Gregory Francis Michaud, M.D.

Professor

gregory.michaud@vanderbilt.edu
Faculty Appointments
Professor of Medicine
Education
M.D., University of Maryland, Baltimore, MarylandB.A., Biochemistry, Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania
Publications
Montgomery JA, Michaud GF. Benefits of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation go beyond stroke prevention [editorial]. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2017 Apr; 14(4): 606-7. PMID: 28104479, PII: S1547-5271(17)30072-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2017.01.025, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Romero J, Diaz JC, Di Biase L, Kumar S, Briceno D, Tedrow UB, Valencia CR, Baldinger SH, Koplan B, Epstein LM, John R, Michaud GF, Stevenson WG. Atrial fibrillation inducibility during cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter ablation as a predictor of clinical atrial fibrillation. A meta-analysis. J Interv Card Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2017 Apr; 48(3): 307-15. PMID: 28070875, PII: 10.1007/s10840-016-0211-9, DOI: 10.1007/s10840-016-0211-9, ISSN: 1572-8595.

Lampson BL, Yu L, Glynn RJ, Barrientos JC, Jacobsen ED, Banerji V, Jones JA, Walewska R, Savage KJ, Michaud GF, Moslehi JJ, Brown JR. Ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in patients taking ibrutinib. Blood [print-electronic]. 2017 Feb 2/21/2017; PMID: 28223277, PII: blood-2016-10-742437, DOI: 10.1182/blood-2016-10-742437, ISSN: 1528-0020.

Barbhaiya CR, Baldinger SH, Kumar S, Chinitz JS, Enriquez AD, John R, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Downstream overdrive pacing and intracardiac concealed fusion to guide rapid identification of atrial tachycardia after atrial fibrillation ablation. Europace [print-electronic]. 2017 Feb 2/17/2017; PMID: 28339750, PII: 3003231, DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw405, ISSN: 1532-2092.

Enriquez AD, Churchill T, Gautam S, Chinitz JS, Barbhaiya CR, Kumar S, John RM, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Determinants of Heparin Dosing and Complications in Patients Undergoing Left Atrial Ablation on Uninterrupted Rivaroxaban. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2017 Feb; 40(2): 183-90. PMID: 28054374, DOI: 10.1111/pace.13013, ISSN: 1540-8159.

Baldinger SH, Kumar S, Romero J, Fujii A, Epstein LM, Michaud GF, John R, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG. A Comparison of Women and Men Undergoing Catheter Ablation for Sustained Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2017 Feb; 28(2): 201-7. PMID: 27860063, DOI: 10.1111/jce.13127, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Kumar S, Fujii A, Kapur S, Romero J, Mehta NK, Tanigawa S, Epstein LM, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Stevenson WG, Tedrow UB. Beyond the Storm: Comparison of Clinical Factors, Arrhythmogenic Substrate, and Catheter Ablation Outcomes in Structural Heart Disease Patients With versus Those Without a History of Ventricular Tachycardia Storm. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2017 Jan; 28(1): 56-67. PMID: 27781325, DOI: 10.1111/jce.13117, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Chinitz JS, Kapur S, Barbhaiya C, Kumar S, John R, Epstein LM, Tedrow U, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Sites With Small Impedance Decrease During Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Are Associated With Recovery of Pulmonary Vein Conduction. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2016 Dec; 27(12): 1390-8. PMID: 27581553, DOI: 10.1111/jce.13095, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Katritsis DG, Marine JE, Contreras FM, Fujii A, Latchamsetty R, Siontis KC, Katritsis GD, Zografos T, John RM, Epstein LM, Michaud GF, Anter E, Sepahpour A, Rowland E, Buxton AE, Calkins H, Morady F, Stevenson WG, Josephson ME. Catheter Ablation of Atypical Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia. Circulation [print-electronic]. 2016 Nov 11/22/2016; 134(21): 1655-63. PMID: 27754882, PII: CIRCULATIONAHA.116.024471, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.024471, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Singh SM, d'Avila A, Kim YH, Aryana A, Mangrum JM, Michaud GF, Dukkipati SR, Barrett CD, Heist EK, Parides MK, Thorpe KE, Reddy VY. Termination of persistent atrial fibrillation during pulmonary vein isolation: insight from the MAGIC-AF trial. Europace [print-electronic]. 2016 Oct 10/4/2016; PMID: 27702847, PII: euw266, DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw266, ISSN: 1532-2092.

Kumar S, Romero J, Mehta NK, Fujii A, Kapur S, Baldinger SH, Barbhaiya CR, Koplan BA, John RM, Epstein LM, Michaud GF, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG. Long-term outcomes after catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in patients with and without structural heart disease. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2016 Oct; 13(10): 1957-63. PMID: 27392945, PII: S1547-5271(16)30502-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2016.07.001, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Reichlin T, Lockwood SJ, Conrad MJ, Nof E, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG, Jarolim P. Early release of high-sensitive cardiac troponin during complex catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia and atrial fibrillation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2016 Oct; 47(1): 69-74. PMID: 26971332, PII: 10.1007/s10840-016-0125-6, DOI: 10.1007/s10840-016-0125-6, ISSN: 1572-8595.

Addison D, Farhad H, Shah RV, Mayrhofer T, Abbasi SA, John RM, Michaud GF, Jerosch-Herold M, Hoffmann U, Stevenson WG, Kwong RY, Neilan TG. Effect of Late Gadolinium Enhancement on the Recovery of Left Ventricular Systolic Function After Pulmonary Vein Isolation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Sep 9/26/2016; 5(9): PMID: 27671316, PMCID: PMC5079022, PII: JAHA.116.003570, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.003570, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Michaud GF, Kumar S. Surgical Ganglionic Plexus Ablation in Atrial Fibrillation: Is All Hope Lost for the Plexus? [editorial]. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2016 Sep 9/13/2016; 68(11): 1166-8. PMID: 27609677, PII: S0735-1097(16)34669-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2016.07.731, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Kumar S, Androulakis AF, Sellal JM, Maury P, Gandjbakhch E, Waintraub X, Rollin A, Richard P, Charron P, Baldinger SH, Macintyre CJ, Koplan BA, John RM, Michaud GF, Zeppenfeld K, Sacher F, Lakdawala NK, Stevenson WG, Tedrow UB. Multicenter Experience With Catheter Ablation for Ventricular Tachycardia in Lamin A/C Cardiomyopathy. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2016 Aug; 9(8): PMID: 27506821, PII: CIRCEP.116.004357, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.116.004357, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Singh SM, D'Avila A, Aryana A, Kim YH, Mangrum JM, Michaud GF, Dukkipati SR, Heist EK, Barrett CD, Thorpe KE, Reddy VY. Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Ablation in Females: Insight from the MAGIC-AF Trial. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2016 Jul 7/27/2016; PMID: 27461576, DOI: 10.1111/jce.13051, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Singh SM, d'Avila A, Kim YH, Aryana A, Mangrum JM, Michaud GF, Dukkipati SR, Barrett CD, Heist EK, Parides MK, Thorpe KE, Reddy VY. The modified stepwise ablation guided by low-dose ibutilide in chronic atrial fibrillation trial (The MAGIC-AF Study). Eur. Heart J [print-electronic]. 2016 May 5/21/2016; 37(20): 1614-21. PMID: 26850076, PII: ehw003, DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehw003, ISSN: 1522-9645.

Kumar S, Michaud GF. Catheter Ablation for Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: Time to Focus More on Trigger Ablation? [editorial]. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2016 May; 9(5): PMID: 27162036, PII: CIRCEP.116.004129, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.116.004129, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Baldinger SH, Michaud GF. Cardiac electrophysiologist¿s perspective on minimally invasive surgery for atrial fibrillation [editorial]. Trends Cardiovasc. Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Apr; 26(3): 278-9. PMID: 26586607, PII: S1050-1738(15)00222-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.tcm.2015.09.002, ISSN: 1873-2615.

Barbhaiya CR, Kumar S, Baldinger SH, Michaud GF, Stevenson WG, Falk R, John RM. Electrophysiologic assessment of conduction abnormalities and atrial arrhythmias associated with amyloid cardiomyopathy. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2016 Feb; 13(2): 383-90. PMID: 26400855, PII: S1547-5271(15)01186-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.09.016, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Baldinger SH, Nagashima K, Kumar S, Barbhaiya CR, Choi EK, Epstein LM, Michaud GF, John R, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG. Response to Letter Regarding Article, "Electrogram Analysis and Pacing Are Complimentary for Recognition of Abnormal Conduction and Far-Field Potentials During Substrate Mapping of Infarct-Related Ventricular Tachycardia" [letter]. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2015 Dec; 8(6): 1521. PMID: 26671941, PII: CIRCEP.115.003696, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.115.003696, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Baldinger SH, Kumar S, Barbhaiya CR, Mahida S, Epstein LM, Michaud GF, John R, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG. Epicardial Radiofrequency Ablation Failure During Ablation Procedures for Ventricular Arrhythmias: Reasons and Implications for Outcomes. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Dec; 8(6): 1422-32. PMID: 26527625, PII: CIRCEP.115.003202, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.115.003202, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Barbhayia CR, Kumar S, Michaud GF. Mapping Atrial Fibrillation: 2015 Update. J Atr Fibrillation. 2015 Dec; 8(4): 1227. PMID: 27957220, PMCID: PMC5135179, DOI: 10.4022/jafib.1227.

Nof E, Reichlin T, Enriquez AD, Ng J, Nagashima K, Tokuda M, Barbhaiya C, John RM, Michaud GF, Tedrow U, Gross W, Stevenson WG. Impact of general anesthesia on initiation and stability of VT during catheter ablation. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2015 Nov; 12(11): 2213-20. PMID: 26072026, PII: S1547-5271(15)00709-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.06.018, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Choi EK, Kumar S, Nagashima K, Lin KY, Barbhaiya CR, Chinitz JS, Enriquez AD, Helmbold AF, Baldinger SH, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG. Better outcome of ablation for sustained outflow-tract ventricular tachycardia when tachycardia is inducible. Europace [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct; 17(10): 1571-9. PMID: 25840288, PII: euv064, DOI: 10.1093/europace/euv064, ISSN: 1532-2092.

Kumar S, Barbhaiya CR, Balindger S, John RM, Epstein LM, Koplan BA, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Better Lesion Creation And Assessment During Catheter Ablation. J Atr Fibrillation. 2015 Oct; 8(3): 1189. PMID: 27957200, PMCID: PMC4955884, DOI: 10.4022/jafib.1189.

Baldinger SH, Nagashima K, Kumar S, Barbhaiya CR, Choi EK, Epstein LM, Michaud GF, John R, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG. Electrogram analysis and pacing are complimentary for recognition of abnormal conduction and far-field potentials during substrate mapping of infarct-related ventricular tachycardia. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 8(4): 874-81. PMID: 26033939, PII: CIRCEP.114.002714, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.114.002714, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Kumar S, Barbhaiya CR, Baldinger SH, Koplan BA, Maytin M, Epstein LM, John RM, Michaud GF, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG. Epicardial phrenic nerve displacement during catheter ablation of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias: procedural experience and outcomes. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Aug; 8(4): 896-904. PMID: 25963395, PII: CIRCEP.115.002818, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.115.002818, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Barbhaiya CR, Michaud GF. Jump for Perimitral Conduction Block [editorial]. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 26(7): 737-8. PMID: 25892595, DOI: 10.1111/jce.12689, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Kumar S, Bazaz R, Barbhaiya CR, Enriquez AD, Helmbold AF, Chinitz JS, Baldinger SH, Mahida S, McConville JW, Tedrow UB, John RM, Michaud GF, Stevenson WG. "Needle-in-needle" epicardial access: Preliminary observations with a modified technique for facilitating epicardial interventional procedures. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 12(7): 1691-7. PMID: 25828599, PII: S1547-5271(15)00344-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.03.045, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Kumar S, Barbhaiya CR, Sobieszczyk P, Eisenhauer AC, Couper GS, Nagashima K, Mahida S, Baldinger SH, Choi EK, Epstein LM, Koplan BA, John RM, Michaud GF, Stevenson WG, Tedrow UB. Role of alternative interventional procedures when endo- and epicardial catheter ablation attempts for ventricular arrhythmias fail. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Jun; 8(3): 606-15. PMID: 25925229, PII: CIRCEP.114.002522, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.114.002522, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Choi EK, Nagashima K, Lin KY, Kumar S, Barbhaiya CR, Baldinger SH, Reichlin T, Michaud GF, Couper GS, Stevenson WG, John RM. Surgical cryoablation for ventricular tachyarrhythmia arising from the left ventricular outflow tract region. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2015 Jun; 12(6): 1128-36. PMID: 25697752, PII: S1547-5271(15)00195-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.02.016, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Barbhaiya CR, Kumar S, John RM, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Global survey of esophageal and gastric injury in atrial fibrillation ablation: incidence, time to presentation, and outcomes [letter]. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2015 Apr 4/7/2015; 65(13): 1377-8. PMID: 25835452, PII: S0735-1097(15)00304-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.12.053, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Reichlin T, Lane C, Nagashima K, Nof E, Chopra N, Ng J, Barbhaiya C, Tadros T, John RM, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Feasibility, efficacy, and safety of radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation guided by monitoring of the initial impedance decrease as a surrogate of catheter contact. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr; 26(4): 390-6. PMID: 25588901, DOI: 10.1111/jce.12621, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Nagashima K, Kumar S, Stevenson WG, Epstein LM, John RM, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Michaud GF. Anterograde conduction to the His bundle during right ventricular overdrive pacing distinguishes septal pathway atrioventricular reentry from atypical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr; 12(4): 735-43. PMID: 25576777, PII: S1547-5271(15)00004-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.01.003, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Kumar S, Barbhaiya C, Nagashima K, Choi EK, Epstein LM, John RM, Maytin M, Albert CM, Miller AL, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG. Ventricular tachycardia in cardiac sarcoidosis: characterization of ventricular substrate and outcomes of catheter ablation. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Feb; 8(1): 87-93. PMID: 25527825, PII: CIRCEP.114.002145, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.114.002145, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Nof E, Lane C, Cazalas M, Cuchet-Soubelet E, Michaud GF, John RM, Tedrow U, Koplan BA, Stevenson WG, Epstein LM. Reducing radiation exposure in the electrophysiology laboratory: it is more than just fluoroscopy times!. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 38(1): 136-45. PMID: 25486987, DOI: 10.1111/pace.12544, ISSN: 1540-8159.

Barbhaiya CR, Kumar S, Ng J, Nagashima K, Choi EK, Enriquez A, Chinitz J, Epstein LM, Tedrow UB, John RM, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Avoiding tachycardia alteration or termination during attempted entrainment mapping of atrial tachycardia related to atrial fibrillation ablation. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2015 Jan; 12(1): 32-5. PMID: 25194901, PII: S1547-5271(14)00987-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.09.002, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Nagashima K, Choi EK, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Tokuda M, Inada K, Kumar S, Lin KY, Barbhaiya CR, Chinitz JS, Enriquez AD, Helmbold AF, Stevenson WG. Correlates and prognosis of early recurrence after catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia due to structural heart disease. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2014 Oct; 7(5): 883-8. PMID: 25136076, PII: CIRCEP.114.001461, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.114.001461, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Nagashima K, Choi EK, Lin KY, Kumar S, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Tokuda M, Inada K, Couper GS, Stevenson WG. Ventricular arrhythmias near the distal great cardiac vein: challenging arrhythmia for ablation. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2014 Oct; 7(5): 906-12. PMID: 25110163, PII: CIRCEP.114.001615, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.114.001615, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Dodson JA, Neilan TG, Shah RV, Farhad H, Blankstein R, Steigner M, Michaud GF, John R, Abbasi SA, Jerosch-Herold M, Kwong RY. Left atrial passive emptying function determined by cardiac magnetic resonance predicts atrial fibrillation recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging [print-electronic]. 2014 Jul; 7(4): 586-92. PMID: 24902586, PMCID: PMC4219259, PII: CIRCIMAGING.113.001472, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.113.001472, ISSN: 1942-0080.

Groarke JD, Waller AH, Vita TS, Michaud GF, Di Carli MF, Blankstein R, Kwong RY, Steigner M. Feasibility study of electrocardiographic and respiratory gated, gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of pulmonary veins and the impact of heart rate and rhythm on study quality. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2014 Jun 6/19/2014; 16: 43. PMID: 24947763, PMCID: PMC4078012, PII: 1532-429X-16-43, DOI: 10.1186/1532-429X-16-43, ISSN: 1532-429X.

Barbhaiya CR, Kumar S, Ng J, Tedrow U, Koplan B, John R, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Overdrive pacing from downstream sites on multielectrode catheters to rapidly detect fusion and to diagnose macroreentrant atrial arrhythmias. Circulation [print-electronic]. 2014 Jun 6/17/2014; 129(24): 2503-10. PMID: 24812357, PII: CIRCULATIONAHA.113.008494, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.008494, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Kumar S, Michaud GF. The inconvenient truth of elevated left atrial pressure and AF recurrence despite catheter ablation [editorial]. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2014 Jun; 11(6): 961-2. PMID: 24681114, PII: S1547-5271(14)00339-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.03.047, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Seiler J, Steven D, Roberts-Thomson KC, Inada K, Tedrow UB, Michaud GF, Stevenson WG. The effect of open-irrigated radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation on left atrial pressure and B-type natriuretic peptide. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2014 May; 37(5): 616-23. PMID: 24372302, DOI: 10.1111/pace.12329, ISSN: 1540-8159.

Schmidt EJ, Tse ZT, Reichlin TR, Michaud GF, Watkins RD, Butts-Pauly K, Kwong RY, Stevenson W, Schweitzer J, Byrd I, Dumoulin CL. Voltage-based device tracking in a 1.5 Tesla MRI during imaging: initial validation in swine models. Magn Reson Med. 2014 Mar; 71(3): 1197-209. PMID: 23580479, PMCID: PMC3884036, DOI: 10.1002/mrm.24742, ISSN: 1522-2594.

Nagashima K, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Tokuda M, Inada K, Reichlin TR, Ng JP, Barbhaiya CR, Nof E, Tadros TM, Stevenson WG. Reentrant ventricular tachycardia originating from the periaortic region in the absence of overt structural heart disease. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2014 Feb; 7(1): 99-106. PMID: 24363351, PII: CIRCEP.113.000870, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.113.000870, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Reichlin T, Knecht S, Lane C, Kühne M, Nof E, Chopra N, Tadros TM, Reddy VY, Schaer B, John RM, Osswald S, Stevenson WG, Sticherling C, Michaud GF. Initial impedance decrease as an indicator of good catheter contact: insights from radiofrequency ablation with force sensing catheters. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2014 Feb; 11(2): 194-201. PMID: 24177370, PII: S1547-5271(13)01223-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.10.048, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Neilan TG, Mongeon FP, Shah RV, Coelho-Filho O, Abbasi SA, Dodson JA, McMullan CJ, Heydari B, Michaud GF, John RM, Blankstein R, Jerosch-Herold M, Kwong RY. Myocardial extracellular volume expansion and the risk of recurrent atrial fibrillation after pulmonary vein isolation. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging [print-electronic]. 2014 Jan; 7(1): 1-11. PMID: 24290570, PMCID: PMC3900879, PII: S1936-878X(13)00745-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2013.08.013, ISSN: 1876-7591.

Neilan TG, Shah RV, Abbasi SA, Farhad H, Groarke JD, Dodson JA, Coelho-Filho O, McMullan CJ, Heydari B, Michaud GF, John RM, van der Geest R, Steigner ML, Blankstein R, Jerosch-Herold M, Kwong RY. The incidence, pattern, and prognostic value of left ventricular myocardial scar by late gadolinium enhancement in patients with atrial fibrillation. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Dec 12/10/2013; 62(23): 2205-14. PMID: 23994399, PMCID: PMC3908872, PII: S0735-1097(13)03878-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.07.067, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Kumar S, Michaud GF. Unipolar electrogram morphology to assess lesion formation during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: successful translation into clinical practice [editorial]. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2013 Dec; 6(6): 1050-2. PMID: 24347596, PII: CIRCEP.113.001145, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.113.001145, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Sarkozy A, Tokuda M, Tedrow UB, Sieria J, Michaud GF, Couper GS, John R, Stevenson WG. Epicardial ablation of ventricular tachycardia in ischemic heart disease. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Dec; 6(6): 1115-22. PMID: 24107459, PII: CIRCEP.113.000467, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.113.000467, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Neilan TG, Farhad H, Dodson JA, Shah RV, Abbasi SA, Bakker JP, Michaud GF, van der Geest R, Blankstein R, Steigner M, John RM, Jerosch-Herold M, Malhotra A, Kwong RY. Effect of sleep apnea and continuous positive airway pressure on cardiac structure and recurrence of atrial fibrillation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Nov 11/25/2013; 2(6): e000421. PMID: 24275628, PMCID: PMC3886742, PII: jah3376, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.113.000421, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Tokuda M, Tedrow UB, Inada K, Reichlin T, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG. Direct comparison of adjacent endocardial and epicardial electrograms: implications for substrate mapping. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Oct 10/10/2013; 2(5): e000215. PMID: 24113324, PMCID: PMC3835221, PII: jah3326, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.113.000215, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Ng JJ, Michaud GF. Should ganglions perplex us? [editorial]. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 10(9): 1287-8. PMID: 23773987, PII: S1547-5271(13)00647-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.06.012, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Kojodjojo P, Tokuda M, Bohnen M, Michaud GF, Koplan BA, Epstein LM, Albert CM, John RM, Stevenson WG, Tedrow UB. Electrocardiographic left ventricular scar burden predicts clinical outcomes following infarct-related ventricular tachycardia ablation. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2013 Aug; 10(8): 1119-24. PMID: 23583497, PII: S1547-5271(13)00396-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.04.011, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Steven D, Sultan A, Reddy V, Luker J, Altenburg M, Hoffmann B, Rostock T, Servatius H, Stevenson WG, Willems S, Michaud GF. Benefit of pulmonary vein isolation guided by loss of pace capture on the ablation line: results from a prospective 2-center randomized trial. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2013 Jul 7/2/2013; 62(1): 44-50. PMID: 23644091, PII: S0735-1097(13)01726-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.03.059, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Tokuda M, Kojodjojo P, Tung S, Tedrow UB, Nof E, Inada K, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG. Acute failure of catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia due to structural heart disease: causes and significance. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 May 5/31/2013; 2(3): e000072. PMID: 23727700, PMCID: PMC3698765, PII: 2/3/e000072, DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.113.000072, ISSN: 2047-9980.

Michaud GF, Stevenson WG. Feeling a little loopy? [editorial]. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2013 May; 24(5): 553-5. PMID: 23373616, DOI: 10.1111/jce.12077, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Lampert SM, Michaud GF, Couper GS, Muehlschlegel JD. Epicardial cryoablation resulting in precipitous left ventricular dysfunction. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg [print-electronic]. 2013 Apr; 145(4): e41-2. PMID: 23374988, PII: S0022-5223(13)00051-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.01.023, ISSN: 1097-685X.

Manlucu J, Brancato S, Lane C, Kazemian P, Michaud GF. Contemporary approaches to persistent atrial fibrillation. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2012 Nov; 10(11): 1421-35. PMID: 23244363, DOI: 10.1586/erc.12.136, ISSN: 1744-8344.

Reichlin T, Michaud GF. Our approach to maximizing the durability of pulmonary vein isolation during a paroxysmal atrial fibrillation ablation procedure. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2012 Nov; 23(11): 1272-6. PMID: 22913515, DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2012.02414.x, ISSN: 1540-8167.

John RM, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Albert CM, Epstein LM, Sweeney MO, Miller AL, Michaud GF, Stevenson WG. Ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Lancet. 2012 Oct 10/27/2012; 380(9852): 1520-9. PMID: 23101719, PII: S0140-6736(12)61413-5, DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61413-5, ISSN: 1474-547X.

Tokuda M, Tedrow UB, Kojodjojo P, Inada K, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG. Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in nonischemic heart disease. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2012 Oct; 5(5): 992-1000. PMID: 22942218, PII: CIRCEP.112.971341, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.112.971341, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Singh SM, D'Avila A, Kim YH, Aryana A, Mangrum JM, Michaud GF, Dukkipati SR, Callans DJ, Barrett CD, Beras-Jovine MR, Reddy VY. The Modified Ablation Guided by Ibutilide Use in Chronic Atrial Fibrillation (MAGIC-AF) Study: clinical background and study design. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2012 Apr; 23(4): 352-8. PMID: 22034996, DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2011.02198.x, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Vollmann D, Stevenson WG, Lüthje L, Sohns C, John RM, Zabel M, Michaud GF. Misleading long post-pacing interval after entrainment of typical atrial flutter from the cavotricuspid isthmus. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2012 Feb 2/28/2012; 59(9): 819-24. PMID: 22361402, PII: S0735-1097(11)05190-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2011.11.023, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Tokuda M, Sobieszczyk P, Eisenhauer AC, Kojodjojo P, Inada K, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Sacher F, Stevenson WG, Tedrow UB. Transcoronary ethanol ablation for recurrent ventricular tachycardia after failed catheter ablation: an update. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2011 Dec; 4(6): 889-96. PMID: 21984361, PII: CIRCEP.111.966283, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.111.966283, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Bohnen M, Stevenson WG, Tedrow UB, Michaud GF, John RM, Epstein LM, Albert CM, Koplan BA. Incidence and predictors of major complications from contemporary catheter ablation to treat cardiac arrhythmias. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2011 Nov; 8(11): 1661-6. PMID: 21699857, PII: S1547-5271(11)00604-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2011.05.017, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Tokuda M, Kojodjojo P, Epstein LM, Koplan BA, Michaud GF, Tedrow UB, Stevenson WG, John RM. Outcomes of cardiac perforation complicating catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmias. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2011 Oct; 4(5): 660-6. PMID: 21753037, PII: CIRCEP.111.963413, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.111.963413, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Bohnen M, Shea JB, Michaud GF, John R, Stevenson WG, Epstein LM, Tedrow UB, Albert C, Koplan BA. Quality of life with atrial fibrillation: do the spouses suffer as much as the patients?. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2011 Jul; 34(7): 804-9. PMID: 21535034, DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2011.03111.x, ISSN: 1540-8159.

Jayender J, Patel RV, Michaud GF, Hata N. Optimal transseptal puncture location for robot-assisted left atrial catheter ablation. Int J Med Robot [print-electronic]. 2011 Jun; 7(2): 193-201. PMID: 21538767, DOI: 10.1002/rcs.388, ISSN: 1478-596X.

Latchamsetty R, Gautam S, Bhakta D, Chugh A, John RM, Epstein LM, Miller JM, Michaud GF, Oral H, Morady F, Jongnarangsin K. Management and outcomes of cardiac tamponade during atrial fibrillation ablation in the presence of therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2011 Jun; 8(6): 805-8. PMID: 21236362, PII: S1547-5271(11)00022-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2011.01.020, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Michaud GF, John R. Percutaneous pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation ablation. Circulation. 2011 May 5/24/2011; 123(20): e596-601. PMID: 21606401, PII: 123/20/e596, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.990028, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Gautam S, John RM, Stevenson WG, Jain R, Epstein LM, Tedrow U, Koplan BA, McClennen S, Michaud GF. Effect of therapeutic INR on activated clotting times, heparin dosage, and bleeding risk during ablation of atrial fibrillation. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2011 Mar; 22(3): 248-54. PMID: 20812929, PII: JCE1894, DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2010.01894.x, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Rosman JZ, John RM, Stevenson WG, Epstein LM, Tedrow UB, Koplan BA, Albert CM, Michaud GF. Resetting criteria during ventricular overdrive pacing successfully differentiate orthodromic reentrant tachycardia from atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia despite interobserver disagreement concerning QRS fusion. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2011 Jan; 8(1): 2-7. PMID: 20933101, PII: S1547-5271(10)01077-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2010.09.089, ISSN: 1556-3871.

AlMahameed ST, Buxton AE, Michaud GF. New criteria during right ventricular pacing to determine the mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2010 Dec; 3(6): 578-84. PMID: 20971759, PII: CIRCEP.109.931311, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.109.931311, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Michaud GF. Silent cerebral embolism during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: how concerned should we be? [editorial]. Circulation [print-electronic]. 2010 Oct 10/26/2010; 122(17): 1662-3. PMID: 20937971, PII: CIRCULATIONAHA.110.983155, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.983155, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Michaud GF, Cutro R. Information at our catheter tips: unipolar electrogram morphology makes another comeback! [editorial]. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2010 Sep; 7(9): 1301-2. PMID: 20654732, PII: S1547-5271(10)00730-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2010.07.020, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Maytin M, Love CJ, Fischer A, Carrillo RG, Garisto JD, Bongiorni MG, Segreti L, John RM, Michaud GF, Albert CM, Epstein LM. Multicenter experience with extraction of the Sprint Fidelis implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug 8/17/2010; 56(8): 646-50. PMID: 20598467, PII: S0735-1097(10)02088-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2010.03.058, ISSN: 1558-3597.

Roberts-Thomson KC, Seiler J, Steven D, Inada K, Michaud GF, John RM, Koplan BA, Epstein LM, Stevenson WG, Tedrow UB. Percutaneous access of the epicardial space for mapping ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias in patients with and without prior cardiac surgery. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2010 Apr; 21(4): 406-11. PMID: 19912446, PII: JCE1645, DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2009.01645.x, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Steven D, Reddy VY, Inada K, Roberts-Thomson KC, Seiler J, Stevenson WG, Michaud GF. Loss of pace capture on the ablation line: a new marker for complete radiofrequency lesions to achieve pulmonary vein isolation. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2010 Mar; 7(3): 323-30. PMID: 20185104, PII: S1547-5271(09)01273-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2009.11.011, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Steven D, Roberts-Thomson KC, Seiler J, Michaud GF, John RM, Stevenson WG. Fibrillation in the superior vena cava mimicking atrial tachycardia. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2009 Apr; 2(2): e4-7. PMID: 19808449, PII: 2/2/e4, DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.108.833400, ISSN: 1941-3084.

Michaud GF, John R. Unusual response to a premature ventricular complex introduced during an episode of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia: what is the mechanism?. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2009 Feb; 6(2): 279-80. PMID: 19187924, PII: S1547-5271(08)00276-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2008.03.014, ISSN: 1556-3871.

Jayender J, Patel RV, Michaud GF, Hatal N. Optimal transseptal puncture location for robot-assisted left atrial catheter ablation. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2009; 12(Pt 1): 1-8. PMID: 20425964.

Frain BH, Ellison KE, Michaud GF, Koo CH, Buxton AE, Kirk MM. True bipolar defibrillator leads have increased sensing latency and threshold compared with the integrated bipolar configuration. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol [print-electronic]. 2007 Feb; 18(2): 192-5. PMID: 17239139, PII: JCE714, DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8167.2006.00714.x, ISSN: 1540-8167.

Michaud GF, Morady F. An excellent refinement of the postpacing interval--tachycardia cycle length (PPI-TCL) and stimulus-atrial--ventriculoatrial (SA-VA) criteria [letter]. Heart Rhythm [print-electronic]. 2006 Sep; 3(9): 1114-5; author reply 1115. PMID: 16945814, PII: S1547-5271(06)01718-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2006.06.022, ISSN: 1547-5271.

Michaud GF. Entrainment of a narrow QRS complex tachycardia from the right ventricular apex: what is the mechanism?. Heart Rhythm. 2005 May; 2(5): 559-60. PMID: 15840487, PII: S1547-5271(04)00776-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2004.11.001, ISSN: 1547-5271.

Buxton AE, Kirk MM, Michaud GF, Ellison KE, Nyren L. Management of the non-inducible patient. Card Electrophysiol Rev. 2002 Dec; 6(4): 466-71. PMID: 12438830, PII: 5108643, ISSN: 1385-2264.

Michaud GF, Sticherling C, Tada H, Oral H, Pelosi F, Knight BP, Morady F, Strickberger SA, , . Relationship between serum potassium concentration and risk of recurrent ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 2001 Oct; 12(10): 1109-12. PMID: 11699517, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Michaud GF, Strickberger SA. Should an abnormal serum potassium concentration be considered a correctable cause of cardiac arrest?. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2001 Oct; 38(4): 1224-5. PMID: 11583907, PII: S0735-1097(01)01508-X, ISSN: 0735-1097.

Michaud GF, Tada H, Chough S, Baker R, Wasmer K, Sticherling C, Oral H, Pelosi F, Knight BP, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Differentiation of atypical atrioventricular node re-entrant tachycardia from orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia using a septal accessory pathway by the response to ventricular pacing. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2001 Oct; 38(4): 1163-7. PMID: 11583898, PII: S0735-1097(01)01480-2, ISSN: 0735-1097.

Sticherling C, Michaud GF. Noninvasive diagnosis of a wide QRS complex tachycardia mechanism by programmed atrial and ventricular stimulation using a dual chamber defibrillator. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2001 Jul; 24(7): 1097-9. PMID: 11475825, ISSN: 0147-8389.

Sticherling C, Chough SP, Baker RL, Wasmer K, Oral H, Tada H, Horwood L, Kim MH, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Strickberger SA, Morady F, Knight BP. Prevalence of central venous occlusion in patients with chronic defibrillator leads. Am. Heart J. 2001 May; 141(5): 813-6. PMID: 11320371, PII: S0002-8703(01)30536-7, DOI: 10.1067/mhj.2001.114195, ISSN: 0002-8703.

Tada H, Oral H, Sticherling C, Chough SP, Baker RL, Wasmer K, Kim MH, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Electrogram polarity and cavotricuspid isthmus block during ablation of typical atrial flutter. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 2001 Apr; 12(4): 393-9. PMID: 11332556, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Knight BP, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Physician interpretation of electrocardiographic artifact that mimics ventricular tachycardia. Am. J. Med. 2001 Apr 4/1/2001; 110(5): 335-8. PMID: 11286946, PII: S0002-9343(01)00627-1, ISSN: 0002-9343.

Michaud GF, Pelosi F. Supraventricular tachycardia with 2:1 atrioventricular block: what is the mechanism?. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 2001 Mar; 12(3): 386-7. PMID: 11291817, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Kim MH, Deeb GM, Eagle KA, Bruckman D, Pelosi F, Oral H, Sticherling C, Baker RL, Chough SP, Wasmer K, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Complete atrioventricular block after valvular heart surgery and the timing of pacemaker implantation. Am. J. Cardiol. 2001 Mar 3/1/2001; 87(5): 649-51, A10. PMID: 11230857, PII: S0002-9149(00)01448-X, ISSN: 0002-9149.

Buxton AE, Kirk MM, Michaud GF. Current approaches to evaluation and management of patients with ventricular arrhythmias. Med Health R I. 2001 Feb; 84(2): 58-62. PMID: 11272662, ISSN: 1086-5462.

Sticherling C, Oral H, Horrocks J, Chough SP, Baker RL, Kim MH, Wasmer K, Pelosi F, Knight BP, Michaud GF, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Effects of digoxin on acute, atrial fibrillation-induced changes in atrial refractoriness. Circulation. 2000 Nov 11/14/2000; 102(20): 2503-8. PMID: 11076824, ISSN: 1524-4539.

Oral H, Knight BP, Sticherling C, Kim MH, Baker RL, Chough SP, Wasmer K, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Fendrick AM, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Cost analysis of transthoracic cardioversion of atrial fibrillation with and without ibutilide pretreatment. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. Ther. 2000 Oct; 5(4): 259-66. PMID: 11150395, PII: ajcpt0050259, DOI: 10.1054/JCPT.2000.16696, ISSN: 1074-2484.

Michaud GF, Knight BP. Wide QRS complex tachycardia in a patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and cardiomyopathy: what is the mechanism?. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 2000 Oct; 11(10): 1179-80. PMID: 11059985, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Knight BP, Ebinger M, Oral H, Kim MH, Sticherling C, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Diagnostic value of tachycardia features and pacing maneuvers during paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2000 Aug; 36(2): 574-82. PMID: 10933374, PII: S0735-1097(00)00770-1, ISSN: 0735-1097.

Pelosi F, Oral H, Kim MH, Sticherling C, Horwood L, Knight BP, Michaud GF, Morady F, Strickberger SA. Effect of chronic amiodarone therapy on defibrillation energy requirements in humans. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 2000 Jul; 11(7): 736-40. PMID: 10921789, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Michaud GF, Pelosi F, Noble MD, Knight BP, Morady F, Strickberger SA. A randomized trial comparing heparin initiation 6 h or 24 h after pacemaker or defibrillator implantation. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2000 Jun; 35(7): 1915-8. PMID: 10841243, PII: S0735-1097(00)00633-1, ISSN: 0735-1097.

Tse HF, Lau CP, Kou W, Pelosi F, Oral H, Kim M, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Moscucci M, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Prevalence and significance of exit block during arrhythmias arising in pulmonary veins. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 2000 Apr; 11(4): 379-86. PMID: 10809490, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Sticherling C, Strickberger SA, Michaud GF. Unique interaction between an atrial single-chamber pacemaker and a ventricular defibrillator. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2000 Apr; 4(1): 241-4. PMID: 10729840, ISSN: 1383-875X.

Tse HF, Lau CP, Kou W, Pelosi F, Oral H, Kim M, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Moscucci M, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Comparison of endocardial activation times at effective and ineffective ablation sites within the pulmonary veins. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 2000 Feb; 11(2): 155-9. PMID: 10709709, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Man KC, Knight B, Tse HF, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Flemming M, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of inappropriate sinus tachycardia guided by activation mapping. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2000 Feb; 35(2): 451-7. PMID: 10676693, PII: S0735-1097(99)00546-X, ISSN: 0735-1097.

Strickberger SA, Knight BP, Michaud GF, Pelosi F, Morady F. Mapping and ablation of ventricular tachycardia guided by virtual electrograms using a noncontact, computerized mapping system. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2000 Feb; 35(2): 414-21. PMID: 10676689, PII: S0735-1097(99)00578-1, ISSN: 0735-1097.

Strickberger SA, Bleske BE, Davidson T, Papasafakis EN, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Morady F. Effect of ethanol on defibrillation energy requirements in humans. Am. J. Cardiol. 2000 Jan 1/1/2000; 85(1): 117-9, A9. PMID: 11078252, PII: S0002-9149(99)00621-9, ISSN: 0002-9149.

Oral H, Michaud GF, Morady F. Adenosine-Responsive wide QRS complex tachycardia: what is the mechanism?. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 1999 Dec; 10(12): 1688-9. PMID: 10636199, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Flemming MA, Oral H, Kim MH, Tse HF, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Electrocardiographic predictors of successful ablation of tachycardia or bigeminy arising in the right ventricular outflow tract. Am. J. Cardiol. 1999 Nov 11/15/1999; 84(10): 1266-8, A9. PMID: 10569344, PII: S0002914999005469, ISSN: 0002-9149.

Knight BP, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Clinical consequences of electrocardiographic artifact mimicking ventricular tachycardia. N. Engl. J. Med. 1999 Oct 10/21/1999; 341(17): 1270-4. PMID: 10528037, DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199910213411704, ISSN: 0028-4793.

Knight BP, Michaud GF, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Electrocardiographic differentiation of atrial flutter from atrial fibrillation by physicians. J Electrocardiol. 1999 Oct; 32(4): 315-9. PMID: 10549907, PII: S0022073699000369, ISSN: 0022-0736.

Tse HF, Lau CP, Yu CM, Lee KL, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Morady F, Strickberger SA. Effect of the implantable atrial defibrillator on the natural history of atrial fibrillation. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 1999 Sep; 10(9): 1200-9. PMID: 10517652, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Michaud GF, Li Q, Costeas X, Stearns R, Estes M, Wang PJ. Correlation waveform analysis to discriminate monomorphic ventricular tachycardia from sinus rhythm using stored electrograms from implantable defibrillators. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1999 Aug; 22(8): 1146-51. PMID: 10461289, ISSN: 0147-8389.

Oral H, Brinkman K, Pelosi F, Flemming M, Tse HF, Kim MH, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Goyal R, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Effect of electrode polarity on the energy required for transthoracic atrial defibrillation. Am. J. Cardiol. 1999 Jul 7/15/1999; 84(2): 228-30, A8. PMID: 10426347, PII: S0002-9149(99)00241-6, ISSN: 0002-9149.

Oral H, Souza JJ, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Goyal R, Strickberger SA, Morady F. Facilitating transthoracic cardioversion of atrial fibrillation with ibutilide pretreatment. N. Engl. J. Med. 1999 Jun 6/17/1999; 340(24): 1849-54. PMID: 10369847, DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199906173402401, ISSN: 0028-4793.

Strickberger SA, Tokano T, Tse HF, Kim MH, Oral H, Flemming M, Pelosi F, Michaud GF, Knight BP, Goyal R, Morady F. Target temperatures of 48 degrees C versus 60 degrees C during slow pathway ablation: a randomized comparison. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 1999 Jun; 10(6): 799-803. PMID: 10376916, ISSN: 1045-3873.

Bogun F, Knight B, Goyal R, Michaud GF, Strickberger SA, Hohnloser SH, Morady F. Discrete systolic potentials during ventricular tachycardia in patients with prior myocardial infarction. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. 1999 Mar; 10(3): 364-9. PMID: 10210499, ISSN: 1045-3873.