604, PMCID: PMC4266952, PII: s12933-014-0160-5, DOI: 10.1186/s12933-014-0160-5, ISSN: 1475-2840.

Adams JN, Raffield LM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Ng MC, Carr JJ, Cox AJ, Bowden DW. Analysis of common and coding variants with cardiovascular disease in the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2014; 13: 77. PMID: 24725463, PMCID: PMC4021556, PII: 1475-2840-13-77, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-13-77, ISSN: 1475-2840.

Miedema MD, Petrone AB, Arnett DK, Dodson JA, Carr JJ, Pankow JS, Hunt SC, Province MA, Kraja A, Gaziano JM, Djousse L. Adult height and prevalence of coronary artery calcium: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 7(1): 52-7. PMID: 24336983, PMCID: PMC3970195, PII: CIRCIMAGING.113.000681, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.113.000681, ISSN: 1942-0080.

Register TC, Hruska KA, Divers J, Bowden DW, Palmer ND, Carr JJ, Wagenknecht LE, Hightower RC, Xu J, Smith SC, Dietzen DJ, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Sclerostin is positively associated with bone mineral density in men and women and negatively associated with carotid calcified atherosclerotic plaque in men from the African American-Diabetes Heart Study. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 99(1): 315-21. PMID: 24178795, PMCID: PMC3879670, PII: jc.2013-3168, DOI: 10.1210/jc.2013-3168, ISSN: 1945-7197.

Murphy RA, Register TC, Shively CA, Carr JJ, Ge Y, Heilbrun ME, Cummings SR, Koster A, Nevitt MC, Satterfield S, Tylvasky FA, Strotmeyer ES, Newman AB, Simonsick EM, Scherzinger A, Goodpaster BH, Launer LJ, Eiriksdottir G, Sigurdsson S, Sigurdsson G, Gudnason V, Lang TF, Kritchevsky SB, Harris TB. Adipose tissue density, a novel biomarker predicting mortality risk in older adults. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 69(1): 109-17. PMID: 23707956, PMCID: PMC3859360, PII: glt070, DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glt070, ISSN: 1758-535X.

Wang H, Jacobs DR, Gaffo AL, Gross MD, Goff DC, Carr JJ. Longitudinal association between serum urate and subclinical atherosclerosis: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. J. Intern. Med [print-electronic]. 2013 Dec; 274(6): 594-609. PMID: 23952533, PMCID: PMC3825786, DOI: 10.1111/joim.12120, ISSN: 1365-2796.

Reis JP, Launer LJ, Terry JG, Loria CM, Zeki Al Hazzouri A, Sidney S, Yaffe K, Jacobs DR, Whitlow CT, Zhu N, Carr JJ. Subclinical atherosclerotic calcification and cognitive functioning in middle-aged adults: the CARDIA study. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov; 231(1): 72-7. PMID: 24125414, PMCID: PMC3828555, PII: S0021-9150(13)00514-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.08.038, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Sekikawa A, Willcox BJ, Usui T, Carr JJ, Barinas-Mitchell EJ, Masaki KH, Watanabe M, Tracy RP, Bertolet MH, Evans RW, Nishimura K, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Kuller LH, Miyamoto Y. Do differences in risk factors explain the lower rates of coronary heart disease in Japanese versus U.S. women?. J Womens Health (Larchmt) [print-electronic]. 2013 Nov; 22(11): 966-77. PMID: 24073782, PMCID: PMC3820126, DOI: 10.1089/jwh.2012.4087, ISSN: 1931-843X.

Messier SP, Mihalko SL, Legault C, Miller GD, Nicklas BJ, DeVita P, Beavers DP, Hunter DJ, Lyles MF, Eckstein F, Williamson JD, Carr JJ, Guermazi A, Loeser RF. Effects of intensive diet and exercise on knee joint loads, inflammation, and clinical outcomes among overweight and obese adults with knee osteoarthritis: the IDEA randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2013 Sep 9/25/2013; 310(12): 1263-73. PMID: 24065013, PMCID: PMC4450354, PII: 1741824, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.277669, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Carr JJ. President's page: The Stephan Achenbach--way ahead lecture in cardiac CT. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 7(5): 334-5. PMID: 24268123, PII: S1934-5925(13)00460-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcct.2013.10.002, ISSN: 1876-861X.

Hou L, Lloyd-Jones DM, Ning H, Huffman MD, Fornage M, He K, Zhang X, Jacobs DR, Goff DC, Sidney S, Carr JJ, Liu K. White blood cell count in young adulthood and coronary artery calcification in early middle age: coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study. Eur. J. Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 28(9): 735-42. PMID: 24030512, DOI: 10.1007/s10654-013-9842-7, ISSN: 1573-7284.

Hugenschmidt CE, Hsu FC, Hayasaka S, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Nyenhuis DL, Williamson JD, Bowden DW. The influence of subclinical cardiovascular disease and related risk factors on cognition in type 2 diabetes mellitus: The DHS-Mind study. J. Diabetes Complicat [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 27(5): 422-8. PMID: 23659774, PMCID: PMC3770734, PII: S1056-8727(13)00072-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2013.04.004, ISSN: 1873-460X.

Palmer ND, Musani SK, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Feitosa MF, Bielak LF, Hernaez R, Kahali B, Carr JJ, Harris TB, Jhun MA, Kardia SL, Langefeld CD, Mosley TH, Norris JM, Smith AV, Taylor HA, Wagenknecht LE, Liu J, Borecki IB, Peyser PA, Speliotes EK. Characterization of European ancestry nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-associated variants in individuals of African and Hispanic descent. Hepatology [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 58(3): 966-75. PMID: 23564467, PMCID: PMC3782998, DOI: 10.1002/hep.26440, ISSN: 1527-3350.

Raynor LA, Schreiner PJ, Loria CM, Carr JJ, Pletcher MJ, Shikany JM. Associations of retrospective and concurrent lipid levels with subclinical atherosclerosis prediction after 20 years of follow-up: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Ann Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 23(8): 492-7. PMID: 23889858, PII: S1047-2797(13)00163-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2013.06.003, ISSN: 1873-2585.

Bansal N, Vittinghoff E, Peralta CA, Shlipak MG, Grubbs V, Jacobs DR, Siscovick D, Steffes M, Carr JJ, Bibbins-Domingo K. Estimated kidney function based on serum cystatin C and risk of subsequent coronary artery calcium in young and middle-aged adults with preserved kidney function: results from the CARDIA study. Am. J. Epidemiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Aug 8/1/2013; 178(3): 410-7. PMID: 23813702, PMCID: PMC3816347, PII: kws581, DOI: 10.1093/aje/kws581, ISSN: 1476-6256.

Reis JP, Loria CM, Lewis CE, Powell-Wiley TM, Wei GS, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Liu K. Association between duration of overall and abdominal obesity beginning in young adulthood and coronary artery calcification in middle age. JAMA. 2013 Jul 7/17/2013; 310(3): 280-8. PMID: 23860986, PMCID: PMC4226407, PII: 1713590, DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.7833, ISSN: 1538-3598.

Cox AJ, Ng MC, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Koch KL, Dawson PA, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Hsu FC, Bowden DW. Association of SNPs in the UGT1A gene cluster with total bilirubin and mortality in the Diabetes Heart Study. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 229(1): 155-60. PMID: 23642732, PMCID: PMC3691283, PII: S0021-9150(13)00248-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.04.008, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Powell R, Davidson D, Divers J, Manichaikul A, Carr JJ, Detrano R, Hoffman EA, Jiang R, Kronmal RA, Liu K, Punjabi NM, Shahar E, Watson KE, Rotter JI, Taylor KD, Rich SS, Barr RG. Genetic ancestry and the relationship of cigarette smoking to lung function and per cent emphysema in four race/ethnic groups: a cross-sectional study. Thorax [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 68(7): 634-42. PMID: 23585509, PMCID: PMC4020409, PII: thoraxjnl-2012-202116, DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2012-202116, ISSN: 1468-3296.

Grau M, Barr RG, Lima JA, Hoffman EA, Bluemke DA, Carr JJ, Chahal H, Enright PL, Jain A, Prince MR, Kawut SM. Percent emphysema and right ventricular structure and function: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis-Lung and Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis-Right Ventricle Studies. Chest. 2013 Jul; 144(1): 136-44. PMID: 23450302, PMCID: PMC3704233, PII: S0012-3692(13)60460-2, DOI: 10.1378/chest.12-1779, ISSN: 1931-3543.

Marsh AP, Shea MK, Vance Locke RM, Miller ME, Isom S, Miller GD, Nicklas BJ, Lyles MF, Carr JJ, Kritchevsky SB. Resistance training and pioglitazone lead to improvements in muscle power during voluntary weight loss in older adults. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul; 68(7): 828-36. PMID: 23292287, PMCID: PMC3693600, PII: gls258, DOI: 10.1093/gerona/gls258, ISSN: 1758-535X.

Carr JJ, Hendel RC, White RD, Patel MR, Wolk MJ, Bettmann MA, Douglas P, Rybicki FJ, Kramer CM, Woodard PK, Shaw LJ, Yucel EK, , American College of Cardiology Foundation. 2013 appropriate utilization of cardiovascular imaging: a methodology for the development of joint criteria for the appropriate utilization of cardiovascular imaging by the American College of Cardiology Foundation and American College of Radiology. J Am Coll Radiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Jun; 10(6): 456-63. PMID: 23598154, PII: S1546-1440(13)00207-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacr.2013.03.019.

Carr JJ, Hendel RC, White RD, Patel MR, Wolk MJ, Bettmann MA, Douglas P, Rybicki FJ, Kramer CM, Woodard PK, Shaw LJ, Yucel EK. 2013 appropriate utilization of cardiovascular imaging: a methodology for the development of joint criteria for the appropriate utilization of cardiovascular imaging by the American College of Cardiology Foundation and American College of Radiology. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2013 May 5/28/2013; 61(21): 2199-206. PMID: 23500292, PII: S0735-1097(13)00865-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.02.010, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Li D, Mao SS, Khazai B, Hyder JA, Allison M, McClelland R, de Boer I, Carr JJ, Criqui MH, Gao Y, Budoff MJ. Noncontrast cardiac computed tomography image-based vertebral bone mineral density: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Acad Radiol. 2013 May; 20(5): 621-7. PMID: 23570937, PMCID: PMC3622214, PII: S1076-6332(13)00016-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.acra.2013.01.007, ISSN: 1878-4046.

Register TC, Divers J, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Lenchik L, Wagenknecht LE, Hightower RC, Xu J, Smith SC, Hruska KA, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Relationships between serum adiponectin and bone density, adiposity and calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the African American-Diabetes Heart Study. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab [print-electronic]. 2013 May; 98(5): 1916-22. PMID: 23543659, PMCID: PMC3644610, PII: jc.2012-4126, DOI: 10.1210/jc.2012-4126, ISSN: 1945-7197.

Feitosa MF, Wojczynski MK, North KE, Zhang Q, Province MA, Carr JJ, Borecki IB. The ERLIN1-CHUK-CWF19L1 gene cluster influences liver fat deposition and hepatic inflammation in the NHLBI Family Heart Study. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2013 May; 228(1): 175-80. PMID: 23477746, PMCID: PMC3640729, PII: S0021-9150(13)00100-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.01.038, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Cox AJ, Hugenschmidt CE, Wang PT, Hsu FC, Kenchaiah S, Daniel K, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI, Herrington DM, Carr JJ, Stacey B, Bowden DW. Usefulness of biventricular volume as a predictor of mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (from the Diabetes Heart Study). Am. J. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr 4/15/2013; 111(8): 1152-8. PMID: 23351459, PMCID: PMC3618594, PII: S0002-9149(12)02647-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.12.044, ISSN: 1879-1913.

Feitosa MF, Reiner AP, Wojczynski MK, Graff M, North KE, Carr JJ, Borecki IB. Sex-influenced association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with coronary heart disease. Atherosclerosis [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr; 227(2): 420-4. PMID: 23390892, PMCID: PMC3602396, PII: S0021-9150(13)00048-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2013.01.013, ISSN: 1879-1484.

Agarwal S, Cox AJ, Herrington DM, Jorgensen NW, Xu J, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Coronary calcium score predicts cardiovascular mortality in diabetes: diabetes heart study. Diabetes Care [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr; 36(4): 972-7. PMID: 23230101, PMCID: PMC3609509, PII: dc12-1548, DOI: 10.2337/dc12-1548, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Divers J, Wagenknecht LE, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Hightower RC, Smith SC, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Albuminuria associates with calcified atherosclerotic plaque in African Americans with diabetes [letter]. Diabetes Care. 2013 Mar; 36(3): e34-5. PMID: 23431097, PMCID: PMC3579330, PII: 36/3/e34, DOI: 10.2337/dc12-1589, ISSN: 1935-5548.

Duprez DA, Hearst MO, Lutsey PL, Herrington DM, Ouyang P, Barr RG, Bluemke DA, McAllister D, Carr JJ, Jacobs DR. Associations among lung function, arterial elasticity, and circulating endothelial and inflammation markers: the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis. Hypertension [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb; 61(2): 542-8. PMID: 23283358, PMCID: PMC3586233, PII: HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.00272, DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.00272, ISSN: 1524-4563.

Fox ER, Musani SK, Barbalic M, Lin H, Yu B, Ogunyankin KO, Smith NL, Kutlar A, Glazer NL, Post WS, Paltoo DN, Dries DL, Farlow DN, Duarte CW, Kardia SL, Meyers KJ, Sun YV, Arnett DK, Patki AA, Sha J, Cui X, Samdarshi TE, Penman AD, Bibbins-Domingo K, Bužková P, Benjamin EJ, Bluemke DA, Morrison AC, Heiss G, Carr JJ, Tracy RP, Mosley TH, Taylor HA, Psaty BM, Heckbert SR, Cappola TP, Vasan RS. Genome-wide association study of cardiac structure and systolic function in African Americans: the Candidate Gene Association Resource (CARe) study. Circ Cardiovasc Genet [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb; 6(1): 37-46. PMID: 23275298, PMCID: PMC3591479, PII: CIRCGENETICS.111.962365, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.111.962365, ISSN: 1942-3268.

Divers J, Palmer ND, Lu L, Register TC, Carr JJ, Hicks PJ, Hightower RC, Smith SC, Xu J, Cox AJ, Hruska KA, Bowden DW, Lewis CE, Heiss G, Province MA, Borecki IB, Kerr KF, Chen YD, Palmas W, Rotter JI, Wassel CL, Bertoni AG, Herrington DM, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI. Admixture mapping of coronary artery calcified plaque in African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Circ Cardiovasc Genet [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb; 6(1): 97-105. PMID: 23233742, PMCID: PMC3578054, PII: CIRCGENETICS.112.964114, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.112.964114, ISSN: 1942-3268.

Wojczynski MK, Li M, Bielak LF, Kerr KF, Reiner AP, Wong ND, Yanek LR, Qu L, White CC, Lange LA, Ferguson JF, He J, Young T, Mosley TH, Smith JA, Kral BG, Guo X, Wong Q, Ganesh SK, Heckbert SR, Griswold ME, O'Leary DH, Budoff M, Carr JJ, Taylor HA, Bluemke DA, Demissie S, Hwang SJ, Paltoo DN, Polak JF, Psaty BM, Becker DM, Province MA, Post WS, O'Donnell CJ, Wilson JG, Harris TB, Kavousi M, Cupples LA, Rotter JI, Fornage M, Becker LC, Peyser PA, Borecki IB, Reilly MP. Genetics of coronary artery calcification among African Americans, a meta-analysis. BMC Med. Genet. 2013; 14: 75. PMID: 23870195, PMCID: PMC3733595, PII: 1471-2350-14-75, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2350-14-75, ISSN: 1471-2350.

Messier SP, Mihalko SL, Beavers DP, Nicklas BJ, DeVita P, Carr JJ, Hunter DJ, Williamson JD, Bennell KL, Guermazi A, Lyles M, Loeser RF. Strength Training for Arthritis Trial (START): design and rationale. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2013; 14: 208. PMID: 23855596, PMCID: PMC3722013, PII: 1471-2474-14-208, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-14-208, ISSN: 1471-2474.

Raffield LM, Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Ng MC, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Impact of HDL genetic risk scores on coronary artery calcified plaque and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes from the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2013; 12: 95. PMID: 23799899, PMCID: PMC3695806, PII: 1475-2840-12-95, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-12-95, ISSN: 1475-2840.

Cox AJ, Hsu FC, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW. Glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria predict mortality independently from coronary artery calcified plaque in the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2013; 12: 68. PMID: 23594619, PMCID: PMC3637614, PII: 1475-2840-12-68, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-12-68, ISSN: 1475-2840.

Adams JN, Cox AJ, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Bowden DW. Genetic analysis of haptoglobin polymorphisms with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in the Diabetes Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2013; 12: 31. PMID: 23399657, PMCID: PMC3576297, PII: 1475-2840-12-31, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-12-31, ISSN: 1475-2840.